Quaker Studies

Key Seventeenth-century Quaker Lexis

Quaker Studies (2017), 22, (1), 99–116.

Abstract

This article explores certain key Quaker terms used by George Fox and compares them with how other early Friends used them. It seeks to answer questions about the variety of lexical preference and usage within the Quaker movement and examines Fox’s possible leadership influence in this area. The selection of items under scrutiny is based on two glossaries published to help the general reader understand early modern English or the distinctive Quaker usage of that language. The quantitative analysis has been carried out by using simple tools and techniques available within the discipline of corpus linguistics. The 20 items are grouped into those words or phrases that Fox uses more often than other early Quakers, those words or phrases that other Quakers used more, and a few items that show similar frequency or usage but which reveal new insights because of the innovative approach to the research.

Key Seventeenth-century Quaker Lexis

Abstract

This article explores certain key Quaker terms used by George Fox and compares them with how other early Friends used them. It seeks to answer questions about the variety of lexical preference and usage within the Quaker movement and examines Fox’s possible leadership influence in this area. The selection of items under scrutiny is based on two glossaries published to help the general reader understand early modern English or the distinctive Quaker usage of that language. The quantitative analysis has been carried out by using simple tools and techniques available within the discipline of corpus linguistics. The 20 items are grouped into those words or phrases that Fox uses more often than other early Quakers, those words or phrases that other Quakers used more, and a few items that show similar frequency or usage but which reveal new insights because of the innovative approach to the research.

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Alexander, H. (1983), A Glossary of Words and Phrases most commonly used by George Fox. Richmond, IN: Friends United Press. A Glossary of Words and Phrases most commonly used by George Fox Google Scholar

Ambler, R. (2007), Truth of the heart (2nd ed.) London: Quaker Books. Truth of the heart Google Scholar

Jones, R.M. (1907), George Fox, an Autobiography: Ed. With an Introduction and Notes By Rufus M. Jones. Philadelphia: Ferris & Leach. George Fox, an Autobiography: Ed Google Scholar

Roads, J. (2012), ‘Early Quaker Broadsides Corpus: a Case Study’, Quaker Studies, 17 (1): 27–47. Early Quaker Broadsides Corpus: a Case Study Quaker Studies 17 1 27 47 Google Scholar

Roads, J. (2015), ‘The distinctiveness of Quaker prose, 1650-1699: a corpus-based enquiry’. Unpublished PhD thesis. University of Birmingham. Available at http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/5938. Google Scholar

(2013), Quaker Faith & Practice, 5th ed. Britain Yearly Meeting. Quaker Faith & Practice Google Scholar

Penington, I. (1661), Concerning the Worship of the Living God. Wing P1159. Concerning the Worship of the Living God Google Scholar

Rofe, G. (1661), A True Believer’s Testimony of the Word of True Faith. Wing R1790. A True Believer’s Testimony of the Word of True Faith Google Scholar

Simonds, T. (1656), The Voyce of the Just Uttered. Wing S3824. The Voyce of the Just Uttered Google Scholar

Zachary, T. (1660), A Word to all those who have bin Convinced of the Truth. Wing Z3. A Word to all those who have bin Convinced of the Truth Google Scholar

Abbott, M. P. (2010), To Be Broken and Tender: a Quaker theology for today. Palo Alto, CA: Friends Bulletin Corporation. To Be Broken and Tender: a Quaker theology for today Google Scholar

Alexander, H. (1983), A Glossary of Words and Phrases most commonly used by George Fox. Richmond, IN: Friends United Press. A Glossary of Words and Phrases most commonly used by George Fox Google Scholar

Ambler, R. (2007), Truth of the heart (2nd ed.) London: Quaker Books. Truth of the heart Google Scholar

Jones, R.M. (1907), George Fox, an Autobiography: Ed. With an Introduction and Notes By Rufus M. Jones. Philadelphia: Ferris & Leach. George Fox, an Autobiography: Ed Google Scholar

Roads, J. (2012), ‘Early Quaker Broadsides Corpus: a Case Study’, Quaker Studies, 17 (1): 27–47. Early Quaker Broadsides Corpus: a Case Study Quaker Studies 17 1 27 47 Google Scholar

Roads, J. (2015), ‘The distinctiveness of Quaker prose, 1650-1699: a corpus-based enquiry’. Unpublished PhD thesis. University of Birmingham. Available at http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/5938. Google Scholar

(2013), Quaker Faith & Practice, 5th ed. Britain Yearly Meeting. Quaker Faith & Practice Google Scholar

Penington, I. (1661), Concerning the Worship of the Living God. Wing P1159. Concerning the Worship of the Living God Google Scholar

Rofe, G. (1661), A True Believer’s Testimony of the Word of True Faith. Wing R1790. A True Believer’s Testimony of the Word of True Faith Google Scholar

Simonds, T. (1656), The Voyce of the Just Uttered. Wing S3824. The Voyce of the Just Uttered Google Scholar

Zachary, T. (1660), A Word to all those who have bin Convinced of the Truth. Wing Z3. A Word to all those who have bin Convinced of the Truth Google Scholar


Details

Author details

Roads, Judith