Nations and Nationalisms

BookNations and Nationalisms

Nations and Nationalisms

France, Britain, Ireland and the eighteenth-century context

Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment, 335


January 1st, 1995

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At a moment when nationalism is resurgent and stubbornly refuses to obey past predictions of its imminent demise, a scholarly return to the inaugurating eighteenth-century debates about nationalism, nations and the nation state seems not only desirable but necessary. This collection of essays surveys the issues under eight headings, with the French Revolution as a recurring reference point – not least because of the tension within the Revolution between national interests and universal aspirations, a tension that arguably continues to beset modern ideas of the nation.
The volume offers a broad survey of current thinking on the eighteenth-century nation and the emerging nationalisms of the age. Clusters of essays provide extended treatment of the certain major topics, while others give unexpected sidelights involving figures as diverse as John Toland (Irish philosopher) and Brillat-Savarin (French gastronome and cosmopolitan nationalist). All combine to provide a clear focus on an area of eighteenth-century studies of continuing relevance to the modern reader in Europe and beyond.

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Half Title2
Title Page4
Copyright Page5
I. Ideas of the nation in the French Revolution18
Entre cosmopolitisme et xénophobie: patrie, nation, république universelle dans les idéologies de la Révolution française20
Individual, universal, national: a French revolutionary trilogy?36
L’intérêt de la ‘nation’ dans le débat sur ledroit de déclarer la guerre ou la paix à l’Assemblée constituante(15-22 mai 1790)46
Figures de l'émigration dans les Lettres écrites de Barcelone de Pierre-Nicolas Chantreau (1792)58
II. Great Britain and Ireland68
Britishness and Otherness: an argument70
Protestant nationalism in eighteenth-century Ireland88
Nationalism and the contemporary historians of the Jacobite war in Ireland98
Irish Jacobitism and Irish nationalism: the literary evidence112
III. France and Ireland126
France and Irish nationalism in the eighteenth century128
A crisis for the Irish in Bordeaux: 1756138
Nations of the mind: French culture in Ireland and the international booktrade156
IV. Emerging national identities168
La nation par la langue: philologie,nationalisme et nation dans l’Europe du dix-huitième siècle170
‘Belgium’ in the eighteenth century: politics andculture, fact and fiction190
Un antinationalisme: la ‘nation suisse’ a la fin du dix-huitième siècle206
V. Echoes of the French Revolution218
Patriots and patriotisms: Richard Price and the early reception of the French Revolution in England220
United and disunited Irishmen: the discourse of sectarianism in the 1790s240
VI. John Toland, tolerance and the nation258
John Toland, cosmopolitanism, and the concept of nation260
Locke and Toland on toleration270
VII. The enlightened traveller?282
Virtue, travel and the Enlightenment284
Hottentots and Teagues: Swift and barbarous nations306
James Boswell et l’énigme corse316
Comment peut-on être arabe? Regards des voyageurs sur les nations levantines332
Nationhood and cosmopolitanism in the journalism and novels of the abbé Prévost344
VIII. Gastronomy and destiny362
Brillat-Savarin and the destiny of nations364