Town Planning Review

Spatial dynamics in the urban playscape: Turin by night

Town Planning Review (2011), 82, (6), 709–731.

Abstract

Recent transformations in the nightlife of city centres in Europe have brought the relationship between urban spaces and forms of consumption by young people into a sharper focus for urban planners and policy-makers. In this article the concept of 'playscape' is presented in a framework of reflections on urban renewal and spatial development. After introducing the case of Turin, a northwest Italian city with a profound industrial heritage, the analysis explores its night-time recreational space, in particular by presenting maps and classifications in terms of the location of pubs, bars, clubs and music venues. Particularly, the analysis examines the city's playscape in two different moments: in 2008 and fifteen years before. The dynamics of the spaces of urban leisure and renewal in an urban centre characterised by a strong Fordist past provide the basis for reflections on new forms of the centralisation and marginalisation of specific spaces, venues, populations and parts of the city.

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ATKINSON, R. AND EASTHOPE, H. (2009), 'The Consequences of the Creative Class: The Pursuit of Creativity Strategies in Australia's Cities', International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 33, 64–79. The Consequences of the Creative Class: The Pursuit of Creativity Strategies in Australia's Cities International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 33 64 79 Google Scholar

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BIANCHINI, F. (1995), 'Night cultures, night economies', Planning Practice and Research, 10, 121–26. Night cultures, night economies Planning Practice and Research 10 121 26 Google Scholar

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FURLONG, A. (2009), Handbook of Youth and Young Adulthood: New Perspectives and Agendas, London, Routledge. Handbook of Youth and Young Adulthood: New Perspectives and Agendas Google Scholar

HADFIELD, P. (2008), 'From Threat to Promise: Nightclub 'Security', Governance and Consumer Elites', British Journal of Criminology, 48, 429–47. From Threat to Promise: Nightclub 'Security', Governance and Consumer Elites British Journal of Criminology 48 429 47 Google Scholar

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HARVEY, D. (1989), The Condition of Postmodernity, Oxford, Blackwell. The Condition of Postmodernity Google Scholar

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HOLLANDS, R. (1995), Friday Night, Saturday Night: Youth Cultural Identification in the Post-industrial City, Newcastle, Newcastle University. Friday Night, Saturday Night: Youth Cultural Identification in the Post-industrial City Google Scholar

HOLLANDS, R. (2002), 'Divisions in the dark: youth cultures, transitions and segmented consumption spaces in the night-time economy', Journal of Youth Studies, 5,153–71. Divisions in the dark: youth cultures, transitions and segmented consumption spaces in the night-time economy Journal of Youth Studies 5 153 71 Google Scholar

HOLLANDS, R. and CHATTERTON, P. (2003), 'Producing nightlife in the new urban entertainment economy: Corporatisation, branding and market segmentation', International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 27, 361–85. Producing nightlife in the new urban entertainment economy: Corporatisation, branding and market segmentation International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 27 361 85 Google Scholar

HUBBARD, P. (1995), 'Urban design and local economic development: A case study in Birmingham', Cities, 12, 243–51. Urban design and local economic development: A case study in Birmingham Cities 12 243 51 Google Scholar

HUBBARD, P. and WHOWELL, M. (2008), 'Revisiting the red light district: still neglected, immoral and marginal?', Geoforum, 39, 1743–55. Revisiting the red light district: still neglected, immoral and marginal? Geoforum 39 1743 55 Google Scholar

ISTAT (2008), Rapporto annuale: La situazione del Paese nel 2008, Roma, Istat. Google Scholar

JAYNE, M. (2006), Cities and Consumption, London, Routledge. Cities and Consumption Google Scholar

KLEIN, N. (2000), No Logo, London, Flamingo. No Logo Google Scholar

KNEALE, J. and DWYER, C. (2008), 'Consumption', in J. Duncan, N. Johnson and R. Schein (eds), A Companion to Cultural Geography, Oxford, Blackwell, 298–315. Google Scholar

LANDRY, C. (2006), The Art of City Making, London, Earthscan. The Art of City Making Google Scholar

LASH, S. and URRY, J. (1994), Economies of Signs and Space, London, Sage. Economies of Signs and Space Google Scholar

LOVATT, A. and O'CONNOR, J. (1995), 'Cities and the night time economy', Planning Practice and Research, 10, 127–34. Cities and the night time economy Planning Practice and Research 10 127 34 Google Scholar

LYNCH, K. (1960), The Image of the City, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press. The Image of the City Google Scholar

MALBON, B. (1997), 'Clubbing: Consumption, identity and the spatial practices of every-night life', in T. Skelton and G. Valentine (eds), Cool Places: Geography of Youth Cultures, London, Routledge, 266–85. Clubbing: Consumption, identity and the spatial practices of every-night life Cool Places: Geography of Youth Cultures 266 85 Google Scholar

MCCARTHY, J. (1998), 'Dublin's temple bar: a case study of culture-led regeneration', European Planning Studies, 6, 271–81. Dublin's temple bar: a case study of culture-led regeneration European Planning Studies 6 271 81 Google Scholar

MILES, S. and PADDISON, R. (2005), 'Introduction: The rise and rise of culture-led urban regeneration', Urban Studies, 42, 833–39. Introduction: The rise and rise of culture-led urban regeneration Urban Studies 42 833 39 Google Scholar

MOLOTCH, H. (1996), 'LA as design product: how art works in a regional economy', in A. J. Scott and E.W. Soja (eds), The City: Los Angeles and Urban Theory at the End of the Twentieth Century, Los Angeles, University of California Press, 225–75. LA as design product: how art works in a regional economy The City: Los Angeles and Urban Theory at the End of the Twentieth Century 225 75 Google Scholar

OFFICINE GRANDI RIPARAZIONI (2008), Turin 011: Biography of a City, exhibition booklet, June– October 2008, Torino, Officine Grandi Riparazioni. Google Scholar

PECK, J. (2005), 'Struggling with the creative class', International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 29, 740–70. Struggling with the creative class International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 29 740 70 Google Scholar

PINSON, D. (2002), 'Political government and governance: Strategic planning and the reshaping of a political capacity in Turin', International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 26, 477–93. Political government and governance: Strategic planning and the reshaping of a political capacity in Turin International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 26 477 93 Google Scholar

ROBERTS, M. (2006), 'From "creative city" to "no-go areas" – the expansion of the night-time economy in British town and city centres', Cities, 23, 331–38. From "creative city" to "no-go areas" – the expansion of the night-time economy in British town and city centres Cities 23 331 38 Google Scholar

ROBERTS, M. and ELDRIDGE, A. (2009), Planning the Night-time City, London, Routledge. Planning the Night-time City Google Scholar

RODRÍGUEZ, A., SWYNGEDOUW, E. and MOULAERT, F. (2003), 'Urban restructuring: Social-political polarization and new urban policies', in F. Moulaert, A. Rodríguez and E. Swyngedouw (eds), The globalized city: Economic restructuring and social polarization in European Cities, Oxford, OUP, 29–45. Google Scholar

SANDERCOCK, L. (2003), Cosmopolis II: Mongrel Cities for the Twenty-first Century, London, Continuum. Cosmopolis II: Mongrel Cities for the Twenty-first Century Google Scholar

SEMI, G. (2004), 'Il quartiere che (si) distingue. Un caso di gentrification a Torino', Studi Culturali, No. 1, 83–108. Google Scholar

SHIELDS, R. (ed.) (1992), Lifestyle Shopping: The Subject of Consumption, London, Routledge. Lifestyle Shopping: The Subject of Consumption Google Scholar

TALBOT, D. (2007), Regulating the Night: Race, Culture and Exclusion in the Making of the Night-time Economy, Aldershot, Ashgate. Regulating the Night: Race, Culture and Exclusion in the Making of the Night-time Economy Google Scholar

TAN, W. and KLAASEN, I. (2007), 'Exploring 24/7 environments', Town Planning Review, 78, 699–723. Exploring 24/7 environments Town Planning Review 78 699 723 Google Scholar

TOMANEY, J. and BRADLEY, D. (2007), 'The economic role of mobile professional and creative workers and their housing and residential preferences: Evidence from North East England', Town Planning Review, 78, 511–30. The economic role of mobile professional and creative workers and their housing and residential preferences: Evidence from North East England Town Planning Review 78 511 30 Google Scholar

TOMLINSON, J. (ed.) (1990), Consumption, Identity and Style: Marketing, Meanings, and the Packaging of Pleasure, London, Routledge. Consumption, Identity and Style: Marketing, Meanings, and the Packaging of Pleasure Google Scholar

TORINO INTERNAZIONALE (2006), Secondo Piano Strategico dell'Area Metropolitana di Torino, Direzioni e Obiettivi, Torino, Torino Internazionale. Secondo Piano Strategico dell'Area Metropolitana di Torino, Direzioni e Obiettivi Google Scholar

URRY, J. (1990), The Tourist Gaze: Leisure and Travel in Contemporary Societies, London, Sage. The Tourist Gaze: Leisure and Travel in Contemporary Societies Google Scholar

VANOLO, A. (2008), 'The image of the creative city: Some reflections on urban branding in Turin', Cities, 25, 370–82. The image of the creative city: Some reflections on urban branding in Turin Cities 25 370 82 Google Scholar

WINLOW, S. and HALL, S. (2006), Violent Night: Urban Leisure and Contemporary Culture, Oxford, Berg. Violent Night: Urban Leisure and Contemporary Culture Google Scholar

ZUKIN, S. (1991), Landscapes of Power: From Detroit to Disney World, Berkeley, CA, University of California Press. Landscapes of Power: From Detroit to Disney World Google Scholar

zukin, s. (1995), The Cultures of Cities, Oxford, Blackwell. The Cultures of Cities Google Scholar

ATKINSON, R. AND EASTHOPE, H. (2009), 'The Consequences of the Creative Class: The Pursuit of Creativity Strategies in Australia's Cities', International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 33, 64–79. The Consequences of the Creative Class: The Pursuit of Creativity Strategies in Australia's Cities International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 33 64 79 Google Scholar

BAGNASCO, A. (1997), Torino: Un profilo sociologico, Torino, Einaudi. Torino: Un profilo sociologico Google Scholar

BIANCHINI, F. (1995), 'Night cultures, night economies', Planning Practice and Research, 10, 121–26. Night cultures, night economies Planning Practice and Research 10 121 26 Google Scholar

BROMLEY, R., THOMAS, C. and MILLIE, A. (2000), 'Exploring safety concerns in the night-time city: Revitalising the evening economy', Town Planning Review, 71, 71–96. Exploring safety concerns in the night-time city: Revitalising the evening economy Town Planning Review 71 71 96 Google Scholar

CHATTERTON, P. and HOLLANDS, R. (2002), 'Theorising urban playscapes: Producing, regulating and consuming youthful nightlife city spaces', Urban Studies, 39, 95–116. Theorising urban playscapes: Producing, regulating and consuming youthful nightlife city spaces Urban Studies 39 95 116 Google Scholar

CREWE, L. and BEAVERSTOCK, J. (1998), 'Fashioning the city: Cultures of consumption in contemporary urban spaces', Geoforum, 29, 287–308. Fashioning the city: Cultures of consumption in contemporary urban spaces Geoforum 29 287 308 Google Scholar

CURTO, R., COSCIA, C., FREGONARA, E. and GRELLA, S. (2008), 'L'osservatorio immobiliare della città di Torino: un patrimonio informativo per la conoscenza e l'analisi delle dinamiche urbane e di mercato', in Murgante, B. (ed.), L'informazione geografica a supporto della pianificazione territoriale, Milano, Franco Angeli, 110–33. L'osservatorio immobiliare della città di Torino: un patrimonio informativo per la conoscenza e l'analisi delle dinamiche urbane e di mercato L'informazione geografica a supporto della pianificazione territoriale Google Scholar

FLORIDA, R. (2002), The Rise of the Creative Class and How It's Transforming Work, Leisure, Community, and Everyday Life, New York, Basic Books. The Rise of the Creative Class and How It's Transforming Work, Leisure, Community, and Everyday Life Google Scholar

FLORIDA, R. (2003), 'Cities and the creative class', City & Community, 2, 3–19. Cities and the creative class City & Community 2 3 19 Google Scholar

FURLONG, A. (2009), Handbook of Youth and Young Adulthood: New Perspectives and Agendas, London, Routledge. Handbook of Youth and Young Adulthood: New Perspectives and Agendas Google Scholar

HADFIELD, P. (2008), 'From Threat to Promise: Nightclub 'Security', Governance and Consumer Elites', British Journal of Criminology, 48, 429–47. From Threat to Promise: Nightclub 'Security', Governance and Consumer Elites British Journal of Criminology 48 429 47 Google Scholar

HANNIGAN, J. (1998), Fantasy City: Pleasure and Profit in the Postmodern Metropolis, London, Routledge. Fantasy City: Pleasure and Profit in the Postmodern Metropolis Google Scholar

HARVEY, D. (1989), The Condition of Postmodernity, Oxford, Blackwell. The Condition of Postmodernity Google Scholar

HILLER, H. (2000), 'Mega-events, urban boosterism and growth strategies: An analysis of the objectives and legitimations of the Cape Town 2004 Olympic Bid', International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 24, 439–58. Mega-events, urban boosterism and growth strategies: An analysis of the objectives and legitimations of the Cape Town 2004 Olympic Bid International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 24 439 58 Google Scholar

HOLLANDS, R. (1995), Friday Night, Saturday Night: Youth Cultural Identification in the Post-industrial City, Newcastle, Newcastle University. Friday Night, Saturday Night: Youth Cultural Identification in the Post-industrial City Google Scholar

HOLLANDS, R. (2002), 'Divisions in the dark: youth cultures, transitions and segmented consumption spaces in the night-time economy', Journal of Youth Studies, 5,153–71. Divisions in the dark: youth cultures, transitions and segmented consumption spaces in the night-time economy Journal of Youth Studies 5 153 71 Google Scholar

HOLLANDS, R. and CHATTERTON, P. (2003), 'Producing nightlife in the new urban entertainment economy: Corporatisation, branding and market segmentation', International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 27, 361–85. Producing nightlife in the new urban entertainment economy: Corporatisation, branding and market segmentation International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 27 361 85 Google Scholar

HUBBARD, P. (1995), 'Urban design and local economic development: A case study in Birmingham', Cities, 12, 243–51. Urban design and local economic development: A case study in Birmingham Cities 12 243 51 Google Scholar

HUBBARD, P. and WHOWELL, M. (2008), 'Revisiting the red light district: still neglected, immoral and marginal?', Geoforum, 39, 1743–55. Revisiting the red light district: still neglected, immoral and marginal? Geoforum 39 1743 55 Google Scholar

ISTAT (2008), Rapporto annuale: La situazione del Paese nel 2008, Roma, Istat. Google Scholar

JAYNE, M. (2006), Cities and Consumption, London, Routledge. Cities and Consumption Google Scholar

KLEIN, N. (2000), No Logo, London, Flamingo. No Logo Google Scholar

KNEALE, J. and DWYER, C. (2008), 'Consumption', in J. Duncan, N. Johnson and R. Schein (eds), A Companion to Cultural Geography, Oxford, Blackwell, 298–315. Google Scholar

LANDRY, C. (2006), The Art of City Making, London, Earthscan. The Art of City Making Google Scholar

LASH, S. and URRY, J. (1994), Economies of Signs and Space, London, Sage. Economies of Signs and Space Google Scholar

LOVATT, A. and O'CONNOR, J. (1995), 'Cities and the night time economy', Planning Practice and Research, 10, 127–34. Cities and the night time economy Planning Practice and Research 10 127 34 Google Scholar

LYNCH, K. (1960), The Image of the City, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press. The Image of the City Google Scholar

MALBON, B. (1997), 'Clubbing: Consumption, identity and the spatial practices of every-night life', in T. Skelton and G. Valentine (eds), Cool Places: Geography of Youth Cultures, London, Routledge, 266–85. Clubbing: Consumption, identity and the spatial practices of every-night life Cool Places: Geography of Youth Cultures 266 85 Google Scholar

MCCARTHY, J. (1998), 'Dublin's temple bar: a case study of culture-led regeneration', European Planning Studies, 6, 271–81. Dublin's temple bar: a case study of culture-led regeneration European Planning Studies 6 271 81 Google Scholar

MILES, S. and PADDISON, R. (2005), 'Introduction: The rise and rise of culture-led urban regeneration', Urban Studies, 42, 833–39. Introduction: The rise and rise of culture-led urban regeneration Urban Studies 42 833 39 Google Scholar

MOLOTCH, H. (1996), 'LA as design product: how art works in a regional economy', in A. J. Scott and E.W. Soja (eds), The City: Los Angeles and Urban Theory at the End of the Twentieth Century, Los Angeles, University of California Press, 225–75. LA as design product: how art works in a regional economy The City: Los Angeles and Urban Theory at the End of the Twentieth Century 225 75 Google Scholar

OFFICINE GRANDI RIPARAZIONI (2008), Turin 011: Biography of a City, exhibition booklet, June– October 2008, Torino, Officine Grandi Riparazioni. Google Scholar

PECK, J. (2005), 'Struggling with the creative class', International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 29, 740–70. Struggling with the creative class International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 29 740 70 Google Scholar

PINSON, D. (2002), 'Political government and governance: Strategic planning and the reshaping of a political capacity in Turin', International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 26, 477–93. Political government and governance: Strategic planning and the reshaping of a political capacity in Turin International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 26 477 93 Google Scholar

ROBERTS, M. (2006), 'From "creative city" to "no-go areas" – the expansion of the night-time economy in British town and city centres', Cities, 23, 331–38. From "creative city" to "no-go areas" – the expansion of the night-time economy in British town and city centres Cities 23 331 38 Google Scholar

ROBERTS, M. and ELDRIDGE, A. (2009), Planning the Night-time City, London, Routledge. Planning the Night-time City Google Scholar

RODRÍGUEZ, A., SWYNGEDOUW, E. and MOULAERT, F. (2003), 'Urban restructuring: Social-political polarization and new urban policies', in F. Moulaert, A. Rodríguez and E. Swyngedouw (eds), The globalized city: Economic restructuring and social polarization in European Cities, Oxford, OUP, 29–45. Google Scholar

SANDERCOCK, L. (2003), Cosmopolis II: Mongrel Cities for the Twenty-first Century, London, Continuum. Cosmopolis II: Mongrel Cities for the Twenty-first Century Google Scholar

SEMI, G. (2004), 'Il quartiere che (si) distingue. Un caso di gentrification a Torino', Studi Culturali, No. 1, 83–108. Google Scholar

SHIELDS, R. (ed.) (1992), Lifestyle Shopping: The Subject of Consumption, London, Routledge. Lifestyle Shopping: The Subject of Consumption Google Scholar

TALBOT, D. (2007), Regulating the Night: Race, Culture and Exclusion in the Making of the Night-time Economy, Aldershot, Ashgate. Regulating the Night: Race, Culture and Exclusion in the Making of the Night-time Economy Google Scholar

TAN, W. and KLAASEN, I. (2007), 'Exploring 24/7 environments', Town Planning Review, 78, 699–723. Exploring 24/7 environments Town Planning Review 78 699 723 Google Scholar

TOMANEY, J. and BRADLEY, D. (2007), 'The economic role of mobile professional and creative workers and their housing and residential preferences: Evidence from North East England', Town Planning Review, 78, 511–30. The economic role of mobile professional and creative workers and their housing and residential preferences: Evidence from North East England Town Planning Review 78 511 30 Google Scholar

TOMLINSON, J. (ed.) (1990), Consumption, Identity and Style: Marketing, Meanings, and the Packaging of Pleasure, London, Routledge. Consumption, Identity and Style: Marketing, Meanings, and the Packaging of Pleasure Google Scholar

TORINO INTERNAZIONALE (2006), Secondo Piano Strategico dell'Area Metropolitana di Torino, Direzioni e Obiettivi, Torino, Torino Internazionale. Secondo Piano Strategico dell'Area Metropolitana di Torino, Direzioni e Obiettivi Google Scholar

URRY, J. (1990), The Tourist Gaze: Leisure and Travel in Contemporary Societies, London, Sage. The Tourist Gaze: Leisure and Travel in Contemporary Societies Google Scholar

VANOLO, A. (2008), 'The image of the creative city: Some reflections on urban branding in Turin', Cities, 25, 370–82. The image of the creative city: Some reflections on urban branding in Turin Cities 25 370 82 Google Scholar

WINLOW, S. and HALL, S. (2006), Violent Night: Urban Leisure and Contemporary Culture, Oxford, Berg. Violent Night: Urban Leisure and Contemporary Culture Google Scholar

ZUKIN, S. (1991), Landscapes of Power: From Detroit to Disney World, Berkeley, CA, University of California Press. Landscapes of Power: From Detroit to Disney World Google Scholar

zukin, s. (1995), The Cultures of Cities, Oxford, Blackwell. The Cultures of Cities Google Scholar

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Crivello, Silvia