Europe or Africa?

BookEurope or Africa?

Europe or Africa?

A Contemporary Study of the Spanish North African Enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla

2000

May 1st, 2000

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Ceuta and Melilla are two ‘enclaves’ on the northern coast of Africa that have been Spanish for centuries but that are claimed by the Kingdom of Morocco. As an integral part of Spain the towns have also been part of the territory of the European Union since 1986. Their unique situation has created considerable tension in the relationship (both political and economic) between Spain and Morocco. As well as looking at this relationship, the book explains how the anomalous situation of the enclaves impinges on issues such as immigration from North and sub-Saharan Africa into the EU, defence, trade and the Spanish political scene in general.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Title Page3
Contents7
Acknowledgement8
List of figures and tables9
Introduction11
1: The impact of the enclaves on Spanish-Moroccan relations17
2: The enclaves within the Spanish state: the autonomy statutes52
3: The evolving political landscape in the enclaves72
4: The 1985 Immigration Law and community relations in the enclaves107
5: The enclaves: a migration gateway to Europe136
6: The enclaves: Europe or Africa?167
7: Gibraltar and the enclaves174
Conclusion: looking to the future182
References193
Index201