Plato: Republic 1–2.368c4


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Republic, Plato's best known and most frequently read dialogue, although receiving a flood of translations and philosophical analysis over the last 100 years, has in recent times been quite short of detailed commentaries. In particular, a full edition of the introductory sections of the dialogue, representing, probably, a single papyrus roll in the original text (the division into our 'Books' came later), has not been attempted for more than fifty years. In that period scholarship has moved on, and this edition aims to take into account recent developments in the study of Plato's literary style as well as of his ideas. The arguments have always been of great interest to philosophers, especially the sophist Thrasymachus' clash with Socrates in defending injustice as the most profitable life-choice (which of them wins the argument?). But there is a great deal more to this introduction than abstract ideas; Plato chooses to begin his great work by staging a dramatic debate, arising out of a social meeting between Socrates and friends in the Athenian port of the Piraeus during a religious festival. The case against justice as a state of affairs leading to eudemonia ('happiness') is put with great force and humour, not to mention bad temper, and in the cut-and-thrust of argument and the clash of personalities, Plato brings vividly to life the cultural and social world of his times and the crucial issues at stake for his contemporaries. He also puts as effectively as possible the adversarial case which Socrates has to answer in the rest of Republic. This edition is aimed principally at readers without Greek; however, following the main purpose of the Series, a spectrum of needs is catered for, ranging from those studying through the original text to those working with the translation. Greek text with facing-page translation, introduction and commentary.

Parallel-text edition of Plato’s Republic 1–2.368c4. Greek text, with facing-page translation, introduction and commentary.

Chris Emlyn-Jones is Emeritus Professor of Classical Studies at the Open University. His publications include (with W. Preddy) Plato: Euthyphro. Apology. Crito. Phaedo (Loeb Classical Library, 2017) and Homer: Reading and Images (Duckworth, 1992).
Greek text reproduced by permission of Oxford University Press from Plato Respublica (2003) edited by S. R. Slings

Author Information

Chris Emlyn-Jones is Emeritus Professor of Classical Studies at the Open University. His publications include (with W. Preddy) ‘Plato: Euthyphro. Apology. Crito. Phaedo’ (Loeb Classical Library, 2017) and ‘Homer: Reading and Images’ (Duckworth, 1992).

Table of Contents

Section TitlePage
1. Preliminaries
2. Composition of Republic
3. Dramatic context, characters and structure
4. The cultural background
5. The arguments
  (a) Socrates and Cephalus
  (b) Socrates and Polemarchus
  (c) Socrates and Thrasymachus
  (d) Glaucon and Adeimantus
6. Conclusion
7. The text of this edition
Chronology of Plato’s Life and Works
Plato: Republic 1–2.368c4