British Journal of Canadian Studies

‘Le “je/jeu” intertextuel’: textual interplay and intertextual identity in Roxanne Bouchard’s Whisky et paraboles

British Journal of Canadian Studies (2015), 28, (2), 223–245.

Abstract

This article will offer an intertextual reading of Roxanne Bouchard’s Whisky et paraboles by applying Julia Kristeva’s theory of intertextuality, combined with the use of semiotic analysis. Bouchard’s notion of an ‘identité intertextuelle’ will be introduced and discussed, followed by an analysis of the intertextual use of some of the main tropes in the text belonging to the genre of the roman de la terre and the Québécois nationalist novel. This interpretation allows for a reading of Roxanne Bouchard’s novel that situates her text within but also outside the nationalist discourse and the paradigm of continuity which can be seen to characterise the Franco-Canadian and Québécois past and which forms part of the ‘idéologie de la survivance’, as advanced by Gérard Bouchard (2000). The article will argue that in Bouchard’s novel intertextual identity and textual interplay operate in a dynamic space located between the paradigms of continuity and rupture. It will conclude that Roxanne Bouchard ultimately seeks to recover both the individual and collective past and cultural memory of Quebec in order to forge a new Québécois identity that is fully able to embrace and assume both its past and present.

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Appadurai, Arjun, 1996, Modernity at Large, Cultural Dimensions of Globalisation (London and Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press). Modernity at Large, Cultural Dimensions of Globalisation Google Scholar

Bhabha, Homi, 1984, ‘Of mimicry and man: the ambivalence of colonial discourse’, Discipleship: A Special Issue on Psychoanalysis, 28 (Spring), 125–33. Of mimicry and man: the ambivalence of colonial discourse Discipleship: A Special Issue on Psychoanalysis 28 125 33 Google Scholar

Bhabha, Homi, 1994, The Location of Culture (London: Routledge). The Location of Culture Google Scholar

Bishop, Neil, 2001, ‘A La Source de la révolution tranquille: “Le Torrent” d’Anne Hébert’, in Janis L. Pallister (ed.), The Art and Genius of Anne Hébert, Essays on her Works, Night and Day are One (London and Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press & Associated University Press), pp. 131–35. A La Source de la révolution tranquille: “Le Torrent” d’Anne Hébert The Art and Genius of Anne Hébert, Essays on her Works, Night and Day are One 131 35 Google Scholar

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Bouchard, Roxanne, 2005, Whisky et paraboles (Montréal: VLB). Whisky et paraboles Google Scholar

Bouchard, Roxanne, 2007, La gifle (Montréal: Coups de tête). La gifle Google Scholar

Bouchard, Roxanne, 2012, Crématorium circus (Montréal: VLB). Crématorium circus Google Scholar

Bouchard, Roxanne, 2014, Nous étions le sel de la mer (Montréal: VLB). Nous étions le sel de la mer Google Scholar

Bouchard, Roxanne, and Patrick Kègle, 2013, En terrain miné, Correspondance en temps de guerre (Montréal: VLB). En terrain miné, Correspondance en temps de guerre Google Scholar

Brydon, Diana, 1995, ‘Reading Postcoloniality, Reading Canada’, Testing the Limits: Postcolonial Theories and Canadian Literature (special issue), Essays on Canadian Writing, 56, 1–19. Reading Postcoloniality, Reading Canada Testing the Limits: Postcolonial Theories and Canadian Literature (special issue), Essays on Canadian Writing 56 1 19 Google Scholar

Chapman, Rosemary, 2000, Siting the Quebec Novel: the Representation of Space in Francophone Writing in Quebec (Bern: Peter Lang). Siting the Quebec Novel: the Representation of Space in Francophone Writing in Quebec Google Scholar

Chapman, Rosemary, 2003, ‘Writing of/from the Fourth World: Gabrielle Roy and Ungava’, Québec and Postcolonialism (special issue), Québec Studies, 35, 45–63. Writing of/from the Fourth World: Gabrielle Roy and Ungava Québec and Postcolonialism 35 45 63 Google Scholar

Clapin, Sylva, 1982, Alma-Rose (Montréal: Fides). Alma-Rose Google Scholar

Desroches, Vincent (ed.), 2003, ‘Présentation: En quoi la littérature québécoise est-elle postcoloniale?’, Québec and Postcolonialism (special issue), Québec Studies, 35, 3–12. Présentation: En quoi la littérature québécoise est-elle postcoloniale? Québec and Postcolonialism 35 3 12 Google Scholar

Desrosiers, Léo-Paul, 1946, Les Engagés du Grand Partage (Montréal: Fides). Les Engagés du Grand Partage Google Scholar

Encyclopaedia Britannica, ‘Getsemani’. Available from: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/232182/Gethsemane (accessed 6 June 2012). Google Scholar

Forsdick, Charles, and David Murphy (eds), 2009, Postcolonial Thought in the French-speaking World (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press). Postcolonial Thought in the French-speaking World Google Scholar

Gauvin, Lise, 2007, ‘Post ou péricolonialisme: l’étrange modèle québécois (notes)’, International Journal of Francophone Studies, 10:3, 433–8. Post ou péricolonialisme: l’étrange modèle québécois (notes) International Journal of Francophone Studies 10 433 8 Google Scholar

Gourdeau, Gabrielle, 1992, Maria Chapdelaine, ou, Le Paradis retrouvé (Montréal: Les Quinze). Maria Chapdelaine, ou, Le Paradis retrouvé Google Scholar

Greimas, A. J., 1966, Sémantique structurale (Paris: Larousse). Sémantique structurale Google Scholar

Guévremont, Germaine, 1947, Marie-Didace (Montréal: Éditions Beauchemin). Marie-Didace Google Scholar

Hamelin, Louis, 1994, Betsi Larousse, ou, l’ineffable eccéité de la loutre: roman (Montréal: XYZ éditeur). Betsi Larousse, ou, l’ineffable eccéité de la loutre: roman Google Scholar

Hébert, Anne, 1963, Le torrent, suivi de deux nouvelles inédites (Montréal: Éditions HMH). Le torrent, suivi de deux nouvelles inédites Google Scholar

Hébert, Anne, [1963] 1989, Le torrent (Montréal: Éditions Hurtuboise). Le torrent Google Scholar

Hémon, Louis, [1913] 1954, Maria Chapdelaine (Paris: Grasset). Maria Chapdelaine Google Scholar

Killick, Rachel, 2006, ‘In the Fold? Postcolonialism and Quebec’, Romance Studies, 24:3, 181–92. In the Fold? Postcolonialism and Quebec Romance Studies 24 181 92 Google Scholar

Kristeva, Julia, 1969, Sēmēiotikē: recherches pour une sémanalyse (Paris: Éditions du Seuil). Sēmēiotikē: recherches pour une sémanalyse Google Scholar

Lacombe, Patrice, 1877, La terre paternelle (Québec: Côté). La terre paternelle Google Scholar

Lefebvre, Henri, 1974, La production de l’espace (Paris: Éditions Anthropos). La production de l’espace Google Scholar

Létourneau, Jocelyn, 2000, ‘Se souvenir d’où l’on s’en va: l’Histoire et la mémoire comme reconnaissance et distance’, French Historical Studies, 23:2 (Spring), 277–300. Se souvenir d’où l’on s’en va: l’Histoire et la mémoire comme reconnaissance et distance French Historical Studies 23 277 300 Google Scholar

Martin, Bronwen, and Felizitas Ringham, 2000, Dictionary of Semiotics (London and New York: Cassell). Dictionary of Semiotics Google Scholar

Martin, Bronwen, 2006, Key Terms in Semiotics (London: Continuum). Key Terms in Semiotics Google Scholar

Massey, Doreen, 1994, Space, Place and Gender (Cambridge: Polity Press). Space, Place and Gender Google Scholar

Massey, Doreen, 2005, For Space (London: Sage Publications Ltd). For Space Google Scholar

Miron, Gaston, [1970] 1994, L’Homme rapaillé (Montréal: l’Hexagone). L’Homme rapaillé Google Scholar

Morgan, Ceri and Daniel Laforest, 2011, ‘Introduction’, British Journal of Canadian Studies, 24:2, 115–17. Introduction British Journal of Canadian Studies 24 115 17 Google Scholar

Porée-Kurrer, Philippe, 1992, La promise du lac (Chicoutimi: J.C.L.). La promise du lac Google Scholar

Roy, Gabrielle, 1945, Bonheur d’occasion (Montréal: Société des Éditions Pascal). Bonheur d’occasion Google Scholar

Savard, Felix-Antoine, 1937, Ménaud, maître-draveur (Québec: Librairie Garneau). Ménaud, maître-draveur Google Scholar

Simon, Sherry, 2012, Cities in Translation, Intersections of Language and Memory (London and New York: Routledge). Cities in Translation, Intersections of Language and Memory Google Scholar

Soja, Edward, 1989, Postmodern Geographies: the Reassertion of Space in Critical Social Theory (London: Verso). Postmodern Geographies: the Reassertion of Space in Critical Social Theory Google Scholar

Szeman, Imre, 2003, Zones of Instability: Literature, Postcolonialism and the Nation (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press). Zones of Instability: Literature, Postcolonialism and the Nation Google Scholar

Vauterin, Thomas, 2003, ‘Aventures urbaines et géographies forestières dans le roman canadien-français des années 1930’, in Henry G. Freeman (ed.), Geo/graphies: Mapping the Imagination in French and Francophone Literature and Film (Amsterdam: Rodopi), pp. 179–89. Aventures urbaines et géographies forestières dans le roman canadien-français des années 1930 Geo/graphies: Mapping the Imagination in French and Francophone Literature and Film 179 89 Google Scholar

Vautier, Marie, 2006, ‘Transculturalism, Postcolonial Identities, Religiosity in Lalonde’s Sept Lacs plus au Nord and Tostevin’s Frog Moon’, International Journal of Francophone Studies, 9:3, 365–81. Transculturalism, Postcolonial Identities, Religiosity in Lalonde’s Sept Lacs plus au Nord and Tostevin’s Frog Moon International Journal of Francophone Studies 9 365 81 Google Scholar

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Bolfek-Radovani, Jasmina

Bolfek-Radovani, Jasmina