Legacies of the First World War

BookLegacies of the First World War

Legacies of the First World War

Building for total war 1914-1918

Historic England


September 15th, 2018





The First World War has been described as the first total war, a conflict in which a country’s people and resources were harnessed towards final victory. During 2014-18 Historic England set out to uncover and study the physical remains left across England by the First World War.

The range of what was discovered is astonishing, reflecting how the home front became as important as the battlefront. It was the place to train and equip new armies, to manufacture armaments, to treat the wounded and to grow more food. As millions of men joined the armed forces, women entered the workforce in munitions factories, as tram and bus conductresses and as farm workers.

Archaeological remains can be found of practice trench lines, munitions works, government factories, army and PoW camps, airfields and airship stations. But England was also drawn into the fighting as German warships and submarines bombarded coastal towns, and Zeppelin airships and later bomber aircraft brought death from the sky. The threat of invasion saw the construction of defences down the east and south coasts. Ships and smaller vessels were lost to mines, torpedoes and gunfire, and on the sea bed work is beginning to explore the wrecks from this almost forgotten battlefield.

A century later many traces of this great endeavour survive. This new book brings together these discoveries and helps to mark the contribution and sacrifice not only of those who served in the armed forces, but also of those who provided support, in myriad ways, on the home front.

'In this superbly produced book, experts from Historic England have used a variety of tools to locate, identify and document physical evidence of the conflict. The result is remarkable and represents a definitive guide to most of what is left. Beautifully reproduced photographs are accompanied by explanatory text to provide a full explanation of each site and context... This book stands out as truly exceptional.'

Phil Curme, The Western Front Association

'This is an outstanding and distinguished centennial contribution to World War I studies, of which the editors, contributors and the publishers... can all be justifiably proud. Handsomely and profusely illustrated, it portrays in immense detail the hugely significant but all-too-often overlooked homeland background to a war.'

Geoffrey Stell, Industrial Archaeology Review

Author Information

Author and archaeologist at Historic England, Cambridge. Author and Head of Paul Stamper Heritage, Peterborough.

Table of Contents

Section TitlePage
1. Introduction - Sir Hew Strachan
2. The army - Peter Kendall
3. The naval war - Serena Cant and Mark Dunkley
4. Defending the coast - Paul Pattison and Roger J C Thomas
5. The aerial war - Jeremy Lake
6. The workshop of the world goes to war - Wayne Cocroft
7. Civic and civilian architecture - Katie Carmichael
8. Feeding the nation - Paul Stamper
9. Back to Blighty: British war hospitals, 1914–18 – Kathryn A Morrison
10. Remembering the dead - Roger Bowdler
11. Epilogue - Wayne Cocroft and Paul Stamper