Town Planning Review

Localism: a planning panacea?

Town Planning Review (2019), 90, (5), 481–496.

Abstract

It has been observed that there is a ‘global trend’ towards devolution of power from national governments to regional and local authorities, and planning is one of the activities often devolved. In England, the UK government has since 2011 gone further and, it claims, devolved planning powers to the community level. The introduction of a new form of statutory planning – neighbourhood planning – was heralded by the UK government as an embodiment of their commitment to ‘localism’, representing a shift from top-down to bottom-up control in the English planning system. This Policy and Practice explores some of the tensions inherent in localism as exemplified through the practical implementation of neighbourhood planning.

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References

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BARTON, H., GRANT, M. and GUISE, R. (2010), Shaping Neighbourhoods: For Local Health and Global Sustainability, 2nd edn, Abingdon, Routledge. Google Scholar

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STURZAKER, J. and GORDON, M. (2017), ‘Democratic tensions in decentralised planning: rhetoric, legislation and reality in England’, Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, 35, 1324–39. Google Scholar

STURZAKER, J. and SHAW, D. (2015), ‘Localism in practice: lessons from a pioneer neighbourhood plan in England’, Town Planning Review, 86, 587–609. Google Scholar

SUBRA, P. (2014), Géopolitique de l’aménagement du territoire, 2nd edn, Paris, Armand Colin. Google Scholar

VIGAR, G., GUNN, S. and BROOKS, E. (2017), ‘Governing our neighbours: participation and conflict in neighbourhood planning’, Town Planning Review, 88, 423–42. Google Scholar

WILLIAMS, A., GOODWIN, M. and CLOKE, P. (2014), ‘Neoliberalism, big society, and progressive localism’, Environment and Planning A, 46, 2798–815. Google Scholar

ALLMENDINGER, P. and HAUGHTON, G. (2010), ‘Spatial planning, devolution, and new planning spaces’, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 28, 803–18. Google Scholar

BARTON, H., GRANT, M. and GUISE, R. (2010), Shaping Neighbourhoods: For Local Health and Global Sustainability, 2nd edn, Abingdon, Routledge. Google Scholar

BELL, D., GRAY, T. and HAGGETT, C. (2005), ‘The “social gap” in wind farm siting decisions: explanations and policy responses’, Environmental Politics, 14, 460–77. Google Scholar

BRADLEY, Q. and BROWNILL, S. (2017), ‘Reflections on neighbourhood planning: towards a progressive localism’, in S. Brownill and Q. Bradley (eds), Localism and Neighbourhood Planning: Power to the People?, Bristol, Policy Press, 251–68. Google Scholar

BRADLEY, Q. and SPARLING, W. (2016), ‘The impact of neighbourhood planning and localism on house-building in England’, Housing, Theory and Society, 34, 106–18. Google Scholar

CAMPBELL, H. and MARSHALL, R. (2002), ‘Utilitarianism’s bad breath? A re-evaluation of the public interest justification for planning’, Planning Theory, 1, 163–87. Google Scholar

CLEGG, S. R., COURPASSON, D. and PHILLIPS, N. (2006), Power and Organizations, London, Sage. Google Scholar

DCLG (2010), Planning Power from Town Halls and Whitehall to Local People, Department for Communities and Local Government, https://www.gov.uk/government/news/planning-power-from-town-halls-and-whitehall-to-local-people (accessed 3 October 2018). Google Scholar

DCLG (2012), Localism Act: Power Shift to Communities Charges On, Department for Communities and Local Government, http://www.communities.gov.uk/news/communities/2126308 (accessed 9 July 2012). Google Scholar

DCLG and LEWIS, B. (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2015), Neighbourhood Planning Powers Boosting Plans for Housebuilding by More than 10%, https://www.gov.uk/government/news/neighbourhood-planning-powers-boosting-plans-for-housebuilding-by-more-than-10 (accessed 14 November 2017). Google Scholar

DESAGE, F. and GUERANGUER, D. (2011), La politique confisquée: sociologie des réformes et des institutions intercommunales, Vulaines-sur-Seine, Editions du Croquant. Google Scholar

FIELD, M. and LAYARD, A. (2017), ‘Locating community-led housing within neighbourhood plans as a response to England’s housing needs’, Public Money and Management, 37, 105–12. Google Scholar

GALLENT, N., ROBINSON, S., DOSAD, C., EMMETT, R. and SIRAUT, J. (2010), Research into Rural Housing Affordability: Final Report, London, Colin Buchanan/UCL/Defra. Google Scholar

GARDESSE, C. and ZETLAOUI-LEGER, J. (2017), ‘Citizen participation: an essential lever for urban transformation in France?’, in Brownill and Bradley (eds), 199–214. Google Scholar

HASTINGS, A. and MATTHEWS, P. (2015), ‘Bourdieu and the big society: empowering the powerful in public service provision?’, Policy and Politics, 43, 545–60. Google Scholar

INCH, A. (2014), ‘Ordinary citizens and the political cultures of planning: in search of the subject of a new democratic ethos’, Planning Theory, 14, 1–21. Google Scholar

LORD, A., MAIR, M., STURZAKER, J. and JONES, P. (2017), ‘“The planners’ dream goes wrong?” Questioning citizen-centred planning’, Local Government Studies, 43, 344–63. Google Scholar

LOWNDES, V. and GARDNER, A. (2016), ‘Local governance under the Conservatives: superausterity, devolution and the “smarter state”’, Local Government Studies, 42, 357–75. Google Scholar

MHCLG (MINISITRY OF HOUSING, COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2018), Neighbourhood Planning Guidance, Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, https://www.gov.uk/guidance/neighbourhood-planning--2#basic-conditions-for-neighbourhood-plan-to-referendum (accessed 18 February 2019). Google Scholar

PARKER, G., LYNN, T. and WARGENT, M. (2017), ‘Contestation and conservatism in neighbourhood planning in England: reconciling agonism and collaboration?’, Planning Theory and Practice, 18, 446–65. Google Scholar

PLANNING MAGAZINE (2017), ‘Judge backs complaint over minister’s plan claim’, Planning, 3 November 2017, 7. Google Scholar

RODRIGUEZ-POSE, A. and GILL, N. (2003), ‘The global trend towards devolution and its implications’, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 21, 333–51. Google Scholar

SANTAMARIA, F. (2018), ‘Aménagement du territoire in France, its foundations, its mutations and its challenges’, in J. Farinós Dasí and E. Peiró (eds), Territorio y Estado: Elementos para la coordinación de las políticas de ordenación del territorio en el siglo XXI, Valencia, Tirant Humanidades, 431–64. Google Scholar

SLADE, D. and DAVIES, N. (2017), How to Design an Infrastructure Strategy for the UK, London, Institute for Government, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/sites/default/files/publications/IfG_infrastructure_strategy_final.pdf (accessed 27 June 2019). Google Scholar

STURZAKER, J. and GORDON, M. (2017), ‘Democratic tensions in decentralised planning: rhetoric, legislation and reality in England’, Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, 35, 1324–39. Google Scholar

STURZAKER, J. and SHAW, D. (2015), ‘Localism in practice: lessons from a pioneer neighbourhood plan in England’, Town Planning Review, 86, 587–609. Google Scholar

SUBRA, P. (2014), Géopolitique de l’aménagement du territoire, 2nd edn, Paris, Armand Colin. Google Scholar

VIGAR, G., GUNN, S. and BROOKS, E. (2017), ‘Governing our neighbours: participation and conflict in neighbourhood planning’, Town Planning Review, 88, 423–42. Google Scholar

WILLIAMS, A., GOODWIN, M. and CLOKE, P. (2014), ‘Neoliberalism, big society, and progressive localism’, Environment and Planning A, 46, 2798–815. Google Scholar

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Details

Author details

Taylor, Edward

Santamaria, Frédéric

Sturzaker, John