Journal of Romance studies

Archives, memory and colonial resistance in the work of the Portuguese filmmakers Margarida Cardoso and Filipa César

Journal of Romance studies (2016), 16, (2), 96–111.

Abstract

In the years immediately following the end of Portuguese colonization in Africa in 1975, a silence about the colonial war prevailed in Portugal to the point of turning the subject into a taboo. However, a number of Portuguese artists, particularly in literature and cinema, have engaged with the past in ways that seek to (re)write history. The filmmakers Margarida Cardoso and Filipa César are two of these artists. This article will study the devices they use to revisit that period and its aftermath and to provide a re-reading of what took place. It will argue that their engagement with the past through archive materials to identify colonial resistance is a valid approach in their postmemory re-enactment of the past. By doing so, the study concludes that they challenge not only the use of archive material as sources but also the very notion of historical truth.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Bakhtin, Mikhail M. (1992) The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays (Austin: University of Texas Press). The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays Google Scholar

Cardoso, Margarida (2015) ‘Interview with Margarida Cardoso about Yvone Kane’, BUALA, 14 April. http://www.buala.org/en/face-to-face/interview-with-margarida-cardoso-about-yvone-kane (accessed 15 December 2016). Google Scholar

Cardoso, Margarida (2016) ‘Discussion with Mariana Liz and Sally Faulkner’, Conference Portuguese Film: Colony, Postcolony, Memory, 14 January, Institute of Modern Languages Research. Available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xO8pFfoDqwA. Google Scholar

França, Andréa (2010) ‘A reencenação no cinema documentário’, MATRIZes 4(1): 149–161. ‘A reencenação no cinema documentário’ MATRIZes 4 149 161 Google Scholar

Hagopian, Patrick (2008) ‘Vietman war photography as a locus of memory’, in Locating Memory: Photographic Acts, ed. Annette Kuhn and Kirsten Emiko McAllister (New York: Berghahn Books), 201–222. ‘Vietman war photography as a locus of memory’ Locating Memory: Photographic Acts 201 222 Google Scholar

Hirsch, Marianne (1997) Family Frames: Photography, Narratives and Postmemory (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press). Family Frames: Photography, Narratives and Postmemory Google Scholar

Hirsch, Marianne and Leo Spitzer (2008) ‘“There was never a camp here”: Searching for Vapniarka’, in Locating Memory: Photographic Acts, ed. Annette Kuhn and Kirsten Emiko McAllister (New York: Berghahn Books), 135–154. ‘“There was never a camp here”: Searching for Vapniarka’ Locating Memory: Photographic Acts 135 154 Google Scholar

Kuhn, Annette and Kirsten Emiko McAllister (eds) (2008) Locating Memory: Photographic Acts (New York: Berghahn Books). Locating Memory: Photographic Acts Google Scholar

McAllister, Kirsten Emiko (2008) ‘A story of escape: Family photographs from Japanese Canadian internment camps’, in Locating Memory: Photographic Acts, ed. Annette Kuhn and Kirsten Emiko McAllister (New York: Berghahn Books), 81–110. ‘A story of escape: Family photographs from Japanese Canadian internment camps’ Locating Memory: Photographic Acts 81 110 Google Scholar

McDermott, Sinead (2002) ‘The gender of nostalgia: memory, nostalgia, and gender in A Thousand Acres’, Signs 28(1): 389–407. ‘The gender of nostalgia: memory, nostalgia, and gender in A Thousand Acres’ Signs 28 389 407 Google Scholar

McEwan, Cheryl (2003) ‘Building a postcolonial archive? Gender, collective memory and citizenship in post-Apartheid South Africa’, Journal of Southern African Studies 29(3): 739–757. ‘Building a postcolonial archive? Gender, collective memory and citizenship in post-Apartheid South Africa’ Journal of Southern African Studies 29 739 757 Google Scholar

Nora, Pierre (1989) ‘Between memory and history: Les Lieux de Mémoire’, Representations 26: 7–24. ‘Between memory and history: Les Lieux de Mémoire’ Representations 26 7 24 Google Scholar

O’Sullivan, Shane (2013) ‘The economy of memory: Archive-driven documentaries in the Digital Age’, Journal of Media Practice 14(3): 231–248. ‘The economy of memory: Archive-driven documentaries in the Digital Age’ Journal of Media Practice 14 231 248 Google Scholar

Radstone, Susannah (2010) ‘Cinema and memory’, in Memory: Histories, Theories and Debates, ed. Susannah Radstone and Bill Schwarz (New York: Fordham University Press), 325–342. ‘Cinema and memory’ Memory: Histories, Theories and Debates 325 342 Google Scholar

Schwartz, Joan M. and Terry Cook (2002) ‘Archives, records, and power: The making of modern memory’, Archival Science 2: 1–19. ‘Archives, records, and power: The making of modern memory’ Archival Science 2 1 19 Google Scholar

Stoler, Ann Laura (2002) ‘Colonial archives and the arts of governance’, Archival Science 2: 87–109. ‘Colonial archives and the arts of governance’ Archival Science 2 87 109 Google Scholar

Tavares, Maria (2015) ‘Karingana Wa Karingana: Representations of the heroic female in Mozambique’, in Gender, Empire, and Postcolony: Luso-Afro-Brazilian Intersections, ed. Hilary Owen and Anna M. Klobucka (New York: Palgrave Macmillan), 175–190. ‘Karingana Wa Karingana: Representations of the heroic female in Mozambique’ Gender, Empire, and Postcolony: Luso-Afro-Brazilian Intersections 175 190 Google Scholar

Torlasco, Domietta (2013) The Heretical Archive: Digital Memory at the End of Film (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press). The Heretical Archive: Digital Memory at the End of Film Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

da Silva, Antônio M.