European Journal of Language Policy

Interrogating micro language planning from LPP students’ perspectives

European Journal of Language Policy (2019), 11, (1), 47–70.

Abstract

Although language policy and planning (LPP) is taught in academic institutions across the world, there has been little research on its teaching and learning. In particular, we know very little about how students make sense of the field and the multitudes of its concepts, and how they apply these concepts in LPP projects. This article represents modest attempts towards addressing these issues by taking the concept of micro language planning as an example. The past several decades have seen a shift towards understanding language problems and language management efforts from national (macro) to supra- (supra-macro) and sub-national (micro) contexts. Specifically, micro-level planning as a new genre has drawn increasing attention of LPP scholars. While some scholars have considered this small-scale planning as LPP in its own right, others are sceptical about this status for micro-level work. Furthermore, although it is generally understood that the macro and the micro refer to interdependent processes, researchers have also outlined relationships between the two which are not exactly that of interdependence. These conceptual issues call for a detailed examination of micro planning in the interest of research as well as teaching and learning of LPP. Considering this necessity, this article examines major models and research traditions within LPP to understand how the micro has been addressed by them. This is followed by an analysis of postgraduate LPP students’ understandings and conceptualisations of micro planning. Despite the growth in research, there is conceptual imprecision about micro planning and its relations to macro planning as reflected in the students’ micro planning projects. Emphasising the need for conceptual clarity, the article draws out relevant implications.

Bien que la politique et la planification linguistiques (LPP) soient enseignées dans des établissements universitaires du monde entier, peu de recherches ont été menées sur son enseignement et son apprentissage. En particulier, nous savons très peu de choses sur la manière dont les étudiants donnent un sens au domaine et sur la multitude de ses concepts, et sur la manière dont ils appliquent ces concepts dans les projets LPP. Cet article représente une modeste tentative de résoudre ces problèmes en prenant comme exemple le concept de la micro-planification linguistique. Les dernières décennies ont été marquées par un changement dans la compréhension des problèmes de langue et des efforts de gestion de la langue d’un contexte national (macro) vers un contexte supra (supra-macro) et sous-national (micro). Plus précisément, la planification au niveau micro en tant que nouveau genre attire de plus en plus l’attention de la part des chercheurs en LPP. Alors que certains spécialistes ont considéré cette planification à petite échelle comme étant la LPP en droit propre, d’autres sont sceptiques quant à ce statut pour un travail au niveau micro-économique. En outre, bien qu’il soit généralement admis que le macro et le micro se réfèrent à des processus interdépendants, les chercheurs ont également souligné des relations entre les deux qui ne sont pas exactement celles de l’interdépendance. Ces questions conceptuelles appellent un examen détaillé de la micro-planification dans l’intérêt de la recherche ainsi que de l’enseignement et de l’apprentissage de la LPP. Compte tenu de cette nécessité, cet article examine les principaux modèles et les principales traditions de recherche au sein du LPP afin de comprendre comment le micro a été traité. Suit une analyse de la compréhension et de la conceptualisation de la micro-planification par les étudiants LPP. Malgré la croissance de la recherche, il existe une imprécision conceptuelle sur la micro-planification et ses relations avec la macro-planification, comme en témoignent les projets de micro-planification des étudiants. Soulignant le besoin de clarté conceptuelle, cet article présente les implications pertinentes que nous en tirons.

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Obaidul Hamid, M.