Civilians and War in Europe 1618–1815

Edited by Erica Charters, Eve Rosenhaft, and Hannah Smith

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ISBN: 9781781380123

Publication: May 6, 2014

Series: Eighteenth-Century Worlds 1

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Civilians and War in Europe 1618–1815 examines the relationship between civilians and warfare from the start of the Thirty Years War to the end of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. The volume interrogates received narratives of warfare that identify the development of modern 'total' war with the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, and instead considers the continuities and transformations in warfare over the course of two hundred years. The contributors examine prisoners of war, the cultures of plunder, the tensions of billeting, and war-time atrocities throughout England, France, Spain, and the German territories. They also explore the legal practices surrounding the conduct and aftermath of war; representations of civilians, soldiers, and militias; and the philosophical underpinnings of warfare. They probe what it meant to be a civilian in territories beset by invasion and civil war or in times when ‘peace’ at home was accompanied by almost continuous military engagement abroad. Their accounts show us civilians not only as anguished sufferers, but also directly involved with war: fighting back with shocking violence, profiting from war-time needs, and negotiating for material and social redress. And they show us individuals and societies coming to terms with the moral and political challenges posed by the business of drawing lines between ‘civilians’ and ‘soldiers’. With contributors drawn from the fields of political and legal theory, literature and the visual arts, and military, political, social, and cultural history, this volume will appeal to all those with an interest in the history of warfare and the evolution of the idea of the civilian.

Erica Charters is a University Lecturer in the History of Medicine, University of Oxford.

Eve Rosenhaft is Professor of German Historical Studies, University of Liverpool.

Hannah Smith is Tutorial Fellow and University Lecturer in History, St. Hilda’s College, University of Oxford.

List of Contributors Acknowledgements List of Illustrations List of Abbreviations 1. Introduction - Erica Charters, Eve Rosenhaft and Hannah Smith Part I: Suffering, Reconciliation and Values in the Seventeenth Century 2. Was the Thirty Years War a ‘Total War’? - Peter H. Wilson 3. Grotius and the Civilian - Colm McKeogh 4. War, Property and the Bonds of Society: England’s ‘Unnatural’ Civil Wars - Barbara Donagan 5. Transitional Justice Theory and Reconciling Civil War Division in English Society, circa 1660-1670 - Melanie Harrington Part II: The State, Soldiers and Cilivians 6. The Administration of War and French Prisoners of War in Britain, 1756-1763 - Erica Charters 7. Civilians, the French Army and Military Justice during the Reign of Louis XIV, circa 1640-1715 - Markus Meumann 8. Restricted Violence? Military Occupation during the Eighteenth Century - Horst Carl 9. British Soldiers at Home: The Civilian Experience in Wartime, 1740-1783 - Stephen Conway Part III: Who is a Civilian? Who is a Soldier? 10. Conflicted Identities: Soldiers, Civilians and the Representation of War - Philip Shaw 11. ‘Turning Out for Twenty-Days Amusement’: The Militia in Georgian Satirical Prints - Matthew McCormack 12. Insurgents and Counter-Insurgents between Military and Civil Society from the 1790s to 1815 - Alan Forrest Part IV: Contradictions of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars 13. The Limits of Conflict in Napoleonic Europe - and Their Transgression - David A. Bell 14. Pluder on the Peninsula: British Soliders and Local Civilians during the Peninsular War, 1808-1813 - Gavin Galy 15. Invasion and Occupation: Civilian-Military Relations in Central Europe during Revolutionary and Napoleonic War - Leighton S. James 16. Imprisoned Reading: French Prisoners of War at the Selkirk Subscription Library, 1811-1814 - Mark Towsey Bibliography Index

The approaches, questions, and interpretations pursued in the volume will provide important stimulation for scholars from a range of disciplinary and geographic backgrounds.
  French History, vol 27, no 3

An innovative and coherent collection of a consistently very high standard.
Tim Blanning  
University of Cambridge

A superior example of an edited collection, containing essays of real importance and quality, and arranged in an illuminating way.
Hamish Scott  
University of Glasgow

Format: Paperback

Size: 234 x 156 mm

304 Pages

ISBN: 9781781380123

Publication: May 6, 2014

Series: Eighteenth-Century Worlds 1

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