This is a definitive study of Charles the Bold’s diplomatic and military relations with the Italian states, taking full account of economic policy. The book makes extensive use not only of the great mass of diplomatic correspondence in the archives of Florence, Mantua, Milan, Modena and Venice, but also of Charles’ financial records in the archives of Brussels and Lille. The author’s mastery of these primary sources is complemented by judicious use of a wide range of secondary material. Aspects of Charles the Bold’s relations with Italy have been considered in earlier literature, but no study has before dealt with them comprehensively at any length. This book fills that gap and places Charles’ reign in its wider European context.