Extrapolation

Descent into the Pit of the Redeemer

The Sacrificial Child in International Film and Literature

Extrapolation (2014), 55, (3), 369–392.

Abstract

The self-sacrificing child in turn-of-the-twenty-first-century films risks safety or life itself to rescue a scapegoated child or loved one from suffering, to save a community from hardship, or to otherwise meet collective needs. The sacrificial child surrenders or substitutes its own innocence, suffering, blood, or earthly existence to ransom the scapegoat or alleviate his/her isolation. This essay analyzes the motives of and meanings implied by the self-sacrificing child.

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Balagueró, Jaume. Los sin nombre. Filmax, Spain, 1999/Miramax, USA, 2005. Los sin nombre Google Scholar

Bayona, Juan Antonio. El orfanato. Warner Brothers, Spain/Picture House, USA, 2007. (My translations.) El orfanato Google Scholar

Brooks de Vita, Alexis. Mythatypes: Signatures and Signs of African/Diaspora and Black Goddesses. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000. Mythatypes: Signatures and Signs of African/Diaspora and Black Goddesses Google Scholar

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Brooks de Vita, Alexis. "Not Passing on Beloved: The Sacrificial Child and the Circle of Redemption." The Griot 19.1 (Spring 2000): 1-12. Not Passing on Beloved: The Sacrificial Child and the Circle of Redemption The Griot 19 1 12 Google Scholar

Calvino, Italo. "The Child that Fed the Crucifix." Italian Folktales. New York: Pantheon Books, 1981: 666-668. Italian Folktales 666 668 Google Scholar

Chinweizu, Onwuchekwa Jemie, and Ihechukwu Madubuike. Toward the Decolonization of African Literature, Volume I: African Fiction and Poetry and Their Critics. Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1983. Toward the Decolonization of African Literature, Volume I: African Fiction and Poetry and Their Critics Google Scholar

De Temmerman, Els. Aboke Girls: Children Abducted in Northern Uganda. Kampala: Fountain Publishers Ltd, 2001. Aboke Girls: Children Abducted in Northern Uganda Google Scholar

Del Toro, Guillermo. El espinazo del diablo. Anhelo Producciónes, 2001. (My translations.) El espinazo del diablo Google Scholar

Del Toro, Guillermo. El laberinto del fauno. Warner Brothers, México/Picture House, USA, 2006. (My translations.) El laberinto del fauno Google Scholar

Du Bois, W. E. B. The Souls of Black Folk. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/408/408-h/408-h.htm Google Scholar

Gans, Christophe. Silent Hill. Tri Star, USA, 2006. Silent Hill Google Scholar

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Johnson, James Weldon. The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man. http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/11012/pg11012.html Google Scholar

Kristeva, Julia. Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection. Trans. Leon S. Roudiez. New York: Columbia University Press, 1982. Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection Google Scholar

Lázaro-Reboll, Antonio. Spanish Horror Film. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2012. Spanish Horror Film Google Scholar

Le Guin, Ursula K. "Those Who Walk Away from Omelas." The Winds' Twelve Quarters. New York: Harper and Row, 1975. Reprinted in Literature for Composition. Ed. Sylvan Barnet, Morton Berman, and William Burto. New York: Pearson, 2006: 1244-1248. The Winds' Twelve Quarters Google Scholar

Mandoki, Luis. Voces inocentes (Innocent Voices). Twentieth Century Fox, México, 2004/Polychrome Pictures/Warner Home Video, USA, 2007. Voces inocentes (Innocent Voices) Google Scholar

Nakhjhavani, Bahiyyih. "Artist, Seeker and Seer." Bahá'i Studies/Études bahá'ies 10 (1982): 3-20. Artist, Seeker and Seer Bahá'i Studies/Études bahá'ies 10 3 20 Google Scholar

Nguyen, Kim. War Witch/Rebelle. Métropole, Canada, 2012. War Witch/Rebelle Google Scholar

Pagels, Elaine. Adam, Eve, and the Serpent. New York: Vintage Books, 1989. Adam, Eve, and the Serpent Google Scholar

Perera, Sylvia Brenton. Descent to the Goddess: A Way of Initiation for Women. Toronto: Inner City Books, 1981. Descent to the Goddess: A Way of Initiation for Women Google Scholar

Salvatores, Gabriele. Io non ho paura. Buena Vista International, Italy, 2003. (My translations.) Io non ho paura Google Scholar

Straub, Peter. lost boy lost girl. New York: Random House, 2003. lost boy lost girl Google Scholar

Woodson, Carter G. The Mis-Education of the Negro. http://historyisaweapon.com/defcon1/misedne.html Google Scholar

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Brooks de Vita, Alexis