Oasts and Hop Kilns

BookOasts and Hop Kilns

Oasts and Hop Kilns

A History

Historic England

2021

November 1st, 2021

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Description

Tall conical and pyramidal buildings, topped by white cowls or louvred vents, are a distinctive sight on the farms and in the villages of Kent, East Sussex, Herefordshire, Worcestershire, Surrey and Hampshire. In these buildings, hops were dried, pressed, and bagged for despatch to breweries. In Kent and Sussex, they are called 'oasts' or 'oast houses', and in other counties 'hop kilns'. Oasts and hop kilns are testimony to a specialised and important rural industry, and for hundreds of years, they were a defining feature of the countryside. By the late 19th century, there were as many as 8,000 hop kilns and oast houses in England. This book is the first comprehensive account of the history of oasts and hop kilns in England and includes a comparison with hop drying buildings in Continental Europe and the USA. The 400-year evolution of the kilns and their machinery is pieced together from surviving buildings, books, archives and local lore. In this richly illustrated volume, the charm of oasts and hop kilns on the countryside is captured in sketches, diagrams and photos by the author and others.

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Author Information

Patrick Grattan MBE comes from Kent. He had a long career as a diplomat in Stockholm, Paris, Brussels and London, worked in the oil industry, and also ran charities related to employment and equal opportunities. Oasts and hop kilns is a subject he first studied in the 1960s. He has written much, but this is his first book.

Table of Contents

Section TitlePage
Acknowledgements
Preface
1. Introduction
2. Growing and picking
3. Drying: heat and draught
4. Cooling, pressing and bagging
5. ‘Types’ of oasts and hop kilns
6. The first oasts and hop kilns in England
7. Inset kilns and oasts
8. Inset oasts/kilns with conical roofs and chimneys
9. Tall square pyramidal kilns with cowls
10. The roundel, Kent and Sussex
11. Farnham and Hampshire
12. Herefordshire and Worcestershire
13. The later 19th century: the high point for English
hops and oasts
14. Markets, politics and profits
15. Hop drying in Continental Europe
16. Hop houses in the USA
17. Modern times
Glossary
Appendix 1: Hop picking
Appendix 2: Hops and brewing
Bibliography and internet sources
Index