Town Planning Review

Effects of gentrification and real-estate market escalation on gay neighbourhoods

Town Planning Review (2019), 90, (3), 229–237.

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References

576 US (2015), Obergefell et al. v. Hodges, Director, Ohio Department of Public Health et al. Google Scholar

ALLEN, S. (2014), ‘San Francisco’s gay culture is dying’, Daily Dot, 31 October 2014. Google Scholar

ANACKER, K. B. and MORROW-JONES, H. A. (2005), ‘Neighborhood factors associated with same-sex households in US cities’, Urban Geography, 26, 385–409. Google Scholar

ANDERSSON, G., NOACK, T., SEIERSTAD, A. and WEEDON-FEKJÆR, H. (2006), ‘The demographics of same-sex marriages in Norway and Sweden’, Demography, 43, 79–98. Google Scholar

BAUMLE, A. K., COMPTON, D. R. and POSTON, D. L., JR (2009), ‘Same-sex partnering data in the 2000 census: an overview’, in A. K. Baumle, D. R. Compton and D. L. Poston Jr, Same-Sex Partners: The Social Demography of Sexual Orientation, Albany, SUNY Press, 15–40. Google Scholar

BEEMYN, B. (2013), Creating a Place for Ourselves: Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Community Histories, New York, Routledge. Google Scholar

BELL, D. and BINNIE, J. (2004), ‘Authenticating queer space: citizenship, urbanism and governance’, Urban Studies, 4, 1807–20. Google Scholar

BITTERMAN, A. and HESS, D. B. (2016a), ‘Gay ghettoes growing gray: transformation of gay urban districts across North America reflects generational change’, Journal of American Culture, 39, 55–63. Google Scholar

BITTERMAN, A. and HESS, D. B. (2016b), ‘Will gay and lesbian neighborhoods resurge? Trump-Pence era underscores importance of LGBT communities’, Washington Blade, 8 December. Google Scholar

BLACK, D., GATES, G., SANDERS, S. and TAYLOR, L. (2000), ‘Demographics of the gay and lesbian population in the United States: evidence from available systematic data sources’, Demography, 37, 139–54. Google Scholar

BLACK, D., GATES, G., SANDERS, S. and TAYLOR, L. (2002), ‘Why do gay men live in San Francisco?’, Journal of Urban Economics, 51, 54–76. Google Scholar

CARPENTER, C. and GATES, G. J. (2008), ‘Gay and lesbian partnership: evidence from California’, Demography, 45, 573–90. Google Scholar

CHAUNCEY, G. (1994), Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture and the Making of the Gay Male World, 1890–1940, New York, Basic Books. Google Scholar

COLLINS, A. (2004), ‘Sexual dissidence, enterprise and assimilation: bedfellows in urban regeneration’, Urban Studies, 41, 1789–1806. Google Scholar

COLLINS, A. and DRINKWATER, S. (2017), ‘Fifty shades of gay: social and technological change, urban deconcentration and niche enterprise’, Urban Studies, 54, 765–85. Google Scholar

DOAN, P. L. and HIGGINS, H. (2011), ‘The demise of queer space? Resurgent gentrification and the assimilation of LGBT neighborhoods’, Journal of Planning Education and Research, 31, 6–25. Google Scholar

EASTERBROOK, A., CARPIANO, R. M., KELLY, B. C. and PARSONS, J. T. (2014), ‘The personal experience of community among urban gay men, lesbians, and bisexuals: melting pot or mosaic?’, Social Science Quarterly, 95, 682–700. Google Scholar

FESTY, P. (2008), ‘Enumerating same-sex couples in censuses and population registers’, Demographic Research, 17, 339–68. Google Scholar

FESTY, P. and ROGERS, G. (2006), ‘Legal recognition of same-sex couples in Europe’, Population, 61, 417–53. Google Scholar

FLORIDA, R. (2005), Cities and the Creative Class, New York, Routledge. Google Scholar

GATES, G. J. and OST, J. (2004), The Gay and Lesbian Atlas, Urban Institute. Google Scholar

GHAZIANI, A. (2015), ‘Gay enclaves face prospect of being passé: how assimilation affects the spatial expressions of sexuality in the United States’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 39, 756–71. Google Scholar

GIESEKING J.J. (2013), ‘Queering the meaning of “neighbourhood”: reinterpreting the lesbian-queer experience of Park Slope, Brooklyn, 1983–2008’, in Y. Taylor and M. Addison (eds), Queer Presences and Absences: Genders and Sexualities in the Social Sciences, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 178–200. Google Scholar

GRATWICK, S., JIHANIAN, L., HOLLOWAY, I. W., SANCHEZ, M. and SULLIVAN, K. (2014), ‘Social work practice with LGBT seniors’, Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 57, 889–907. Google Scholar

HARRY, J. (1974), ‘Urbanization and the gay life’, Journal of Sex Research, 10, 238–47. Google Scholar

JAMES, S. (2017), ‘There goes the gayborhood’, New York Times, 21 June. Google Scholar

JONES, J. M. (2017), ‘In US, 10.2% of LGBT adults now married to same-sex spouse’, Gallup Social and Policy Issues, 22 June. Google Scholar

KIRKEY, K. and FORSYTH, A. (2001), ‘Men in the Valley: gay male life on the suburban–rural fringe’, Journal of Rural Studies, 17, 421–41. Google Scholar

KURDEK, L. A. (2005), ‘What do we know about gay and lesbian couples?’, Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14, 251–54. Google Scholar

MOSS, J. (2017), Vanishing New York: How a Great City Lost Its Soul, New York, Dey Street Books. Google Scholar

NASH, C. J. (2013), ‘The age of the “post-Mo”? Toronto’s gay village and a new generation’, Geoforum, 49, 243–52. Google Scholar

NASH, C. J. and GORMAN-MURRAY, A. (2014), ‘LGBT neighbourhoods and “new mobilities”: towards understanding transformations in sexual and gendered urban landscapes’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 38, 756–72. Google Scholar

ROSENFELD, M. (2007), The Age of Independence: Interracial Unions, Same-Sex Unions and the Changing American Family, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Google Scholar

ROSSER, B. R. S., OAKES, J. M., BOCKTING, W. O. and MINER, M. (2007), ‘Capturing the social demographics of hidden sexual minorities: an Internet study of the transgender population in the United States’, Sexuality Research and Social Policy 42, 50–64. Google Scholar

SAVIN-WILLIAMS, R. C. (2006), ‘Who’s gay? Does it matter?’, Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 40–44. Google Scholar

SCHULMAN, S. (2013), The Gentrification of the Mind: Witness to a Lost Imagination, Berkeley, University of California Press. Google Scholar

SIMMONS, T. and O’CONNELL, M. (2003), Married-Couple and Unmarried-Partner Households, 2000: Census 2000 Special Reports, US Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, US Census Bureau. Google Scholar

SMART, M. J. and KLEIN, N. J. (2013), ‘Neighborhoods of affinity: social forces and travel in gay and lesbian neighborhoods’, Journal of the American Planning Association, 79, 110–24. Google Scholar

SPRING, A. L. (2013), ‘Declining segregation of same-sex partners: evidence from Census 2000 and 2010’, Population Research and Policy Review, 32, 687–716. Google Scholar

VELTMAN, C. (2019), ‘San Francisco’s storied transgender community now has an official home’, National Public Radio, All Things Considered, 28 January. Google Scholar

WEIGHTMAN, B. A. (1981), ‘Commentary: towards a geography of the gay community’, Journal of Cultural Geography, 1, 106–12. Google Scholar

576 US (2015), Obergefell et al. v. Hodges, Director, Ohio Department of Public Health et al. Google Scholar

ALLEN, S. (2014), ‘San Francisco’s gay culture is dying’, Daily Dot, 31 October 2014. Google Scholar

ANACKER, K. B. and MORROW-JONES, H. A. (2005), ‘Neighborhood factors associated with same-sex households in US cities’, Urban Geography, 26, 385–409. Google Scholar

ANDERSSON, G., NOACK, T., SEIERSTAD, A. and WEEDON-FEKJÆR, H. (2006), ‘The demographics of same-sex marriages in Norway and Sweden’, Demography, 43, 79–98. Google Scholar

BAUMLE, A. K., COMPTON, D. R. and POSTON, D. L., JR (2009), ‘Same-sex partnering data in the 2000 census: an overview’, in A. K. Baumle, D. R. Compton and D. L. Poston Jr, Same-Sex Partners: The Social Demography of Sexual Orientation, Albany, SUNY Press, 15–40. Google Scholar

BEEMYN, B. (2013), Creating a Place for Ourselves: Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Community Histories, New York, Routledge. Google Scholar

BELL, D. and BINNIE, J. (2004), ‘Authenticating queer space: citizenship, urbanism and governance’, Urban Studies, 4, 1807–20. Google Scholar

BITTERMAN, A. and HESS, D. B. (2016a), ‘Gay ghettoes growing gray: transformation of gay urban districts across North America reflects generational change’, Journal of American Culture, 39, 55–63. Google Scholar

BITTERMAN, A. and HESS, D. B. (2016b), ‘Will gay and lesbian neighborhoods resurge? Trump-Pence era underscores importance of LGBT communities’, Washington Blade, 8 December. Google Scholar

BLACK, D., GATES, G., SANDERS, S. and TAYLOR, L. (2000), ‘Demographics of the gay and lesbian population in the United States: evidence from available systematic data sources’, Demography, 37, 139–54. Google Scholar

BLACK, D., GATES, G., SANDERS, S. and TAYLOR, L. (2002), ‘Why do gay men live in San Francisco?’, Journal of Urban Economics, 51, 54–76. Google Scholar

CARPENTER, C. and GATES, G. J. (2008), ‘Gay and lesbian partnership: evidence from California’, Demography, 45, 573–90. Google Scholar

CHAUNCEY, G. (1994), Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture and the Making of the Gay Male World, 1890–1940, New York, Basic Books. Google Scholar

COLLINS, A. (2004), ‘Sexual dissidence, enterprise and assimilation: bedfellows in urban regeneration’, Urban Studies, 41, 1789–1806. Google Scholar

COLLINS, A. and DRINKWATER, S. (2017), ‘Fifty shades of gay: social and technological change, urban deconcentration and niche enterprise’, Urban Studies, 54, 765–85. Google Scholar

DOAN, P. L. and HIGGINS, H. (2011), ‘The demise of queer space? Resurgent gentrification and the assimilation of LGBT neighborhoods’, Journal of Planning Education and Research, 31, 6–25. Google Scholar

EASTERBROOK, A., CARPIANO, R. M., KELLY, B. C. and PARSONS, J. T. (2014), ‘The personal experience of community among urban gay men, lesbians, and bisexuals: melting pot or mosaic?’, Social Science Quarterly, 95, 682–700. Google Scholar

FESTY, P. (2008), ‘Enumerating same-sex couples in censuses and population registers’, Demographic Research, 17, 339–68. Google Scholar

FESTY, P. and ROGERS, G. (2006), ‘Legal recognition of same-sex couples in Europe’, Population, 61, 417–53. Google Scholar

FLORIDA, R. (2005), Cities and the Creative Class, New York, Routledge. Google Scholar

GATES, G. J. and OST, J. (2004), The Gay and Lesbian Atlas, Urban Institute. Google Scholar

GHAZIANI, A. (2015), ‘Gay enclaves face prospect of being passé: how assimilation affects the spatial expressions of sexuality in the United States’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 39, 756–71. Google Scholar

GIESEKING J.J. (2013), ‘Queering the meaning of “neighbourhood”: reinterpreting the lesbian-queer experience of Park Slope, Brooklyn, 1983–2008’, in Y. Taylor and M. Addison (eds), Queer Presences and Absences: Genders and Sexualities in the Social Sciences, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 178–200. Google Scholar

GRATWICK, S., JIHANIAN, L., HOLLOWAY, I. W., SANCHEZ, M. and SULLIVAN, K. (2014), ‘Social work practice with LGBT seniors’, Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 57, 889–907. Google Scholar

HARRY, J. (1974), ‘Urbanization and the gay life’, Journal of Sex Research, 10, 238–47. Google Scholar

JAMES, S. (2017), ‘There goes the gayborhood’, New York Times, 21 June. Google Scholar

JONES, J. M. (2017), ‘In US, 10.2% of LGBT adults now married to same-sex spouse’, Gallup Social and Policy Issues, 22 June. Google Scholar

KIRKEY, K. and FORSYTH, A. (2001), ‘Men in the Valley: gay male life on the suburban–rural fringe’, Journal of Rural Studies, 17, 421–41. Google Scholar

KURDEK, L. A. (2005), ‘What do we know about gay and lesbian couples?’, Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14, 251–54. Google Scholar

MOSS, J. (2017), Vanishing New York: How a Great City Lost Its Soul, New York, Dey Street Books. Google Scholar

NASH, C. J. (2013), ‘The age of the “post-Mo”? Toronto’s gay village and a new generation’, Geoforum, 49, 243–52. Google Scholar

NASH, C. J. and GORMAN-MURRAY, A. (2014), ‘LGBT neighbourhoods and “new mobilities”: towards understanding transformations in sexual and gendered urban landscapes’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 38, 756–72. Google Scholar

ROSENFELD, M. (2007), The Age of Independence: Interracial Unions, Same-Sex Unions and the Changing American Family, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Google Scholar

ROSSER, B. R. S., OAKES, J. M., BOCKTING, W. O. and MINER, M. (2007), ‘Capturing the social demographics of hidden sexual minorities: an Internet study of the transgender population in the United States’, Sexuality Research and Social Policy 42, 50–64. Google Scholar

SAVIN-WILLIAMS, R. C. (2006), ‘Who’s gay? Does it matter?’, Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 40–44. Google Scholar

SCHULMAN, S. (2013), The Gentrification of the Mind: Witness to a Lost Imagination, Berkeley, University of California Press. Google Scholar

SIMMONS, T. and O’CONNELL, M. (2003), Married-Couple and Unmarried-Partner Households, 2000: Census 2000 Special Reports, US Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, US Census Bureau. Google Scholar

SMART, M. J. and KLEIN, N. J. (2013), ‘Neighborhoods of affinity: social forces and travel in gay and lesbian neighborhoods’, Journal of the American Planning Association, 79, 110–24. Google Scholar

SPRING, A. L. (2013), ‘Declining segregation of same-sex partners: evidence from Census 2000 and 2010’, Population Research and Policy Review, 32, 687–716. Google Scholar

VELTMAN, C. (2019), ‘San Francisco’s storied transgender community now has an official home’, National Public Radio, All Things Considered, 28 January. Google Scholar

WEIGHTMAN, B. A. (1981), ‘Commentary: towards a geography of the gay community’, Journal of Cultural Geography, 1, 106–12. Google Scholar

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Author details

Hess, Daniel Baldwin