Town Planning Review

Policy transfer among planners in transit-oriented development

Town Planning Review (2015), 86, (5), 537–560.

Abstract

This article describes and assesses the process of transferring policy ideas on transit-oriented development (TOD) to Dutch land-use and transportation planners. The Netherlands illustrates a planning context typical of countries where the concept of (TOD) has been transferred, but perhaps in an incomplete form; considerable barriers remain in implementing TOD beyond disconnected projects. The policy ideas were 16 critical success factors in TOD obtained through a meta-analysis of international case studies developed in the first phase of this study (Thomas and Bertolini, 2014). Through two exercises, local planners learned about the processes and types of policy transfer, identified the strengths and weaknesses in TOD implementation in their regions and discussed ways in which to strengthen weaknesses. Pre- and post-workshop surveys of the participants indicate that the workshops were an effective way to transfer policy ideas and lessons from international cases to the local planning context and ‘recontextualise’ them to their own region.

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TAN, W. G. Z., JANSSEN-JANSEN, L. B. and BERTOLINI, L. (2014a), ‘The role of incentives in implementing successful transit-oriented development strategies’,  Urban Policy and Research, 32, 33–51. The role of incentives in implementing successful transit-oriented development strategies Urban Policy and Research 32 33 51 Google Scholar

TAN, W. G. Z., JANSSEN-JANSEN, L. B. and BERTOLINI, L. (2014b), ‘Identifying and conceptualising context-specific barriers to transit-oriented development strategies: the case of the Netherlands’, Town Planning Review, 85, 639–63. Identifying and conceptualising context-specific barriers to transit-oriented development strategies: the case of the Netherlands Town Planning Review 85 639 63 Google Scholar

THOMAS, R. and BERTOLINI, L. (2014), ‘Beyond the case study dilemma in urban planning: using a meta-matrix to distil critical success factors in transit-oriented development’,  Urban Policy and Research, 32 , 219–37, DOI: 10.1080/08111146.2014.882256 Beyond the case study dilemma in urban planning: using a meta-matrix to distil critical success factors in transit-oriented development Urban Policy and Research 32 219 37 Google Scholar

THOMAS, R. and BERTOLINI, L. (2015), ‘Defining critical success factors in TOD implementation using rough set analysis’,  Journal of Transport and Land Use Planning, 10, 1–16, DOI: 10.5198/jtlu.2015.513 https://www.jtlu.org/index.php/jtlu/article/view/513/622 (accessed 25 August 2015). Google Scholar

TRANSLINK (2012), Transit-Oriented Communities Guidelines. Creating More Livable Places Around Transit in Metro Vancouver, Vancouver, TransLink. Google Scholar

VAN EGMOND, P., NIJKAMP, P. and VINDIGNI, G. (2003), ‘A comparative analysis of the performance of urban public transport systems in Europe’, International Social Science Journal, 55, 235–47. A comparative analysis of the performance of urban public transport systems in Europe International Social Science Journal 55 235 47 Google Scholar

CERVERO, R. (2008), Effects of TOD on Housing, Parking and Travel, Centre for Transit-Oriented Development: Urban Land Institute, Transit Cooperative Research Program Report 128. Effects of TOD on Housing, Parking and Travel Google Scholar

CHORUS, P. (2012), Station Area Developments in Tokyo and What the Randstad Can Learn From It, Amsterdam, University of Amsterdam. Station Area Developments in Tokyo and What the Randstad Can Learn From It Google Scholar

DIMAGGIO, P. and POWELL, W. (1983), ‘The iron cage revisited: institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organisational fields’, American Sociological Review, 48, 147–60. The iron cage revisited: institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organisational fields American Sociological Review 48 147 60 Google Scholar

DOLOWITZ, D. and MARSH, D. (2000), ‘Learning from abroad: the role of policy transfer in contemporary policy making’, Governance, 13, 5–24. Learning from abroad: the role of policy transfer in contemporary policy making Governance 13 5 24 Google Scholar

GRIN, J. (2010), ‘The governance of transitions’, in J. Grin, J. Rotmans & J. Schot (eds), Transitions to Sustainable Development: New Directions in the Study of Long-Term Transformative Change, New York and London, Routledge, 265–85. The governance of transitions Transitions to Sustainable Development: New Directions in the Study of Long-Term Transformative Change 265 85 Google Scholar

KNOWLES, R. D. (2012), ‘Transit-oriented development in Copenhagen, Denmark: from the Finger Plan to Ørestad’, Journal of Transport Geography, 22, 251–61. Transit-oriented development in Copenhagen, Denmark: from the Finger Plan to Ørestad Journal of Transport Geography 22 251 61 Google Scholar

LANGENDIJK, A.and BOERTJES, S. (2012), ‘Light rail: all change please! A post-structural perspective on the global mushrooming of a transport concept’, Planning Theory, 12, 290–310. Light rail: all change please! A post-structural perspective on the global mushrooming of a transport concept Planning Theory 12 290 310 Google Scholar

MARSDEN, G. and STEAD, D. (2011), ‘Policy transfer and learning in the field of transport: a review of concepts and evidence’, Transport Policy, 19, 492–500. Policy transfer and learning in the field of transport: a review of concepts and evidence Transport Policy 19 492 500 Google Scholar

MAXWELL, J. A. (2004), ‘Using qualitative methods for causal explanation’, Field Methods, 16, 243–64. Using qualitative methods for causal explanation Field Methods 16 243 64 Google Scholar

NIJKAMP, P., VAN DER BURCH, M. and VINDIGNI, G. (2002), ‘A comparative institutional evaluation of public-private partnerships in Dutch urban land-use and revitalisation projects’, Urban Studies, 39, 1865–80. A comparative institutional evaluation of public-private partnerships in Dutch urban land-use and revitalisation projects Urban Studies 39 1865 80 Google Scholar

ROSE, R. (2005), Learning from Comparative Public Policy: A Practical Guide, London and New York, Routledge. Learning from Comparative Public Policy: A Practical Guide Google Scholar

SCHWANEN, T., DIJST, M. and DIELEMAN, F. M. (2004), ‘Policies for urban form and their impact on travel: the Netherlands experience’, Urban Studies, 41, 579–603. Policies for urban form and their impact on travel: the Netherlands experience Urban Studies 41 579 603 Google Scholar

SPAANS, M. and LOUW, E. (2009), Crossing Borders with Planners and Developers and the Limits of Lesson-drawing. City Futures in a Globalising World, Madrid, University Rey Juan Carlos of Madrid. Crossing Borders with Planners and Developers and the Limits of Lesson-drawing. City Futures in a Globalising World Google Scholar

STEAD, D., DEJONG, M and REINHOLDE, I. (2008), ‘Urban transport policy transfer in Central and Eastern Europe’, Disp: The Planning Review, 44, 62–73. Urban transport policy transfer in Central and Eastern Europe Disp: The Planning Review 44 62 73 Google Scholar

STONE, D. (1999), ‘Learning lessons and transferring policy across time, space and disciplines’, Politics, 19, 51–9. Learning lessons and transferring policy across time, space and disciplines Politics 19 51 9 Google Scholar

STONE, D. (2004), ‘Transfer agents and global networks in the “transnationalisation” of policy’, Journal of European Public Policy, 11, 545–66. Transfer agents and global networks in the “transnationalisation” of policy Journal of European Public Policy 11 545 66 Google Scholar

STRAATEMEIER, T., BERTOLINI, L., TE BRÖMMELSTROET, M. and HOETJES, P. (2010), ‘An experiential approach to research in planning’, Environment and Planning B, 37, 578–91. An experiential approach to research in planning Environment and Planning B 37 578 91 Google Scholar

TAN, W. G. Z., JANSSEN-JANSEN, L. B. and BERTOLINI, L. (2014a), ‘The role of incentives in implementing successful transit-oriented development strategies’,  Urban Policy and Research, 32, 33–51. The role of incentives in implementing successful transit-oriented development strategies Urban Policy and Research 32 33 51 Google Scholar

TAN, W. G. Z., JANSSEN-JANSEN, L. B. and BERTOLINI, L. (2014b), ‘Identifying and conceptualising context-specific barriers to transit-oriented development strategies: the case of the Netherlands’, Town Planning Review, 85, 639–63. Identifying and conceptualising context-specific barriers to transit-oriented development strategies: the case of the Netherlands Town Planning Review 85 639 63 Google Scholar

THOMAS, R. and BERTOLINI, L. (2014), ‘Beyond the case study dilemma in urban planning: using a meta-matrix to distil critical success factors in transit-oriented development’,  Urban Policy and Research, 32 , 219–37, DOI: 10.1080/08111146.2014.882256 Beyond the case study dilemma in urban planning: using a meta-matrix to distil critical success factors in transit-oriented development Urban Policy and Research 32 219 37 Google Scholar

THOMAS, R. and BERTOLINI, L. (2015), ‘Defining critical success factors in TOD implementation using rough set analysis’,  Journal of Transport and Land Use Planning, 10, 1–16, DOI: 10.5198/jtlu.2015.513 https://www.jtlu.org/index.php/jtlu/article/view/513/622 (accessed 25 August 2015). Google Scholar

TRANSLINK (2012), Transit-Oriented Communities Guidelines. Creating More Livable Places Around Transit in Metro Vancouver, Vancouver, TransLink. Google Scholar

VAN EGMOND, P., NIJKAMP, P. and VINDIGNI, G. (2003), ‘A comparative analysis of the performance of urban public transport systems in Europe’, International Social Science Journal, 55, 235–47. A comparative analysis of the performance of urban public transport systems in Europe International Social Science Journal 55 235 47 Google Scholar

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Details

Author details

Thomas, Ren

Bertolini, Luca