Town Planning Review

Rail-freight growth and the land use planning system

Town Planning Review (2001), 72, (4), 445–467.

Abstract

After several decades of decline the British rail-freight industry has begun to increase the volumes of freight carried. This presents a challenge for the planning system as after being primarily concerned with issues arising from the decline, such as the disposal of derelict land, the industry is now looking to the planning system to help it deliver growth. This involves such land development matters as securing rail-freight terminal developments in association with freight generating land uses and extending the railway network itself. This paper reviews research which looked at how the planning system is responding in terms of policy development and development control practice and concludes with recommendations as to how the role of planning can be developed.

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DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1996b), London (revised Regional Planning Guidance Note 3), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1996c), North West (Regional Planning Guidance Note 13), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE and DOT (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT and DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT) (1994), Transport (Planning Policy Guidance Note 13), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOT (DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT) (1989), Roads for Prosperity (Cm. 693), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOT (DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT) (1995), Transport Statistics Great Britain: 1995 Edition, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOT, SDD and WO (DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT, SCOTTISH DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT and WELSH OFFICE (1977), Transport Policy (Cmnd. 6836), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

FIENNES, G. F. (1967), I Tried to Run a Railway, London, Ian Allan. I Tried to Run a Railway Google Scholar

GREENSMITH, C. and HAYWOOD, R. (1999), Rail-Freight Growth and the Land-Use Planning System (Planning and Property Paper 8), Sheffield, Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University. Rail-Freight Growth and the Land-Use Planning System Google Scholar

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GSS (GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL SERVICE) (2000), Transport Statistics Report: Bulletin of Rail Statistics: Quarter 1 2000/2001, London, DETR. Google Scholar

HARRIS, N. G. and GODWARD, E. (1997), The Privatisation of British Rail, London, The Railway Consultancy Press. The Privatisation of British Rail Google Scholar

HAYWOOD, R. (ed.) (1999), Railfreight, Planning and Local Authorities Conference (Planning and Property Paper 7), (paper presented to Conference held at Sheffield Hallam University, 10 June 1998), Sheffield, Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University. Railfreight, Planning and Local Authorities Conference Google Scholar

HAYWOOD, R. and BATTY, E. (2000), Rail-freight Growth and Regional Policy, Sheffield, Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research (Planning and Property Paper 11), Sheffield Hallam University. Rail-freight Growth and Regional Policy Google Scholar

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HENKE, R. (2000), Managing Infrastructure Costs: International Best Practice (paper presented to the Conference on Rail Freight 2000, 6 June), London, Rail Freight Group and the Waterfront Conference Company. Managing Infrastructure Costs: International Best Practice Google Scholar

HOLLEY, M. (1997), English, Welsh and Scottish Railway: The Transport Solution for the Twenty-first Century, Peterborough, Rail: EMAP APEX Publications. English, Welsh and Scottish Railway: The Transport Solution for the Twenty-first Century Google Scholar

HOLLEY, M. (1998), ‘Freightliner to hit 50 per cent growth two years earlier than anticipated’, Rail, 342, 13. Freightliner to hit 50 per cent growth two years earlier than anticipated Rail Google Scholar

JONES, R. (1998), ‘Will new lines be opened for freight?’, Rail, 323, 22–25. Will new lines be opened for freight? Rail 323 22 25 Google Scholar

LANCASHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL (1997a), Lancashire County Structure Plan 1991–2006 (1997 Replacement Version), Preston, Lancashire County Council. Google Scholar

LANCASHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL (1997b), Lancashire County Minerals and Waste Plan (Deposit Version), Preston, Lancashire County Council. Google Scholar

MODERN RAILWAYS (1999), ‘Chunnel freight clocks up five years’, Modern Railways, 56, 476. Google Scholar

NATIONAL AUDIT OFFICE (1996), Department of Transport: Freight Facilities Grants in England, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

NORFOLK COUNTY COUNCIL (1998), Norfolk Rail Services the Way Forward: Survey of ι Potential Sites for Sidings and Rail Freight, Norwich, Planning and Transportation Department, Norfolk County Council. Google Scholar

NOTTINGHAMSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL (1996), Nottingham County Structure Plan Review, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire County Council. Google Scholar

PLA (PORT OF LONDON AUTHORITY) (1998), Development Strategy for Cargo Handling in the Port of London, London, Port of London Authority. Google Scholar

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RAIL FREIGHT GROUP (1998), ‘The future of regional planning guidance’, Rail Freight Group News, July, London, Rail Freight Group, 14. Google Scholar

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SCEALA (1998), Regional Strategy for East Anglia (Draft Regional Planning Guidance Note 6), Bury St Edmunds, Standing Conference of East Anglian Local Authorities. Google Scholar

SECRETARY OF STATE FOR THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS (1998), The Government’s Response to the Environment, Transport and Regional Affairs Committee’s Report on the Proposed Strategic Rail Authority and Railway Regulation (Cm 4024), London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

SERPLAN (STANDING CONFERENCE ON SOUTH EAST REGIONAL PLANNING) (1998), A Sustainable Development Strategy for the South East, Public Consultation (Draft Regional Planning Guidance Note 9), London, Serplan. Google Scholar

SHANNON, P. (1999), ‘Enterprise the Star Shipper of Freight’, Rail, 356, 30–35. Enterprise the Star Shipper of Freight Rail 356 30 35 Google Scholar

SOUTH RIBBLE BOROUGH COUNCIL (1995), South Ribble Borough Local Plan (Deposit Version), Ley land, South Ribble Borough Council. Google Scholar

SRA (STRATEGIC RAIL AUTHORITY (2001), Freight Strategy, London, Strategic Rail Authority. Google Scholar

SSRA (SHADOW STRATEGIC RAIL AUTHORITY) (2000), SSRA Establishes New Group to Advise on Property, www.sra. gov.uk, 25 August. Google Scholar

WHITE, H. P. and SENIOR, M. L. (1983), Transport Geography, Harlow, Longmans. Transport Geography Google Scholar

ABERDEEN CITY COUNCIL (1998), Aberdeen City Local Plan: Consultation Draft, Aberdeen, Aberdeen City Council. Aberdeen City Local Plan: Consultation Draft Google Scholar

ALLEN, G. F. (1966), British Railways after Beeching, London, Ian Allan. British Railways after Beeching Google Scholar

BATTY, E. and HAYWOOD, R. (2001), Rail-Freight Growth and Full Local Transport Plans (Planning and Property Paper 12), Sheffield, Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University. Rail-Freight Growth and Full Local Transport Plans Google Scholar

BERKELEY, LORD (1999), Two Gauges: Two Markets: A Statement by the Piggyback Consortium, Maidstone, Piggyback Consortium c/o Kent County Council. Two Gauges: Two Markets: A Statement by the Piggyback Consortium Google Scholar

BRITISH RAILWAYS BOARD (1963), The Reshaping of British Railways, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

BRITISH RAILWAYS BOARD (1965), The Development of the Major Railway Trunk Routes, London, British Railways Board. Google Scholar

BRITISH TRANSPORT COMMISSION (1955), Modernisation and Re-equipment of British Railways, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

BROXTOWE BOROUGH COUNCIL (1994), Broxtowe Borough Local Plan, Beeston, Broxtowe Borough Council. Google Scholar

CFIT (COMMISSION FOR INTEGRATED TRANSPORT) (2000), Interim Report: Permitting 44 Tonne Lorries for General Use in the UK, London, Commission for Integrated Transport. Google Scholar

CORBETT, G. (2000), Railtrack’s Role: Investing in Capacity (paper delivered to the Conference on Rail Freight 2000, 6 June), London, Rail Freight Group and the Waterfront Conference Company. Railtrack’s Role: Investing in Capacity Google Scholar

DAVENTRY DISTRICT COUNCIL (1993), Daventry District Local Plan: Topic Paper 5: Proposed International Rail Freight Terminal Near to Junction 18 of the Ml Motorway at Crick, Daventry, Daventry District Council. Google Scholar

DAVENTRY DISTRICT COUNCIL and ABBCOTT ESTATES (1996), Daventry International Rail Freight Terminal Development Design Guidelines, Daventry, Nathaniel Lichfield and Partners et al. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (1998a), A New Deal for Transport: Better for Everyone (Cm 3950), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (1998b), The Future of Regional Planning Guidance: Consultation Paper, London, DETR. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (1998c), Draft Guidance on Local Transport Plans, London, DETR. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (1999a), Sustainable Distribution: A Strategy, London, DETR. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (1999b), Guidance on Provisional Local Transport Plans, London, DETR. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (1999c), RDAs’ Regional Strategies: Building Partnerships for Prosperity, London, DETR. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (2000), 10 Year Plan, London, DETR. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1991a), Survey of Derelict Land in England 1988, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1991b), Provision of Raw Materials for the Cement Industry (Minerals Planning Guidance Note 10), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1991c), East Anglia (Regional Planning Guidance Note 6), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1992), Industrial and Commercial Development and Small Firms (Planning Policy Guidance Note 4), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1993), Northern Region (Regional Planning Guidance Note 7), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1994a), Planning and Noise (Planning Policy Guidance Note 24), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1994b), Coal Mining and Colliery Spoil Disposal (Minerals Planning Guidance Note 3), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1994c), Guidelines for Aggregates Provision in England (Minerals Planning Guidance Note 6), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1994d), East Midlands (Regional Planning Guidance Note 8), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1994e), South East (Regional Planning Guidance Note 9), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1994f), South West (Regional Planning Guidance Note 10), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1995a), West Midlands (Regional Planning Guidance Note 11), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRON MENT) (1995b), Yorkshire and Humber-side (Regional Planning Guidance Note 12), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1996a), General Considerations and the Development Plan System (Minerals Planning Guidance Note 1), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1996b), London (revised Regional Planning Guidance Note 3), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1996c), North West (Regional Planning Guidance Note 13), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE and DOT (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT and DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT) (1994), Transport (Planning Policy Guidance Note 13), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOT (DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT) (1989), Roads for Prosperity (Cm. 693), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOT (DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT) (1995), Transport Statistics Great Britain: 1995 Edition, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOT, SDD and WO (DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT, SCOTTISH DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT and WELSH OFFICE (1977), Transport Policy (Cmnd. 6836), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

FIENNES, G. F. (1967), I Tried to Run a Railway, London, Ian Allan. I Tried to Run a Railway Google Scholar

GREENSMITH, C. and HAYWOOD, R. (1999), Rail-Freight Growth and the Land-Use Planning System (Planning and Property Paper 8), Sheffield, Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University. Rail-Freight Growth and the Land-Use Planning System Google Scholar

GSS (GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL SERVICE) (1999), Transport Statistics Report: Bulletin of Rail Statistics: Quarter 4 1 998 Data, London, DETR. Google Scholar

GSS (GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL SERVICE) (2000), Transport Statistics Report: Bulletin of Rail Statistics: Quarter 1 2000/2001, London, DETR. Google Scholar

HARRIS, N. G. and GODWARD, E. (1997), The Privatisation of British Rail, London, The Railway Consultancy Press. The Privatisation of British Rail Google Scholar

HAYWOOD, R. (ed.) (1999), Railfreight, Planning and Local Authorities Conference (Planning and Property Paper 7), (paper presented to Conference held at Sheffield Hallam University, 10 June 1998), Sheffield, Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University. Railfreight, Planning and Local Authorities Conference Google Scholar

HAYWOOD, R. and BATTY, E. (2000), Rail-freight Growth and Regional Policy, Sheffield, Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research (Planning and Property Paper 11), Sheffield Hallam University. Rail-freight Growth and Regional Policy Google Scholar

HEAPS, C. (1997), ‘The “seven lives” of the Bodmin and Wadebridge’, The Railway Magazine, 143, 54–57. The “seven lives” of the Bodmin and Wadebridge The Railway Magazine 143 54 57 Google Scholar

HENKE, R. (2000), Managing Infrastructure Costs: International Best Practice (paper presented to the Conference on Rail Freight 2000, 6 June), London, Rail Freight Group and the Waterfront Conference Company. Managing Infrastructure Costs: International Best Practice Google Scholar

HOLLEY, M. (1997), English, Welsh and Scottish Railway: The Transport Solution for the Twenty-first Century, Peterborough, Rail: EMAP APEX Publications. English, Welsh and Scottish Railway: The Transport Solution for the Twenty-first Century Google Scholar

HOLLEY, M. (1998), ‘Freightliner to hit 50 per cent growth two years earlier than anticipated’, Rail, 342, 13. Freightliner to hit 50 per cent growth two years earlier than anticipated Rail Google Scholar

JONES, R. (1998), ‘Will new lines be opened for freight?’, Rail, 323, 22–25. Will new lines be opened for freight? Rail 323 22 25 Google Scholar

LANCASHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL (1997a), Lancashire County Structure Plan 1991–2006 (1997 Replacement Version), Preston, Lancashire County Council. Google Scholar

LANCASHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL (1997b), Lancashire County Minerals and Waste Plan (Deposit Version), Preston, Lancashire County Council. Google Scholar

MODERN RAILWAYS (1999), ‘Chunnel freight clocks up five years’, Modern Railways, 56, 476. Google Scholar

NATIONAL AUDIT OFFICE (1996), Department of Transport: Freight Facilities Grants in England, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

NORFOLK COUNTY COUNCIL (1998), Norfolk Rail Services the Way Forward: Survey of ι Potential Sites for Sidings and Rail Freight, Norwich, Planning and Transportation Department, Norfolk County Council. Google Scholar

NOTTINGHAMSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL (1996), Nottingham County Structure Plan Review, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire County Council. Google Scholar

PLA (PORT OF LONDON AUTHORITY) (1998), Development Strategy for Cargo Handling in the Port of London, London, Port of London Authority. Google Scholar

RAILTRACK (2000), Network Management Statement, London, Railtrack. Google Scholar

RAIL FREIGHT GROUP (1998), ‘The future of regional planning guidance’, Rail Freight Group News, July, London, Rail Freight Group, 14. Google Scholar

ROACH, F. (1999), Local Authorities: Partners in Railfreight Development (conference paper) see Haywood (1999), 32–34. Local Authorities: Partners in Railfreight Development 32 34 Google Scholar

SCEALA (1998), Regional Strategy for East Anglia (Draft Regional Planning Guidance Note 6), Bury St Edmunds, Standing Conference of East Anglian Local Authorities. Google Scholar

SECRETARY OF STATE FOR THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS (1998), The Government’s Response to the Environment, Transport and Regional Affairs Committee’s Report on the Proposed Strategic Rail Authority and Railway Regulation (Cm 4024), London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

SERPLAN (STANDING CONFERENCE ON SOUTH EAST REGIONAL PLANNING) (1998), A Sustainable Development Strategy for the South East, Public Consultation (Draft Regional Planning Guidance Note 9), London, Serplan. Google Scholar

SHANNON, P. (1999), ‘Enterprise the Star Shipper of Freight’, Rail, 356, 30–35. Enterprise the Star Shipper of Freight Rail 356 30 35 Google Scholar

SOUTH RIBBLE BOROUGH COUNCIL (1995), South Ribble Borough Local Plan (Deposit Version), Ley land, South Ribble Borough Council. Google Scholar

SRA (STRATEGIC RAIL AUTHORITY (2001), Freight Strategy, London, Strategic Rail Authority. Google Scholar

SSRA (SHADOW STRATEGIC RAIL AUTHORITY) (2000), SSRA Establishes New Group to Advise on Property, www.sra. gov.uk, 25 August. Google Scholar

WHITE, H. P. and SENIOR, M. L. (1983), Transport Geography, Harlow, Longmans. Transport Geography Google Scholar

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Author details

Haywood, Russ