International Development Planning Review

Safe and inclusive cities: contesting violence

International Development Planning Review (2020), 42, (1), 1–11.

Abstract

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References

Adebayo, K. and Akinyemi, A. (2019) ‘“Wheelbarrow livelihoods”, urban space and antinomies of survival in Ibadan, south west Nigeria’, International Development Planning Review, 41(1), 23–42. Google Scholar

Agostini, G., Chianese, F., French, W. and Sandhu, A. (2007) ‘Understanding the processes of urban violence: an analytical framework’ (report), Crisis States Research Centre, London, London School of Economics. Google Scholar

Barolsky, V. and Borges, D. (2019) ‘Is social cohesion the missing link in preventing violence? Case studies from South Africa and Brazil’, in Salahub et al. (eds), 104–132. Google Scholar

Bhide, A. (2013) The City Produced: Urban Development, Violence and Spatial Justice in Mumbai, (report of research on People, Places, and Infrastructure: Countering Urban Violence and Promoting Social Justice in Mumbai, Durban and Rio de Janeiro), Mumbai, Tata Institute of Social Sciences. Google Scholar

Bhide, A. (2019) ‘Everyday violence and bottom-up peace building initiatives by the urban poor in Mumbai’, International Development Planning Review, 42(1), 57–71. Google Scholar

Borde, E., Page, V. and Moura, T. (2019) ‘Masculinities and nonviolence in contexts of chronic urban violence’, International Development Planning Review, 42(1), 73–91. Google Scholar

Burte, H. and Kamath, L. (2017) ‘The violence of worlding: producing space in neoliberal Mumbai, Durban and Rio de Janeiro’, Economic and Political Weekly, 52(7), 66–74. Google Scholar

Chant, S. and McIlwaine, C. (2016) Cities, Slums and Gender in the Global South, London, Routledge. Google Scholar

Coates, R. and Garmany, J. (2017) ‘The ecology of citizenship: understanding vulnerability in urban Brazil’, International Development Planning Review, 39(1), 37–56. Google Scholar

Datta, A. (2016) ‘The intimate city: violence, gender and ordinary life in Delhi slums’, Urban Geography, 37(3), 323–342. Google Scholar

Desai, R., Mahadevia, D. and Sanghvi, S. (2019) ‘Urban planning, exclusion and negotiation in an informal subdivision: the case of Bombay Hotel, Ahmedabad’, International Development Planning Review, 42(1), 33–56. Google Scholar

Falla, A. M. V. and Valencia, S. C. (2019) ‘Beyond state regulation of informality: understanding access to public space by street vendors in Bogota’, International Development Planning Review, 41(1), 85–106. Google Scholar

Farmer, P. (1996) ‘On suffering and structural violence: a view from below’, Daedalus, 261–283. Google Scholar

Farmer, P. (2004) ‘An anthropology of structural violence’, Current Anthropology, 45, 305–325. Google Scholar

Freeman, J. and Burgos, M. (2017) ‘Accumulation by forced removal: the thinning of Rio de Janeiro’s favelas in preparation for the games’, Journal of Latin American Studies, 49, 549–577. Google Scholar

Galtung, J. (1969) ‘Violence, peace, and peace research’, Journal of Peace Research, 6, 167–191. Google Scholar

Gough, K. V., Chigunta, F. and Langevang, T. (2016) ‘Expanding the scales and domains of insecurity: youth employment in urban Zambia’, Environment and Planning A, 48(2), 348–366. Google Scholar

Gregory, D. and Pred, A. (eds) (2006) Violent Geographies: Fear, Terror, and Political Violence, New York, Routledge. Google Scholar

Hammett, D. (2017) ‘Introduction: exploring the contested terrain of urban citizenship’, International Development Planning Review, 39(1), 1–13. Google Scholar

Langa, M., Masuku, T. and van der Merwe, H. (2019) ‘Towards safer communities: the impact of the community work programme on the prevention of urban violence in South Africa’, in Salahub et al. (eds), 90–103. Google Scholar

Lemanski, C. (2012) ‘Everyday human (in)security rescaling for the Southern city’, Security Dialogue, 43(1), 61–78. Google Scholar

Lemanski, C. (2017) ‘Unequal citizenship in unequal cities: participatory urban governance in contemporary South Africa’, International Development Planning Review, 39(1), 15–36. Google Scholar

Lindell, I. (2019) ‘Introduction: re-spatialising informality: reconsidering the spatial politics of street work in the global South’, International Development Planning Review, 41(1), 3–21. Google Scholar

Lindell, I., Ampaire, C. and Byerley, A. (2019) ‘Governing urban informality: re-working spaces and subjects in Kampala, Uganda’, International Development Planning Review, 41(1), 63–84. Google Scholar

Mahadevan, S. and Naqvi, I. (2017) ‘Contesting urban citizenship: the urban poor’s strategies of state engagement in Chennai, India’, International Development Planning Review, 39(1), 77–95. Google Scholar

Mahadevia, D. and Lathia, S. (2019) ‘Women and public spaces: lessons from the Sabarmati Riverfront, India’, Urban Planning, 4(2), 154–162. Google Scholar

Maharaj, B. (2019) ‘Contesting violent displacement: the case of Warwick market in Durban, South Africa’, International Development Planning Review, 42(1), 13–32. Google Scholar

Matzopoulos, R., Bloch K., Lloyd S., Berens, C., Myers, J. and Thompson, M. L. (2019) ‘Urban upgrading linked to positive social outcomes in Cape Town, South Africa’, in Salahub et al. (eds), 69–89. Google Scholar

McIlwaine, C. (1999) ‘Geography and development: violence and crime as development issues’, Progress in Human Geography, 23(3), 453–463. Google Scholar

McIlwaine, C. (2013) ‘Urbanisation and gender-based violence: exploring the paradoxes in the global South’, Environment and Urbanization, 25(1), 65–79. Google Scholar

McIlwaine, C. and Evans, Y. (2019) ‘Urban Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG) in transnational perspective: reflections from Brazilian women in London’, International Development Planning Review, 42(1), 93–112. Google Scholar

Moser, C. (ed.) (2016) Gender, Asset Accumulation and Just Cities, London, Routledge. Google Scholar

Moser, C. and McIlwaine, C. (2006) ‘Latin American urban violence as a development concern: towards a framework for violence prevention’, World Development, 34(1), 89–112. Google Scholar

Moser, C. and McIlwaine, C. (2014) ‘New frontiers in twenty-first century urban conflict and violence’, Environment and Urbanization, 26(2), 331–344. Google Scholar

Moser, C. and Rodgers, D. (2005) ‘Change, violence and insecurity in non-conflict situations’ (ODI Working Paper No. 245), London, Overseas Development Institute. Google Scholar

Muggah, R. (2012). Researching the Urban Dilemma: Urbanization, Poverty and Violence (report), Ottawa, International Development Research Centre (IRDC/CRDI) and Department for International Development (DFID). Google Scholar

Omoegun, A. O., Mackie, P. and Brown, A. (2019) ‘The aftermath of eviction in the Nigerian informal economy’, International Development Planning Review, 41(1), 107–128. Google Scholar

Rodgers, D. (2004) ‘Disembedding the city: crime, insecurity, and spatial organization in Managua, Nicaragua’, Environment and Urbanization, 16(2), 113–124. Google Scholar

Rodgers, D. (2009) ‘Slum wars of the 21st century: gangs, Mano Dura and the new urban geography of conflict in Central America’, Development and Change, 40(5), 949–976. Google Scholar

Rodgers, D. and Muggah, R. (2009) ‘Gangs as non-state armed groups: the Central American case’, Contemporary Security Policy, 30(2), 301–317. Google Scholar

Rodgers, D. and O’Neill, B. (2012) ‘Infrastructural violence: introduction to the special issue’, Ethnography, 13(4), 401–412. Google Scholar

Rudd, A., Simon D., Cardama, M., Birch, E. and Revi, A. (2018) ‘The UN, the urban sustainable development goal, and the new urban agenda’, in T. Elmqvist, X. Bai, N. Frantzeskaki, C. Griffith, D. Maddox, T. McPhearson, S. Parnell, P. Romero-Lankao, S. Simon and M. Watkins, M. (eds), Urban Planet, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 180–196. Google Scholar

Salahub, J. E. and Zaaroura, M. D. (2019) ‘Conclusions’, in Salahub et al. (eds), 221–236. Google Scholar

Salahub, J. E., Gottsbacher, M., de Boer, J. and Zaaroura, M. D. (eds) (2019) Reducing Urban Violence in the Global South: Towards Safe and Inclusive Cities, Abingdon and New York, Routledge. Google Scholar

Schindler, S., Swilling, M., Robinson, B., Dhar, S., Dekki, C., Khullar, A., Koike, H., Lo, S. T. T., Senteno-Bueno, S., Otto, M., Gil, S., Mushongera, D., Culwick, C., Kihato, C. W. and Landau, L. B. (2017) ‘Reflections on the new urban agenda’, International Development Planning Review, 39(4), 349–374. Google Scholar

Shultz, R., Farah, D. and Lochard, I. (2004) ‘Armed groups: a tier-one security priority’ (INSS Occasional Paper 57), Colorado, USAF Institute for National Security. Google Scholar

Springer, S. (2008) ‘The Nonillusory Effects of Neoliberalism: Linking Geographies of Poverty, Inequality, and Violence’, Geoforum, 39, 1520–1525. Google Scholar

Springer, S. (2011) ‘Public space as emancipation: meditations on anarchism, radical democracy, neoliberalism and violence’, Antipode, 43, 525–562. Google Scholar

Turner, S. and Hanh, N. T (2019) ‘Contesting socialist state visions for modern mobilities: informal motorbike taxi drivers’ struggles and strategies on Hanoi’s streets, Vietnam’, International Development Planning Review, 41(1), 43–62. Google Scholar

UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) (n.d.) Sustainable Development Goals, New York, UNDP, https://www.undp.org/content/dam/undp/library/corporate/brochure/SDGs_Booklet_Web_En.pdf (accessed 11 June 2019). Google Scholar

UN-Habitat (2007) Global Report on Human Settlements 2007: Enhancing Urban Safety and Security, Nairobi, UN-Habitat. Google Scholar

UN (United Nations) (2017) New Urban Agenda, Ecuador, UN, http://habitat3.org/wp-content/uploads/NUA-English.pdf (accessed 11 June 2019). Google Scholar

Weinstein, L. (2013) ‘Demolition and dispossession: toward an understanding of state violence in millennial Mumbai’, Studies in Comparative International Development, 48, 285–307. Google Scholar

World Bank (2010) Violence in the City: Understanding and Supporting Community Responses to Urban Violence, Washington, DC, World Bank. Google Scholar

World Bank (2011) The World Development Report, 2011: Conflict, Security and Development, Washington, DC, World Bank. Google Scholar

Adebayo, K. and Akinyemi, A. (2019) ‘“Wheelbarrow livelihoods”, urban space and antinomies of survival in Ibadan, south west Nigeria’, International Development Planning Review, 41(1), 23–42. Google Scholar

Agostini, G., Chianese, F., French, W. and Sandhu, A. (2007) ‘Understanding the processes of urban violence: an analytical framework’ (report), Crisis States Research Centre, London, London School of Economics. Google Scholar

Barolsky, V. and Borges, D. (2019) ‘Is social cohesion the missing link in preventing violence? Case studies from South Africa and Brazil’, in Salahub et al. (eds), 104–132. Google Scholar

Bhide, A. (2013) The City Produced: Urban Development, Violence and Spatial Justice in Mumbai, (report of research on People, Places, and Infrastructure: Countering Urban Violence and Promoting Social Justice in Mumbai, Durban and Rio de Janeiro), Mumbai, Tata Institute of Social Sciences. Google Scholar

Bhide, A. (2019) ‘Everyday violence and bottom-up peace building initiatives by the urban poor in Mumbai’, International Development Planning Review, 42(1), 57–71. Google Scholar

Borde, E., Page, V. and Moura, T. (2019) ‘Masculinities and nonviolence in contexts of chronic urban violence’, International Development Planning Review, 42(1), 73–91. Google Scholar

Burte, H. and Kamath, L. (2017) ‘The violence of worlding: producing space in neoliberal Mumbai, Durban and Rio de Janeiro’, Economic and Political Weekly, 52(7), 66–74. Google Scholar

Chant, S. and McIlwaine, C. (2016) Cities, Slums and Gender in the Global South, London, Routledge. Google Scholar

Coates, R. and Garmany, J. (2017) ‘The ecology of citizenship: understanding vulnerability in urban Brazil’, International Development Planning Review, 39(1), 37–56. Google Scholar

Datta, A. (2016) ‘The intimate city: violence, gender and ordinary life in Delhi slums’, Urban Geography, 37(3), 323–342. Google Scholar

Desai, R., Mahadevia, D. and Sanghvi, S. (2019) ‘Urban planning, exclusion and negotiation in an informal subdivision: the case of Bombay Hotel, Ahmedabad’, International Development Planning Review, 42(1), 33–56. Google Scholar

Falla, A. M. V. and Valencia, S. C. (2019) ‘Beyond state regulation of informality: understanding access to public space by street vendors in Bogota’, International Development Planning Review, 41(1), 85–106. Google Scholar

Farmer, P. (1996) ‘On suffering and structural violence: a view from below’, Daedalus, 261–283. Google Scholar

Farmer, P. (2004) ‘An anthropology of structural violence’, Current Anthropology, 45, 305–325. Google Scholar

Freeman, J. and Burgos, M. (2017) ‘Accumulation by forced removal: the thinning of Rio de Janeiro’s favelas in preparation for the games’, Journal of Latin American Studies, 49, 549–577. Google Scholar

Galtung, J. (1969) ‘Violence, peace, and peace research’, Journal of Peace Research, 6, 167–191. Google Scholar

Gough, K. V., Chigunta, F. and Langevang, T. (2016) ‘Expanding the scales and domains of insecurity: youth employment in urban Zambia’, Environment and Planning A, 48(2), 348–366. Google Scholar

Gregory, D. and Pred, A. (eds) (2006) Violent Geographies: Fear, Terror, and Political Violence, New York, Routledge. Google Scholar

Hammett, D. (2017) ‘Introduction: exploring the contested terrain of urban citizenship’, International Development Planning Review, 39(1), 1–13. Google Scholar

Langa, M., Masuku, T. and van der Merwe, H. (2019) ‘Towards safer communities: the impact of the community work programme on the prevention of urban violence in South Africa’, in Salahub et al. (eds), 90–103. Google Scholar

Lemanski, C. (2012) ‘Everyday human (in)security rescaling for the Southern city’, Security Dialogue, 43(1), 61–78. Google Scholar

Lemanski, C. (2017) ‘Unequal citizenship in unequal cities: participatory urban governance in contemporary South Africa’, International Development Planning Review, 39(1), 15–36. Google Scholar

Lindell, I. (2019) ‘Introduction: re-spatialising informality: reconsidering the spatial politics of street work in the global South’, International Development Planning Review, 41(1), 3–21. Google Scholar

Lindell, I., Ampaire, C. and Byerley, A. (2019) ‘Governing urban informality: re-working spaces and subjects in Kampala, Uganda’, International Development Planning Review, 41(1), 63–84. Google Scholar

Mahadevan, S. and Naqvi, I. (2017) ‘Contesting urban citizenship: the urban poor’s strategies of state engagement in Chennai, India’, International Development Planning Review, 39(1), 77–95. Google Scholar

Mahadevia, D. and Lathia, S. (2019) ‘Women and public spaces: lessons from the Sabarmati Riverfront, India’, Urban Planning, 4(2), 154–162. Google Scholar

Maharaj, B. (2019) ‘Contesting violent displacement: the case of Warwick market in Durban, South Africa’, International Development Planning Review, 42(1), 13–32. Google Scholar

Matzopoulos, R., Bloch K., Lloyd S., Berens, C., Myers, J. and Thompson, M. L. (2019) ‘Urban upgrading linked to positive social outcomes in Cape Town, South Africa’, in Salahub et al. (eds), 69–89. Google Scholar

McIlwaine, C. (1999) ‘Geography and development: violence and crime as development issues’, Progress in Human Geography, 23(3), 453–463. Google Scholar

McIlwaine, C. (2013) ‘Urbanisation and gender-based violence: exploring the paradoxes in the global South’, Environment and Urbanization, 25(1), 65–79. Google Scholar

McIlwaine, C. and Evans, Y. (2019) ‘Urban Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG) in transnational perspective: reflections from Brazilian women in London’, International Development Planning Review, 42(1), 93–112. Google Scholar

Moser, C. (ed.) (2016) Gender, Asset Accumulation and Just Cities, London, Routledge. Google Scholar

Moser, C. and McIlwaine, C. (2006) ‘Latin American urban violence as a development concern: towards a framework for violence prevention’, World Development, 34(1), 89–112. Google Scholar

Moser, C. and McIlwaine, C. (2014) ‘New frontiers in twenty-first century urban conflict and violence’, Environment and Urbanization, 26(2), 331–344. Google Scholar

Moser, C. and Rodgers, D. (2005) ‘Change, violence and insecurity in non-conflict situations’ (ODI Working Paper No. 245), London, Overseas Development Institute. Google Scholar

Muggah, R. (2012). Researching the Urban Dilemma: Urbanization, Poverty and Violence (report), Ottawa, International Development Research Centre (IRDC/CRDI) and Department for International Development (DFID). Google Scholar

Omoegun, A. O., Mackie, P. and Brown, A. (2019) ‘The aftermath of eviction in the Nigerian informal economy’, International Development Planning Review, 41(1), 107–128. Google Scholar

Rodgers, D. (2004) ‘Disembedding the city: crime, insecurity, and spatial organization in Managua, Nicaragua’, Environment and Urbanization, 16(2), 113–124. Google Scholar

Rodgers, D. (2009) ‘Slum wars of the 21st century: gangs, Mano Dura and the new urban geography of conflict in Central America’, Development and Change, 40(5), 949–976. Google Scholar

Rodgers, D. and Muggah, R. (2009) ‘Gangs as non-state armed groups: the Central American case’, Contemporary Security Policy, 30(2), 301–317. Google Scholar

Rodgers, D. and O’Neill, B. (2012) ‘Infrastructural violence: introduction to the special issue’, Ethnography, 13(4), 401–412. Google Scholar

Rudd, A., Simon D., Cardama, M., Birch, E. and Revi, A. (2018) ‘The UN, the urban sustainable development goal, and the new urban agenda’, in T. Elmqvist, X. Bai, N. Frantzeskaki, C. Griffith, D. Maddox, T. McPhearson, S. Parnell, P. Romero-Lankao, S. Simon and M. Watkins, M. (eds), Urban Planet, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 180–196. Google Scholar

Salahub, J. E. and Zaaroura, M. D. (2019) ‘Conclusions’, in Salahub et al. (eds), 221–236. Google Scholar

Salahub, J. E., Gottsbacher, M., de Boer, J. and Zaaroura, M. D. (eds) (2019) Reducing Urban Violence in the Global South: Towards Safe and Inclusive Cities, Abingdon and New York, Routledge. Google Scholar

Schindler, S., Swilling, M., Robinson, B., Dhar, S., Dekki, C., Khullar, A., Koike, H., Lo, S. T. T., Senteno-Bueno, S., Otto, M., Gil, S., Mushongera, D., Culwick, C., Kihato, C. W. and Landau, L. B. (2017) ‘Reflections on the new urban agenda’, International Development Planning Review, 39(4), 349–374. Google Scholar

Shultz, R., Farah, D. and Lochard, I. (2004) ‘Armed groups: a tier-one security priority’ (INSS Occasional Paper 57), Colorado, USAF Institute for National Security. Google Scholar

Springer, S. (2008) ‘The Nonillusory Effects of Neoliberalism: Linking Geographies of Poverty, Inequality, and Violence’, Geoforum, 39, 1520–1525. Google Scholar

Springer, S. (2011) ‘Public space as emancipation: meditations on anarchism, radical democracy, neoliberalism and violence’, Antipode, 43, 525–562. Google Scholar

Turner, S. and Hanh, N. T (2019) ‘Contesting socialist state visions for modern mobilities: informal motorbike taxi drivers’ struggles and strategies on Hanoi’s streets, Vietnam’, International Development Planning Review, 41(1), 43–62. Google Scholar

UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) (n.d.) Sustainable Development Goals, New York, UNDP, https://www.undp.org/content/dam/undp/library/corporate/brochure/SDGs_Booklet_Web_En.pdf (accessed 11 June 2019). Google Scholar

UN-Habitat (2007) Global Report on Human Settlements 2007: Enhancing Urban Safety and Security, Nairobi, UN-Habitat. Google Scholar

UN (United Nations) (2017) New Urban Agenda, Ecuador, UN, http://habitat3.org/wp-content/uploads/NUA-English.pdf (accessed 11 June 2019). Google Scholar

Weinstein, L. (2013) ‘Demolition and dispossession: toward an understanding of state violence in millennial Mumbai’, Studies in Comparative International Development, 48, 285–307. Google Scholar

World Bank (2010) Violence in the City: Understanding and Supporting Community Responses to Urban Violence, Washington, DC, World Bank. Google Scholar

World Bank (2011) The World Development Report, 2011: Conflict, Security and Development, Washington, DC, World Bank. Google Scholar

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Details

Author details

Mahadevia, Darshini

Gough, Katherine V.

Mahadevia, Darshini

Gough, Katherine V.