Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Aspectos góticos y policiales de Estrella Distante

Bulletin of Hispanic Studies (2017), 94, (2), 229–240.

Abstract

La literatura hispanoamericana ha desarrollado dos tradiciones para producir un efecto de irrealidad, el realismo mágico y lo fantástico. La crítica ha reconocido elementos fantásticos en la obra de Roberto Bolaño, pero este trabajo sostiene que en realidad este escritor usa elementos góticos, los cuales le son útiles porque se vinculan con el mal y con el terror. Los aspectos antipoliciales en Bolaño coinciden con los góticos en su crítica de la racionalidad burguesa.

Hispanic American literature has developed two traditions to create an effect of unreality, magical realism and the fantastic. Critics have found elements of the fantastic in Roberto Bolaño’s work, but this essay contends that he is using the Gothic instead, a genre that is useful to him because it is connected to horror and evil. Bolaño’s use of anti-detective fiction converges with the Gothic in a criticism of bourgeois rationality.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Andrews, Chris, 2014. Roberto Bolaño’s Fiction. An Expanding Universe (Nueva York: Columbia University Press). Roberto Bolaño’s Fiction. An Expanding Universe Google Scholar

Arendt, Hannah, 2006 [1963]. Eichmann in Jerusalem. A Report on the Banality of Evil. Introd. Amos Elon. (Nueva York: Penguin). Eichmann in Jerusalem. A Report on the Banality of Evil Google Scholar

Armitt, Lucie, 1996. Theorising the Fantastic (Londres y Nueva York: Arnold). Theorising the Fantastic Google Scholar

Bolaño, Roberto, 1996a. Estrella distante (Barcelona: Anagrama). Estrella distante Google Scholar

Bolaño, Roberto, 1996b. La literatura nazi en América (Barcelona: Seix Barral). La literatura nazi en América Google Scholar

Bolaño, Roberto, 1998. Los detectives salvajes (Barcelona: Anagrama). Los detectives salvajes Google Scholar

Bolaño, Roberto, 2004a. 2666 (Barcelona: Anagrama). 2666 Google Scholar

Bolaño, Roberto, 2004b. Entre paréntesis. Ensayos, artículos y discursos (1998–2003) (Barcelona: Anagrama). Entre paréntesis. Ensayos, artículos y discursos (1998–2003) Google Scholar

Bolaño, Roberto, 2010. ‘Compañeros de celda’, en Cuentos (Barcelona: Anagrama). Compañeros de celda Cuentos Google Scholar

Brown, Marshall, 2005. The Gothic Text (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press). The Gothic Text Google Scholar

Chaar Pérez, Kahlil, 2011. ‘La lógica del trauma: dictadura, posdictadura y melancolía en Estrella distante’, Revista Iberoamericana, 77.236–37: 649–64. La lógica del trauma: dictadura, posdictadura y melancolía en Estrella distante Revista Iberoamericana 77.236–37 649 64 Google Scholar

De los Ríos, Valeria, 2008. ‘Mapas y fotografías en la obra de Roberto Bolaño’, en Bolaño salvaje, ed. Edmundo Paz Soldán y Gustavo Faverón (Barcelona: Candaya), pp. 237–58. Mapas y fotografías en la obra de Roberto Bolaño Bolaño salvaje 237 58 Google Scholar

Foucault, Michel, 1980. ‘The Eye of Power (A Conversation with Jean-Pierre Barou and Michelle Perrot)’, en Power/Knowledge: Selectee Interviews and Other Writings 1972–1977, ed. Colin Gordon (Nueva York: Pantheon Books), pp. 146–65. The Eye of Power (A Conversation with Jean-Pierre Barou and Michelle Perrot) Power/Knowledge: Selectee Interviews and Other Writings 1972–1977 146 65 Google Scholar

Franco, Jean, 2009. ‘Questions for Bolaño’, Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies, Travesia, 18.2–3: 207–217. Questions for Bolaño Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies, Travesia 18.2–3 207 217 Google Scholar

Fresán, Rodrigo, 2008. ‘El samurái romántico’, en Bolaño salvaje, ed. Edmundo Paz Soldán y Gustavo Faverón (Barcelona: Candaya), pp. 293–303. El samurái romántico Bolaño salvaje 293 303 Google Scholar

Freud, Sigmund, 1959 [1919]. ‘The “Uncanny”’, in Collected Papers, ed. Joan Riviere, vol. 4. 5 vols. (Nueva York: Basic Books), pp. 368–407. “Uncanny” Collected Papers 368 407 Google Scholar

Gamboa Cárdenas, Jeremías, 2008. ‘¿Siameses o dobles? Vanguardia y postmodernismo en Estrella distante de Roberto Bolaño’, en Bolaño salvaje, ed. Edmundo Paz Soldán y Gustavo Faverón (Barcelona: Candaya), pp. 211–36. ¿Siameses o dobles? Vanguardia y postmodernismo en Estrella distante de Roberto Bolaño Bolaño salvaje 211 36 Google Scholar

Gross, Louis S., 1989. Redefining the American Gothic. From Wieland to Day of the Dead (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Research Press). Redefining the American Gothic Google Scholar

Hartwig, Susanne, 2007. ‘Jugar al detective: el desafío de Roberto Bolaño’, Iberoamericana, 7.28: 53–71. Jugar al detective: el desafío de Roberto Bolaño Iberoamericana 7.28 53 71 Google Scholar

MacAndrew, Elizabeth, 1979. The Gothic Tradition in Fiction (Nueva York: Columbia University Press). The Gothic Tradition in Fiction Google Scholar

McHale, Brian, 1992. Constructing Postmodernism (Londres y Nueva York: Routledge). Constructing Postmodernism Google Scholar

Merivale, Patricia, y Susan Elizabeth Sweeney, 1999. ‘The Game’s Afoot. On the Trail of the Metaphysical Detective Story’, in Detecting Texts. The Metaphysical Detective Story from Poe to Postmodernism, ed. Patricia Merivale y Susan Elizabeth Sweeney (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press), pp. 1–24. The Game’s Afoot. On the Trail of the Metaphysical Detective Story Detecting Texts. The Metaphysical Detective Story from Poe to Postmodernism 1 24 Google Scholar

Rodríguez, Franklin, 2010. ‘Unsettledness and Doublings in Roberto Bolaño’s Estrella distante’, Revista Hispánica Moderna, 63.2: 203–218. Unsettledness and Doublings in Roberto Bolaño’s Estrella distante Revista Hispánica Moderna 63.2 203 218 Google Scholar

Saavedra Macías, Javier, y Rafael Vélez Núñez, 2011. ‘The Other Self: Psychopathology and Literature’, Journal of Medical Humanities, 32: 257–67. The Other Self: Psychopathology and Literature Journal of Medical Humanities 32 257 67 Google Scholar

Savoy, Eric, 1998. ‘The Face of the Tenant. A Theory of American Gothic’, en American Gothic. New Interventions in a National Narrative, ed. Robert K. Martin y Eric Savoy (Iowa City: University of Iowa Press), pp. 3–19. The Face of the Tenant. A Theory of American Gothic American Gothic. New Interventions in a National Narrative 3 19 Google Scholar

Smith, Andrew, 2007. Gothic Literature (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press). Gothic Literature Google Scholar

Tani, Stefano, 1984. The Doomed Detective. The Contribution of the Detective Novel to Postmodern American and Italian Fiction (Carbondale y Edwardsville: Southern Illinois University Press). The Doomed Detective. The Contribution of the Detective Novel to Postmodern American and Italian Fiction Google Scholar

Todorov, Tzvetan, 1980. The Fantastic. A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press). The Fantastic. A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre Google Scholar

Trelles, Diego, 2005. ‘El lector como detective en Los detectives salvajes’, Hispamérica, 34.100: 141–51. El lector como detective en Los detectives salvajes Hispamérica 34.100 141 51 Google Scholar

Andrews, Chris, 2014. Roberto Bolaño’s Fiction. An Expanding Universe (Nueva York: Columbia University Press). Roberto Bolaño’s Fiction. An Expanding Universe Google Scholar

Arendt, Hannah, 2006 [1963]. Eichmann in Jerusalem. A Report on the Banality of Evil. Introd. Amos Elon. (Nueva York: Penguin). Eichmann in Jerusalem. A Report on the Banality of Evil Google Scholar

Armitt, Lucie, 1996. Theorising the Fantastic (Londres y Nueva York: Arnold). Theorising the Fantastic Google Scholar

Bolaño, Roberto, 1996a. Estrella distante (Barcelona: Anagrama). Estrella distante Google Scholar

Bolaño, Roberto, 1996b. La literatura nazi en América (Barcelona: Seix Barral). La literatura nazi en América Google Scholar

Bolaño, Roberto, 1998. Los detectives salvajes (Barcelona: Anagrama). Los detectives salvajes Google Scholar

Bolaño, Roberto, 2004a. 2666 (Barcelona: Anagrama). 2666 Google Scholar

Bolaño, Roberto, 2004b. Entre paréntesis. Ensayos, artículos y discursos (1998–2003) (Barcelona: Anagrama). Entre paréntesis. Ensayos, artículos y discursos (1998–2003) Google Scholar

Bolaño, Roberto, 2010. ‘Compañeros de celda’, en Cuentos (Barcelona: Anagrama). Compañeros de celda Cuentos Google Scholar

Brown, Marshall, 2005. The Gothic Text (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press). The Gothic Text Google Scholar

Chaar Pérez, Kahlil, 2011. ‘La lógica del trauma: dictadura, posdictadura y melancolía en Estrella distante’, Revista Iberoamericana, 77.236–37: 649–64. La lógica del trauma: dictadura, posdictadura y melancolía en Estrella distante Revista Iberoamericana 77.236–37 649 64 Google Scholar

De los Ríos, Valeria, 2008. ‘Mapas y fotografías en la obra de Roberto Bolaño’, en Bolaño salvaje, ed. Edmundo Paz Soldán y Gustavo Faverón (Barcelona: Candaya), pp. 237–58. Mapas y fotografías en la obra de Roberto Bolaño Bolaño salvaje 237 58 Google Scholar

Foucault, Michel, 1980. ‘The Eye of Power (A Conversation with Jean-Pierre Barou and Michelle Perrot)’, en Power/Knowledge: Selectee Interviews and Other Writings 1972–1977, ed. Colin Gordon (Nueva York: Pantheon Books), pp. 146–65. The Eye of Power (A Conversation with Jean-Pierre Barou and Michelle Perrot) Power/Knowledge: Selectee Interviews and Other Writings 1972–1977 146 65 Google Scholar

Franco, Jean, 2009. ‘Questions for Bolaño’, Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies, Travesia, 18.2–3: 207–217. Questions for Bolaño Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies, Travesia 18.2–3 207 217 Google Scholar

Fresán, Rodrigo, 2008. ‘El samurái romántico’, en Bolaño salvaje, ed. Edmundo Paz Soldán y Gustavo Faverón (Barcelona: Candaya), pp. 293–303. El samurái romántico Bolaño salvaje 293 303 Google Scholar

Freud, Sigmund, 1959 [1919]. ‘The “Uncanny”’, in Collected Papers, ed. Joan Riviere, vol. 4. 5 vols. (Nueva York: Basic Books), pp. 368–407. “Uncanny” Collected Papers 368 407 Google Scholar

Gamboa Cárdenas, Jeremías, 2008. ‘¿Siameses o dobles? Vanguardia y postmodernismo en Estrella distante de Roberto Bolaño’, en Bolaño salvaje, ed. Edmundo Paz Soldán y Gustavo Faverón (Barcelona: Candaya), pp. 211–36. ¿Siameses o dobles? Vanguardia y postmodernismo en Estrella distante de Roberto Bolaño Bolaño salvaje 211 36 Google Scholar

Gross, Louis S., 1989. Redefining the American Gothic. From Wieland to Day of the Dead (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Research Press). Redefining the American Gothic Google Scholar

Hartwig, Susanne, 2007. ‘Jugar al detective: el desafío de Roberto Bolaño’, Iberoamericana, 7.28: 53–71. Jugar al detective: el desafío de Roberto Bolaño Iberoamericana 7.28 53 71 Google Scholar

MacAndrew, Elizabeth, 1979. The Gothic Tradition in Fiction (Nueva York: Columbia University Press). The Gothic Tradition in Fiction Google Scholar

McHale, Brian, 1992. Constructing Postmodernism (Londres y Nueva York: Routledge). Constructing Postmodernism Google Scholar

Merivale, Patricia, y Susan Elizabeth Sweeney, 1999. ‘The Game’s Afoot. On the Trail of the Metaphysical Detective Story’, in Detecting Texts. The Metaphysical Detective Story from Poe to Postmodernism, ed. Patricia Merivale y Susan Elizabeth Sweeney (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press), pp. 1–24. The Game’s Afoot. On the Trail of the Metaphysical Detective Story Detecting Texts. The Metaphysical Detective Story from Poe to Postmodernism 1 24 Google Scholar

Rodríguez, Franklin, 2010. ‘Unsettledness and Doublings in Roberto Bolaño’s Estrella distante’, Revista Hispánica Moderna, 63.2: 203–218. Unsettledness and Doublings in Roberto Bolaño’s Estrella distante Revista Hispánica Moderna 63.2 203 218 Google Scholar

Saavedra Macías, Javier, y Rafael Vélez Núñez, 2011. ‘The Other Self: Psychopathology and Literature’, Journal of Medical Humanities, 32: 257–67. The Other Self: Psychopathology and Literature Journal of Medical Humanities 32 257 67 Google Scholar

Savoy, Eric, 1998. ‘The Face of the Tenant. A Theory of American Gothic’, en American Gothic. New Interventions in a National Narrative, ed. Robert K. Martin y Eric Savoy (Iowa City: University of Iowa Press), pp. 3–19. The Face of the Tenant. A Theory of American Gothic American Gothic. New Interventions in a National Narrative 3 19 Google Scholar

Smith, Andrew, 2007. Gothic Literature (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press). Gothic Literature Google Scholar

Tani, Stefano, 1984. The Doomed Detective. The Contribution of the Detective Novel to Postmodern American and Italian Fiction (Carbondale y Edwardsville: Southern Illinois University Press). The Doomed Detective. The Contribution of the Detective Novel to Postmodern American and Italian Fiction Google Scholar

Todorov, Tzvetan, 1980. The Fantastic. A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press). The Fantastic. A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre Google Scholar

Trelles, Diego, 2005. ‘El lector como detective en Los detectives salvajes’, Hispamérica, 34.100: 141–51. El lector como detective en Los detectives salvajes Hispamérica 34.100 141 51 Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Rivera-Taupier, Miguel