Town Planning Review

Planning for climate change: the role of indigenous blue infrastructure, with a case study in Sweden

Town Planning Review (2011), 82, (6), 669–685.

Abstract

By analysing past hydrological structures in the city of Lund, Sweden, this paper highlights the contexts in which knowledge of the dynamic landscape in its origin, and the subsequent integration of human implementation and perception, will provide a complementary guidance to sustainable planning and adaptation to climate change. Using the concept of indigenous blue infrastructure, the aim is to present and raise questions concerning contemporary planning and stormwater management of the urban core, and the consequent flooding incidents in the surrounding countryside. It also places emphasis on a systems thinking much needed in current planning, which recognises the correlation of different scales and urban land morphologies within the entire urban–rural landscape. Further, it aspires to depict a vista from which ensuing exploration into the role of indigenous hydrology and the historical landscape, as flexible, dynamic and unrestrained entities, can expand to address future challenges.

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ANTROP, M. (2000), 'Changing patterns in the urbanised countryside of Western Europe', Landscape Ecology, 15, 257–70. Changing patterns in the urbanised countryside of Western Europe Landscape Ecology 15 257 70 Google Scholar

BALIC, I. (2004), 'Kv Bispsen & Allhelgona Kyrkogata, Lund – Arkeologisk förundersökning 2001', Kulturens rapporter, nr 1 [a journal from the Department of Cultural Heritage]. Google Scholar

BALIC, I. and GARDELIN, G. (2002), 'Lundagårdsområdet – Arkeologiska förundersökningar 2001-2002'. Arkeologiska arkivrapporter från Lund, nr 104, Kulturen, Lund [a journal from the Department of Cultural Heritage]. Google Scholar

BERNDTSSON, J. C. and BENGTSSON, L. (2006), 'Stadens inverkan på vattenmiljön – i avrinningsområden', VA-Forsk rapport 23 [a journal from the Swedish Water and Wastewater Association]. Google Scholar

BERNES, C. (2003), A Warmer World – The Greenhouse Effect and Climate Change, Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Stockholm, Naturvårdsverket, Sweclim 34–35. Google Scholar

BLOMQVIST, R. (1935), 'Brunnar och vattenledningar i Lund under äldre tider', Kulturen Årsbok 1935, 192–207. Brunnar och vattenledningar i Lund under äldre tider Kulturen Årsbok 1935 192 207 Google Scholar

BUCHT, E., CARLSSON, L., FALK, J., HÄLLGREN, J. AND MALMQUIST, P.-A. (1977), Dagvatten – Resurs och belastning, Statens Naturvårdsverk 873 [a report from the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency]. Google Scholar

DEFRA (DEPARTMENT FOR ENVIRONMENT FOOD AND RURAL AFFAIRS) (2010), Flood and Water Management Act 2010 [online]. Available at: http://www.ww2.defra.gov.uk Google Scholar

EEA (THE EUROPEAN ENVIRONMENT AGENCY) (2005), EEA Briefing 1/2005 – 'Climate change and river flooding in Europe' [online]. Available at: http://www.reports.eea.europa.eu Google Scholar

ENVIRONMENT AGENCY (2007), Review of 2007 summer floods [online]. Available at: http://www.publications.environment-agency.gov.uk Google Scholar

ENVIRONMENT AGENCY (2010), Delivering benefits through evidence – the costs of the summer 2007 floods in England [online]. Available at: http://www.publications.environment-agency.gov.uk Google Scholar

EPSRC (ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH COUNCIL) (2007), Adaptation Strategies for Climate Change in the Urban Environment [online]. Available at: http://www.epsrc.ac.uk Google Scholar

ERLANDSSON, H. (1930), 'Om vattendragen och den äldsta bebyggelsen i Lund', Det gamla Lund, 12, 1–25. Om vattendragen och den äldsta bebyggelsen i Lund Det gamla Lund 12 1 25 Google Scholar

EUROPEAN COMMISSION (2007), Directive 2007/60/EC – on the assessment and management of flood risk [online]. Available at: http://www.ec.europa.eu Google Scholar

EUROPEAN COMMISSION (2010), Internet consultation on a proposal for a Floods Directive – Reducing the risks of floods in Europe [online]. Available at: http://www.ec.europa.eu Google Scholar

FORMAN, R. T. T. and GODRON, M. (1986), Landscape Ecology, New York, John Wiley and Sons. Landscape Ecology Google Scholar

GILL, S. E., HANDLEY, J. F., ENNOS, A. R. and PAULEIT, S. (2007), 'Adapting Cities for Climate Change: The Role of the Green Infrastructure', Built Environment, 33, 115–33. Adapting Cities for Climate Change: The Role of the Green Infrastructure Built Environment 33 115 33 Google Scholar

HACKETT, B. (1950), Man, Society and Environment, London, Percival Marshall. Man, Society and Environment Google Scholar

HANSARD (2008), Publications and Records [online]. Available at: http://www.publications.parliament.uk Google Scholar

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IPCC (INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE) (2007), 'IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, Working Group I Report: "The Physical Science Basis", Chapter 5, "Observations: Oceanic Climate Change and Sea Level"' [online]. Available at: http://www.ippc.ch Google Scholar

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LINEHAN, J. R. and GROSS, M. (1998), 'Back to the future, back to basics: the social ecology of landscapes and the future of landscape planning', Landscape and Urban Planning, 42, 207–23. Back to the future, back to basics: the social ecology of landscapes and the future of landscape planning Landscape and Urban Planning 42 207 23 Google Scholar

LOMMA KOMMUN (2009), 'Vatten och avlopp – ny dagvattenledning' [online]. Available fromat http://www.lomma.se Google Scholar

LUNDS KOMMUN (2005), Stadsbyggnadskontoret, 'Värna och vinna staden – fördjupning av översiktsplanen för staden Lund', (White Paper) [online]. Available at: http://www.lund.se Google Scholar

LUNDS KOMMUN (2010), Stadsbyggnadskontoret, 'Översiktsplan 2010, Del 1' [online]. Available at: http://www.lund.se Google Scholar

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MACKAYE, B. (1928), The New Exploration: A Philosophy of Regional Planning, New York, Harcourt, Brace & Company. The New Exploration: A Philosophy of Regional Planning Google Scholar

MARCUCCI, D. J. (2000), 'Landscape history as planning tool', Landscape and Urban Planning, 49, 67–81. Landscape history as planning tool Landscape and Urban Planning 49 67 81 Google Scholar

MCHARG, I. (1969), Design with Nature, New York, American Museum of Natural History, Natural History Press. Design with Nature Google Scholar

MILJÖMÅLSRÅDET (2008), [Environmental Objectives Portal], Miljömålsverket (White Paper from the Swedish Parliament) [online]. Available at: http://www.miljomal.nu/ Google Scholar

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SMHI (SWEDISH INSTITUTE OF METEOROLOGY AND HYDROLOGY) (2010), http://www.smhi.se Google Scholar

SOU (STATENS OFFENTLIGA UTREDNINGAR) (2007) 'Sverige inför Klimatförändringarna – hot och möjligheter', Swedish Government Official Reports of 2007 [online]. Available at: http://www.sweden.gov.se Google Scholar

SPIRN, A. (1984), The Granite Garden – Urban Nature and Human Design, New York, Basic Books. The Granite Garden – Urban Nature and Human Design Google Scholar

STAHRE, P. and GELDOF, G. D. (2003), 'On the road to a new stormwater planning approach: from Model A to Model B', Water Practice & Technology, vol. 1, no. 1, IWA Publishing [online]. Available at: http://www.iwaponline.com/wpt/001/wpt0010005.htm Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER (2007), 'Build Parks to Climate Proof Our Cities', Science Daily, 14 May. Google Scholar

VATTENMYNDIGHETERNA OCH LÄNSSTYRELSERNA (2007), 'Vattenförvaltningen 2007 – en rapport från vattenmyndigheternas och länsstyrelsernas arbete' [online]. Available at: http://www.lansstyrelsen.se Google Scholar

WHITFORD, V., ENNOS, A. R., HANDLEY, J. F. (2001), 'City form and natural process: indicators for the ecological performance of urban areas and their application to Merseyside, UK', Landscape and Urban Planning, 57, 91–103. City form and natural process: indicators for the ecological performance of urban areas and their application to Merseyside, UK Landscape and Urban Planning 57 91 103 Google Scholar

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Author details

Deak, Johanna

Bucht, Eivor