Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 31

Poland and Hungary: Jewish Realities Compared

Edited by François Guesnet, Howard Lupovitch, and Antony Polonsky

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ISBN: 9781906764722

Publication: November 30, 2018

Series: Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry 31

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At the beginning of the twentieth century, the Jewish communities of Poland and Hungary were the largest in the world and arguably the most culturally vibrant, yet they have rarely been studied comparatively. Despite the obvious similarities, historians have mainly preferred to highlight the differences and emphasize instead the central European character of Hungarian Jewry. Collectively, these essays offer a different perspective. The volume has five sections. The first compares Jewish acculturation and integration in the two countries, analysing the symbiosis of magnates and Jews in each country’s elites and the complexity of integration in multi-ethnic environments. The second considers the similarities and differences in Jewish religious life, discussing the impact of Polish hasidism in Hungary and the nature of ‘progressive’ Judaism in Poland and the Neolog movement in Hungary. Jewish popular culture is the theme of the third section, with accounts of the Jewish involvement in Polish and Hungarian cabaret and film. The fourth examines the deterioration of the situation in both countries in the interwar years, while the final section compares the implementation of the Holocaust and the way it is remembered. The volume concludes with a long interview with the doyen of historians of Hungary, István Deák.

Antony Polonsky is Professor Emeritus of Holocaust Studies at Brandeis University and chief historian of the Polin Museum of the History of Polish Jews in Warsaw. He is co-chair of the editorial collegium of Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry.

François Guesnet is a reader in modern Jewish history in the Department of Hebrew and Jewish Studies at University College London and specializes in the early modern and nineteenth-century history of east European and, more specifically, Polish Jews.

Howard Lupovitch is an associate professor of history and director of the Cohn-Haddow Center for Judaic Studies at Wayne State University. He is the author of Jews at the Crossroads: Tradition and Accommodation during the Golden Age of the Hungarian Nobility, 1729—1878 (Budapest, 2007) and is currently writing a history of the Neolog movement.

Note on Place Names
Note on Transliteration

François Guesnet, Howard Lupovitch, and Antony Polonsky

Part 1: Jewish Acculturation and Integration

1          The Magnate-Jewish Symbiosis: Hungarian and Polish Variations on a Theme
            Howard Lupovitch
2          Ethnic Triangles, Assimilation, and the Complexities of Acculturation in a Multi-ethnic Society
            Kristian Gerner
3          Between Poland and Hungary–The Process of Jewish Integration from a Comparative Perspective
            Guy Miron
4          The Askenaz of the South. A Contrastive View of Hungarian Jewry in the Long Nineteenth Century
            Victor Karady
5          Jewish Integration and Acculturation in the Polish Lands in the Last Decades before 1914
            Theodore Weeks
6          The Situation of Jewish Women in Poland and Hungary
            Katalin Fenyves
7          The Many lives of Michael Heilprin
            Ferenc Raj and Howard Lupovitch
8          Gender and Scholarship in the Goldziher Household: Jewish Men and Women in Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Hungarian Academia
            Katalin Franciska Rac

Part 2: Jewish Religious Life
9          Polish Hasidism and Hungarian Orthodoxy in a Borderland: The Case of the Munkatch Rabbinate
            Levi Cooper
10        Polish ‘Progressive’ Judaism and Hungarian Neolog Judaism: A Comparison
            Benjamin Matis

Part 3: Jews in Popular Culture
11        Integration and its Discontents: Humorous Magazines and Cabaret as Reflections of the Self-image of Budapest Jews
            Mary Gluck       
12        Cabaret Nation: The Jewish Foundations of the Polish-Language Literary Cabaret, 1920-1939
            Beth Holmgren
13        The Politics of Exclusion: The Turbulent History of Hungarian and Polish Film during the Inter-war Era
            Susan M. Papp

Part 4: The Interwar Years
14        Abnormal Times: Intersectionality and Anti-Jewish Violence in Hungary and Poland, 1918-1922
            Emily Gioelli
15        Suicides of the Polish and Hungarian Types: Understanding Jewish Self Destruction and Social Cohesion in Inter-War Warsaw and Budapest
            Daniel Rosenthal     

Part 5: The Holocaust and its Aftermath
16        On the Margin of a Historic Friendship–Polish Jewish Refugees in Hungary in the Years of the Second World War
            Tamás Kovács
17        A Comparison of the Warsaw and Budapest Ghettos
            Tim Cole
18        A Comparative Study of the Warsaw and Budapest Ghettos, 1940-1945: The Policies of the German and Hungarian Authorities, the Reactions of the Jews
            Laszlo Karsai
19        Polish and Hungarian Poets on the Holocaust
            George Gőmőri
20        Pulp Memory? The Hungarian Holocaust in Mass-Market Socialist Literature, 1956-1970
            Richard S. Esbenshade
21        The Remembrance of the Holocaust in Hungary after the Political Turn of 1989
            Zsuzsanna Agora
22        The Yellow-Star Houses Project
            Gwen Jones
23        ‘Non-remembering’ of the Holocaust in Hungary and in Poland
            Andrea Peto
24        Jews in Museums: Narratives of Nation and ‘Jewishness’ in Post-Communist Hungarian and Polish Public Memory
            Anna Manchin

Part 6: Personal Reflections
25        Polish and Hungarian Jews, So different and Yet So Interconnected
            Istvan Deak

Part 7: New Views
26        Antisemitism in Poland in 2012: A Survey
            Ireneusz Krzemiński

            Ben-Zion Gold
            Fred Schwartz

Notes on Contributors


Format: Paperback

Size: 234 × 156 mm

632 Pages

36 tables and 4 photo/halftones

Copyright: © 2018

ISBN: 9781906764722

Publication: November 30, 2018

Series: Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry 31

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