Modern Believing

Pluralism and Religious Truth: A Response to Schmidt-Leukel

Modern Believing (2017), 58, (1), 55–62.

Abstract

Professor Schmidt-Leukel has claimed that there are only four possible views about truth in religion. Either no religions are true, or only one religion is true (exclusivism), or many are true, and either one is superior (inclusivism) or all are about equally true (pluralism). I argue that the ideas of equal or superior truth are unclear, and that there are many other possible views. I propose a twofold contrast – between closed (rigid, crucially important and totally authoritative) and open (flexible, varying in importance and restrictedly authoritative); and between exclusive (only one path leads to salvation) and inclusive (many paths lead towards salvation).

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Author details

Ward, Keith