IT Chapters One and Two

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Drawing on critical analysis of film, the horror genre, the Gothic, and Stephen King scholarship, this book considers Andy Muschietti’s IT Chapter One (2017) and IT Chapter Two (2019) on multiple levels: as film (both as individual films and through their interconnected narrative), as adaptation, and as a barometer of the horror film’s popularity among fans. Key points of consideration include the significance of the fictional town of Derry as a traditionally Gothic “bad place,” the role of 1980s nostalgia in these two films, the complex navigation of memory and trauma, gender representation, queer representation, and the return of the repressed. The terrifying figure of Pennywise the clown is central to this analysis, including consideration of performance, costuming, and significance within the larger landscape of the “scary clown” popular culture trope, and through comparison to Tim Curry’s iconic performance in Tommy Lee Wallace’s 1990 miniseries. This Devil's Advocate contextualizes Muschietti’s films within the larger landscape of King’s literary and popular culture influence, as well as the debate surrounding “elevated” horror and the “horror boom” of the late 2010s.

With its almost unparalleled blockbuster status, both as a Stephen King adaptation and the horror film more generally, a volume on Andy Muschietti’s IT is a welcome addition to the Devil’s Advocate canon. Not only is this an intriguing and thoughtful analysis of the films, it also acts almost as a primer for some of the most important theories that underpin both horror studies (abjection, the return of the repressed) but also the study of Stephen King (adaptation, nostalgia). In doing so IT Chapters One and Two are presented as sites where the very foundations of horror are negotiated. This is an important and fascinating book about two films and how they embody a culturally significant narrative within the broader context of an important twenty-first century genre. – Simon Brown (author, Screening Stephen King: Adaptation and the Horror Genre in Film and Television, 2018)

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Author Information

Alissa Burger is Associate Professor of English and Director of Student Success, Culver-Stockton College. She is the author of The Quest for the Dark Tower: Genre and Interconnection in the Stephen King Series (McFarland, 2021) and Teaching Stephen King: Horror, the Supernatural, and New Approaches to Literature (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016).