Before Farming

Shamanism

a contested concept in archaeology

Before Farming (2006), 2006, (4), 1–15.

Abstract

This article reviews the debate that has grown up around the use of the words ‘shaman’ and ‘shamanism’ in archaeology, especially in rock art research. It sets out the argument that certain rock arts derived from a set of rituals and associated mental experiences that are widely known as ‘shamanistic’. It then considers some of the objections that have been raised to this proposition.

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Lewis-Williams, J