Before Farming

Australian prehistoric archaeology

the last few years

Before Farming (2004), 2004, (2), 1–22.

Abstract

Australian prehistory has been preoccupied with questions about the origin and diversity of Aboriginal populations; dating the initial colonisation; megafaunal extinctions; the antiquity of the ethnographic present; and interpreting apparent Holocene change and Pleistocene stability. Discerning both natural (eg, climatic) impacts on behaviour, and human impacts on the Australian environment has been a theme that links these and related issues. This paper describes recent evidence of new dating methods, improved climatic data and more detailed archaeological evidence that complicate the issues rather than provide definitive answers to the old questions. The challenge remains to develop theories that accommodate archaeological indicators of behaviour with more detailed environmental records.

Access Token
£25.00
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Adcock, GJ, Dennis, ES, Easteal, S, Huttley, GA, Jermiin, LS, Peacock, WJ & Thorne, A 2001a. Mitochondrial DNA sequences in ancient Australians: Implications for modern human origins Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 98(2):537-542. Mitochondrial DNA sequences in ancient Australians: Implications for modern human origins Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 98 537 542 Google Scholar

Adcock, GJ, Dennis, ES, Easteal, S, Huttley, GA, Jermiin, LS, Peacock, WJ & Thorne, A 2001b. Lake Mungo 3: a response to recent critique. Archaeology in Oceania 36(3):170-174. Lake Mungo 3: a response to recent critique Archaeology in Oceania 36 170 174 Google Scholar

Akerman, K, Fullagar, R &. van Gijn, A 2002. Weapons and Wunan: production, function and exchange of spear points from the Kimberley, northwestern Australia. Australian Aboriginal Studies. 2000/1:13-42. Weapons and Wunan: production, function and exchange of spear points from the Kimberley, northwestern Australia Australian Aboriginal Studies. 2000/1 13 42 Google Scholar

Allen, J 2000a. From Beach to Beach: the Development of Maritime Economies in Prehistoric Melanesia. In O'Connor, S & Veth, P (eds) East of Wallace's Line: Studies of Past and Present Maritime Cultures in the Indo-Pacific Region. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema. Modern Quaternary Research in South East Asia 16:139-176. East of Wallace's Line: Studies of Past and Present Maritime Cultures in the Indo-Pacific Region 139 176 Google Scholar

Allen, J 2000b. A matter of time. Nature Australia 26(10):60-69. A matter of time Nature Australia 26 60 69 Google Scholar

Allen, J & O'Connell, JF (eds) 1995. Transitions. Pleistocene to Holocene in Australia & Papua New Guinea. Cambridge: Antiquity Publications. Antiquity 69(265). Australia & Papua New Guinea Google Scholar

Allen, J & O'Connell, JF 2003. The long and the short of it: archaeological approaches to determining when humans first colonised Australia and New Guinea. Australian Archaeology, Number 57:5-19. The long and the short of it: archaeological approaches to determining when humans first colonised Australia and New Guinea Australian Archaeology 5 19 Google Scholar

Alroy, J 2001. A multispecies overkill simulation of the end-Pleistocene megafaunal mass extinction. Science 292:1893-1896. A multispecies overkill simulation of the end-Pleistocene megafaunal mass extinction Science 292 1893 1896 Google Scholar

Attenbrow, V 2002. Sydney's Aboriginal Past. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press. Sydney's Aboriginal Past Google Scholar

Attenbrow, V 2003. Habitation and landuse patterns in the upper Mangrove Creek catchment, New South Wales central coast, Australia. Australian Archaeology 57: 21-31. Habitation and landuse patterns in the upper Mangrove Creek catchment, New South Wales central coast, Australia Australian Archaeology 57 21 31 Google Scholar

Barham, A 2000. Late Holocene Maritime Societies in the Torres Strait Islands, Northern Australia - Cultural Arrival or Cultural Emergence? In O'Connor, S & Veth, P (eds) East of Wallace's Line: Studies of Past and Present Maritime Cultures in the Indo-Pacific region. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema. Modern Quaternary Research in South East Asia 16:223-314. East of Wallace's Line: Studies of Past and Present Maritime Cultures in the Indo-Pacific region 223 314 Google Scholar

Barker, B 1996. Maritime hunter-gatherers on the tropical coast: a social model for change. In Ulm, S, Lilley, I, & Ross, A (eds) Australian Archaeology '95: Proceedings of the 1995 Australian Archaeological Association Annual Conference. St Lucia: Anthropology Museum, Department of Anthropology and Sociology University of Queensland. Tempus 6:31-44. Maritime hunter-gatherers on the tropical coast: a social model for change 31 44 Google Scholar

Barton, H 2003. The thin film of human action: interpretations of arid zone archaeology. Australian Archaeology 57:32-41. The thin film of human action: interpretations of arid zone archaeology Australian Archaeology 57 32 41 Google Scholar

Bird, RB, Smith, EA & Bird, DW 2001. The hunting handicap: costly signaling in human foraging strategies. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 50:9-19. The hunting handicap: costly signaling in human foraging strategies Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 50 9 19 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Bowdler, S 1977. The coastal colonisation of Australia. In Allen, J, Golson, J & Jones, R (eds) Sunda and Sahul: Prehistoric Studies in Southeast Asia, Melanesia and Australia. London: Academic Press:205-246. Sunda and Sahul: Prehistoric Studies in Southeast Asia, Melanesia and Australia 205 246 Google Scholar

Bowler, JM, Johnston, H, Olley, JM, Prescott, JR, Roberts, RG, Shawcross, W & Spooner, NA 2003. New Ages for human occupation climatic change at Lake Mungo, Australia. Nature 421:837-840. New Ages for human occupation climatic change at Lake Mungo, Australia Nature 421 837 840 Google Scholar

Brook, BW & Bowman, MJS 2002. Explaining the Pleistocene megafaunal extinctions: Models, chronologies and assumptions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 99:14624-14627. Explaining the Pleistocene megafaunal extinctions: Models, chronologies and assumptions Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 99 14624 14627 Google Scholar

Brown, P 1989. Coobool Creek: A Morphological and Metrical Analysis of the Crania, Mandibles and Dentitions of a Prehistoric Australian Human Population. Canberra: Prehistory, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University. Terra Australis 13. Coobool Creek: A Morphological and Metrical Analysis of the Crania, Mandibles and Dentitions of a Prehistoric Australian Human Population Google Scholar

Brown, P 1996. Peter Brown's Australian Palaeoanthropology. www.une.au/~Arch/PalaeoIndex.html Google Scholar

Brown, P 2000a. The first Australians. The debate continues. Australasian Science. May:28-31. The first Australians. The debate continues Australasian Science. 28 31 Google Scholar

Brown, P 2000b. Pleistocene variation and the sex of Lake Mungo 3. Journal of Human Evolution 38:743-750. Pleistocene variation and the sex of Lake Mungo 3 Journal of Human Evolution 38 743 750 Google Scholar

Cann, RL, Stoneking, M & Wilson, AC 1987. Mitochondrial DNA and human evolution. Nature 325:31-36. Mitochondrial DNA and human evolution Nature 325 31 36 Google Scholar

Carter, M 2001. New evidence for the earliest occupation in Torres Strait, northeastern Australia. Australian Archaeology 52:50-52. New evidence for the earliest occupation in Torres Strait, northeastern Australia Australian Archaeology 52 50 52 Google Scholar

Carter, M 2002. The Murray Islands archaeological project: results of recent archaeological analyses. Australian Aboriginal Studies 2002/2:75-77. The Murray Islands archaeological project: results of recent archaeological analyses Australian Aboriginal Studies 2002/2 75 77 Google Scholar

Cauchi, S 2004. Academics argue over the age of Victorian skeletons. The Age. January 9. Academics argue over the age of Victorian skeletons The Age. Google Scholar

Channell, R & Lomolino, MV 2000. Trajectories to extinction: spatial dynamics of the contraction of geographical ranges. Journal of Biogeography 27: 169-179. Trajectories to extinction: spatial dynamics of the contraction of geographical ranges Journal of Biogeography 27 169 179 Google Scholar

Chappell, J 2000. Pleistocene Seeds of Western Pacific Maritime Cultures and the Importance of Chronology. In O'Connor, S & Veth, P (eds) East of Wallace's Line: Studies of Past and Present Maritime Cultures in the Indo-Pacific Region. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema. Modern Quaternary Research in South East Asia 16:77-98. East of Wallace's Line: Studies of Past and Present Maritime Cultures in the Indo-Pacific Region 77 98 Google Scholar

Chappell, JC 2002. Sea-level changes forced ice breakouts in the Last Glacial cycle: new results from coral terraces. Quaternary Science Reviews 21:1229-1240. Sea-level changes forced ice breakouts in the Last Glacial cycle: new results from coral terraces Quaternary Science Reviews 21 1229 1240 Google Scholar

Chippindale, C & Taçon, PSC 1998. The Archaeology of Rock-art. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. The Archaeology of Rock-art Google Scholar

Clarke, A 2002. The ideal and the real: cultural and personal transformations of archaeological research on Groote Eylandt, northern Australia. World Archaeology 34(2):249-264. The ideal and the real: cultural and personal transformations of archaeological research on Groote Eylandt, northern Australia World Archaeology 34 249 264 Google Scholar

Clarke, A & Paterson, A (eds) 2003. Case Studies in the Archaeology of Cross-cultural Interaction. University of Sydney: Oceania Publications. Archaeology in Oceania 39(2). Case Studies in the Archaeology of Cross-cultural Interaction. University of Sydney: Oceania Publications Archaeology in Oceania 39 Google Scholar

Clarkson, C 2002. Holocene scraper reduction, technological organization and landuse at Ingaladdi Rockshelter, Northern Australia. Archaeology in Oceania 37(2):79-86. Holocene scraper reduction, technological organization and landuse at Ingaladdi Rockshelter, Northern Australia Archaeology in Oceania 37 79 86 Google Scholar

Colgan, D 2001. Commentary on Adcock et al 2001. Archaeology in Oceania 36(3):168-9. Commentary on Adcock et al 2001 Archaeology in Oceania 36 168 9 Google Scholar

Colley, S 2002. Uncovering Australia: Archaeology, Indigenous People and the Public. Sydney: Allen and Unwin. Uncovering Australia: Archaeology, Indigenous People and the Public Google Scholar

Cosgrove, R 1995. The Illusion of Riches. Scale, Resolution and Explanation in Tasmanian Pleistocene Human Behaviour. Oxford: Tempus Reparatum. BAR International Series 608. The Illusion of Riches. Scale, Resolution and Explanation in Tasmanian Pleistocene Human Behaviour Google Scholar

Cosgrove, R 1996. Past Human Use of Rainforests: an Australasian perspective. Antiquity 70:900-912. Past Human Use of Rainforests: an Australasian perspective Antiquity 70 900 912 Google Scholar

Cosgrove, R 1999. Forty-Two Degrees South: The Archaeology of Late Pleistocene Tasmania. Journal of World Prehistory 13(4):357-402. Forty-Two Degrees South: The Archaeology of Late Pleistocene Tasmania Journal of World Prehistory 13 357 402 Google Scholar

Cosgrove, R & Allen, J 2001. Prey choice and Hunting Strategies in the Late Pleistocene: Evidence from Southwest Tasmania. In Anderson, A, O'Connor, S & Lilley, I (eds) Histories of Old Ages: Essays in Honour of Rhys Jones. Canberra: Coombs Academic Publishing, Australian National University:397-429. Histories of Old Ages: Essays in Honour of Rhys Jones 397 429 Google Scholar

Cosgrove R, Allen, J & Marshall, B 1990. Palaeoecology and Pleistocene Human Occupation in south central Tasmania. Antiquity 64:59-78. Palaeoecology and Pleistocene Human Occupation in south central Tasmania Antiquity 64 59 78 Google Scholar

Cosgrove, R & Pike-Tay, A. 2004. The Middle Palaeolithic and late Pleistocene Tasmania hunting behaviour: A reconsideration of the attributes of modern human behaviour. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. April: in press. The Middle Palaeolithic and late Pleistocene Tasmania hunting behaviour: A reconsideration of the attributes of modern human behaviour International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. Google Scholar

David, B 1991. Fern Cave, rock art and social formations: rock art regionalisation and demographic changes in southeastern Cape York Peninsula. Archaeology in Oceania 26:41-57. Fern Cave, rock art and social formations: rock art regionalisation and demographic changes in southeastern Cape York Peninsula Archaeology in Oceania 26 41 57 Google Scholar

David, B 2002. Landscapes, Rock-art and the Dreaming: an Archaeology of Pre-understanding. London: Leicester University Press. Landscapes, Rock-art and the Dreaming: an Archaeology of Pre-understanding Google Scholar

David, B & Chant, D 1995. Rock art and regionalisation in north Queensland prehistory. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 37(2). Rock art and regionalisation in north Queensland prehistory Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 37 Google Scholar

David, B, McNiven, I, Mitchell, R, Orr, M, Haberle, S, Brady, L & Crouch, J in press. Badu 15 and the Papuan-Austronesian settlement of Torres Strait. Archaeology in Oceania. Badu 15 and the Papuan-Austronesian settlement of Torres Strait Archaeology in Oceania. Google Scholar

Denham, TP & Ballard, C (eds) 2003.Perspectives on prehistoric agriculture in the New Guinea Highlands. Archaeology in Oceania 38. Perspectives on prehistoric agriculture in the New Guinea Highlands Archaeology in Oceania 38 Google Scholar

Denham, TP, Haberle, SG, Lentfer, C, Fullagar, R, Field, J, Therin, M, Porch, N & Winsborough, B 2003. Origins of Agriculture at Kuk Swamp in the Highlands of New Guinea Science 301:189-193. Origins of Agriculture at Kuk Swamp in the Highlands of New Guinea Science 301 189 193 Google Scholar

Dodson, J, Fullagar, R, Furby, J, Jones, R &. Prosser, I 1993. Humans and megafauna in a Late Pleistocene arid environment from Cuddie Springs, northwestern New South Wales. Archaeology in Oceania 28(2):94-99. Humans and megafauna in a Late Pleistocene arid environment from Cuddie Springs, northwestern New South Wales Archaeology in Oceania 28 94 99 Google Scholar

Doelman, T, Webb, J & Domanski, M 2001. Source to discard: patterns of lithic raw material procurement and use in Sturt National Park, northwestern New South Wales. Archaeology in Oceania 36(1):15-33. Source to discard: patterns of lithic raw material procurement and use in Sturt National Park, northwestern New South Wales Archaeology in Oceania 36 15 33 Google Scholar

Eastman, M 1968. The Life of the Emu. Sydney: Angus and Robertson. The Life of the Emu Google Scholar

Fankhauser, B 1999. Highlights of Bimolecular Analyses of Archaeological Food Remains. In Mountain, M-J & Bowdery, D (eds) Taphonomy: the Analysis of processes from Phytoliths to Megafauna. Canberra: Department of Archaeology and Natural history, RSPAS, The Australian National University:41-48. Taphonomy: the Analysis of processes from Phytoliths to Megafauna 41 48 Google Scholar

Field, J, Barker, J, Barker, R, Coffey, E, Coffey, L, Crawford, E, Darcy, L, Fields, E, Lord, G, Steadman, B & Colley, S 2000. ‘Coming Back’-Aborigines and Archaeologists at Cuddie Springs. Public Archaeology 1: 35-48. ‘Coming Back’-Aborigines and Archaeologists at Cuddie Springs Public Archaeology 1 35 48 Google Scholar

Field, J & Fullagar, R 2001. Archaeology and Australian megafauna. Science 294(5):7. Archaeology and Australian megafauna Science 294 7 Google Scholar

Field, J in press. The archaeology of Late Pleistocene faunal extinctions in Australia: a view from Cuddie Springs. In Murray, T (ed.) Archaeology from Australia. Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publications. Archaeology from Australia Google Scholar

Field, J & Dodson, J 1999. Late Pleistocene megafauna and archaeology from Cuddie Springs, southeastern Australia. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 65:275-301. Late Pleistocene megafauna and archaeology from Cuddie Springs, southeastern Australia Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 65 275 301 Google Scholar

Field, J, Dodson, J &. Prosser, I 2002. A late Pleistocene vegetation history from the Australian arid zone. Quaternary Science Reviews 21(8-9):1005-1019. A late Pleistocene vegetation history from the Australian arid zone Quaternary Science Reviews 21 1005 1019 Google Scholar

Flannery, TF 1990. Pleistocene faunal loss: implications of the aftershock for Australia's past and future. Archaeology in Oceania 25(2):45-67. Pleistocene faunal loss: implications of the aftershock for Australia's past and future Archaeology in Oceania 25 45 67 Google Scholar

Flannery, TF 1994. The Future Eaters. Sydney: New Holland. The Future Eaters Google Scholar

Flannery, TF & Roberts, RG 1999. Late Quaternary extinctions in Australasia: an overview. In MacPhee, RDE (ed) Extinctions in Near Time: Causes, Contexts and Consequences. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum:239-256. Extinctions in Near Time: Causes, Contexts and Consequences 239 256 Google Scholar

Flood, J 1995. Archaeoloy of the Dreamtime: the Story of Prehistoric Australia and its People. Angus and Robertson: Sydney. Archaeoloy of the Dreamtime: the Story of Prehistoric Australia and its People Google Scholar

Frankel, D. 1991. Remains to be Seen. Archaeological Insights into Australian Prehistory. Melbourne: Longman Cheshire. Remains to be Seen. Archaeological Insights into Australian Prehistory Google Scholar

Frederickson, C 2002. Caring for history: Tiwi and archaeological narratives of Fort Dundas/Punata, Melville Island, Australia. World Archaeology 34(2):288-232. Caring for history: Tiwi and archaeological narratives of Fort Dundas/Punata, Melville Island, Australia World Archaeology 34 288 232 Google Scholar

French, JRS 1996. The Wentworth Lecture. Native title: the beginning or the end of justice? Australian Aboriginal Studies 1996/2:2-11. The Wentworth Lecture. Native title: the beginning or the end of justice? Australian Aboriginal Studies 1996/2 2 11 Google Scholar

Fullagar, R (ed) 1998. A Closer Look: Recent Studies of Australian Stone Tools. Sydney: Archaeological Computing Laboratory, School of Archaeology, University of Sydney. Sydney University Archaeological Methods Series 6. A Closer Look: Recent Studies of Australian Stone Tools Google Scholar

Fullagar, R 2004. Chapter 7: Residues and Usewear. In Balme, J & Paterson, A (eds) A Student Guide to Archaeological Analyses. Oxford: Blackwell. In press. A Student Guide to Archaeological Analyses Google Scholar

Fullagar, R & Field, J 1997. Pleistocene seed grinding implements from the Australian arid zone. Antiquity 71(272):300-307. Pleistocene seed grinding implements from the Australian arid zone Antiquity 71 300 307 Google Scholar

Fullagar, R, Price, D & Head, L 1996. Early human occupation of northern Australia: stratigraphy and dating of the Jinmium rockshelter, Northern Territory. Antiquity 70:751-773. Early human occupation of northern Australia: stratigraphy and dating of the Jinmium rockshelter, Northern Territory Antiquity 70 751 773 Google Scholar

Fullagar, R & Head, L 2000. Native title and Australian archaeology. In Lilley, I (ed) Native Title and the Transformation of Archaeology and the Postcolonial World.Oceania Monographs 50:24-34. Sydney: University of Sydney. Native Title and the Transformation of Archaeology and the Postcolonial World. Oceania Monographs 50 24 34 Google Scholar

Gillespie, R 2002. Dating the first Australians. Radiocarbon 44(2): 455-472. Dating the first Australians Radiocarbon 44 455 472 Google Scholar

Gosden, C 1999. Anthropology and Archaeology: a Changing Relationship. London: Routledge. Anthropology and Archaeology: a Changing Relationship Google Scholar

Greer, S, Harrison, R & McIntyre-Tamoy, S 2002. Community-based archaeology in Australia. World Archaeology 34(2):265-287. Community-based archaeology in Australia World Archaeology 34 265 287 Google Scholar

Groves, C 2001. Lake Mungo 3 and his DNA. Archaeology in Oceania 36(3):165-7. Lake Mungo 3 and his DNA Archaeology in Oceania 36 165 7 Google Scholar

Grün, R & Thorne, A 1997. Dating the Ngandong Humans. Science 276:1575 Dating the Ngandong Humans Science 276 1575 Google Scholar

Grün, R, Spooner, NA, Thorne, A, Mortimer, G, Simpson, JS, McCulloch, MT, Taylor, L & Curnoe, D 2000. Age of the Lake Mungo 3 skeleton, reply to Bowler & Magee, and to Gillespie & Roberts, Journal of Human Evolution 38(5):733-741. Age of the Lake Mungo 3 skeleton, reply to Bowler & Magee, and to Gillespie & Roberts Journal of Human Evolution 38 733 741 Google Scholar

Harrison, R & Williamson, C (eds) 2002. After Captain Cook: The Archaeology of the Recent Indigenous Past in Australia. Sydney: Archaeological Computing Laboratory, School of Archaeology, University of Sydney. Sydney University Archaeological Methods Series 8. After Captain Cook: The Archaeology of the Recent Indigenous Past in Australia Google Scholar

Hawks, J, Oh, S, Hunley, K, Dobson, S, Cabana, G, Dayalu, P & Wolpoff, MH 2000. An Australasian test of the recent African origin theory using the WLH-50 calvarium. Journal of Human Evolution 39:1-22. An Australasian test of the recent African origin theory using the WLH-50 calvarium Journal of Human Evolution 39 1 22 Google Scholar

Head, L 2000a. Second Nature: the History and Implications of Australia as Aboriginal Landscape. New York: Syracuse University Press. Second Nature: the History and Implications of Australia as Aboriginal Landscape Google Scholar

Head, L 2000b. Cultural Landscapes and Environmental Change. London: Arnold. Cultural Landscapes and Environmental Change Google Scholar

Hesse, PP 1994. The record of continental dust from Australia in Tasman Sea sediments. Quaternary Science Reviews 13:257-272. The record of continental dust from Australia in Tasman Sea sediments Quaternary Science Reviews 13 257 272 Google Scholar

Hesse, PP & McTainsh, GH 2003. Australian dust deposits: modern processes and the Quaternary record. Quaternary Science Reviews 22:2007-2035. Australian dust deposits: modern processes and the Quaternary record Quaternary Science Reviews 22 2007 2035 Google Scholar

Hiscock, P 1994. Technological responses to risk in Holocene Australia. Journal of World Prehistory 8(3):267-292. Technological responses to risk in Holocene Australia Journal of World Prehistory 8 267 292 Google Scholar

Hiscock, P 2003. Quantitative exploration of size variation and the extent of reduction in Sydney Basin assemblages: a tale from Henry Lawson Drive rockshelter. Australian Archaeology 57:64-74. Quantitative exploration of size variation and the extent of reduction in Sydney Basin assemblages: a tale from Henry Lawson Drive rockshelter Australian Archaeology 57 64 74 Google Scholar

Hiscock, P & Allen, H 2000. Assemblage variability in the Willandra Lakes. Archaeology in Oceania 35(3):97-103. Assemblage variability in the Willandra Lakes Archaeology in Oceania 35 97 103 Google Scholar

Hiscock, P &. Clarkson, C 2000. Analysing Australian stone artefacts: an agenda for the twenty first century. Australian Archaeology 50:98-108. Analysing Australian stone artefacts: an agenda for the twenty first century Australian Archaeology 50 98 108 Google Scholar

Holdaway, S 1998. Change and variation in human ecology. In T. Murray (ed.) Archaeology of Aboriginal Australia.A reader. Sydney: Allen and Unwin: 231-234. Archaeology of Aboriginal Australia. A reader 231 234 Google Scholar

Holdaway, S, Witter, D, Fanning, P, Musgrave, R, Cochrane, G, Doelman, T, Greenwood, S, Pigdon, D & Reeves, J 1998. New Approaches to Open Site Spatial Archaeology in Sturt National Park, New South Wales. Archaeology in Oceania 33 (1):1-19. New Approaches to Open Site Spatial Archaeology in Sturt National Park, New South Wales Archaeology in Oceania 33 1 19 Google Scholar

Holdaway, SJ, Fanning, P, Jones, R, Shiner, J, Witter, D & Nicholls, G 2002. Variability in the chronology of Late Holocene Aboriginal occupation on the arid margin of southeastern Australia. Journal of Archaeological Science 29:351-363. Variability in the chronology of Late Holocene Aboriginal occupation on the arid margin of southeastern Australia Journal of Archaeological Science 29 351 363 Google Scholar

Horton, D 1991. Recovering the tracks. The Story of Australian Archaeology. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press. Recovering the tracks. The Story of Australian Archaeology Google Scholar

Horton, D 2000. The Pure State of Nature: Sacred Cows, Destructive Myths and the Environment. Sydney: Allen and Unwin. The Pure State of Nature: Sacred Cows, Destructive Myths and the Environment Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Johnson BJ, Miller, GH, Fogel, ML, Magee, JW, Gagan, MK & Chivas, AR 1999. 65,000 years of vegetation change in central Australia and the Australian summer monsoon. Science 284:1150-1152. 65,000 years of vegetation change in central Australia and the Australian summer monsoon Science 284 1150 1152 Google Scholar

Jones, R 1979. The fifth continent: problems concerning the human colonisation of Australia. Annual Reviews of Anthropology 8:445-466. The fifth continent: problems concerning the human colonisation of Australia Annual Reviews of Anthropology 8 445 466 Google Scholar

Kamminga, J 1982. Over the Edge. University of Queensland: Anthropological Museum. Occasional Papers in Anthropology 12. Over the Edge Google Scholar

Kealhofer, L, Torrence, R & Fullagar, R 1999. Integrating phytoliths within use-wear/residue studies of stone tools. Journal of Archaeological Science 26:527-546. Integrating phytoliths within use-wear/residue studies of stone tools Journal of Archaeological Science 26 527 546 Google Scholar

Keen, I 2003. Aboriginal economy and society at the threshold of colonisation: a comparative study. Before Farming 2003/3 (2):1-24 Aboriginal economy and society at the threshold of colonisation: a comparative study Before Farming 2003/3 1 24 Google Scholar

Kershaw, P, David, B, Tapper, N, Penny, D & Brown, J (eds) 2002. Bridging Wallace's Line: the Environmental and Cultural History and Dynamics of the SE Asian-Australian Region. Reiskirche: Catena Verlag GMBH. Advances in Geoarchaeology 34. Bridging Wallace's Line: the Environmental and Cultural History and Dynamics of the SE Asian-Australian Region Google Scholar

Kershaw, P, Quilty, PG, David, B, Van Huet, S & McMinn, A 2000. Palaeobiogeography of the Quaternary of Australia. In Wright, AJ, Young, GC, Talent, JA & Laurie, JR (eds) Palaeobiogeography of Australasian Faunas and Floras. Canberra: Memoir 23 of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists:471-515. Palaeobiogeography of Australasian Faunas and Floras 471 515 Google Scholar

Kerhsaw, AP, van der Kaars, S & Moss, PT 2003. Late Quaternary Milankovich-scale climatic change and variability and its impact on monsoonal Australasia. Marine Geology 201:81-95. Late Quaternary Milankovich-scale climatic change and variability and its impact on monsoonal Australasia Marine Geology 201 81 95 Google Scholar

Lambeck, K & Chappell, J 2001. Sea level change through the last glacial cycle. Science 292:679-686. Sea level change through the last glacial cycle Science 292 679 686 Google Scholar

Lambeck, K, Yokoyama, Y & Purcell, T 2002. Into and out of the Last Glacial Maximum: sea-level change during Oxygen Isotope Stages 3 and 2. Quaternary Science Reviews 21:343-360. Into and out of the Last Glacial Maximum: sea-level change during Oxygen Isotope Stages 3 and 2 Quaternary Science Reviews 21 343 360 Google Scholar

Lambeck, K, Esat, TM & Potter, E-K 2002. Links between climate and sea levels for the past three million years. Nature 419:199-206. Links between climate and sea levels for the past three million years Nature 419 199 206 Google Scholar

Lewis, D 1988. The Rock Paintings of Arnhem Land, Australia: Social, Ecological and Material Culture in the Post-glacial Period. Oxford: Tempus Reparatum. BAR International Series 415. The Rock Paintings of Arnhem Land, Australia: Social, Ecological and Material Culture in the Post-glacial Period Google Scholar

Lilley, I (ed) 2000. Native Title and the Transformation of Archaeology and the Postcolonial World. Oceania Monographs 50. Sydney: University of Sydney. Native Title and the Transformation of Archaeology and the Postcolonial World. Oceania Monographs 50 Google Scholar

Lourandos, H 1997. Continent of Hunter-Gatherers. New Perspectives in Australian Prehistory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Continent of Hunter-Gatherers. New Perspectives in Australian Prehistory Google Scholar

Loy, TH & Dixon, J 1998. Blood residues on fluted points from Eastern Beringia. American Antiquity 63(1):21-46. Blood residues on fluted points from Eastern Beringia American Antiquity 63 21 46 Google Scholar

Marshall, Y (ed) 2002. Community Archaeology. World Archaeology 34(2). Community Archaeology World Archaeology 34 Google Scholar

McBrearty, S 1990. Consider the humble termite: termites as agents of post-depositional disturbance at African archaeological sites. Journal of Archaeological Science 17:111-143. Consider the humble termite: termites as agents of post-depositional disturbance at African archaeological sites Journal of Archaeological Science 17 111 143 Google Scholar

McBrearty, S & Brooks, AS 2000. The revolution that wasn't: a new interpretation of the origin of modern human behavior. Journal of Human Evolution 39(5):453-563. The revolution that wasn't: a new interpretation of the origin of modern human behavior Journal of Human Evolution 39 453 563 Google Scholar

McConvell, P & Evans, N (eds) 1997. Archaeology and Linguistics. Aboriginal Australia in Global Perspective. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. Archaeology and Linguistics. Aboriginal Australia in Global Perspective Google Scholar

McNiven, I 1999. Fissioning and Regionalisation: The Social Dimensions of Changes in Aboriginal Use of the Great Sandy Region, Southeast Queensland. In Hall, J & McNiven, I (eds) Australian Coastal Archaeology. Canberra: ANH Publications, The Australian National University:157-168. Australian Coastal Archaeology 157 168 Google Scholar

McNiven, IJ, David, B & Brady, L 2002. Torres Strait: Rock art and enhanced perspective. Australian Aboriginal Studies 2002/2:69-74. Torres Strait: Rock art and enhanced perspective Australian Aboriginal Studies 2002/2 69 74 Google Scholar

McNiven, IJ & Quinell, M (eds) in press. Torres Strait: Archaeology and Material Culture. Queensland Museum, Brisbane: Memoirs Cultural Heritage Series. Torres Strait: Archaeology and Material Culture Google Scholar

Miller, GH, Magee, JW, Johnson, BJ, Fogel, ML, Spooner, NA, Tulloch, MT & Ayliffe, LK 1999. Pleistocene extinction of Genyornis newtonii: human impact on Australian megafauna. Science 283:205-208. Pleistocene extinction of Genyornis newtonii: human impact on Australian megafauna Science 283 205 208 Google Scholar

Mix, AC, Bard, E & Schneider, R 2001. Environmental processes of the ice age land, oceans, glaciers (EPILOG). Quaternary Science Reviews 20:627-657. Environmental processes of the ice age land, oceans, glaciers (EPILOG) Quaternary Science Reviews 20 627 657 Google Scholar

Morphy, H 1993. Landscape and the Reproduction of the Ancestral Past. In Hirsch, E & O'Hanlon, M (eds) The Anthropology of Landscape: Perspectives on Place and Space. Oxford: Berg:184-209. The Anthropology of Landscape: Perspectives on Place and Space 184 209 Google Scholar

Morwood, MJ, O'Sullivan, P, Aziz, F & Raza, A 1998. Fission-track ages of stone tools and fossils on the east Indonesian Island of Flores. Nature 392:173-176. Fission-track ages of stone tools and fossils on the east Indonesian Island of Flores Nature 392 173 176 Google Scholar

Morwood, MJ, Aziz, F, O'Sullivan, P, Nasruddin, Hobbs, DR & Raza, A 1999. Archaeological and palaeontological research in central Flores, east Indonesia: results of fieldwork 1997-98. Antiquity 73:273-278. Archaeological and palaeontological research in central Flores, east Indonesia: results of fieldwork 1997-98 Antiquity 73 273 278 Google Scholar

Morwood, MJ 2002 Visions from the Past: the Archaeology of Aboriginal Art. Sydney: Allen and Unwin. Visions from the Past: the Archaeology of Aboriginal Art Google Scholar

Mountain, M-J & Bowdery, D (eds) 1999. Taphonomy: the Analysis of Processes from Phytoliths to Megafauna. Canberra: Department of Archaeology and Natural history, RSPAS, The Australian National University. Taphonomy: the Analysis of Processes from Phytoliths to Megafauna Google Scholar

Mulvaney, DJ & Kamminga, J 1999. Prehistory of Australia. Sydney: Allen and Unwin. Prehistory of Australia Google Scholar

Murray, T (ed) 1998. Archaeology of Aboriginal Australia: a Reader. Sydney: Allen and Unwin. Archaeology of Aboriginal Australia: a Reader Google Scholar

Nanson, GC, Price, DM & Short, SA 1992. Wetting and drying of Australia over the past 300 ka. Geology 20:791-794. Wetting and drying of Australia over the past 300 ka Geology 20 791 794 Google Scholar

Nanson, GC, Cohen, TJ, Doyle, J & Price, DM 2003. Alluvial Evidence of Late-Quaternary Climate and Flow-regime Changes on the Coastal Rivers of New South Wales, Australia. In Gregory, KJ & Benito, G (eds) Palaeohydrology: Understanding Global Change. John Wiley and Sons:233-258. Palaeohydrology: Understanding Global Change 233 258 Google Scholar

Noble, W & Davidson, I 1996. Human Evolution, Language and Mind: a Psychological and Archaeological Inquiry. Melbourne: Cambridge University Press. Human Evolution, Language and Mind: a Psychological and Archaeological Inquiry Google Scholar

O'Connell JF & Allen, FJ 1998. When did humans first arrive in Greater Australia and why is it important to know? Evolutionary Anthropology 6:132-146. When did humans first arrive in Greater Australia and why is it important to know? Evolutionary Anthropology 6 132 146 Google Scholar

O'Connell JF & Allen FJ 2004. Dating the colonisation of Sahul (Pleistocene Australia-New Guinea): A review of recent research. Journal of Archaeological Science 31(4):835-853. Dating the colonisation of Sahul (Pleistocene Australia-New Guinea): A review of recent research Journal of Archaeological Science 31 835 853 Google Scholar

O'Connor, S & Veth, P (eds) 2000a. East of Wallace's Line: Studies of Past and Present Maritime Cultures in the Indo-Pacific Region. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema. Modern Quaternary Research in South East Asia 16. East of Wallace's Line: Studies of Past and Present Maritime Cultures in the Indo-Pacific Region Google Scholar

O'Connor, S & Veth, P 2000b. The World's First Mariners: Savannah Dwellers in an Island Continent. In O'Connor, S & Veth, P (eds) East of Wallace's Line: Studies of Past and Present Maritime Cultures in the Indo-Pacific Region. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema. Modern Quaternary Research in South East Asia 16:99-137. East of Wallace's Line: Studies of Past and Present Maritime Cultures in the Indo-Pacific Region 99 137 Google Scholar

Pardoe, C 1988. The cemetery as symbol. The distribution of Aboriginal burial grounds in southeastern Australia', Archaeology in Oceania 23:1-16. The cemetery as symbol. The distribution of Aboriginal burial grounds in southeastern Australia' Archaeology in Oceania 23 1 16 Google Scholar

Pardoe, C 1991. Review article. Competing paradigms and ancient human remains: the state of the discipline', Archaeology in Oceania 26:79-85. Review article. Competing paradigms and ancient human remains: the state of the discipline' Archaeology in Oceania 26 79 85 Google Scholar

Pardoe, C 1995. Riverine, biological and cultural evolution in southeastern Australia. Antiquity 69 (265):696-713. Riverine, biological and cultural evolution in southeastern Australia Antiquity 69 696 713 Google Scholar

Pardoe, C in press. Australian biological anthropology for archaeologists. In Murray, T (ed) Archaeology from Australia. Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publications. Archaeology from Australia Google Scholar

Pasveer, J, Clarke, S & Miller, G 2002. Late Pleistocene human occupation of inland rainforest, Bird's Head, Papua. Archaeology in Oceania 37(2):92-95. Late Pleistocene human occupation of inland rainforest, Bird's Head, Papua Archaeology in Oceania 37 92 95 Google Scholar

Pate, FD, Brodie, R & Owen, T 2002. Determination of geographic origin of unprovenanced Aboriginal skeletal remains in South Australia employing stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis. Australian Archaeology 55 1-7. Determination of geographic origin of unprovenanced Aboriginal skeletal remains in South Australia employing stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis Australian Archaeology 55 1 7 Google Scholar

Paton, R 1994. Speaking through stone, a study from northern Australia. World Archaeology 26:172-84. Speaking through stone, a study from northern Australia World Archaeology 26 172 84 Google Scholar

Pike-Tay, A & Cosgrove, R 2002. From Reindeer to Wallaby: Recovering Patterns of Seasonality, Mobility, and Prey Selection in the Paleolithic Old World. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 9:101-146. From Reindeer to Wallaby: Recovering Patterns of Seasonality, Mobility, and Prey Selection in the Paleolithic Old World Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 9 101 146 Google Scholar

Richardson N 1992. Conjoin sets and stratigraphic integrity in a sandstone shelter: Kenniff Cave (Queensland, Australia). Antiquity 66:408-418. Conjoin sets and stratigraphic integrity in a sandstone shelter: Kenniff Cave (Queensland, Australia) Antiquity 66 408 418 Google Scholar

Richardson, N 1996. Seeing is believing: a graphical illustration of the vertical and horizontal distribution of conjoined artefacts using Design CAD 3D. In Ulm, S, Lilley, I & Ross, A (eds) Australian Archaeology '95: Proceedings of the 1995 Australian Archaeological Association Annual Conference. St Lucia: Anthropology Museum, Department of Anthropology and Sociology University of Queensland. Tempus 6:81-95. Seeing is believing: a graphical illustration of the vertical and horizontal distribution of conjoined artefacts using Design CAD 3D 81 95 Google Scholar

Roberts, R, Bird, M, Olley, J, Gallagher, R, Lawson, E, Laslett, G, Yoshida, H, Jones, R, Fullagar, R, Jacobsen, G & Hua, Q 1998. Optical and radiocarbon dating at Jinmium rock shelter, northern Australia. Nature 393:358-362. Optical and radiocarbon dating at Jinmium rock shelter, northern Australia Nature 393 358 362 Google Scholar

Roberts, RG, Flannery, TF, Ayliffe, LA, Yoshida, H, Olley, JM, Prideaux, GJ, Laslett, GM, Baynes, A, Smith, MA, Jones, R & Smith, BL 2001a. New ages for the last Australian megafauna: continent-wide extinction about 46,000 years ago. Science 292:1888-1892. New ages for the last Australian megafauna: continent-wide extinction about 46,000 years ago Science 292 1888 1892 Google Scholar

Roberts, RG, Flannery, TF, Ayliffe, LA, Yoshida, H, Olley, JM, Prideaux, GJ, Laslett, GM, Baynes, A, Smith, MA, Jones, R & Smith, BL 2001b. Archaeology and Australian megafauna. Technical comments. Science 294(5):7. Archaeology and Australian megafauna. Technical comments Science 294 7 Google Scholar

Roberts, RG & Jones, R 1994. Luminescence dating of sediments: new light on the colonisation of Australia. Australian Aboriginal Studies 1994/2:2-17. Luminescence dating of sediments: new light on the colonisation of Australia Australian Aboriginal Studies 1994/2 2 17 Google Scholar

Roberts, RG, Jones, R, Smith, MA 1990. Thermoluminescence dating of a 50,000 year old human occupation site in northern Australia. Nature 345:153-156. Thermoluminescence dating of a 50,000 year old human occupation site in northern Australia Nature 345 153 156 Google Scholar

Roberts, RG, Jones, R &. Smith, MA 1994. Beyond the radiocarbon barrier in Australian prehistory. Antiquity 68:611-616. Beyond the radiocarbon barrier in Australian prehistory Antiquity 68 611 616 Google Scholar

Roberts, RG, Jones, R, Spooner, NA, Head, MJ, Murray, AS & Smith, MA 1994. The human colonisation of Australia: optical dates of 53,000 and 60,000 years bracket human arrival at Deaf Adder Gorge, Northern Territory. Quaternary Science Reviews 13:575-583. The human colonisation of Australia: optical dates of 53,000 and 60,000 years bracket human arrival at Deaf Adder Gorge, Northern Territory Quaternary Science Reviews 13 575 583 Google Scholar

Roberts R, Yoshida H, Galbraith R, Laslett G, Jones R & Smith M. 1998. Single-aliquot and single-grain optical dating confirm thermoluminescence age estimates at Malakunanja II rock shelter in northern Australia. Ancient TL 16:19-24. Single-aliquot and single-grain optical dating confirm thermoluminescence age estimates at Malakunanja II rock shelter in northern Australia Ancient TL 16 19 24 Google Scholar

Shawcross, W 1998. Archaeological excavations at Mungo. In Johnston, H, Clark, P & White, JP (eds) Willandra Lakes: People and Palaeoenvironments. University of Sydney: Oceania Publications. Archaeology in Oceania 33(3):183-206. Willandra Lakes: People and Palaeoenvironments 183 206 Google Scholar

Smith, MA 1989. Seed gathering in inland Australia: current evidence from seed-grinders on the antiquity of the ethnohistorical pattern of exploitation. In Harris, DR & Hillman, GC (eds) Foraging and Farming. The Evolution of Plant Exploitation. London: Unwin Hyman:305-317. Foraging and Farming. The Evolution of Plant Exploitation 305 317 Google Scholar

Smith, MA 1993. Biogeography, human ecology and prehistory in the sandridge deserts. Archaeology in Oceania 37:35-50. Biogeography, human ecology and prehistory in the sandridge deserts Archaeology in Oceania 37 35 50 Google Scholar

Smith, C & Ward, G 2000. Globalisation, decolonisation and Indigenous Australia. Australian Aboriginal Studies 2000/1 and 2: 3-11. Globalisation, decolonisation and Indigenous Australia Australian Aboriginal Studies 1 and 2 3 11 Google Scholar

Stone, T & Cupper, ML 2003. Last Glacial Maximum ages for robust humans at Kow Swamp, southern Australia. Journal of Human Evolution 45:99-111. Last Glacial Maximum ages for robust humans at Kow Swamp, southern Australia Journal of Human Evolution 45 99 111 Google Scholar

Stringer, C & McKie, R 1996. African Exodus: The Origins of Modern Humanity. New York: Henry Holt and Company. African Exodus: The Origins of Modern Humanity Google Scholar

Swisher III, CC, Rink, WJ, Antón, SC, Schwarcz, HP, Curtis, GH, Suprijo, A Widiasmoro 1996. Science 274:1870-1874. Science 274 1870 1874 Google Scholar

Swisher III, CC, Rink, WJ, Schwarcz, HP & Antón, SC 1997. Response. Science 276:1576. Response Science 276 1576 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Taçon, PSC, Wilson, M & Chippindale, C 1996. Birth of the Rainbow Serpent in Arnhem Land Rock art and oral history. Archaeology in Oceania 31:103-24. Birth of the Rainbow Serpent in Arnhem Land Rock art and oral history Archaeology in Oceania 31 103 24 Google Scholar

Taçon, PSC 2001. Australia. In Whitley, DS (ed) Handbook of Rock Art Research. New York: Altamira Press:530-575. Handbook of Rock Art Research 530 575 Google Scholar

Taçon, P, Mulvaney, K, Ouzman, S, Fullagar, R, Carlton, P & Head, L 2003. Changing ecological concerns in the rock-art subject matter of North Australia's Keep River region. Before Farming [online version] 2003/3 article 4. Changing ecological concerns in the rock-art subject matter of North Australia's Keep River region Before Farming Google Scholar

Theunissen, R, Balme, J & Beck, W 1998. Headroom and human trampling: cave ceiling height determines the spatial patterning of atefacts at Petzkes Cave northern New South Wales. Antiquity 72:80-89. Headroom and human trampling: cave ceiling height determines the spatial patterning of atefacts at Petzkes Cave northern New South Wales Antiquity 72 80 89 Google Scholar

Thomas, M, Gilbert, P, Willerslev, E, Hansen, AJ, Barnes, I, Rudbeck, L, Lynnerup, N & Cooper, A 2003. Distribution Patterns of Postmortem Damage in Human Mitochondrial DNA. American Journal of Human Genetics 72:32-47. Distribution Patterns of Postmortem Damage in Human Mitochondrial DNA American Journal of Human Genetics 72 32 47 Google Scholar

Thorne, A & Curnoe D 2000. Sex and significance of Lake Mungo 3: reply to Brown "Australian Pleistocene variation and the sex of Lake Mungo 3". Journal of Human Evolution 39:587-600. Sex and significance of Lake Mungo 3: reply to Brown "Australian Pleistocene variation and the sex of Lake Mungo 3" Journal of Human Evolution 39 587 600 Google Scholar

Thorne, A, Grün, R, Mortimer, G, Spooner, NA, Simpson, JJ, McCulloch, M, Taylor, L & Curnoe, D 1999. Australia's oldest human remains: age of the Lake Mungo 3 skeleton. Journal of Human Evolution 36:591-612. Australia's oldest human remains: age of the Lake Mungo 3 skeleton Journal of Human Evolution 36 591 612 Google Scholar

Torrence, R & Clarke, A (eds) 2000. Negotiating Difference: the Archaeology of Cross-cultural Engagement. London: Unwin and Hyman. Negotiating Difference: the Archaeology of Cross-cultural Engagement Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Trueman, JWH 2001. Does the Lake Mungo 3 evidence stand up to analysis? Archaeology in Oceania 36(3):163-5. Does the Lake Mungo 3 evidence stand up to analysis? Archaeology in Oceania 36 163 5 Google Scholar

Trinkaus, E, Moldovan, O, Milota, S, Bîlgâr, A, Sarcina, L, Athreya, S, Bailey, SE, Rodrigo, R, Mircea, G, Higham, T, Ramsey, CB & van der Plicht, J 2003. An early modern human from the Peştera cu Oase, Romania. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100(20):11231-11236. An early modern human from the Peştera cu Oase, Romania Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100 11231 11236 Google Scholar

Turney, C & Bird, M 2002. Determining the timing and pattern of human colonisation in Australia: proposals for radiocarbon dating' early' sequences. Australian Archaeology 54:1-5. Determining the timing and pattern of human colonisation in Australia: proposals for radiocarbon dating' early' sequences Australian Archaeology 54 1 5 Google Scholar

Turney, CSM, Bird, MI. Fifield, LK, Roberts, RG, Smith, MA, Dortch, CE, Grün, R, Lawson, E, Ayliffe, LK, Miller, GH, Dortch, J & Cresswell, RG 2001. Early human occupation at Devil's Lair, southwestern Australia 50,000 years ago. Quaternary Research 55:3-13. Early human occupation at Devil's Lair, southwestern Australia 50,000 years ago Quaternary Research 55 3 13 Google Scholar

Ulm, S in press. Themes in the archaeology of mid-tolate Holocene Australia. In Murray, T (ed) Archaeology from Australia. Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publications. Archaeology from Australia Google Scholar

Van Dijk, N & Thorne, A 2000. Asia and the Peopling of Polynesia: Understanding Sequential Migration. In O'Connor, S & Veth, P (eds) East of Wallace's Line: Studies of Past and Present Maritime Cultures in the Indo-Pacific Region. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema. Modern Quaternary Research in South East Asia 16: 263-278. East of Wallace's Line: Studies of Past and Present Maritime Cultures in the Indo-Pacific Region 263 278 Google Scholar

Van Peer P, Fullagar, R, Stokes, S, Bailey, R, Moeyersons, J, Steenhoudt, F, Geerts, A, Vanderbeken, T, De Dapper, M & Geus, F 2003. The Early to Middle Stone Age transition and the emergence of modern human behaviour at site 8-B-11, Sai Island, Sudan. Journal of Human Evolution 45:187-193. The Early to Middle Stone Age transition and the emergence of modern human behaviour at site 8-B-11, Sai Island, Sudan Journal of Human Evolution 45 187 193 Google Scholar

Veth, P 2000. Origins of the Western Desert language: convergence in linguistic and archaeological space and time models. Archaeology in Oceania 35(1):11-19. Origins of the Western Desert language: convergence in linguistic and archaeological space and time models Archaeology in Oceania 35 11 19 Google Scholar

Veth, P, Fullagar, R & Gould, R 1997. Residue and usewear analysis of grinding implements from Puntutjarpa Rockshelter in the Western Desert: current research. Australian Archaeology 44:23-5. Residue and usewear analysis of grinding implements from Puntutjarpa Rockshelter in the Western Desert: current research Australian Archaeology 44 23 5 Google Scholar

Veth P, O'Connor, S & Wallis, LA 2000. Perspectives on ecological approaches in Australian archaeology. Australian Archaeology 50:54-66. Perspectives on ecological approaches in Australian archaeology Australian Archaeology 50 54 66 Google Scholar

Walters, I 2000. Early Hominids in SE Asia: Older, Younger, Smarter and More. In O'Connor, S & Veth, P (eds) East of Wallace's Line: Studies of Past and Present Maritime Cultures in the Indo-Pacific Region. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema. Modern Quaternary Research in South East Asia 16:255-262. East of Wallace's Line: Studies of Past and Present Maritime Cultures in the Indo-Pacific Region 255 262 Google Scholar

Watchman, A, Taçon, P, Fullagar, R & Head, L 2000. Minimum ages for pecked rock markings from Jinmium, northwestern Australia. Archaeology in Oceania 35(1):1-10. Minimum ages for pecked rock markings from Jinmium, northwestern Australia Archaeology in Oceania 35 1 10 Google Scholar

Webb, S 1989. The Willandra Lakes Hominids. Canberra: Prehistory Department, Research School of Pacific Studies. The Willandra Lakes Hominids Google Scholar

Webb, S 1995. Palaeopathology of Aboriginal Australians. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Palaeopathology of Aboriginal Australians Google Scholar

White, JP with O'Connell, JF 1982. A Prehistory of Australia, New Guinea and Sahul. Sydney: Academic Press. A Prehistory of Australia, New Guinea and Sahul Google Scholar

Witter, D 2003. The archaeology of Aboriginal ceremonial sites: Mount Drysdale, NSW, Australia. Paper presented at the Fifth World Archaeological Congress. Washington DC. The archaeology of Aboriginal ceremonial sites: Mount Drysdale, NSW, Australia Google Scholar

Wolpoff, MH, Thorne, AG, Smith, FH, Frayer, DW & Pope, GG 1994. In Nitecki, MH & Nitecki, DV (eds) The Origin of Anatomically Modern Humans. New York: Plenum:175-199. The Origin of Anatomically Modern Humans 175 199 Google Scholar

Wroe, S & Field, J 2001a. Megafaunal mystery remains. Australasian Science 22:21-25. Megafaunal mystery remains Australasian Science 22 21 25 Google Scholar

Wroe, S &. Field, J. 2001b. On giant-wombats and red-herrings. Australasian Science 24:18. On giant-wombats and red-herrings Australasian Science 24 18 Google Scholar

Wroe, S, Field, J, Fullagar, R & Jermin, LS 2004. Megafaunal extinction in the Late Quaternary and the global overkill hypothesis. Alcheringa 28:291-332. Megafaunal extinction in the Late Quaternary and the global overkill hypothesis Alcheringa 28 291 332 Google Scholar

Yen, DE 1995. The development of Sahul agriculture with Australia as bystander. In Allen, J & O'Connell, JF (eds) Transitions: Pleistocene to Holocene in Australia and New Guinea. Cambridge: Antiquity Publications. Antiquity 69(265):831-847. Transitions: Pleistocene to Holocene in Australia and New Guinea 831 847 Google Scholar

Yokoyama, Y, Lambeck, K, De Deckker, P, Johnston, P & Fifield, LK 2000. Timing of the Last Glacial Maximum from observed P sea-level minima. Nature 406:713-716. [Published correction in Nature 412, 99 (2001)] Timing of the Last Glacial Maximum from observed P sea-level minima Nature 406 713 716 Google Scholar

Yokoyama, Y, Esat, TM, Lambeck, K & Fifield, LK 2000. Last ice age millennial scale climate changes recorded in Huon Peninsula corals. Radiocarbon 42:383-401. Last ice age millennial scale climate changes recorded in Huon Peninsula corals Radiocarbon 42 383 401 Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Fullagar, Richard