British Journal of Canadian Studies

Enhancing Cooperation between India and Canada in the Era of Globalisation and Deregulation

British Journal of Canadian Studies (2006), 19, (1), 77–97.


India and Canada have maintained a dynamic and evolving relationship since India's independence. While relations had cooled off considerably following India's nuclear detonation in 1974, the year 1992 marked a turning point in the bilateral relationship. With the forces of globalisation rendering India's economic policies ineffective on the world stage, and domestic crises destroying confidence within the sub-continent, Narasimha Rao's administration embarked on a radical transformation of India's economy. India's liberalisation of its economy, which began in the early 1990s under the direction of Manmohan Singh, led to Canada's re-engaging with the subcontinent as never before. Largely economic in nature, the renewed relationship was marked by significant increases in trade, business and investment interactions, enhanced by cooperation in other areas. The last decade of the twentieth century also witnessed an increase in immigration and in cooperation in security issues and social affairs. More recently, it has been recognised that cooperation in science and technology holds great potential for mutual benefit and is already deepening the bilateral relationship. The nature of the re-engagement policy and the subsequent direction of the Indo-Canadian relationship demonstrate that, despite the nuclear detonations in 1974 and 1998, the bilateral relationship is poised for better times.

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Author details

Basdeo, Sahadeo