Envoys of abolition

BookEnvoys of abolition

Envoys of abolition

British Naval Officers and the Campaign Against the Slave Trade in West Africa

Liverpool Studies in International Slavery, 15


November 19th, 2019

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After Britain’s Abolition of the Slave Trade Act of 1807, a squadron of Royal Navy vessels was sent to the West Coast of Africa tasked with suppressing the thriving transatlantic slave trade. Drawing on previously unpublished papers found in private collections and various archives in the UK and abroad, this book examines the personal and cultural experiences of the naval officers at the frontline of Britain’s anti-slavery campaign in West Africa. It explores their unique roles in this 60-year operation: at sea, boarding slave ships bound for the Americas and ‘liberating’ captive Africans; on shore, as Britain resolved to ‘improve’ West African societies; and in the metropolitan debates around slavery and abolitionism in Britain. Their personal narratives are revealing of everyday concerns of health, rewards and strategy, to more profound questions of national honour, cultural encounters, responsibility for the lives of others in the most distressing of circumstances, and the true meaning of ‘freedom’ for formerly enslaved African peoples. British anti-slavery efforts and imperial agendas were tightly bound in the nineteenth century, inseparable from ideas of national identity. This is a book about individuals tasked with extraordinary service, military men who also worked as guardians, negotiators, and envoys of abolition.

'Based on meticulous research in national and regional archive collections, this book provides a richly documented account of how men engaged in Royal Navy suppression activities reacted to their work in intercepting vessels carrying enslaved Africans.'
Professor Suzanne Schwarz, University of Worcester

‘[Envoys of Abolition] offer[s] a detailed exploration of British officers and their important role in the suppression of the slave trade… This well-researched and nuanced discussion of naval officers illustrates their complex roles in West Africa as well as their powerful impact on metropolitan discourses.’

Evan C. Rothera, The Northern Mariner

Author Information

Mary Wills is an Honorary Fellow of the Wilberforce Institute, University of Hull.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
List of illustrations9
List of abbreviations13
1. Abolition at sea29
2. Abolition on shore55
3. Officers’ commitment to the anti-slavery cause83
4. Prize voyages and ideas of freedom111
5. Encounters with Africa147
6. Officers’ contributions to Britain’s anti-slavery culture181