From Shtetl to Socialism

Studies from Polin

Edited by Antony Polonsky

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ISBN: 9781874774143

Publication: December 1, 1993

Series: Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry

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Until 1939 Poland was the heartland of European Jewry, and the Polish Jewish community was still one of the largest and most important in the world. For nine centuries it was one of the central forces in the shaping of Jewish culture and its impact on the shaping of modern Jewry-religious and secular-was profound. An understanding of the history of the Jews of Poland is thus essential to a proper understanding of Jewish history. This book, comprising a selection of studies drawn from the first seven volumes of Polin, provides that understanding. Written by scholars from Europe (including Poland itself), Israel, and North America, it illuminates the most critical aspects of the history of the Jews in Poland and illustrates how these issues are being treated by the leading and most innovative scholars in the field. A broad spectrum of subjects is discussed, covering the origins and development of the community and the many crises it experienced from the earliest date of Jewish settlement in Poland to the establishment of Communist rule in postwar Poland. Maps and a chronology of Polish Jewish history are also provided, and the book is prefaced by an extensive introduction by Antony Polonsky, general editor of Polin.
CONTRIBUTORS: Monika Adamczyk-Garbowska, Israel Bartal, David Biale, Eugene C. Black, Jan Blonski, Norman Davies, David Engel, Jacob Goldberg, Gershon David Hundert, Krystyna Kersten, Stefan Kieniewicz, Pawel Korzec, Ewa Kurek-Lesik, Magdalena Opalski, Maria and Kazimierz Piechotka, Eugenia Prokopowna, Laura Quercioli-Mincer, M. J. Rosman, Szymon Rudnicki, Pawel Samus, Robert Moses Shapiro, Chone Shmeruk, Shaul Stampfer, Michael C. Steinlauf, Pawel Szapiro, Jean-Charles Szurek, Janusz Tazbir, Jerzy Tomaszewski, Paul Wexler, Anna Zuk

Antony Polonsky is Professor Emeritus of Holocaust Studies at Brandeis University and chief historian of the Polin Museum of the History of Polish Jews in Warsaw. He is co-chair of the editorial collegium of Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry.

List of maps Introduction Part I Pre-Partition Poland (to 1795) The Reconstruction of Pre-Ashkenazic Jewish Settlements in the Slavic Lands in the Light of Linguistic Sources PAUL WEXLER Some Basic Characteristics of the Jewish Experience in Poland GERSHON DAVID HUNDERT Images of the Jew in the Polish Commonwealth JANUSZ TAZBIR A Minority Views the Majority: Jewish Attitudes towards the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Interaction with Poles M. J. ROSMAN The Changes in the Attitude of Polish Society toward the Jews in the Eighteenth Century JACOB GOLDBERG A Mobile Class: The Subjective Element in the Social Perception of Jews-The Example of Eighteenth-Century Poland ANNA ZUK Part II The Nineteenth Century The Jews of Warsaw, Polish Society, and the Partitioning Powers, 1795-1861 STEFAN KIENIEWICZ The Jewish Community in the Political Life of Lodz in the Years 1865-1914 PAWEL SAMUS Aspects of the History of Warsaw as a Yiddish Literary Centre CHONE SHMERUK Non-Jews and Gentile Society in East European Hebrew and Yiddish Literature, 1856-1914 ISRAEL BARTAL Trends in the Literary Perception of Jews in Modern Polish Fiction MAGDALENA OPALSKI Eros and Enlightenment: Love against Marriage in the East European Jewish Enlightenment DAVID BIALE Gender Differentiation and Education of the Jewish Woman in Nineteenth-Century Eastern Europe SHAUL STAMPFER Polish Synagogues in the Nineteenth Century MARIA and KAZIMIERZ PIECHOTKA Part III Between the Two World Wars Ethnic Diversity in Twentieth-Century Poland NORMAN DAVIES Some Methodological Problems of the Study of Jewish History in Poland between the Two World Wars JERZY TOMASZEWSKI Lucien Wolf and the Making of Poland: Paris, 1919 EUGENE C. BLACK Aspects of Jewish Self-Government in Lodz, 1914-1939 ROBERT MOSES SHAPIRO The Image of the Shtetl in Polish Literature EUGENIA PROKOPOWNA The Polish Jewish Daily Press MICHAEL C. STEINLAUF From 'Numerus Clausus' to 'Numerus Nullus' SZYMON RUDNICKI Part IV The Second World War Jews and Poles under Soviet Occupation (1939-1941): Conflicting Interests PAWEL KORZEC and JEAN-CHARLES SZUREK The Western Allies and the Holocaust DAVID ENGEL The Conditions of Admittance and the Social Background of Jewish Children Saved by Women's Religious Orders in Poland, 1939-1945 EWA KUREK-LESIK Part V After 1945 The Contexts of the So-Called Jewish Question in Poland after World War II KRYSTYNA KERSTEN and PAWEL SZAPIRO Is There a Jewish School of Polish Literature? JAN BLONSKI A Voice from the Diaspora: Julian Stryjkowski LAURA QUERCIOLI-MINCER Poles and Poland in I. B. Singer's Fiction MONIKA ADAMCZYK-GARBOWSKA Notes on Contributors Chronological Table Maps Glossary Index

‘. . . to be welcomed.’
Harry Rabinowicz, Le’ela

‘Antony Polonsky’s monumental collection of studies cover the ten centuries of Jewish life in Poland . . . written by acknowledged scholars . . . The spectrum is broad . . . One can only express admiration for the editor and the institutions concerned for this effort to enlighten us and future generations about some aspects of Jewish existence in a land where, practically speaking, Jews live no more.’
Alexander Zvielli, Jerusalem Post

'An outstanding history of Jewish life in Poland ... The introduction and sensitive editing by Antony Polonsky give us an insight into scholarship covering a fascinating history and the basic problems of Jewish life which are not only the mark of Polish/Jewish history but become paradigmatic of all the Jewish life ... brings together the writings of those scholars who have specialized in Polish history and have total command of both Yiddish and Polish, but are also aware of other scholars and their contributions ... becomes a summary of a decade of scholarship, and is also an introduction for what should be more than a decade of future work ... This first volume should be followed by other texts which will help us to gain wisdom and understanding-the central purpose of the Littman Library, which must be congratulated for this new venture.'
European Judaism

Format: Paperback

Size: 156 × 234 × 32 mm

616 Pages

10 maps, 16 B&W plates, and 2 B&W tables

ISBN: 9781874774143

Publication: December 1, 1993

Series: Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry

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