Town Planning Review

Using shadow pricing to value outcomes from regeneration programmes: evidence from the New Deal for Communities Programme in England

Town Planning Review (2012), 83, (6), 669–694.

Abstract

Regeneration initiatives, such as the New Deal for Communities (NDC) Programme in England, aim to transform places over time to improve the quality of life for local people. The outcomes of such programmes tend not to have market values and therefore do not sit easily within the UK Government's guidance on evaluation which requires outcomes to be monetised and compared with costs. Shadow pricing is a useful approach to adopt because it allows a monetary value to be placed on many of the core outcomes of regeneration programmes. Applying shadow-pricing unit values to outcome change data for the NDC Programme reveals monetised benefits far in excess of Programme costs, a finding which would not have emerged had more intangible outcomes not been monetised. This finding has implications for the justification, and design of all area regeneration schemes; an important consideration in the context of austerity measures currently being adopted by many governments.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

ATKINSON, R. and MOON, G. (1994), Urban policy in Britain: The City, the State and the Market, London, Macmillan. Urban policy in Britain: The City, the State and the Market Google Scholar

BATEMAN, I. J., CARSON, R. T., DAY, B., HANEMANN, W. M., HANLEY, N., HETT, T. JONES-LEE, M., LOOMES, G., MOURATO, S., OZDEMIROOLO, E., PEARCE, D. W., SUGDEN, R. and SWANSON, J. (2002), Economic Valuation with Stated Preference Techniques: A Manual, Northampton, MA, Edward Elgar. Economic Valuation with Stated Preference Techniques: A Manual Google Scholar

BOYLE, K. J. and BERGSTROM, J. C. (1992), ‘Benefit transfer studies: myths, pragmatism, and idealism’, Water Resources Research, 28, 657-63. ‘Benefit transfer studies: myths, pragmatism, and idealism’ Water Resources Research 28 657 63 Google Scholar

CAMERON, T. A. and ENGLIN, J. (1997), ‘Respondent experience and contingent valuation of environmental goods’, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 33, 296-313. ‘Respondent experience and contingent valuation of environmental goods’ Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 33 296 313 Google Scholar

CARPENTER, J. (2006), ‘Addressing Europe's urban challenges: lessons from the EU URBAN Community Initiative’, Urban Studies, 43, 2145-62. ‘Addressing Europe's urban challenges: lessons from the EU URBAN Community Initiative’ Urban Studies 43 2145 62 Google Scholar

CHEN, H.-T. (1990), Theory-driven Evaluations, Beverly Hills, CA, Sage. Theory-driven Evaluations Google Scholar

CLARK, A. E., FISCHER, J., CHAPPLE, S., and SENIK, C. (2010), ‘Subjective Well-Being and Social Policy’, OECD. ‘Subjective Well-Being and Social Policy’ Google Scholar

CLARK, A. E. and OSWALD, A. J. (2002), ‘A simple statistical method for measuring how life events affect happiness’, International Journal of Epidemiology, 31, 1139-44. ‘A simple statistical method for measuring how life events affect happiness’ International Journal of Epidemiology 31 1139 44 Google Scholar

COCHRANE, A. (2007), Understanding Urban Policy: A Critical Approach, Oxford, Blackwell. Understanding Urban Policy: A Critical Approach Google Scholar

COLOMB, C. (2007), ‘Unpacking New Labour's "urban renaissance" agenda: towards a socially sustainable reurbanization of British cities?’, Planning Practice and Research, 22, 1-24. ‘Unpacking New Labour's "urban renaissance" agenda: towards a socially sustainable reurbanization of British cities?’ Planning Practice and Research 22 1 24 Google Scholar

CUMMINS, R.A. and GULLONE, E. (2000), ‘Why we should not use 5-point Likert scales: the case for subjective quality of life measurement’, in Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Quality of Life in Cities, Singapore, National University of Singapore, 74-93, http://www.deakin.edu.au/research/acqol/iwbg/correspondence/2002/Cummins_Gullone_2000_Likert_Scales.doc (accessed 20 June 2012). http://www.deakin.edu.au/research/acqol/iwbg/correspondence/2002/Cummins_Gullone_2000_Likert_Scales.doc ‘Why we should not use 5-point Likert scales: the case for subjective quality of life measurement’ 74 93 Google Scholar

DEATON, A., FORTSON, J. and TORTORA, R. (2009), ‘Life (evaluation), HIV/AIDS, and Death in Africa’ (NBER Working Paper No. 14637), Cambridge, MA, National Bureau of Economic Research, http://www.nber.org/papers/w14637 (accessed 20 June 2012). http://www.nber.org/papers/w14637 ‘Life (evaluation), HIV/AIDS, and Death in Africa’ Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2009a), An Overview of Cross-sectional Change Data: 2002-2008: Evidence from the New Deal for Communities Programme, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2009b), Four Years of Change? Understanding the Experiences of the 2002-2006 New Deal for Communities Panel, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2009c), Understanding and Tackling Worklessness Volume 1: Worklessness, Employment and Enterprise: Patterns and Change, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2009d), Understanding and Tackling Worklessness Volume 2: Neighbourhood Level Problems, Interventions and Outcomes: Evidence from Six Case Study NDC Areas, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2009e), The NDC Programme: Outputs and Expenditure over the Period 1999-2007, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2010a), The New Deal for Communities Programme: Assessing Impact and Value for Money (The New Deal for Communities National Evaluation: Final Report, Volume 6), London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2010b), The New Deal for Communities Experience: A Final Assessment (The New Deal for Communities Evaluation: Final Report, Volume 7), London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2010c), The New Deal for Communities Programme: Exploring and Explaining Change in Regeneration Scheme, s Volume 5, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2010d), Evaluation of the National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (1998), New Deal for Communities: Phase 1 Proposals: Guidance for Pathfinder Applicants, London, Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (2001a), New Deal for Communities Financial Guidance, London, Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (2001b), A Review of the Evidence Base for Regeneration Policy and Practice, London, Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1994), Assessing the Impact of Urban Policy, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOLAN, P. and METCALFE, R. (2008), ‘Valuing non-market goods: a comparison of preference-based and experience-based approaches’, London, Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics, http://cep.lse.ac.uk/seminarpapers/25-02-08-DOL.pdf. http://cep.lse.ac.uk/seminarpapers/25-02-08-DOL.pdf ‘Valuing non-market goods: a comparison of preference-based and experience-based approaches’ Google Scholar

DOLAN, P., PEASGOOD, T., and WHITE, M.P. (2006), ‘Review of research on the influences on personal well-being and application to policy making’, London, DEFRA. ‘Review of research on the influences on personal well-being and application to policy making’ Google Scholar

ENGLISH PARTNERSHIPS (2008), Additionality Guide: A Standard Approach to Assessing the Additional Impact of Projects, 3rd edn, London, English Partnerships. Google Scholar

EUROPEAN COMMISSION (2008), Guide to Cost-Benefit Analysis of Investment Projects, Brussels, DG Regional Policy, European Commission. Google Scholar

FERRER-I-CARBONELL, A. and FRIJTERS, P. (2004), ‘The effect of methodology on the determinants of happiness’, The Economic Journal, 114, 641-59. ‘The effect of methodology on the determinants of happiness’ The Economic Journal 114 641 59 Google Scholar

GREGORY, D. and MARTIN, S. (1994), ‘Crafting Evaluation Research in the Public Sector: Reconciling Rigour and Relevance’, British Journal of Management, 5 (Issue Supplement s1), S43-S52. ‘Crafting Evaluation Research in the Public Sector: Reconciling Rigour and Relevance’ British Journal of Management 5 S43 S52 Google Scholar

HALL, S. G. (2003) ‘The "Third Way" revisited: "New" Labour, spatial policy and the National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal’, Planning, Practice and Research, 18, 265-77. ‘The "Third Way" revisited: "New" Labour, spatial policy and the National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal’ Planning, Practice and Research 18 265 77 Google Scholar

HAMBLETON, R. and THOMAS, H. (2005), Urban Policy Evaluation, London, Paul Chapman. Urban Policy Evaluation Google Scholar

HAMEDINGER, A., BARTIK, H. and WOLFFHARDT, A. (2008), ‘The impact of EU area-based programmes on local governance: towards a "Europeanisation"?’, Urban Studies, 45, 2669-87. ‘The impact of EU area-based programmes on local governance: towards a "Europeanisation"?’ Urban Studies 45 2669 87 Google Scholar

HM TREASURY (2003), The Green Book: Appraisal and Evaluation in Central Government, London, TSO. Google Scholar

HM TREASURY AND DWP (DEPARTMENT FOR WORK AND PENSIONS) (2011), Valuation Techniques for Social Cost-Benefit Analysis: Stated Preference, Revealed Preference and Subjective Well-Being Approaches, London, TSO. Google Scholar

HO, S. Y. (1999), ‘Evaluation Urban Regeneration Programmes in Britain: Exploring the Potential of the Realist Approach’, Evaluation, 5, 422-38. ‘Evaluation Urban Regeneration Programmes in Britain: Exploring the Potential of the Realist Approach’ Evaluation 5 422 38 Google Scholar

IMRIE, R. and THOMAS, H. (1999), British Urban Policy, 2nd edn, London, Sage Publications. British Urban Policy Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

LAWLESS, P. (2002), ‘NDC Partnership Reports: A Synthesis’, Sheffield, Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University http://extra.shu.ac.uk/ndc/downloads/reports/NDC%20partnership%20reports_a%20synthesis.pdf Google Scholar

METCALFE, R. (2009), ‘Hedonic pricing: preferences and experiences’, London, Imperial College London. ‘Hedonic pricing: preferences and experiences’ Google Scholar

MOORE, S. (2006), ‘The value of reducing fear: an analysis using the European Social Survey’, Applied Economics, 38, 115-17. ‘The value of reducing fear: an analysis using the European Social Survey’ Applied Economics 38 115 17 Google Scholar

NG, Y.-K. (2003), ‘From preference to happiness: towards a more complete welfare economics’, Social Choice and Welfare, 20, 307-350. ‘From preference to happiness: towards a more complete welfare economics’ Social Choice and Welfare 20 307 350 Google Scholar

OAKLEY, D. and TSOA, H.-S. (2006), ‘A new way of revitalizing distressed urban communities? Assessing the impact of the federal Empowerment Zone program’, Journal of Urban Affairs, 28, 443-71. ‘A new way of revitalizing distressed urban communities? Assessing the impact of the federal Empowerment Zone program’ Journal of Urban Affairs 28 443 71 Google Scholar

OATLEY, N. (1989), ‘Evaluation and urban development corporations’, Planning Practice and Research, 4, 6-12. ‘Evaluation and urban development corporations’ Planning Practice and Research 4 6 12 Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2004), Assessing the Impacts of Spatial Interventions: Regeneration, Renewal and Regional Development, ‘The 3Rs Guidance’, London, Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

ONS (OFFICE OF NATIONAL STATISTICS) (2010), ‘Measuring national well-being’ (consultation document) http://www.ons.gov.uk/well-being Google Scholar

ONS (OFFICE OF NATIONAL STATISTICS) (2011), Measuring What Matters: National Statistician's Reflections on the National Debate on Measuring National Well-being, Newport, Office for National Statistics. Google Scholar

O'REILLY, D. (2007), ‘Comments on Rhodes et al. (2005): some further thoughts on assessing the effects of area-based initiatives on local outcomes’, Urban Studies, 44, 1145-53. ‘Comments on Rhodes et al. (2005): some further thoughts on assessing the effects of area-based initiatives on local outcomes’ Urban Studies 44 1145 53 Google Scholar

PARKINSON, M. (1989), ‘The Thatcher government's urban policy 1979-1989: a review’, Town Planning Review, 60, 421-40. ‘The Thatcher government's urban policy 1979-1989: a review’ Town Planning Review 60 421 40 Google Scholar

PAWSON, R. and TILLEY, N. (1997), Realistic Evaluation, London, Sage Publications. Realistic Evaluation Google Scholar

POWDTHAVEE, N. (2007), ‘Economics of happiness: a review of literature and applications’, Chulalongkorn Journal of Economics, 19, 51-73. ‘Economics of happiness: a review of literature and applications’ Chulalongkorn Journal of Economics 19 51 73 Google Scholar

POWDTHAVEE, N. (2008), ‘Putting a price tag on friends, relatives and neighbours: using surveys of life satisfaction to value social relationships’, The Journal of Socio-Economics, 37, 1459-80. ‘Putting a price tag on friends, relatives and neighbours: using surveys of life satisfaction to value social relationships’ The Journal of Socio-Economics 37 1459 80 Google Scholar

RHODES, J., TYLER, P. and BRENNAN, A. (2005), ‘Assessing the effects of area based initiatives on local area outcomes: some thoughts based on the national evaluation of the Single Regeneration Budget in England’, Urban Studies, 42, 1919-46. ‘Assessing the effects of area based initiatives on local area outcomes: some thoughts based on the national evaluation of the Single Regeneration Budget in England’ Urban Studies 42 1919 46 Google Scholar

SEU (SOCIAL EXCLUSION UNIT) (1998), Bringing Britain Together: A National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal, London, Social Exclusion Unit. Google Scholar

SEU (SOCIAL EXCLUSION UNIT) (2001), National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal Policy Action Team Audit, London, Social Exclusion Unit. Google Scholar

SHAW, K. and ROBINSON, E. (1998), ‘Learning from experience? Reflections on two decades of British urban policy’, Town Planning Review, 69, 49-63. ‘Learning from experience? Reflections on two decades of British urban policy’ Town Planning Review 69 49 63 Google Scholar

SHEPPARD, S. (1999), ‘Hedonic analysis of housing markets’, in P. C. Cheshire and E. S. Mills (eds), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Volume 3: Applied Urban Economics, Amsterdam, Elsevier. Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Volume 3: Applied Urban Economics Google Scholar

STIGLITZ, J., SEN, A. and FITOUSSI, J.-P. (2009), ‘Report of the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress’, Paris, Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress http://www.stiglitz-sen-fitoussi.fr Google Scholar

TAVISTOCK INSTITUTE (2003), The Evaluation of Socio-Economic Development: The Guide, London, Tavistock Institute. Google Scholar

TUROK, I. (1989), ‘Evaluation and understanding in local economic policy’, Urban Studies, 26, 587-606. ‘Evaluation and understanding in local economic policy’ Urban Studies 26 587 606 Google Scholar

TUROK, I. (1991), ‘Policy evaluation as science: a critical assessment’, Applied Economics, 23, 1543-50. ‘Policy evaluation as science: a critical assessment’ Applied Economics 23 1543 50 Google Scholar

ATKINSON, R. and MOON, G. (1994), Urban policy in Britain: The City, the State and the Market, London, Macmillan. Urban policy in Britain: The City, the State and the Market Google Scholar

ATKINSON, R. and MOON, G. (1994), Urban policy in Britain: The City, the State and the Market, London, Macmillan. Urban policy in Britain: The City, the State and the Market Google Scholar

BATEMAN, I. J., CARSON, R. T., DAY, B., HANEMANN, W. M., HANLEY, N., HETT, T. JONES-LEE, M., LOOMES, G., MOURATO, S., OZDEMIROOLO, E., PEARCE, D. W., SUGDEN, R. and SWANSON, J. (2002), Economic Valuation with Stated Preference Techniques: A Manual, Northampton, MA, Edward Elgar. Economic Valuation with Stated Preference Techniques: A Manual Google Scholar

BATEMAN, I. J., CARSON, R. T., DAY, B., HANEMANN, W. M., HANLEY, N., HETT, T. JONES-LEE, M., LOOMES, G., MOURATO, S., OZDEMIROOLO, E., PEARCE, D. W., SUGDEN, R. and SWANSON, J. (2002), Economic Valuation with Stated Preference Techniques: A Manual, Northampton, MA, Edward Elgar. Economic Valuation with Stated Preference Techniques: A Manual Google Scholar

BOYLE, K. J. and BERGSTROM, J. C. (1992), ‘Benefit transfer studies: myths, pragmatism, and idealism’, Water Resources Research, 28, 657-63. ‘Benefit transfer studies: myths, pragmatism, and idealism’ Water Resources Research 28 657 63 Google Scholar

BOYLE, K. J. and BERGSTROM, J. C. (1992), ‘Benefit transfer studies: myths, pragmatism, and idealism’, Water Resources Research, 28, 657-63. ‘Benefit transfer studies: myths, pragmatism, and idealism’ Water Resources Research 28 657 63 Google Scholar

CAMERON, T. A. and ENGLIN, J. (1997), ‘Respondent experience and contingent valuation of environmental goods’, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 33, 296-313. ‘Respondent experience and contingent valuation of environmental goods’ Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 33 296 313 Google Scholar

CAMERON, T. A. and ENGLIN, J. (1997), ‘Respondent experience and contingent valuation of environmental goods’, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 33, 296-313. ‘Respondent experience and contingent valuation of environmental goods’ Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 33 296 313 Google Scholar

CARPENTER, J. (2006), ‘Addressing Europe's urban challenges: lessons from the EU URBAN Community Initiative’, Urban Studies, 43, 2145-62. ‘Addressing Europe's urban challenges: lessons from the EU URBAN Community Initiative’ Urban Studies 43 2145 62 Google Scholar

CARPENTER, J. (2006), ‘Addressing Europe's urban challenges: lessons from the EU URBAN Community Initiative’, Urban Studies, 43, 2145-62. ‘Addressing Europe's urban challenges: lessons from the EU URBAN Community Initiative’ Urban Studies 43 2145 62 Google Scholar

CHEN, H.-T. (1990), Theory-driven Evaluations, Beverly Hills, CA, Sage. Theory-driven Evaluations Google Scholar

CHEN, H.-T. (1990), Theory-driven Evaluations, Beverly Hills, CA, Sage. Theory-driven Evaluations Google Scholar

CLARK, A. E., FISCHER, J., CHAPPLE, S., and SENIK, C. (2010), ‘Subjective Well-Being and Social Policy’, OECD. ‘Subjective Well-Being and Social Policy’ Google Scholar

CLARK, A. E., FISCHER, J., CHAPPLE, S., and SENIK, C. (2010), ‘Subjective Well-Being and Social Policy’, OECD. ‘Subjective Well-Being and Social Policy’ Google Scholar

CLARK, A. E. and OSWALD, A. J. (2002), ‘A simple statistical method for measuring how life events affect happiness’, International Journal of Epidemiology, 31, 1139-44. ‘A simple statistical method for measuring how life events affect happiness’ International Journal of Epidemiology 31 1139 44 Google Scholar

CLARK, A. E. and OSWALD, A. J. (2002), ‘A simple statistical method for measuring how life events affect happiness’, International Journal of Epidemiology, 31, 1139-44. ‘A simple statistical method for measuring how life events affect happiness’ International Journal of Epidemiology 31 1139 44 Google Scholar

COCHRANE, A. (2007), Understanding Urban Policy: A Critical Approach, Oxford, Blackwell. Understanding Urban Policy: A Critical Approach Google Scholar

COCHRANE, A. (2007), Understanding Urban Policy: A Critical Approach, Oxford, Blackwell. Understanding Urban Policy: A Critical Approach Google Scholar

COLOMB, C. (2007), ‘Unpacking New Labour's "urban renaissance" agenda: towards a socially sustainable reurbanization of British cities?’, Planning Practice and Research, 22, 1-24. ‘Unpacking New Labour's "urban renaissance" agenda: towards a socially sustainable reurbanization of British cities?’ Planning Practice and Research 22 1 24 Google Scholar

COLOMB, C. (2007), ‘Unpacking New Labour's "urban renaissance" agenda: towards a socially sustainable reurbanization of British cities?’, Planning Practice and Research, 22, 1-24. ‘Unpacking New Labour's "urban renaissance" agenda: towards a socially sustainable reurbanization of British cities?’ Planning Practice and Research 22 1 24 Google Scholar

CUMMINS, R.A. and GULLONE, E. (2000), ‘Why we should not use 5-point Likert scales: the case for subjective quality of life measurement’, in Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Quality of Life in Cities, Singapore, National University of Singapore, 74-93, http://www.deakin.edu.au/research/acqol/iwbg/correspondence/2002/Cummins_Gullone_2000_Likert_Scales.doc (accessed 20 June 2012). http://www.deakin.edu.au/research/acqol/iwbg/correspondence/2002/Cummins_Gullone_2000_Likert_Scales.doc ‘Why we should not use 5-point Likert scales: the case for subjective quality of life measurement’ 74 93 Google Scholar

DEATON, A., FORTSON, J. and TORTORA, R. (2009), ‘Life (evaluation), HIV/AIDS, and Death in Africa’ (NBER Working Paper No. 14637), Cambridge, MA, National Bureau of Economic Research, http://www.nber.org/papers/w14637 (accessed 20 June 2012). http://www.nber.org/papers/w14637 ‘Life (evaluation), HIV/AIDS, and Death in Africa’ Google Scholar

CUMMINS, R.A. and GULLONE, E. (2000), ‘Why we should not use 5-point Likert scales: the case for subjective quality of life measurement’, in Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Quality of Life in Cities, Singapore, National University of Singapore, 74-93, http://www.deakin.edu.au/research/acqol/iwbg/correspondence/2002/Cummins_Gullone_2000_Likert_Scales.doc (accessed 20 June 2012). http://www.deakin.edu.au/research/acqol/iwbg/correspondence/2002/Cummins_Gullone_2000_Likert_Scales.doc ‘Why we should not use 5-point Likert scales: the case for subjective quality of life measurement’ 74 93 Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2009a), An Overview of Cross-sectional Change Data: 2002-2008: Evidence from the New Deal for Communities Programme, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DEATON, A., FORTSON, J. and TORTORA, R. (2009), ‘Life (evaluation), HIV/AIDS, and Death in Africa’ (NBER Working Paper No. 14637), Cambridge, MA, National Bureau of Economic Research, http://www.nber.org/papers/w14637 (accessed 20 June 2012). http://www.nber.org/papers/w14637 ‘Life (evaluation), HIV/AIDS, and Death in Africa’ Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2009b), Four Years of Change? Understanding the Experiences of the 2002-2006 New Deal for Communities Panel, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2009a), An Overview of Cross-sectional Change Data: 2002-2008: Evidence from the New Deal for Communities Programme, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2009c), Understanding and Tackling Worklessness Volume 1: Worklessness, Employment and Enterprise: Patterns and Change, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2009b), Four Years of Change? Understanding the Experiences of the 2002-2006 New Deal for Communities Panel, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2009d), Understanding and Tackling Worklessness Volume 2: Neighbourhood Level Problems, Interventions and Outcomes: Evidence from Six Case Study NDC Areas, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2009c), Understanding and Tackling Worklessness Volume 1: Worklessness, Employment and Enterprise: Patterns and Change, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2009e), The NDC Programme: Outputs and Expenditure over the Period 1999-2007, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2009d), Understanding and Tackling Worklessness Volume 2: Neighbourhood Level Problems, Interventions and Outcomes: Evidence from Six Case Study NDC Areas, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2009e), The NDC Programme: Outputs and Expenditure over the Period 1999-2007, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2010a), The New Deal for Communities Programme: Assessing Impact and Value for Money (The New Deal for Communities National Evaluation: Final Report, Volume 6), London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2010a), The New Deal for Communities Programme: Assessing Impact and Value for Money (The New Deal for Communities National Evaluation: Final Report, Volume 6), London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2010b), The New Deal for Communities Experience: A Final Assessment (The New Deal for Communities Evaluation: Final Report, Volume 7), London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2010c), The New Deal for Communities Programme: Exploring and Explaining Change in Regeneration Scheme, s Volume 5, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2010b), The New Deal for Communities Experience: A Final Assessment (The New Deal for Communities Evaluation: Final Report, Volume 7), London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2010d), Evaluation of the National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2010c), The New Deal for Communities Programme: Exploring and Explaining Change in Regeneration Scheme, s Volume 5, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2010d), Evaluation of the National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal, London, Department of Communities and Local Government. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (1998), New Deal for Communities: Phase 1 Proposals: Guidance for Pathfinder Applicants, London, Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (2001a), New Deal for Communities Financial Guidance, London, Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (1998), New Deal for Communities: Phase 1 Proposals: Guidance for Pathfinder Applicants, London, Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (2001b), A Review of the Evidence Base for Regeneration Policy and Practice, London, Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (2001a), New Deal for Communities Financial Guidance, London, Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (2001b), A Review of the Evidence Base for Regeneration Policy and Practice, London, Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1994), Assessing the Impact of Urban Policy, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1994), Assessing the Impact of Urban Policy, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOLAN, P. and METCALFE, R. (2008), ‘Valuing non-market goods: a comparison of preference-based and experience-based approaches’, London, Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics, http://cep.lse.ac.uk/seminarpapers/25-02-08-DOL.pdf. http://cep.lse.ac.uk/seminarpapers/25-02-08-DOL.pdf ‘Valuing non-market goods: a comparison of preference-based and experience-based approaches’ Google Scholar

DOLAN, P., PEASGOOD, T., and WHITE, M.P. (2006), ‘Review of research on the influences on personal well-being and application to policy making’, London, DEFRA. ‘Review of research on the influences on personal well-being and application to policy making’ Google Scholar

DOLAN, P. and METCALFE, R. (2008), ‘Valuing non-market goods: a comparison of preference-based and experience-based approaches’, London, Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics, http://cep.lse.ac.uk/seminarpapers/25-02-08-DOL.pdf. http://cep.lse.ac.uk/seminarpapers/25-02-08-DOL.pdf ‘Valuing non-market goods: a comparison of preference-based and experience-based approaches’ Google Scholar

ENGLISH PARTNERSHIPS (2008), Additionality Guide: A Standard Approach to Assessing the Additional Impact of Projects, 3rd edn, London, English Partnerships. Google Scholar

DOLAN, P., PEASGOOD, T., and WHITE, M.P. (2006), ‘Review of research on the influences on personal well-being and application to policy making’, London, DEFRA. ‘Review of research on the influences on personal well-being and application to policy making’ Google Scholar

EUROPEAN COMMISSION (2008), Guide to Cost-Benefit Analysis of Investment Projects, Brussels, DG Regional Policy, European Commission. Google Scholar

ENGLISH PARTNERSHIPS (2008), Additionality Guide: A Standard Approach to Assessing the Additional Impact of Projects, 3rd edn, London, English Partnerships. Google Scholar

EUROPEAN COMMISSION (2008), Guide to Cost-Benefit Analysis of Investment Projects, Brussels, DG Regional Policy, European Commission. Google Scholar

FERRER-I-CARBONELL, A. and FRIJTERS, P. (2004), ‘The effect of methodology on the determinants of happiness’, The Economic Journal, 114, 641-59. ‘The effect of methodology on the determinants of happiness’ The Economic Journal 114 641 59 Google Scholar

GREGORY, D. and MARTIN, S. (1994), ‘Crafting Evaluation Research in the Public Sector: Reconciling Rigour and Relevance’, British Journal of Management, 5 (Issue Supplement s1), S43-S52. ‘Crafting Evaluation Research in the Public Sector: Reconciling Rigour and Relevance’ British Journal of Management 5 S43 S52 Google Scholar

FERRER-I-CARBONELL, A. and FRIJTERS, P. (2004), ‘The effect of methodology on the determinants of happiness’, The Economic Journal, 114, 641-59. ‘The effect of methodology on the determinants of happiness’ The Economic Journal 114 641 59 Google Scholar

HALL, S. G. (2003) ‘The "Third Way" revisited: "New" Labour, spatial policy and the National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal’, Planning, Practice and Research, 18, 265-77. ‘The "Third Way" revisited: "New" Labour, spatial policy and the National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal’ Planning, Practice and Research 18 265 77 Google Scholar

GREGORY, D. and MARTIN, S. (1994), ‘Crafting Evaluation Research in the Public Sector: Reconciling Rigour and Relevance’, British Journal of Management, 5 (Issue Supplement s1), S43-S52. ‘Crafting Evaluation Research in the Public Sector: Reconciling Rigour and Relevance’ British Journal of Management 5 S43 S52 Google Scholar

HAMBLETON, R. and THOMAS, H. (2005), Urban Policy Evaluation, London, Paul Chapman. Urban Policy Evaluation Google Scholar

HALL, S. G. (2003) ‘The "Third Way" revisited: "New" Labour, spatial policy and the National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal’, Planning, Practice and Research, 18, 265-77. ‘The "Third Way" revisited: "New" Labour, spatial policy and the National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal’ Planning, Practice and Research 18 265 77 Google Scholar

HAMEDINGER, A., BARTIK, H. and WOLFFHARDT, A. (2008), ‘The impact of EU area-based programmes on local governance: towards a "Europeanisation"?’, Urban Studies, 45, 2669-87. ‘The impact of EU area-based programmes on local governance: towards a "Europeanisation"?’ Urban Studies 45 2669 87 Google Scholar

HAMBLETON, R. and THOMAS, H. (2005), Urban Policy Evaluation, London, Paul Chapman. Urban Policy Evaluation Google Scholar

HM TREASURY (2003), The Green Book: Appraisal and Evaluation in Central Government, London, TSO. Google Scholar

HAMEDINGER, A., BARTIK, H. and WOLFFHARDT, A. (2008), ‘The impact of EU area-based programmes on local governance: towards a "Europeanisation"?’, Urban Studies, 45, 2669-87. ‘The impact of EU area-based programmes on local governance: towards a "Europeanisation"?’ Urban Studies 45 2669 87 Google Scholar

HM TREASURY AND DWP (DEPARTMENT FOR WORK AND PENSIONS) (2011), Valuation Techniques for Social Cost-Benefit Analysis: Stated Preference, Revealed Preference and Subjective Well-Being Approaches, London, TSO. Google Scholar

HM TREASURY (2003), The Green Book: Appraisal and Evaluation in Central Government, London, TSO. Google Scholar

HM TREASURY AND DWP (DEPARTMENT FOR WORK AND PENSIONS) (2011), Valuation Techniques for Social Cost-Benefit Analysis: Stated Preference, Revealed Preference and Subjective Well-Being Approaches, London, TSO. Google Scholar

HO, S. Y. (1999), ‘Evaluation Urban Regeneration Programmes in Britain: Exploring the Potential of the Realist Approach’, Evaluation, 5, 422-38. ‘Evaluation Urban Regeneration Programmes in Britain: Exploring the Potential of the Realist Approach’ Evaluation 5 422 38 Google Scholar

HO, S. Y. (1999), ‘Evaluation Urban Regeneration Programmes in Britain: Exploring the Potential of the Realist Approach’, Evaluation, 5, 422-38. ‘Evaluation Urban Regeneration Programmes in Britain: Exploring the Potential of the Realist Approach’ Evaluation 5 422 38 Google Scholar

IMRIE, R. and THOMAS, H. (1999), British Urban Policy, 2nd edn, London, Sage Publications. British Urban Policy Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

IMRIE, R. and THOMAS, H. (1999), British Urban Policy, 2nd edn, London, Sage Publications. British Urban Policy Google Scholar

LAWLESS, P. (2002), ‘NDC Partnership Reports: A Synthesis’, Sheffield, Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University http://extra.shu.ac.uk/ndc/downloads/reports/NDC%20partnership%20reports_a%20synthesis.pdf Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

METCALFE, R. (2009), ‘Hedonic pricing: preferences and experiences’, London, Imperial College London. ‘Hedonic pricing: preferences and experiences’ Google Scholar

LAWLESS, P. (2002), ‘NDC Partnership Reports: A Synthesis’, Sheffield, Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University http://extra.shu.ac.uk/ndc/downloads/reports/NDC%20partnership%20reports_a%20synthesis.pdf Google Scholar

MOORE, S. (2006), ‘The value of reducing fear: an analysis using the European Social Survey’, Applied Economics, 38, 115-17. ‘The value of reducing fear: an analysis using the European Social Survey’ Applied Economics 38 115 17 Google Scholar

METCALFE, R. (2009), ‘Hedonic pricing: preferences and experiences’, London, Imperial College London. ‘Hedonic pricing: preferences and experiences’ Google Scholar

MOORE, S. (2006), ‘The value of reducing fear: an analysis using the European Social Survey’, Applied Economics, 38, 115-17. ‘The value of reducing fear: an analysis using the European Social Survey’ Applied Economics 38 115 17 Google Scholar

NG, Y.-K. (2003), ‘From preference to happiness: towards a more complete welfare economics’, Social Choice and Welfare, 20, 307-350. ‘From preference to happiness: towards a more complete welfare economics’ Social Choice and Welfare 20 307 350 Google Scholar

NG, Y.-K. (2003), ‘From preference to happiness: towards a more complete welfare economics’, Social Choice and Welfare, 20, 307-350. ‘From preference to happiness: towards a more complete welfare economics’ Social Choice and Welfare 20 307 350 Google Scholar

OAKLEY, D. and TSOA, H.-S. (2006), ‘A new way of revitalizing distressed urban communities? Assessing the impact of the federal Empowerment Zone program’, Journal of Urban Affairs, 28, 443-71. ‘A new way of revitalizing distressed urban communities? Assessing the impact of the federal Empowerment Zone program’ Journal of Urban Affairs 28 443 71 Google Scholar

OATLEY, N. (1989), ‘Evaluation and urban development corporations’, Planning Practice and Research, 4, 6-12. ‘Evaluation and urban development corporations’ Planning Practice and Research 4 6 12 Google Scholar

OAKLEY, D. and TSOA, H.-S. (2006), ‘A new way of revitalizing distressed urban communities? Assessing the impact of the federal Empowerment Zone program’, Journal of Urban Affairs, 28, 443-71. ‘A new way of revitalizing distressed urban communities? Assessing the impact of the federal Empowerment Zone program’ Journal of Urban Affairs 28 443 71 Google Scholar

OATLEY, N. (1989), ‘Evaluation and urban development corporations’, Planning Practice and Research, 4, 6-12. ‘Evaluation and urban development corporations’ Planning Practice and Research 4 6 12 Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2004), Assessing the Impacts of Spatial Interventions: Regeneration, Renewal and Regional Development, ‘The 3Rs Guidance’, London, Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. Google Scholar

ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2004), Assessing the Impacts of Spatial Interventions: Regeneration, Renewal and Regional Development, ‘The 3Rs Guidance’, London, Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

ONS (OFFICE OF NATIONAL STATISTICS) (2010), ‘Measuring national well-being’ (consultation document) http://www.ons.gov.uk/well-being Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

ONS (OFFICE OF NATIONAL STATISTICS) (2011), Measuring What Matters: National Statistician's Reflections on the National Debate on Measuring National Well-being, Newport, Office for National Statistics. Google Scholar

ONS (OFFICE OF NATIONAL STATISTICS) (2010), ‘Measuring national well-being’ (consultation document) http://www.ons.gov.uk/well-being Google Scholar

O'REILLY, D. (2007), ‘Comments on Rhodes et al. (2005): some further thoughts on assessing the effects of area-based initiatives on local outcomes’, Urban Studies, 44, 1145-53. ‘Comments on Rhodes et al. (2005): some further thoughts on assessing the effects of area-based initiatives on local outcomes’ Urban Studies 44 1145 53 Google Scholar

ONS (OFFICE OF NATIONAL STATISTICS) (2011), Measuring What Matters: National Statistician's Reflections on the National Debate on Measuring National Well-being, Newport, Office for National Statistics. Google Scholar

PARKINSON, M. (1989), ‘The Thatcher government's urban policy 1979-1989: a review’, Town Planning Review, 60, 421-40. ‘The Thatcher government's urban policy 1979-1989: a review’ Town Planning Review 60 421 40 Google Scholar

O'REILLY, D. (2007), ‘Comments on Rhodes et al. (2005): some further thoughts on assessing the effects of area-based initiatives on local outcomes’, Urban Studies, 44, 1145-53. ‘Comments on Rhodes et al. (2005): some further thoughts on assessing the effects of area-based initiatives on local outcomes’ Urban Studies 44 1145 53 Google Scholar

PAWSON, R. and TILLEY, N. (1997), Realistic Evaluation, London, Sage Publications. Realistic Evaluation Google Scholar

POWDTHAVEE, N. (2007), ‘Economics of happiness: a review of literature and applications’, Chulalongkorn Journal of Economics, 19, 51-73. ‘Economics of happiness: a review of literature and applications’ Chulalongkorn Journal of Economics 19 51 73 Google Scholar

PARKINSON, M. (1989), ‘The Thatcher government's urban policy 1979-1989: a review’, Town Planning Review, 60, 421-40. ‘The Thatcher government's urban policy 1979-1989: a review’ Town Planning Review 60 421 40 Google Scholar

POWDTHAVEE, N. (2008), ‘Putting a price tag on friends, relatives and neighbours: using surveys of life satisfaction to value social relationships’, The Journal of Socio-Economics, 37, 1459-80. ‘Putting a price tag on friends, relatives and neighbours: using surveys of life satisfaction to value social relationships’ The Journal of Socio-Economics 37 1459 80 Google Scholar

PAWSON, R. and TILLEY, N. (1997), Realistic Evaluation, London, Sage Publications. Realistic Evaluation Google Scholar

RHODES, J., TYLER, P. and BRENNAN, A. (2005), ‘Assessing the effects of area based initiatives on local area outcomes: some thoughts based on the national evaluation of the Single Regeneration Budget in England’, Urban Studies, 42, 1919-46. ‘Assessing the effects of area based initiatives on local area outcomes: some thoughts based on the national evaluation of the Single Regeneration Budget in England’ Urban Studies 42 1919 46 Google Scholar

POWDTHAVEE, N. (2007), ‘Economics of happiness: a review of literature and applications’, Chulalongkorn Journal of Economics, 19, 51-73. ‘Economics of happiness: a review of literature and applications’ Chulalongkorn Journal of Economics 19 51 73 Google Scholar

SEU (SOCIAL EXCLUSION UNIT) (1998), Bringing Britain Together: A National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal, London, Social Exclusion Unit. Google Scholar

POWDTHAVEE, N. (2008), ‘Putting a price tag on friends, relatives and neighbours: using surveys of life satisfaction to value social relationships’, The Journal of Socio-Economics, 37, 1459-80. ‘Putting a price tag on friends, relatives and neighbours: using surveys of life satisfaction to value social relationships’ The Journal of Socio-Economics 37 1459 80 Google Scholar

SEU (SOCIAL EXCLUSION UNIT) (2001), National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal Policy Action Team Audit, London, Social Exclusion Unit. Google Scholar

RHODES, J., TYLER, P. and BRENNAN, A. (2005), ‘Assessing the effects of area based initiatives on local area outcomes: some thoughts based on the national evaluation of the Single Regeneration Budget in England’, Urban Studies, 42, 1919-46. ‘Assessing the effects of area based initiatives on local area outcomes: some thoughts based on the national evaluation of the Single Regeneration Budget in England’ Urban Studies 42 1919 46 Google Scholar

SHAW, K. and ROBINSON, E. (1998), ‘Learning from experience? Reflections on two decades of British urban policy’, Town Planning Review, 69, 49-63. ‘Learning from experience? Reflections on two decades of British urban policy’ Town Planning Review 69 49 63 Google Scholar

SEU (SOCIAL EXCLUSION UNIT) (1998), Bringing Britain Together: A National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal, London, Social Exclusion Unit. Google Scholar

SEU (SOCIAL EXCLUSION UNIT) (2001), National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal Policy Action Team Audit, London, Social Exclusion Unit. Google Scholar

SHEPPARD, S. (1999), ‘Hedonic analysis of housing markets’, in P. C. Cheshire and E. S. Mills (eds), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Volume 3: Applied Urban Economics, Amsterdam, Elsevier. Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Volume 3: Applied Urban Economics Google Scholar

STIGLITZ, J., SEN, A. and FITOUSSI, J.-P. (2009), ‘Report of the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress’, Paris, Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress http://www.stiglitz-sen-fitoussi.fr Google Scholar

SHAW, K. and ROBINSON, E. (1998), ‘Learning from experience? Reflections on two decades of British urban policy’, Town Planning Review, 69, 49-63. ‘Learning from experience? Reflections on two decades of British urban policy’ Town Planning Review 69 49 63 Google Scholar

TAVISTOCK INSTITUTE (2003), The Evaluation of Socio-Economic Development: The Guide, London, Tavistock Institute. Google Scholar

SHEPPARD, S. (1999), ‘Hedonic analysis of housing markets’, in P. C. Cheshire and E. S. Mills (eds), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Volume 3: Applied Urban Economics, Amsterdam, Elsevier. Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Volume 3: Applied Urban Economics Google Scholar

STIGLITZ, J., SEN, A. and FITOUSSI, J.-P. (2009), ‘Report of the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress’, Paris, Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress http://www.stiglitz-sen-fitoussi.fr Google Scholar

TUROK, I. (1989), ‘Evaluation and understanding in local economic policy’, Urban Studies, 26, 587-606. ‘Evaluation and understanding in local economic policy’ Urban Studies 26 587 606 Google Scholar

TAVISTOCK INSTITUTE (2003), The Evaluation of Socio-Economic Development: The Guide, London, Tavistock Institute. Google Scholar

TUROK, I. (1991), ‘Policy evaluation as science: a critical assessment’, Applied Economics, 23, 1543-50. ‘Policy evaluation as science: a critical assessment’ Applied Economics 23 1543 50 Google Scholar

TUROK, I. (1989), ‘Evaluation and understanding in local economic policy’, Urban Studies, 26, 587-606. ‘Evaluation and understanding in local economic policy’ Urban Studies 26 587 606 Google Scholar

TUROK, I. (1991), ‘Policy evaluation as science: a critical assessment’, Applied Economics, 23, 1543-50. ‘Policy evaluation as science: a critical assessment’ Applied Economics 23 1543 50 Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Wilson, Ian