Ceremonial Synagogue Textiles

BookCeremonial Synagogue Textiles

Ceremonial Synagogue Textiles

From Ashkenazi, Sephardi, and Italian Communities

The Littman Library of Jewish Civilization

2019

March 14th, 2019

£70.00

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Description

National Jewish Book Awards 2019 Finalist for Visual Arts. Richly illustrated and meticulously documented, this is the first comprehensive survey of synagogue textiles to be available in English. Bracha Yaniv, a leading expert in the field of Jewish ceremonial textiles, records their evolution from ancient times to the present. The volume contains a systematic consideration of the mantle, the wrapper, the Torah scroll binder, and the Torah ark curtain and valance, and considers the cultural factors that inspired the evolution of these different items and their motifs. Fabrics, techniques, and modes of production are described in detail; the inscriptions marking the circumstances of donation are similarly subjected to close analysis. Fully annotated plates demonstrate the richness of the styles and traditions in use in different parts of the Jewish diaspora, drawing attention to regional customs. Throughout, emphasis is placed on presenting and explaining all relevant aspects of the Jewish cultural heritage. The concluding section contains transcriptions, translations, and annotations of some 180 inscriptions recording the circumstances in which items were donated, providing a valuable survey of customs of dedication. Together with the comprehensive bibliography, inventory lists, and other relevant documentation, this volume will be an invaluable reference work for the scholarly community, museum curators, and others interested in the Jewish cultural heritage.

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Author Information

Bracha Yaniv is Professor Emerita of Jewish Art History at Bar-Ilan University, Israel, and founding editor of Ars Judaica: The Bar-Ilan Journal of Jewish Art. She has published two pioneering books in Hebrew on the history, design, and iconography of ceremonial synagogue objects.

Table of Contents

Section TitlePage
Note on
Transliteration, Names, Dates, and Other Conventions Used in the Text
Part I
Ceremonial Synagogue Textiles
1. The
Evolution of Synagogue Textiles in Ancient and Medieval Times
A. Wrapping and
Storing the Torah Scroll
The Mapah
(Wrapper)
The Tik
(Case)
The Tevah
(Chest)
The Holy Ark
(Heikhal, or Aron kodesh)
B. The Evolution
of the Wrappings
The Wrapper
The Binder
The Mantle
C. The Parokhet
(Curtain for the Ark)
D. The Cover for
the Reading Desk
2. Fabrics
and Techniques
A. Luxury
Fabrics
The History
of Silk Production and Trade in Europe
Jews in
International Commerce
B. Embroidered
Objects
Embroidery by
Women Donors
Professional
Embroidery
C. Passementerie
D. Professional
Training, Organization, and Production
Training
Organization
Production
E. Jewish Law
and Tradition in Production
3. The Torah
Wrapper and the Torah Binder
A. The Wrapper
in Italy and the Sephardi Diaspora
B. The Binder:
Terminology, Customs, and Design
Linen and
Silk Binders Embroidered by Female Donors
Binders Made
from Random Materials
4. The Torah
Mantle
A. Terminology,
Design, and Iconography
B. Mantles in
Italy and the Portuguese Congregations of Western Europe
Italy
The
Portuguese Diaspora in the Netherlands and England
C. Mantles in
the Sephardi Diaspora
Morocco
Algeria
Anatolia and
the Balkans
D. Ashkenazi
Mantles across Europe
5. The Torah
Ark Curtain and Valance
A. Parokhot Made from
Luxurious Embroidered or Patterned Fabrics
B. Parokhot Displaying
Jewish Motifs
The Gateway
to Heaven Motif
Motifs
Inspired by the Ark of the Covenant
The Motif of
the Temple and its Vessels on Parokhot and Kaporot
The Giving of
the Torah Motif on Parokhot
Other Motifs
and Later Developments in the Tradition
Epilogue
Part II Annotated
Plates of Representative Textile Objects in the SynagogueA. Italy
B. The
Portuguese Congregations in Western Europe
C. Morocco
D. Algeria
E. Sephardi
Synagogues in the Ottoman Empire and the Balkans
F. Ashkenazi
Communities
G. Central Europe
H. Eastern
Europe
Part III
Dedication of Ceremonial Objects
A. Inscriptions
as a Reflection of Customs of Dedication
The Content
of the Dedication
The
Circumstances of the Dedication
Dedication of
Ceremonial Objects
B. Annotated
Corpus of Dedicatory Inscriptions
Torah
Wrappers (Mapot)
Torah Binders
(Mapot; Italian colloquial term, fascia)
Torah Mantles
Italy and the
Netherlands
North Africa
Anatolia and
the Balkans
Central
Europe
Eastern
Europe
Torah Ark Curtains (Parokhot) and Valances (Kaporot)
Italy
Anatolia and the Balkans
Central Europe and the Netherlands
Eastern Europe
Appendices
A. Inventory
Lists
B. Documents
Relating to Textiles
C.
Miscellaneous Inventories
 
Glossary
Bibliography
List of
Figures
List of
Museums, Libraries, and Collections
Index of
Places
Index of
People
Index of
Subjects