Role of the Romanies

BookRole of the Romanies

Role of the Romanies

Images and Counter Images of 'Gypsies'/Romanies in European Cultures

2004

August 1st, 2004

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Since their arrival in Europe at the beginning of the eleventh century, the "Gypsies" have stimulated and fascinated the European imagination, but have also always been perceived as "other" and marginalised. This title is split into four parts and seeks to address the questions raised by the ambivalent encounter of the "Gypsies" with European cultures. The volume begins with three chapters about the genesis, development and scope of Romany Studies. Constructions of Romany culture and identity are at the heart of the second part. Part three focuses on nineteenth and twentieth century literary constructions of Romany identity, be it from a gadzo or Romany perspective. The final part tackles the question of how the role of the Romanies will be remembered, recorded and commemorated.

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Author Information

Nicholas Saul is Professor of German at the University of Durham. Susan Tebbutt is Head of German Studies at Mary Immaculate College, University of Limerick.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Title Page3
Contents5
Preface7
Notes on Contributors8
Introduction: The Role of the Romanies: Images and Counter-Images13
Part I: Romany Studies and its Parameters25
John Sampson and Romani Studies in Liverpool27
The Gypsy Collections at Liverpool33
Belated Travelling Theory, Contemporary Wild Praxis: A Romani Perspective on the Practical Politics of the Open End43
Part II: Constructions and Concoctions of Romany Culture63
The Role of Language in Mystifying and Demystifying Gypsy Identity65
The Origins of Anti-Gypsyism: The Outsiders’ View of Romanies in Western Europe in the Fifteenth Century91
The Concoctors: Creating Fake Romani Culture97
Modernity, Culture and ‘Gypsies’: Is there a Meta-Scientific Method for Understanding the Representation of ‘Gypsies’? And do the Dutch really Exist?110
Part III: Orientalism and Gender Issues in Literature129
Half a Gypsy: The Case of Ezra Jennings in Wilkie Collins’s The Moonstone (1868)131
Understanding the ‘Other’? Communication, History and Narration in Margriet de Moor’s Hertog van Egypte (1996)143
From Survival to Subversion: Strategies of Self-Representation in Selected Works by Mariella Mehr157
Part IV: Memory, Records and the Romany Experience169
Disproportional Representation: Romanies and European Art171
A Photographer and his ‘Victims’ 1934-1964: Reconstructing a Shared Experience of the Romani Holocaust190
Ritual of Memory in Constructing the Modern Identity of Eastern European Romanies220
‘Severity has often enraged but never subdued a gipsy’: The History and Making of European Romani Stereotypes238
Index259