Before Farming

Wilderness, wild foods, subsistence & identity for hunter-gatherers

an ethnographic report

Before Farming (2008), 2008, (1), 1–9.

Abstract

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Campbell, AC & Child, G 1971. The Impact of Man on the Environment of Botswana. Botswana Notes and Records 3:91-110. The Impact of Man on the Environment of Botswana Botswana Notes and Records 3 91 110 Google Scholar

Datta, K & Murray, A 1989. The Rights of Minorities and Subject Peoples in Botswana: A Historical Evaluation. In Holm, JD & Molutsi, P (eds) Democracy in Botswana. Gaborone, Botswana: Macmillan Botswana Publishing Company:58-73. Democracy in Botswana 58 73 Google Scholar

Dombrowski, K 2007. Subsistence Livelihood, Native Identity and Internal Differentiation in Southeast Alaska. Anthropologica 49 (2). Subsistence Livelihood, Native Identity and Internal Differentiation in Southeast Alaska Anthropologica 49 Google Scholar

Joyce, JW 1938. Report on the Masarwa in the Bamangwato Reserve, Bechuanaland Protectorate. League of Nations Publications VI B: Slavery. Annex 6:57-76. Report on the Masarwa in the Bamangwato Reserve, Bechuanaland Protectorate League of Nations Publications VI B: Slavery. Annex 6 57 76 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Perkins, JS & Thomas DSG 1993. Spreading Deserts or Spatially Confined Environmental Impacts? Land Degradation and Cattle Ranching in the Kalahari of Botswana. Land Degradation and Rehabilitation 4:179-194. Spreading Deserts or Spatially Confined Environmental Impacts? Land Degradation and Cattle Ranching in the Kalahari of Botswana Land Degradation and Rehabilitation 4 179 194 Google Scholar

Schapera, I 1930. The Khoisan Peoples of South Africa: Bushmen and Hottentots. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. The Khoisan Peoples of South Africa: Bushmen and Hottentots Google Scholar

Tagart, ESB 1933. Report on the Conditions Existing among the Masarwa in the Bamangwato Reserve of the Bechuanaland Protectorate and Certain Other Matters Appertaining to the Natives Living Therein. Pretoria, South Africa: Government Printer. Report on the Conditions Existing among the Masarwa in the Bamangwato Reserve of the Bechuanaland Protectorate and Certain Other Matters Appertaining to the Natives Living Therein Google Scholar

Thomas, DSG & Shaw, PA 1991. The Kalahari Environment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. The Kalahari Environment Google Scholar

Vierich, HID 1977. Interim Report on Basarwa and Related Poor Bakgalagadi in Kweneng District. Report to the Ministry of Local Government and Lands, Gaborone, Botswana. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Vierich, HID 1982. Adaptive Flexibility in a Multi Ethnic Setting: The Basarwa of the Southern Kalahari. In Leacock, E & Lee, R (eds) Politics and History in Band Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press:213-222. Politics and History in Band Societies 213 222 Google Scholar

Vierich, HID & Hitchcock, RK 1996. Kua: Farmer/Foragers of the Eastern Kalahari, Botswana. In Kent, S (ed) Cultural Diversity Among Twentieth Century Foragers: An African Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press:108-124. Cultural Diversity Among Twentieth Century Foragers: An African Perspective 108 124 Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Vierich, Helga