Bodmin Moor: An archaeological survey: Volume 2

BookBodmin Moor: An archaeological survey: Volume 2

Bodmin Moor: An archaeological survey: Volume 2

The industrial and post-medieval landscapes

English Heritage

2014

June 30th, 2014

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Description

Bodmin Moor is an upland landscape, heavily protected, farmed extensively and with an increasingly light touch, and enjoyed by many as a retreat from busier modern worlds. But it is also a place of industry and the home of busy agricultural communities. Well-preserved remains of streamworking, mining, quarrying, clay working, turf cutting and more intensive farming were subjected to archaeological survey and historical research as part of the wider-ranging survey partly covered in the first volume (on prehistoric and medieval landscapes). Supplementing the survey text are aerial photographs and detailed line drawings, mainly plans and elevations, but also reconstructions of sites and schematic representations of processes as well as large-scale maps of key areas

"This book will be the first point of reference for all future work on Bodmin Moor…It is something that all similar projects should aspire to…a highly readable and inspirational book."

Industrial Archaeology Review XXXI: 2, 2009

Author Information

Author and architectural historian, Yorkshire.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Cover1
Half-Title Page2
Title Page4
Copyright Page227
Contents5
List of illustrations6
List of tables8
List of abbreviations8
Preface9
Acknowledgements10
Summary11
1. Background16
1. Introduction16
2. Topography, climate and soils16
3. Archaeological and historical background17
4. The nature and scope of this volume18
5. Organisation of the surveys18
6. Study area19
2. Survey methods and sources20
1. Introduction20
2. Recording industrial remains on Bodmin Moor20
3. Recording post-medieval non-industrial remains on Bodmin Moor23
4. Other related studies25
3. Resources28
1. Geological and geomorphological background28
2. The availability of resources and their effect on industrial development on Bodmin Moor28
3. Granite and elvan30
4. China clay30
5. Other stones30
6. Minerals30
7. Organic raw materials32
8. Agricultural resources by Peter Herring33
9. Power34
10. Technological and social resources38
11. Moorland people by Peter Herring41
4. Mining42
1. The historical background42
2. The organisation of the mining industry42
3. Prospecting44
4. Streamworks49
5. Shoad works60
6. Outcrop working63
7. Early shaft and adit mines72
8. Later deep mining74
9. Ore dressing81
5. Quarrying96
1. Introduction96
2. Stone splitting98
3. Dimension-stone and monument-granite quarries101
4. Roadstone, ballast and building stone111
5. Rab pits112
6. China clay114
1. Introduction114
2. The extractive method114
3. Processing116
4. Pre-1914 workings120
5. Post-1914 workings126
6. Brickmaking from china clay129
7. Turf130
1. Introduction130
2. Nature of the turf130
3. Turf charcoal130
4. Turbary132
5. Harvesting turf132
6. Turf in the home138
8. Other uses and activities140
1. Introduction140
2. Water140
3. Woodland and forestry143
4. Military uses of Bodmin Moor146
5. Recreation149
6. Nineteenth-century treatment of Bodmin Moor sites and antiquities150
9. Agriculture152
1. Introduction152
2. Field systems153
3. Arable159
4. Pasture161
5. Agricultural dwellings163
6. The farmsteads of Bodmin Moor164
7. Farms in a wider community172
10. Industrial settlement and public amenities176
1. Industrial housing176
2. Schools176
3. Chapel and Church179
4. Public amenities181
5. Public houses and beerhouses182
11. Transport and communications184
1. Introduction184
2. Roads, tracks and bridges184
3. Lanes and minor roads188
4. Tramways and railways189
12. Recommendations for further work194
1. Mining194
2. Quarrying194
3. China clay195
4. Turf195
5. Other uses of the Moor195
6. Agriculture196
7. Industrial settlement and public amenities197
8. Transport and communications197
9. Potential for further archaeological fieldwork and historical research generally197
10. Place-names198
Appendix: List of mine sites200
Bibliography206
Glossary210
Index217