Third World Planning Review

District road-network planning

Lessons from a Nepalese pilot project

Third World Planning Review (2001), 23, (4), 347–366.

Abstract

The provision of transport infrastructure, particularly in rural areas, is a key area of development policy, as physical access is seen as a way of improving economic generation opportunities in remote areas. This paper reviews the Pilot Labour-Based District Road Rehabilitation and Maintenance Project (PLRP) in Nepal and its contribution to the preparation of a district transport masterplan. In Nepal, as elsewhere, there is a trend towards decentralised development planning as a way of strengthening rural development at a district level. This decentralisation in Nepal has resulted in district development committees, and rural road-network planning is one of their responsibilities. The PLRP has generally been regarded as a successful way in which to strengthen rural road planning, grassroots involvement and the overall development of districts in Nepal.

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PLRP (PILOT LABOUR-BASED DISTRICT ROAD REHABILITATION AND MAINTENANCE PROJECT) (1997a), Work Report on the District Transport Masterplan, Nawalparasi District, Butwal, Nepal, PLRP. Google Scholar

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SHRESTHA, C. B. (1997b), Manual for the Preparation of a District Transport Masterplan, Butwal, Nepal, Pilot Labour-based District Road Rehabilitation and Maintenance Project. Manual for the Preparation of a District Transport Masterplan Google Scholar

SIDEF (SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION) (1998a), District Transport Masterplan: Palpa District, Kathmandu, Helvetas-Nepal. Google Scholar

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STEENBRINK, P. A. (1974), Optimization of Transport Networks, London, John Wiley. Optimization of Transport Networks Google Scholar

STIEDL, D. and ROBINSON, R. (2000), Decentralisation of Road Administration: Review of Experience, London, Department of International Development. Decentralisation of Road Administration: Review of Experience Google Scholar

UNCHS (UNITED NATIONS CENTRE FOR HUMAN SETTLEMENTS) (1985), Guidelines for the Planning of Rural Settlements and Infrastructure: Road Networks, Nairobi, UNCHS. Google Scholar

UNDP (UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME) (1994), Project Document for Pilot Labour-based District Road Rehabilitation and Maintenance, Kathmandu, UNDP. Google Scholar

APROSC (AGRICULTURAL PROJECTS SERVICES CENTRE) (1995), Road Network Study Project: Western Nepal, Kathmandu, APROSC. Google Scholar

APROSC and JMA (AGRICULTURAL PROJECTS SERVICES CENTRE and JOHN MELLOR ASSOCIATES, INC.) (1995), Nepal: Agriculture Perspective Plan, Kathmandu, National Planning Commission and Asian Development Bank. Google Scholar

BEENHAKKER, H. L. (1987), Rural Transport Services, A Guide to their Planning and Implementation, London, Intermediate Technology. Rural Transport Services, A Guide to their Planning and Implementation Google Scholar

CHEN, G. (1998), Nepal: Proposed Rural Infrastructure Project, Washington, DC, World Bank. Nepal: Proposed Rural Infrastructure Project Google Scholar

COOK, P. D. and COOK, C. C. (1990), ‘Methodological review of analyses of rural transportation impacts in developing countries’, Transportation Research Record, 1274, 167-78. ‘Methodological review of analyses of rural transportation impacts in developing countries’ Transportation Research Record 1274 167 78 Google Scholar

DDC-RUPANDEHI (DISTRICT DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE, RUPANDEHI) (1995), District Profile of Rupandehi District, Rupandehi, DDC-Rupandehi. Google Scholar

DENNIS, R. (1998), Rural Transport and Accessibility: A Synthesis Paper, Geneva, International Labour Office. Rural Transport and Accessibility: A Synthesis Paper Google Scholar

DIXON-FYLE, K. (1998), Accessibility Planning and Local Development: The Application Possibilities of the IRAP Methodology, Geneva, International Labour Office. Accessibility Planning and Local Development: The Application Possibilities of the IRAP Methodology Google Scholar

DOLIDAR (DEPARTMENT OF LOCAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND AGRICULTURAL ROADS) (1999), Approach for the Development of Agricultural and Rural Roads: A Manual for the Preparation of a District Transport Masterplan and for the Implementation of Rural Road Sub-projects, Lalitpur, DOLIDAR. Google Scholar

DOR (DEPARTMENT OF ROADS) (1994), Classification and Design Standards for Feeder Roads, Kathmandu, DOR. Google Scholar

DOR (DEPARTMENT OF ROADS) (1995), Nepal Road Statistics, Kathmandu, DOR. Google Scholar

EDMONDS, G. (1998), Wasted Time: The Price of Poor Access, Geneva, International Labour Office. Wasted Time: The Price of Poor Access Google Scholar

GTZ-Nepal (GESELLSCHAFT FÜR TECHNISCHE ZUSAMMENARBEIT-NEPAL) (1993), Transport Infrastructure Masterplan for Dhadhing District, Kathmandu, Dhadhing Development Project. Google Scholar

GAUTHIER, H. L. (1973), ‘Geography, transportation and regional development’ in B. S. Hoyle (ed.), Transport and Development, London, Macmillan, 19-31. Transport and Development 19 31 Google Scholar

HEIDEMANN, C. and KAIRA, C. K. (1984), Transport Planning in Rural Regions in Developing Countries, Tubingen, Germany, Institut für Wissenschaftliche Zusammenarbeit. Transport Planning in Rural Regions in Developing Countries Google Scholar

HINE, J. L., RIVERSON, J. D. N. and KWAKYE, E. A. (1983), Accessibility and Agricultural Development in Ashanti Region of Ghana, TRRL Supplementary Report 791, Crowthorne, Berkshire, Transport and Road Research Laboratory. Google Scholar

HMGN (HIS MAJESTY'S GOVERNMENT OF NEPAL) (1997), National Strategy for Rural Infrastructure Development: 1997, Lalitpur, Nepal, Ministry of Local Development. Google Scholar

HMGN (HIS MAJESTY'S GOVERNMENT OF NEPAL) (1998), Local Governance Act 2055, Kathmandu, Pairawi Publications. Google Scholar

HOWE, J. (1997), Transport for the Poor or Poor Transport? A General Review of Rural Transport Policy in Developing Countries with Emphasis on Low-income Areas, Geneva, International Labour Office. Transport for the Poor or Poor Transport? A General Review of Rural Transport Policy in Developing Countries with Emphasis on Low-income Areas Google Scholar

HUMPLICK, F. and MOINI-ARAGHI, A. (1997), Decentralised Structures for Providing Roads: A Cross Country Comparison, Food and Agricultural Organisation, Rome. Decentralised Structures for Providing Roads: A Cross Country Comparison Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

LEINBACH, T. R. (1982), ‘Towards an improved rural transport strategy: the needs and problems of remote third world communities’, Asian Profile, 10, 15-23. ‘Towards an improved rural transport strategy: the needs and problems of remote third world communities’ Asian Profile 10 15 23 Google Scholar

LEINBACH, T. R. (1983), ‘Transport evaluation in rural development: an Indonesian case study’, Third World Planning Review, 5, 23-35. ‘Transport evaluation in rural development: an Indonesian case study’ Third World Planning Review 5 23 35 Google Scholar

LUGARD, F. D. (1922), The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa, Edinburgh, Blackwood. The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa Google Scholar

MAHENDRU, A. K., KHANNA, S. K. and SIKDAR, P. K. (1983), ‘Spatial distribution and functional planning of settlement hierarchies in the rural road network’, Indian Highways, 3, 12-26. ‘Spatial distribution and functional planning of settlement hierarchies in the rural road network’ Indian Highways 3 12 26 Google Scholar

MEYER, W. P., ACHARYA, B. N., ARYAL, R. and KARMACHARYA, B. (1999), Green Roads in Nepal: Best Practices Report, Kathmandu, German Technical Cooperation and Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation. Green Roads in Nepal: Best Practices Report Google Scholar

MIKKELSEN, B. H. and MOLLER, O. (1996), ‘Highways and development’ in B. Thagesen (ed.), Highway and Traffic Engineering in Developing Countries, London, E. and F. N. Spon, 1-17. Highway and Traffic Engineering in Developing Countries 1 17 Google Scholar

MOLD (MINISTRY OF LOCAL DEVELOPMENT) (1997), A New Horizon for Nepal's Rural Infrastructure Sector, A Strategy for the Decentralised, Participatory Development of Nepal's Rural Road Network, Volume I, Main Report, Lalitpur, Nepal, MOLD. Google Scholar

PLRP (PILOT LABOUR-BASED DISTRICT ROAD REHABILITATION AND MAINTENANCE PROJECT) (1997a), Work Report on the District Transport Masterplan, Nawalparasi District, Butwal, Nepal, PLRP. Google Scholar

PLRP (PILOT LABOUR-BASED DISTRICT ROAD REHABILITATION AND MAINTENANCE PROJECT) (1997b), Work Report on Classification and Design Standards for District Roads, Butwal, Nepal, PLRP. Google Scholar

PLRP (PILOT LABOUR-BASED DISTRICT ROAD REHABILITATION AND MAINTENANCE PROJECT) (1997c), Work Report on District Transport Masterplan, Rupandehi District, Butwal, Nepal, PLRP. Google Scholar

SCHAFFNER, U. (1987), Road Construction in the Nepalese Himalayas: The Experience of the Lamosangu-Jiri Road Project, Kathmandu, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development. Road Construction in the Nepalese Himalayas: The Experience of the Lamosangu-Jiri Road Project Google Scholar

SHRESTHA, C. B. (1997a), Experience Report on Transport Planning and Institutional Strengthening, Butwal, Nepal, Pilot Labour-based District Road Rehabilitation and Maintenance Project. Experience Report on Transport Planning and Institutional Strengthening Google Scholar

SHRESTHA, C. B. (1997b), Manual for the Preparation of a District Transport Masterplan, Butwal, Nepal, Pilot Labour-based District Road Rehabilitation and Maintenance Project. Manual for the Preparation of a District Transport Masterplan Google Scholar

SIDEF (SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION) (1998a), District Transport Masterplan: Palpa District, Kathmandu, Helvetas-Nepal. Google Scholar

SIDEF (SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION) (1998b), District Transport Masterplan: Accham District, Kathmandu, Helvetas-Nepal. Google Scholar

STEENBRINK, P. A. (1974), Optimization of Transport Networks, London, John Wiley. Optimization of Transport Networks Google Scholar

STIEDL, D. and ROBINSON, R. (2000), Decentralisation of Road Administration: Review of Experience, London, Department of International Development. Decentralisation of Road Administration: Review of Experience Google Scholar

UNCHS (UNITED NATIONS CENTRE FOR HUMAN SETTLEMENTS) (1985), Guidelines for the Planning of Rural Settlements and Infrastructure: Road Networks, Nairobi, UNCHS. Google Scholar

UNDP (UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME) (1994), Project Document for Pilot Labour-based District Road Rehabilitation and Maintenance, Kathmandu, UNDP. Google Scholar

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Author details

Shrestha, Chandra

Kammeier, H.

Routray, Jayant