There is no recognized model for archival activity in European archives. The 2005 European Commission report on EU archives concluded that it is inconceivable to introduce uniform rules for archives on the territory of the EU. Calls for the provision of citizens' rights to access the documentary heritage of their states, with consideration for the differences occurring among archives of different countries, and a call for unanimous cooperation aimed at facing up to the challenges of the IT revolution, determine the most important areas in the efforts toward international cooperation of archives within the EU. A mutual interest in the history, traditions, and value systems of other countries will lead to an understanding of the attitudes and behaviours of whole communities - whether national, regional or local - as well as individuals. Analysing the issue from the perspective of institutions responsible for archival issues at state level, we seek to determine whether archives play a role in terms of shaping social attitudes, and creating and sustaining the sense of identity of national, regional, and local communities in a given country. The call for more research connected with this subject matter continues.