Mandeville and Hume

BookMandeville and Hume

Mandeville and Hume

Anatomists of Civil Society

Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment, 2013:07


July 8th, 2013



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The Fable of the bees and the Treatise of human nature were written to define and dissect the essential components of a ‘civil society’. How have early readings of the Fable skewed our understanding of the work and its author? To what extent did Mandeville’s celebrated work influence that of Hume? In this pioneering book, Mikko Tolonen extends current research at the intersection of philosophy and book history by analysing the two parts of the Fable in relation to the development of the Treatise.
Focussing on the key themes of selfishness, pride, justice and politeness, Tolonen traces the evolution of Mandeville’s thinking on human nature and the origins of political society to explore the relationship between his Fable and Hume’s Treatise. Through a close examination of the publishing history of the Fable and F. B. Kaye’s seminal edition, Tolonen uncovers hitherto overlooked differences between Parts I and II to open up new approaches in Mandeville scholarship. As the question of social responsibility dominates the political agenda, the legacy of these key Enlightenment philosophers is as pertinent today as it was to our predecessors.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Cover 1
Half Title2
Title Page4
Copyright Page5
Contents 6
Abbreviations and conventions14
1. Introduction: Sociability and sceptical sentimentalism16
2. Intellectual change in Bernard Mandeville56
i. Hobbism in The Fable of the bees56
ii. The critique of Hobbism in the 1720s64
iii. Part II and the history of civil society80
3. The publishing history of The Fable of the bees118
i. Mandeville’s publishers and the question of copyright ownership129
ii. Jacob Tonson the younger and The Fable of the bees135
iii. Part II and Origin of honour145
4. Social theory in A Treatise of human nature162
i. Hutchesonian leanings and anatomy of morals162
ii. Hume’s distance from The Fable of the bees and his attachment to Mandeville172
iii. Self-love and justice196
iv. Self-liking and politeness209
v. Government and political sociability242
5. Epilogue258