Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 24

BookPolin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 24

Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 24

Jews and Their Neighbours in Eastern Europe Since 1750

Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry, 24


November 24th, 2011





Relations between Jews and their neighbours in eastern Europe have long been perceived, both in the popular mind and in conventional scholarship, as being in a permanent state of conflict. This volume counters that image by exploring long-neglected aspects of inter-group interaction and exchange. In so doing it broadens our understanding of Jewish history and culture, as well as that of eastern Europe. Whereas traditional historiography concentrates on the differences between Jews and non-Jews, the essays here focus on commonalities: the social, political, and economic worlds that members of different groups often shared. Shifting the emphasis in this way allows quite a different picture to emerge. Jews may have been subject to the whims of ruling powers and influenced by broader cultural and political developments, but at the same time they exerted a discernible influence on them - the social, cultural, and political spheres were ones that they not only shared, but that they also helped to create. This model of reciprocal influence and exchange has much to offer to the study of inter-group relations in eastern Europe and beyond. Designed to move the study of east European Jewry beyond the intellectual and academic discourse of difference that has long troubled scholars, this volume contributes to our perception of how members of different groups operate and interact on a multitude of different levels. The various contributions represent a wide cross-section of opinions and approaches - historical, literary, and cultural. Taken together they move our understanding of east European Jewry from the realm of the mythical to a more rational mode. In addition to essays considering interactions between Jews and Poles, other contributions examine relations between Jews and other ethnic groups (Lithuanians, Russians), discuss negotiations with various governments (Habsburg, Lithuanian, Polish, Russian, and Soviet), analyse exchanges between Jews and different cultural realms (German, Polish, and Russian), and explore how the politics of memory affects contemporary interpretations of these and related phenomena. CONTRIBUTORS Karen Auerbach, Israel Bartal, Ela Bauer, Jan Blonski, Marek Edelman, Michael Fleming, Dorota Glowacka, Regina Grol, Francois Guesnet, Brian Horowitz, Agnieszka Jagodinska, Jeff Kopstein, Sergei Kravtsov, Rachel Manekin, Czeslaw Milosz, Karin Neuberger, Przemyslaw Rozanski, Kai Struve, Joanna Tokarska-Bakir, Jerzy Turowicz, Scott Ury, Kalman Weiser, Jason Wittenberg, Marcin Wodzinski, Piotr Wrobel


Author Information

Israel Bartal is Avraham Harman Professor of Jewish History at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and dean of the Faculty of Humanities there. His books include The Jews of Eastern Europe 1772–1881 (2005) and Cossack and Bedouin: Land and People in Jewish Nationalism (Hebrew; 2007). Antony Polonsky is Emeritus Professor of Holocaust Studies, Brandeis University, and Chief Historian of the Global Education Outreach Program at the POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews in Warsaw. His three-volume history the Jews in Poland and Russia (2010–12), also published by the Littman Library, was awarded the Pro Historia Polonorum Prize of the Polish Senate for the best book on the history of Poland in a language other than Polish. Scott Ury is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Jewish History at Tel Aviv University and director of the Eva and Marc Besen Institute for the Study of Historical Consciousness. He is the author of Barricades and Banners: The Revolution of 1905 and the Transformation of Warsaw Jewry (2012).

Table of Contents

Section TitlePage
Note on Place
Names Note on Transliteration
Between Jews and their Neighbours: Isolation, Confrontation, and Influence in Eastern Europe ISRAEL BARTAL & SCOTT URY
Reform and Exclusion: Conceptions of the Reform of the Jewish Community during the Declining Years of the Polish Enlightenment MARCIN WODZINSKI
Praying at Home: The Minyan Laws of the Habsburg Empire RACHEL MANEKIN
Overcoming the Signs of the 'Other': Visual Aspects of the Acculturation of Jews in the Kingdom of Poland in the Nineteenth Century AGNIESZKA JAGODZINSKA
The Ideological Roots of the Polish Jewish Intelligentsia ELA BAUER
Between Permeability and Isolation: Ezriel Natan Frenk as Historian of the Jews in Poland FRANCOIS GUESNET S. A. An-sky - Dialogic Writer BRIAN HOROWITZ
Between Judaism and the West: The Making of a Modern Jewish Poet in Uri Zvi Greenberg's 'Memoirs (from the Book of Wanderings)' KARIN NEUBURGER
Between State Loyalty and National Identity: Electoral Behaviour in Interwar Poland JEFFREY S. KOPSTEIN & JASON WITTENBERG
Failed Integration: Jews and the Beginning of the Communist Movement in Poland PIOTR WROBEL
The Jewel in the Yiddish Crown: Who Will Occupy the Chair for Yiddish at the University of Vilnius? KALMAN WEISER
Rites of Violence? The Pogroms of Summer 1941 KAI STRUVE
Nusekh Poyln? Communism, Publishing, and Paths to Polishness among the Jewish Parents of 16 Ujazdowskie Avenue KAREN AUERBACH
Changing Images of 'the Jews' in Polish Literature and Culture, 1980-2000 DOROTA GLOWACKA
Ogee Arcades in Synagogue Architecture of Volhynia and Podolia in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries SERGEI R. KRAVTSOV
The Attitude of American Jews and American Diplomacy towards the Bill Banning Shehitah in Poland in the Second Half of the 1930s PRZEMYSLAW ROZANSKI
Imagining Polish Jews: British Perspectives in the Period 1944-1946 MICHAEL FLEMING
'The Hanging of Judas'; or, Contemporary Jewish Subjects JOANNA TOKARSKA-BAKIR
1968; or, America! America! REGINA GROL
'Campo di Fiori' Fifty Years Later: The People Who Remain A discussion that took place on the fiftieth anniversary of the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto, between JAN BLONSKI, MAREK EDELMAN, CZESLAW MILOSZ, and JERZY TUROWICZ
Chimen Abramsky
Marek Edelman
Notes on the Contributors