Town Planning Review

UK city regions: policies, performance and prospects

Town Planning Review (2016), 87, (6), 629–653.

Abstract

This paper answers a series of questions about the performance, policies and prospects of UK cities in a comparative context, based upon a range of studies the author has undertaken during the past three decades. It charts the renaissance of city regions as the drivers of national economies. It explores the aims and purposes of city region policy, identifies the drivers of city regional success and reviews the evidence about the performance of capital and second-tier cities across Europe and some messages for the UK. The paper reflects upon the specific experience of Liverpool city region as an exemplar of urban decline and renaissance. Finally, it identifies some wider policy messages for UK government in the light of its focus upon devolution, city regions, elected city regional Mayors and the Northern Powerhouse.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

BARCA, F. (2009), ‘An agenda for a reformed cohesion policy: a place-based approach to meeting European Union challenges and expectations’, Brussels, DG regio, http://ec.europa.Eu/regional_policy/archive/policy/future/pdf/report. Google Scholar

DIJKSTRA, L., GARCILAZO, J. E. and MCCANN, P. (2013), ‘The economic performance of European cities and city regions: myths and realities’, European Planning Studies, 21, 334–54. The economic performance of European cities and city regions: myths and realities European Planning Studies 21 334 54 Google Scholar

GARCILAZO, J. E., MARTINS, J. O. and THOMPSON, W. (2010), ‘Why policies may need to be place-based in order to be people-centred’, Vox (CEPR’s Policy Portal), http://www.voxeu.org/index.php?q=/5827. Google Scholar

GARDNER, B., MARTIN, R. and TYLER, P. (2012), ‘Spatially unbalanced growth in the British economy’ (Working Paper No. 1), Cambridge, Centre for Geographical Economics Research. Spatially unbalanced growth in the British economy Google Scholar

HENDERSON, J. V. (2010), ‘Cities and development’, Journal of Regional Science, 50, 515–40. Cities and development Journal of Regional Science 50 515 40 Google Scholar

MCCANN, P. and RODRIGUEZ-POSE, A. (2011), ‘Why and when policy should be place-based’, OECD Regional Outlook 2011: Building Resilient Regions for Stronger Economies, Paris, OECD Publishing. Why and when policy should be place-based OECD Regional Outlook 2011: Building Resilient Regions for Stronger Economies Google Scholar

OECD (ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT) (2006), Competitive Cities in the Global Economy, Paris, OECD Publishing. Google Scholar

OECD (ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT) (2012), Promoting Growth in All Types of Regions, Paris, OECD Publishing. Google Scholar

PARKINSON, M. (1985), Liverpool on the Brink: One City’s Struggle against Government Cuts, Hermitage, Policy Journals. Liverpool on the Brink: One City’s Struggle against Government Cuts Google Scholar

PARKINSON, M. (1996) Strategic Responses to Area Regeneration, York, Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Strategic Responses to Area Regeneration Google Scholar

PARKINSON, M. (1998), Combating Social Exclusion: Lessons from Area-based Programmes in Europe, Bristol, Policy Press. Combating Social Exclusion: Lessons from Area-based Programmes in Europe Google Scholar

PARKINSON, M. (2005), ‘Local strategies in a global economy: lessons from competitive cities’, in S. Giguère (ed.), Local Governance and the Drivers of Growth, Paris, OECD Publishing. Local strategies in a global economy: lessons from competitive cities Local Governance and the Drivers of Growth Google Scholar

PARKINSON, M. (2008), Make No Little Plans: Regenerating Liverpool City Centre, Liverpool, Liverpool Vision. Make No Little Plans: Regenerating Liverpool City Centre Google Scholar

PARKINSON, M. et al. (2007), ‘Messages for competitive European cities’, COMPETE Project (European Network of City region Competitiveness), Paris, Interreg IIIC. Messages for competitive European cities Google Scholar

PARKINSON, M., CHAMPION, T., EVANS, R., SIMMIE, J., TUROK, I., CROOKSTON, M., KATZ, B., PARK, A., BERUBE, A., COOMBES, M., DORLING, D., GLASS, N., HUTCHINS, M., KEARNS, A., MARTIN, R. and WOOD, P. (2006a), State of the English Cities Report, Volume 1 (Office of the Deputy Prime Minister), Norwich, HMSO. State of the English Cities Report, Volume 1 Google Scholar

PARKINSON, M., CHAMPION, T., EVANS, R., SIMMIE, J., TUROK, I., CROOKSTON, M., KATZ, B., PARK, A., BERUBE, A., COOMBES, M., DORLING, D., GLASS, N., HUTCHINS, M., KEARNS, A., MARTIN, R. and WOOD, P. (2006b), State of the English Cities Report, Volume 2 (Office of the Deputy Prime Minister), Norwich, HMSO. State of the English Cities Report, Volume 2 Google Scholar

PARKINSON, M., MEEGAN, R. and KARECHA, J. (2014), UK City Regions in Growth and Recession: How are they Performing at Home and Abroad?, Swindon, Economic and Social Research Council. UK City Regions in Growth and Recession: How are they Performing at Home and Abroad? Google Scholar

PARKINSON, M., MEEGAN, R. A., EVANS, S. R. and KARECHA, J. (2016), The State of Liverpool City Region: Making the Most of Devolution, Liverpool, University of Liverpool/Liverpool John Moores University. The State of Liverpool City Region: Making the Most of Devolution Google Scholar

PARKINSON, M., MEEGAN, R. A., KARECHA, J., EVANS, R., JONES, G., TOSICS, I. and SOTARAUTA, M. (2012), ‘Second-tier cities and territorial development in Europe: performance, policies and prospects’ (Final report), Luxembourg, ESPON, https://www.espon.eu/export/sites/default/Documents/Projects/AppliedResearch/SGPTD/SGPTD_Final_Report_-_Final_Version_27.09.12.pdf. Google Scholar

PARKINSON, M., ROBERTS, V., RUSSELL, H. and HARDING, A. (1996), ‘Public/private/community partnerships in local government’, Luton, Local Government Management Board. Public/private/community partnerships in local government Google Scholar

PARKINSON, M., VERDONK, H., HUTCHINS, M., CLARK, G., and SIMMIE, J. (2004), Competitive European Cities: Where do the Core Cities Stand? (Office of the Deputy Prime Minister), Norwich, HMSO. Competitive European Cities: Where do the Core Cities Stand? Google Scholar

WORLD BANK (2009), World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography, Washington, DC: World Bank. Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Parkinson, Michael