European Journal of Language Policy

Challenges to multilingual language teaching

Towards a transnational approach

European Journal of Language Policy (2015), 7, (1), 65–83.

Abstract

This article examines issues involved in developing a multilingual approach to language teaching within higher education. It discusses the concepts of multilingualism and plurilingualism that are currently used, and the ways in which they are reflected in practice. It suggests that multilingual approaches must address a largely monolingual ethos in language teaching, based on long-established pedagogical priorities. It examines difficulties in developing multicultural professional identities, arising from communities of practice that are often monolingual, and from competition for curriculum time and resources. It puts forward strategies to encourage multilingualism through professional development and through the development of intercultural approaches. It argues that significant advances in multilingual pedagogy can be achieved by encouraging greater collaboration between teachers, between their associations and between governmental agencies. And it concludes that language teachers may need to consider adopting a more transnational professional identity.

Cet article examine les questions impliquées dans le développement d’une approche multilingue de l’enseignement des langues dans l’enseignement supérieur . Il aborde les concepts de multilinguisme et de plurilinguisme qui sont actuellement utilisés , et les façons dont ils se refètent dans la pratique. Il suggère que les approches multilingues doivent répondre à un éthos largement monolingue dans l’enseignement des langues , en fonction des priorités pédagogiques établies de longue date . Il examine des difficultés à développer des identités professionnelles multiculturelles , découlant de communautés de pratique qui sont souvent monolingues , et de la concurrence pour le temps et les ressources curriculum . Il met en avant des stratégies pour encourager le multilinguisme grâce au perfectionnement professionnel et à travers le développement d’approches interculturelles . Il fait valoir que des progrès significatifs dans la pédagogie multilingue peuvent être atteints en encour-ageant une plus grande collaboration entre les enseignants , entre leurs associations et entre les agences gouvernementales . Et il conclut que les professeurs de langues peuvent avoir besoin d’envisager l’adoption d’une identité professionnelle plus transnationale.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Abdallah-Pretceille, Martine (1986) Vers une pédagogie interculturelle. Paris: Institut national de recherche pédagogique.Vers une pédagogie interculturelle Google Scholar

Abdallah-Pretceille, Martine and Porcher, Louis (1999) Diagonales de la communication interculturelle. Paris: Anthropos.Diagonales de la communication interculturelle Google Scholar

Abdallah-Pretceille, Martine and Porcher, Louis (2001) Éducation et communication interculturelle. Paris: Presses universitaires de France.Éducation et communication interculturelle Google Scholar

Agamben, Giorgio (2011) The Sacrament of Language. Cambridge, UK: Polity.The Sacrament of Language Google Scholar

Alladina, Safder and Edwards, Viv (1991) Multilingualism in the British Isles: The Older Mother Tongues and Europe. London: Longman.Multilingualism in the British Isles: The Older Mother Tongues and Europe Google Scholar

Athanassiou, Phoebus (2006) The Application of Multilingualism in the European Union Context. Legal Working Papers Series. Frankfurt am Main, Germany: European Central Bank.The Application of Multilingualism in the European Union Context Google Scholar

Barnard, Roger, Robinson, Matt, da Costa, Norberto and da Silva Sarmento, João (2011) ‘Plurilingualism in English university classes: A case-study from Timor-Leste’, Language Education in Asia 2.1: 43–55.Plurilingualism in English university classes: A case-study from Timor-Leste Language Education in Asia 2. 1 43 55 Google Scholar

Baume, David (2008) A Reference Framework for Teaching in Higher Education. NETTLE Project Publications. Available at: http://www.edshare.soton.ac.uk/7337/1/32360_NETTLE_English.pdf (accessed 3 February 2015). Google Scholar

Beacco, Jean-Claude (2005) Languages and Language Repertoires: Plurilingualism as a Way of Life in Europe. Strasbourg, France: Council of Europe.Languages and Language Repertoires: Plurilingualism as a Way of Life in Europe Google Scholar

Beacco, Jean-Claude and Byram, Michael (2007) From Linguistic Diversity to Plurilingual Education: Guide for the Development of Language Education Policies in Europe. Strasbourg, France: Council of Europe.From Linguistic Diversity to Plurilingual Education: Guide for the Development of Language Education Policies in Europe Google Scholar

Bhela, Baljit (1999) ‘Native language interference in learning a second language: Exploratory case studies of native language interference with target language usage’, International Education Journal 1.1: 22–31.Native language interference in learning a second language: Exploratory case studies of native language interference with target language usage International Education Journal 1.1 22 31 Google Scholar

Bickerton, David (2004) Institution Wide Language Programmes. Subject Centre for Languages, Linguistics and Area Studies Good Practice Guide. Available at: http://www.llas.ac.uk/resources/gpg/352 (accessed 24 March 2014). Google Scholar

Blackledge, Adrian and Creese, Angela (2009) Multilingualism: A Critical Perspective. London: Continuum.Multilingualism: A Critical Perspective. Google Scholar

Blanche-Benveniste, Claire and Valli, André (1997) ‘L’Intercompréhension: le cas des langues’, N° spécial Le Français dans le monde.L’Intercompréhension: le cas des langues N° spécial Le Français dans le monde Google Scholar

Braun, Maximilien (1937) ‘Beobachtungen zur Frage der Mehrsprachigkeit’, Göttingische Gelehrte Anzeigen 199.4: 8–130.Beobachtungen zur Frage der Mehrsprachigkeit Göttingische Gelehrte Anzeigen 199.4 8 130 Google Scholar

Byram, Michael (1997) Teaching and Assessing Intercultural Communicative Competence. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.Teaching and Assessing Intercultural Communicative Competence Google Scholar

Byram, Michael and Fleming, Michael P. (1999) Language Learning in Intercultural Perspective. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Language Learning in Intercultural Perspective Google Scholar

Byram, Michael, Gribkova, Bella and Starkey, Hugh (2002) Developing the Intercultural Dimension in Language Teaching: A Practical Introduction for Teachers. Strasbourg, France: Council of Europe.Developing the Intercultural Dimension in Language Teaching: A Practical Introduction for Teachers Google Scholar

Byrd Clark, Julie S. and Dervin, Fred (2014) Reflexivity in Language and Intercultural Education: Rethinking Multilingualism and Interculturality. New York and Abingdon, UK: Routledge.Reflexivity in Language and Intercultural Education: Rethinking Multilingualism and Interculturality Google Scholar

Camus, Albert (1942) Le Mythe de Sisyphe. Paris: Gallimard.Le Mythe de Sisyphe Google Scholar

CEL/ELC (2013) Report of the Higher Education Language Policy (HELP) working group. Berlin: Conseil Europeen de Langues/European Language Council, January. Available at: http://www.celelc.org/activities/Working_groups/Concluded-Working-Groups/Resources_Working_Groups/HE_Language_Policy_-_Final_2013_w_summary.pdf (accessed 3 February 2015). Google Scholar

Cook, Vivian (1999) ‘Going beyond the native speaker in language teaching’, TESOL Quarterly, 33.2: 185–209.Going beyond the native speaker in language teaching TESOL Quarterly 33.2 185 209 Google Scholar

Council for Cultural Cooperation (2001) Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment Google Scholar

Council of Europe (2006) Plurilingualism in Europe. 50 Years of International Co-operation. Strasbourg, France: Council of Europe, Language Policy Division.Plurilingualism in Europe. 50 Years of International Co-operation. Google Scholar

Council of the European Union (2008) ‘Council Resolution of 21 November 2008 on a European strategy for multilingualism’, Official Journal C 320 (16 December): 0001–0003.Council Resolution of 21 November 2008 on a European strategy for multilingualism Official Journal 0001 0003 Google Scholar

Davies, Alan (2003) The Native Speaker: Myth and Reality. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.The Native Speaker: Myth and Reality Google Scholar

Demorgon, Jacques, Müller, Burkhard, Lipianski, Edmond-Marc and Nicklas, Hans (2003) Dynamiques interculturelles pour l’Europe. Paris: AnthroposDynamiques interculturelles pour l’Europe Google Scholar

DGLF 2006. L’Intercompréhension entre langues apparentées. Délégation générale à la langue française et aux langues de France. Paris: Ministère de la Culture et de la communication.L’Intercompréhension entre langues apparentées. Délégation générale à la langue française et aux langues de France Google Scholar

European Commission (1995) Teaching and Learning: Towards the Learning Society. White Paper on Education and Training. Available at: http://europa.eu/documents/comm/white_papers/pdf/com95_590_en.pdf (accessed 3 February 2015). Google Scholar

European Commission (2005) ‘A New Framework Strategy for Multilingualism: Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions’. Brussels: European Commission. Available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52005DC0596 (accessed 3 February 2015). Google Scholar

European Commission (2008) Multilingualism: An Asset for Europe and a Shared Commitment. Brussels: European Commission. Available at: http://www.unavarra.es/digital-Assets/187/187906_Multilinguism-CE.pdf (accessed 3 February 2015). Google Scholar

European Institute (1993) Multilingualism in Europe and the US: A Communications Challenge for Transatlantic Relations and Global Business: Conclusions from an International Round Table Seminar. Washington, DC: European Institute.Multilingualism in Europe and the US: A Communications Challenge for Transatlantic Relations and Global Business: Conclusions from an International Round Table Seminar Google Scholar

Evans, Linda (2008) ‘Professionalism, professionality and the development of education professionals’, British Journal of Educational Studies, 56.1: 20–38.Professionalism, professionality and the development of education professionals British Journal of Educational Studies 56.1 20 38 Google Scholar

Evans, Linda (2011) ‘The “shape” of teacher professionalism in England: professional standards, performance management, professional development, and the changes proposed in the 2010 White Paper’, British Educational Research Journal 37.5.The “shape” of teacher professionalism in England: professional standards, performance management, professional development, and the changes proposed in the 2010 White Paper British Educational Research Journal 37.5 Google Scholar

George, H. V. (1972) Common Errors in Language Learning: Insights from English. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.Common Errors in Language Learning: Insights from English Google Scholar

Gray, Carol and Klapper, John (2009) ‘Key aspects of teaching and learning in languages’, in Fry, Heather, Ketteridge, Steve and Marshall, Stephanie (eds), A Handbook for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education: Enhancing Academic Practice. London: Routledge, pp. 323–44.Key aspects of teaching and learning in languages A Handbook for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education: Enhancing Academic Practice 323 44 Google Scholar

Guilherme, Manuela (2002) Critical Citizens for an Intercultural World: Foreign Language Education as Cultural Politics. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.Critical Citizens for an Intercultural World: Foreign Language Education as Cultural Politics Google Scholar

Heller, Monica (1999) Linguistic Minorities and Modernity. London: Longman.Linguistic Minorities and Modernity Google Scholar

Hoyle, Eric (1975) ‘Professionality, professionalism and control in teaching’, in Houghton, Vincent, McHugh, Royston and Morgan, Colin (eds), Management in Education: The Management of Organisations and Individuals. London: Ward Lock Educational/Open University Press.Professionality, professionalism and control in teaching Management in Education: The Management of Organisations and Individuals Google Scholar

Hoyle, Eric (1982) ‘The professionalization of teachers: A paradox’, British Journal of Educational Studies, 30.2: 161–71.The professionalization of teachers: A paradox British Journal of Educational Studies 30.2 161 71 Google Scholar

Hoyle, Eric (2001) ‘Teaching: prestige, status and esteem’, Educational Management & Administration 29.2: 139–52.Teaching: prestige, status and esteem Educational Management & Administration 29.2 139 52 Google Scholar

Hufeisen, Britta and Ulrike Jessner (2009) ‘Learning and teaching multiple languages’, in Knapp, Karlfried, Seidlhofer, Barbara and Widdowson, Henry (eds) Handbook of Foreign Language Communication and Learning, pp. 111–38. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.Learning and teaching multiple languages Handbook of Foreign Language Communication and Learning 111 38 Google Scholar

Humboldt, Wilhelm von (1997) Essays on Language, ed. Harden, Theo and Farrelly, Dan. Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Peter Lang.Essays on Language Google Scholar

Jones, Elspeth (2011) Global Perspectives and the Role of Languages. London: University Council of Modern Languages.Global Perspectives and the Role of Languages Google Scholar

Kelly, Michael (2009) ‘A third space for Europe: intercultural communication in European language policy’, European Journal of Language Policy/ Revue européenne de politique linguistique 1.1: 1–20.A third space for Europe: intercultural communication in European language policy European Journal of Language Policy/ Revue européenne de politique linguistique 1.1 1 20 Google Scholar

Kelly, Michael, Grenfell, Michael, Allan, Rebecca, Kriza, Christine and McEvoy, William (2004). European Profile for Language Teacher Education – A Frame of Reference. Available at: http://www.lang.soton.ac.uk/profile/ (accessed 3 February 2015). Google Scholar

Kelly, Michael, Grenfell, Michael and Jones, Diana (2003) The European Language Teacher. Bern: Peter Lang.The European Language Teacher. Google Scholar

Kemp, Charlotte (2009) ‘Defining multilingualism’, in Aronin, Larissa and Hufeisen, Britta The Exploration of Multilingualism: Development of Research on L3, Multilingualism, and Multiple Language Acquisition, pp. 11–26. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Defining multilingualism The Exploration of Multilingualism: Development of Research on L3, Multilingualism, and Multiple Language Acquisition 11 26 Google Scholar

King, Lid, Byrne, Nick, Djouadj, Imke, Lo Bianco, Joseph and Stoicheva, Maria (2011) Languages in Europe. Towards 2020: Analysis and Proposals from the LETPP Consultation and Review. London: LETPP Consortium.Languages in Europe. Towards 2020: Analysis and Proposals from the LETPP Consultation and Review Google Scholar

Kramsch, Claire (2009) The Multilingual Subject (Oxford: Oxford University Press).The Multilingual Subject Google Scholar

Lee, Joseph J. (2005) ‘The native speaker: An achievable model?’, Asian EFL Journal 7.2 : Article 9.The native speaker: An achievable model? Asian EFL Journal 7.2 Google Scholar

Liddicoat, Anthony J. (2007) Language Choices in the Intercultural Classroom: A Discussion Paper. Magill, South Australia: Research Centre for Languages and Cultures Education.Language Choices in the Intercultural Classroom: A Discussion Paper Google Scholar

Liddicoat, Anthony J. and Muller, Karis (2002) Perspectives on Europe: Language Issues and Language Planning in Europe. Melbourne: Language Australia.Perspectives on Europe: Language Issues and Language Planning in Europe Google Scholar

Liddicoat, Anthony J. and Scarino, Angela (2013) Intercultural Language Teaching and Learning. Chichester, UK: Wiley–Blackwell. Available at: https://books.google.co.uk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=ZefwQJC3kNwC&oi=fnd&pg=PA1980&dq=intercultural+language+teaching&ots=uO9cmG5Iaq&sig=szVJC9kuXm4o1p8zD9sQxd8E6IE#v=onepage&q=intercultural%20language%20teaching&f=false (accessed 5 February 2015). Google Scholar

Liddicoat, Anthony, Papademetre, J. L., Scarino, A. and Kohler, M. (2003) Report on Intercultural Language Learning. Canberra: DEST.Report on Intercultural Language Learning Google Scholar

Maalouf, Amin (2008). A Rewarding Challenge: How the Multiplicity of Languages Could Strengthen Europe. Proposals from the Group of Intellectuals for Intercultural Dialogue. Brussels: European Commission.A Rewarding Challenge: How the Multiplicity of Languages Could Strengthen Europe. Proposals from the Group of Intellectuals for Intercultural Dialogue Google Scholar

Odlin, Terence (1989) Language Transfer. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Language Transfer Google Scholar

Phipps, Alison and Gonzalez, Mike (2004) Modern Languages. Learning and Teaching in an Intercultural Field. London: Sage.Modern Languages. Learning and Teaching in an Intercultural Field Google Scholar

Phipps, Alison M. and Guilherme, Manuela (2004) Critical Pedagogy: Political Approaches to Language and Intercultural Communication. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.Critical Pedagogy: Political Approaches to Language and Intercultural Communication Google Scholar

Rampton, M. B. H. (1990) ‘Displacing the “native speaker”: expertise, affiliation and inheritance’, ELT Journal 44.2: 97–101.Displacing the “native speaker”: expertise, afliation and inheritance ELT Journal 44.2 97 101 Google Scholar

Rauhvargers, Andrejs (2011) Global University Rankings and their Impact. Brussels: European University Association.Global University Rankings and their Impact Google Scholar

Risager, Karen (2007) Language and Culture Pedagogy: From a National to a Transnational Paradigm. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.Language and Culture Pedagogy: From a National to a Transnational Paradigm Google Scholar

Schneider, Günther and Lenz, Peter (2001) European Language Portfolio: Guide for Developers. Strasbourg, France: Council of Europe.European Language Portfolio: Guide for Developers Google Scholar

Sercu, Lies (2006) ‘The foreign language and intercultural competence teacher: The acquisition of a new professional identity’, Intercultural Education 17.1: 55 – 72 .The foreign language and intercultural competence teacher: The acquisition of a new professional identity Intercultural Education 17.1 55 72 Google Scholar

Stoicheva, Maria, Hughes, Gareth and Speitz, Heike (2009) ‘The European Language Portfolio: An Impact Study’, in the Report of the 8th International Seminar on the European Language Portfolio. Graz, Austria: Council of Europe.The European Language Portfolio: An Impact Study Report of the 8th International Seminar on the European Language Portfolio Google Scholar

Sursock, Andrée and Smidt, Hanne (2010) Trends 2010: A Decade of Change in European Higher Education. Brussels: EUA Publications.Trends 2010: A Decade of Change in European Higher Education Google Scholar

Weinreich, Uriel (1953) Languages in Contact, Findings and Problems. New York: Linguistic Circle of New York.Languages in Contact, Findings and Problems Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Kelly, Michael