Town Planning Review

Strategic navigation: in search of an adaptable mode of strategic spatial planning practice

Town Planning Review (2011), 82, (5), 595–613.

Abstract

In face of a dizzying pace of change, radical uncertainty and emergent policy effects there have been calls for more open, dynamic and adaptable alternatives to the modernist institutional legacy of strategic spatial planning practice. Here a case is explored where planners responsible for Melbourne's metropolitan planning sought to operationalise such an approach to strategic spatial planning following release of a new metropolitan strategy. They termed this approach 'strategic navigation'. Operationalisation of strategic navigation required: a reconceptualisation of the role of strategic planning; a codification of the subsequent organisational implications through the draft business planning process, including different priorities with respect to the knowledge and relationships, tools and practices that planners rely on to inform their situated judgement; and the identification and informal pursuit of leverageable strategies as a way to enact adaptability.

Access Token
£25.00
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

ALBRECHTS, L. (2004), 'Strategic (spatial) planning re-examined', Environment and Planning B, Planning and Design, 31, 743–58. Strategic (spatial) planning re-examined Environment and Planning B, Planning and Design 31 743 58 Google Scholar

ALBRECHTS, L. (2005), 'Creativity as a drive for change', Planning Theory, 4, 247–69. Creativity as a drive for change Planning Theory 4 247 69 Google Scholar

ALBRECHTS, L. (2006), 'Shifts in strategic spatial planning? Some evidence from Europe and Australia', Environment and Planning A, 38, 1149–70. Shifts in strategic spatial planning? Some evidence from Europe and Australia Environment and Planning A 38 1149 70 Google Scholar

BEVIR, M. and RHODES, R. A. W. (2006), Governance Stories, Milton Park, Routledge. Governance Stories Google Scholar

BIRRELL, B., O'CONNOR, K., RAPSON, V. and HEALY, E. (2005), Melbourne 2030: Planning Rhetoric Versus Urban Reality, Melbourne, Monash University Press. Melbourne 2030: Planning Rhetoric Versus Urban Reality Google Scholar

BOOHER, D. E. and INNES, J. E. (2001), 'Network power in collaborative planning', Journal of Planning Education and Research, 21, 221–36. Network power in collaborative planning Journal of Planning Education and Research 21 221 36 Google Scholar

CHRISTENSEN, K. (1985), 'Coping with uncertainties in planning', Journal of the American Planning Association, 51, 63–73. Coping with uncertainties in planning Journal of the American Planning Association 51 63 73 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

DOI (2002), Melbourne 2030: Planning for Sustainable Development, Victorian Government. Google Scholar

ELLIS, C. (2004), The Ethnographic I: A Methodological Novel about Autoethnography, Walnut Creek, CA, AltaMira Press. The Ethnographic I: A Methodological Novel about Autoethnography Google Scholar

FLYVBJERG, B. (2004), 'Phronetic planning research: theoretical and methodological reflections', Planning Theory and Practice, 5, 283–306. Phronetic planning research: theoretical and methodological reflections Planning Theory and Practice 5 283 306 Google Scholar

FORESTER, J. (1989), Planning in the Face of Power, Berkeley, CA, University of California Press. Planning in the Face of Power Google Scholar

FORESTER, J. (1993), Critical Theory, Public Policy and Planning Practice: Toward a Critical Pragmatism, Albany, State University of New York Press. Critical Theory, Public Policy and Planning Practice: Toward a Critical Pragmatism Google Scholar

FORESTER, J. (1999), The Deliberative Practitioner: Encouraging Participatory Planning Processes, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press. The Deliberative Practitioner: Encouraging Participatory Planning Processes Google Scholar

GLEESON, B. (2008), 'Critical commentary. Waking from the dream: an Australian perspective on urban resilience', Urban Studies, 45, 2653–68. Critical commentary. Waking from the dream: an Australian perspective on urban resilience Urban Studies 45 2653 68 Google Scholar

HAJER, M. and WAGENAAR, H. (eds), (2003) Deliberative Policy Analysis: Understanding Governance in the Network Society, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. Deliberative Policy Analysis: Understanding Governance in the Network Society Google Scholar

HAMES, R. (2007), The Five Literacies of Global Leadership, San Francisco, Jossey-Bass. The Five Literacies of Global Leadership Google Scholar

HEALEY, P. (2006), Urban Complexity and Spatial Strategies: Towards a Relational Planning for Our Times, London, Routledge. Urban Complexity and Spatial Strategies: Towards a Relational Planning for Our Times Google Scholar

HEALEY, P. (2008), 'Making choices that matter: the practical art of situated strategic judgement in spatial strategy-making', in J. van den Broeck, F. Moulaert and S. Oosterlynck (eds), Empowering the Planning Fields: Ethics, Creativity and Action, Leuven, Acco, 23–41. Google Scholar

HEALEY, P. (2009a), 'The pragmatic tradition in planning thought', Journal of Planning Education and Research, 28, 277–92. The pragmatic tradition in planning thought Journal of Planning Education and Research 28 277 92 Google Scholar

HEALEY, P. (2009b), 'In search of the "strategic" in spatial strategy making', Planning Theory and Practice, 10, 439–57. In search of the "strategic" in spatial strategy making Planning Theory and Practice 10 439 57 Google Scholar

HILLIER, J. (2007), Stretching Beyond the Horizon: A Multiplanar Theory of Spatial Planning and Governance, Aldershot, Ashgate. Stretching Beyond the Horizon: A Multiplanar Theory of Spatial Planning and Governance Google Scholar

HILLIER, J. (2008), 'Plan(e) speaking: a multiplanar theory of spatial planning', Planning Theory, 7, 24–50. Plan(e) speaking: a multiplanar theory of spatial planning Planning Theory 7 24 50 Google Scholar

INNES, J. E. and BOOHER, D. E. (1999), 'Metropolitan development as a complex system: a new approach to sustainability', Economic Development Quarterly, 13, 141–56. Metropolitan development as a complex system: a new approach to sustainability Economic Development Quarterly 13 141 56 Google Scholar

INNES, J. E. and BOOHER, D. E. (2003), 'Collaborative policymaking: governance through dialogue', in M. Hajer and H. Wagenaar (eds), 33–59. Collaborative policymaking: governance through dialogue 33 59 Google Scholar

INNES, J. E., CONNICK, S. and BOOHER, D. (2007), 'Informality as a planning strategy', Journal of the American Planning Association, 73, 195–210. Informality as a planning strategy Journal of the American Planning Association 73 195 210 Google Scholar

KATZ, B., ALTMAN, A. and WAGNER, J. (2006), 'An urban agenda for an urban age', presentation at the Urban Age Conference, Berlin, Germany, 10 November 10. Google Scholar

KINGDON, J. W. (1995), Agendas, Alternatives, and Public Policies, New York, Harper Collins. Agendas, Alternatives, and Public Policies Google Scholar

KOLB, D. (1984), Experiential Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall. Experiential Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development Google Scholar

MCLOUGHLIN, J. B. (1969), Urban and Regional Planning: A Systems Approach, London, Faber and Faber. Urban and Regional Planning: A Systems Approach Google Scholar

MEADOWS, D. (1999), Leverage Points: Places to Intervene in a System, Hartland, VT, The Sustainability Institute. Leverage Points: Places to Intervene in a System Google Scholar

MEES, P. (2003), 'Paterson's Curse: the attempt to revive metropolitan planning in Victoria', Urban Policy and Research, 21, 287–99. Paterson's Curse: the attempt to revive metropolitan planning in Victoria Urban Policy and Research 21 287 99 Google Scholar

MINTZBERG, H. (1994), The Rise and Fall of Strategic Planning, New York, The Free Press. The Rise and Fall of Strategic Planning Google Scholar

MURDOCH, I. (1970), The Sovereignty of Good, London, Verso The Sovereignty of Good Google Scholar

MURDOCH, J. (2006), Post-structuralist Geography, London, Sage. Post-structuralist Geography Google Scholar

NIVEN, S. and WILKINSON, C. (2005), 'Reinventing Melbourne', in E. Charlesworth, Cityedge: Case Studies in Contemporary Urbanism, Oxford, Architectural Press. Google Scholar

OECD (2003), Melbourne Territorial Review, Paris, OECD. Google Scholar

SANDERCOCK, L. (1998), Towards Cosmopolis: Planning for Multicultural Cities, Chichester, John Wiley & Sons. Towards Cosmopolis: Planning for Multicultural Cities Google Scholar

SLAUGHTER, R. A. (1999), Futures for the Third Millennium: Enabling the Forward View, Sydney, Prospect. Futures for the Third Millennium: Enabling the Forward View Google Scholar

THOUGHTPOSTEDGE (2005), 'Melbourne 2030 (and beyond): a reframing proposal', report, Melbourne. Google Scholar

WAGENAAR, H. (2007), 'Governance, complexity, and democratic participation: how citizens and public officials harness the complexities of neighborhood decline', The American Review of Public Administration, 37, 17–50. Governance, complexity, and democratic participation: how citizens and public officials harness the complexities of neighborhood decline The American Review of Public Administration 37 17 50 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

WATSON, V. (2002), Change and Continuity in Spatial Planning: Metropolitan Planning in Cape Town under Political Transition, London and New York, Routledge. Change and Continuity in Spatial Planning: Metropolitan Planning in Cape Town under Political Transition Google Scholar

WILKINSON, C. (2010), 'Beyond blueprints – complexity theory as a prospective influence for urban governance', Resilience and Planning: An Interdisciplinary Exploration, Licentiate thesis, Stockholm University/Stockholm Resilience Centre. Google Scholar

YANOW, D. (2000), Conducting Interpretive Policy Analysis, Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage. Conducting Interpretive Policy Analysis Google Scholar

YIN, R. K. (2003), Case Study Research: Design and Methods, Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage. Case Study Research: Design and Methods Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Wilkinson, Cathy