Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies

Blood Functions

Disability, Biosociality, and Facts of the Body

Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies (2016), 10, (3), 341–356.

Abstract

The article examines how blood has historically functioned through modes of biocertification to co-produce race and disability in the US as a stable, biological property of an individual so as to be able to know and govern such social identities. It then traces how with the rise of genomic research, this biologically based stable-identification has become a form of “biosociality,” pointing to the novel alliances between patients, scientists, politicians, doctors, and biotech companies that give rise to new kinds of disability social relations. While new forms of disabled biosociality have had the potential to break down the way in which biology has been inscribed in a divide between nature and culture that locates biological impairments within individual bodies, the argument is that disability studies has left biology untouched as an active agent in the social production of disability.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Barad, Karen. Meeting the Universe Halfway: Quantum Physics and the Entanglement of Matter and Meaning. Durham: Duke UP, 2007. Print. Meeting the Universe Halfway: Quantum Physics and the Entanglement of Matter and Meaning Google Scholar

Baynton, Douglas. “Disability and the Justification of Inequality in American History.” The New Disability History: American Perspectives. Ed. Paul K. Longmore and Lauri Umansky. New York: New York UP, 2001. 33–57. Print. Disability and the Justification of Inequality in American History The New Disability History: American Perspectives 33 57 Google Scholar

Callon, Michael, and Vololona Rabeharisoa. “The Growing Engagement of Emergent Concerned Groups in Political and Economic Life: Lessons From the French Association of Neuromuscular Disease Patients.” Science, Technology & Human Values 33.2 (2007): 230–61. Print. The Growing Engagement of Emergent Concerned Groups in Political and Economic Life: Lessons From the French Association of Neuromuscular Disease Patients Science, Technology & Human Values 33.2 230 61 Google Scholar

Clarke, Adele, Fishman, Jennifer, Fosket, Jennifer, Mamo, Laura, and Shim, Janet. “Biomedicalization: Technoscientific Transformations of Health, Illness, and U.S. Biomedicine.” American Sociological Review 68 (April 2003): 161–94. Print. Biomedicalization: Technoscientific Transformations of Health, Illness, and U.S. Biomedicine American Sociological Review 68 161 94 Google Scholar

Davis, Lennard. The End of Normal: Identity in a Biocultural Era. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 2014. Print. The End of Normal: Identity in a Biocultural Era Google Scholar

Fritsch, Kelly. “Desiring Disability Differently: Neoliberalism, Heterotopia and Intracorporeal Reconfigurations.” Foucault Studies 19 (2015): 43–66. Print. Desiring Disability Differently: Neoliberalism, Heterotopia and Intracorporeal Reconfigurations Foucault Studies 19 43 66 Google Scholar

Fritsch, Kelly. “Gradations of Debility and Capacity: Biocapitalism and the Neoliberalization of Disability Relations.” Canadian Journal of Disability Studies 4.2 (2015): 12–48. Print. Gradations of Debility and Capacity: Biocapitalism and the Neoliberalization of Disability Relations Canadian Journal of Disability Studies 4.2 12 48 Google Scholar

Haraway, Donna. “A Manifesto for Cyborgs: Science, Technology, and Socialist Feminism in the 1980s.” Socialist Review 15.2 (1985): 65–107. Print. A Manifesto for Cyborgs: Science, Technology, and Socialist Feminism in the 1980s Socialist Review 15.2 65 107 Google Scholar

Haraway, Donna. Simians, Cyborgs, and Women. The Reinvention of Nature. New York: Routledge, 1991. Print. Simians, Cyborgs, and Women. The Reinvention of Nature Google Scholar

Landecker, Hannah. “Food as Exposure: Nutritional Epigenetics and the New Metabolism.” BioSocieties 6.2 (2011): 167–94. Print. Food as Exposure: Nutritional Epigenetics and the New Metabolism BioSocieties 6.2 167 94 Google Scholar

Lemke, Thomas. “Genetic Testing, Eugenics and Risk.” Critical Public Health 12.3 (2002): 283–90. Print. Genetic Testing, Eugenics and Risk Critical Public Health 12.3 283 90 Google Scholar

Lemke, Thomas. “Patient Organizations as Biosocial Communities? Conceptual Clarifications and Critical remarks.” The Public Shaping of Medical Research. Patient Associations, Health Movements and Biomedicine. Ed. P. Wehling, W. Viehoover and Sophia Koenen. New York: Routledge, 2015. 191–207. Print. Patient Organizations as Biosocial Communities? Conceptual Clarifications and Critical remarks The Public Shaping of Medical Research. Patient Associations, Health Movements and Biomedicine 191 207 Google Scholar

Martin, Aryn. “Microchimerism in the Mother(Land): Blurring the Borders of Body and Nation.” Body & Society 16.3 (2010): 23–50. Print. Microchimerism in the Mother(Land): Blurring the Borders of Body and Nation Body & Society 16.3 23 50 Google Scholar

Martin, Aryn. “The Chimera of Liberal Individualism: How Cells Became Selves in Human Clinical Genetics.” Osiris 22.1 (2008): 205–22. Print. The Chimera of Liberal Individualism: How Cells Became Selves in Human Clinical Genetics Osiris 22.1 205 22 Google Scholar

Mol, Annemarie. The Body Multiple: Ontology in Medical Practice. Durham: Duke UP, 2002. Print. The Body Multiple: Ontology in Medical Practice Google Scholar

Petryna, Adriana. Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl. Princeton: Princeton UP, 2002. Print. Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl Google Scholar

Rabinow, Paul. “Artificiality and Enlightenment: From Sociobiology to Biosociality” Essays in the Anthropology of Reason. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1996. 91–111. Print. Artificiality and Enlightenment: From Sociobiology to Biosociality Essays in the Anthropology of Reason 91 111 Google Scholar

Samuels, Ellen. Fantasies of Identification: Disability, Gender, Race. New York: New York UP, 2014. Print. Fantasies of Identification: Disability, Gender, Race Google Scholar

Schriempf, Alexa. “(Re) Fusing the Amputated Body: an Interactionist Bridge for Feminism and Disability.” Hypatia 16.4 (2001): 53–79. doi:10.1111/j.1527–2001.2001.tb00753.x. Print. (Re) Fusing the Amputated Body: an Interactionist Bridge for Feminism and Disability Hypatia 16.4 53 79 Google Scholar

Schweik, Susan M. The Ugly Laws: Disability in Public. New York: New York UP, 2009. Print. The Ugly Laws: Disability in Public Google Scholar

Shildrick, Margrit. “Some Reflections on the Socio-Cultural and Bioscientific Limits of Bodily Integrity.” Body & Society 16.3 (2010): 11–22. Print. Some Reflections on the Socio-Cultural and Bioscientific Limits of Bodily Integrity Body & Society 16.3 11 22 Google Scholar

Snyder, Sharon L., and David T. Mitchell. Cultural locations of disability. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2010. Print. Cultural locations of disability Google Scholar

Taussig, Karen-Sue, Rayna Rapp and Deborah Heath. “Flexible Eugenics: Technologies of the Self in the Age of Genetics.” Genetic Nature/Culture: Anthropology and Culture Beyond the Two-Culture Divide. Ed. Alan Good-man, Deborah Heath, and M. Susan Lindee. U of California P: 2003. 58–76. Print. Flexible Eugenics: Technologies of the Self in the Age of Genetics Genetic Nature/Culture: Anthropology and Culture Beyond the Two-Culture Divide 58 76 Google Scholar

Tremain, Shelley. “On the Government of Disability.” Social Theory and Practice 27.4 (2001): 617–36. Print. On the Government of Disability Social Theory and Practice 27.4 617 36 Google Scholar

Waldby, Catherine, and Robert Mitchell. Tissue Economies: Blood, Organs, and Cell Lines in Late Capitalism. Duke UP, 2006. Print. Tissue Economies: Blood, Organs, and Cell Lines in Late Capitalism Google Scholar

Barad, Karen. Meeting the Universe Halfway: Quantum Physics and the Entanglement of Matter and Meaning. Durham: Duke UP, 2007. Print. Meeting the Universe Halfway: Quantum Physics and the Entanglement of Matter and Meaning Google Scholar

Baynton, Douglas. “Disability and the Justification of Inequality in American History.” The New Disability History: American Perspectives. Ed. Paul K. Longmore and Lauri Umansky. New York: New York UP, 2001. 33–57. Print. Disability and the Justification of Inequality in American History The New Disability History: American Perspectives 33 57 Google Scholar

Callon, Michael, and Vololona Rabeharisoa. “The Growing Engagement of Emergent Concerned Groups in Political and Economic Life: Lessons From the French Association of Neuromuscular Disease Patients.” Science, Technology & Human Values 33.2 (2007): 230–61. Print. The Growing Engagement of Emergent Concerned Groups in Political and Economic Life: Lessons From the French Association of Neuromuscular Disease Patients Science, Technology & Human Values 33.2 230 61 Google Scholar

Clarke, Adele, Fishman, Jennifer, Fosket, Jennifer, Mamo, Laura, and Shim, Janet. “Biomedicalization: Technoscientific Transformations of Health, Illness, and U.S. Biomedicine.” American Sociological Review 68 (April 2003): 161–94. Print. Biomedicalization: Technoscientific Transformations of Health, Illness, and U.S. Biomedicine American Sociological Review 68 161 94 Google Scholar

Davis, Lennard. The End of Normal: Identity in a Biocultural Era. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 2014. Print. The End of Normal: Identity in a Biocultural Era Google Scholar

Fritsch, Kelly. “Desiring Disability Differently: Neoliberalism, Heterotopia and Intracorporeal Reconfigurations.” Foucault Studies 19 (2015): 43–66. Print. Desiring Disability Differently: Neoliberalism, Heterotopia and Intracorporeal Reconfigurations Foucault Studies 19 43 66 Google Scholar

Fritsch, Kelly. “Gradations of Debility and Capacity: Biocapitalism and the Neoliberalization of Disability Relations.” Canadian Journal of Disability Studies 4.2 (2015): 12–48. Print. Gradations of Debility and Capacity: Biocapitalism and the Neoliberalization of Disability Relations Canadian Journal of Disability Studies 4.2 12 48 Google Scholar

Haraway, Donna. “A Manifesto for Cyborgs: Science, Technology, and Socialist Feminism in the 1980s.” Socialist Review 15.2 (1985): 65–107. Print. A Manifesto for Cyborgs: Science, Technology, and Socialist Feminism in the 1980s Socialist Review 15.2 65 107 Google Scholar

Haraway, Donna. Simians, Cyborgs, and Women. The Reinvention of Nature. New York: Routledge, 1991. Print. Simians, Cyborgs, and Women. The Reinvention of Nature Google Scholar

Landecker, Hannah. “Food as Exposure: Nutritional Epigenetics and the New Metabolism.” BioSocieties 6.2 (2011): 167–94. Print. Food as Exposure: Nutritional Epigenetics and the New Metabolism BioSocieties 6.2 167 94 Google Scholar

Lemke, Thomas. “Genetic Testing, Eugenics and Risk.” Critical Public Health 12.3 (2002): 283–90. Print. Genetic Testing, Eugenics and Risk Critical Public Health 12.3 283 90 Google Scholar

Lemke, Thomas. “Patient Organizations as Biosocial Communities? Conceptual Clarifications and Critical remarks.” The Public Shaping of Medical Research. Patient Associations, Health Movements and Biomedicine. Ed. P. Wehling, W. Viehoover and Sophia Koenen. New York: Routledge, 2015. 191–207. Print. Patient Organizations as Biosocial Communities? Conceptual Clarifications and Critical remarks The Public Shaping of Medical Research. Patient Associations, Health Movements and Biomedicine 191 207 Google Scholar

Martin, Aryn. “Microchimerism in the Mother(Land): Blurring the Borders of Body and Nation.” Body & Society 16.3 (2010): 23–50. Print. Microchimerism in the Mother(Land): Blurring the Borders of Body and Nation Body & Society 16.3 23 50 Google Scholar

Martin, Aryn. “The Chimera of Liberal Individualism: How Cells Became Selves in Human Clinical Genetics.” Osiris 22.1 (2008): 205–22. Print. The Chimera of Liberal Individualism: How Cells Became Selves in Human Clinical Genetics Osiris 22.1 205 22 Google Scholar

Mol, Annemarie. The Body Multiple: Ontology in Medical Practice. Durham: Duke UP, 2002. Print. The Body Multiple: Ontology in Medical Practice Google Scholar

Petryna, Adriana. Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl. Princeton: Princeton UP, 2002. Print. Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl Google Scholar

Rabinow, Paul. “Artificiality and Enlightenment: From Sociobiology to Biosociality” Essays in the Anthropology of Reason. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1996. 91–111. Print. Artificiality and Enlightenment: From Sociobiology to Biosociality Essays in the Anthropology of Reason 91 111 Google Scholar

Samuels, Ellen. Fantasies of Identification: Disability, Gender, Race. New York: New York UP, 2014. Print. Fantasies of Identification: Disability, Gender, Race Google Scholar

Schriempf, Alexa. “(Re) Fusing the Amputated Body: an Interactionist Bridge for Feminism and Disability.” Hypatia 16.4 (2001): 53–79. doi:10.1111/j.1527–2001.2001.tb00753.x. Print. (Re) Fusing the Amputated Body: an Interactionist Bridge for Feminism and Disability Hypatia 16.4 53 79 Google Scholar

Schweik, Susan M. The Ugly Laws: Disability in Public. New York: New York UP, 2009. Print. The Ugly Laws: Disability in Public Google Scholar

Shildrick, Margrit. “Some Reflections on the Socio-Cultural and Bioscientific Limits of Bodily Integrity.” Body & Society 16.3 (2010): 11–22. Print. Some Reflections on the Socio-Cultural and Bioscientific Limits of Bodily Integrity Body & Society 16.3 11 22 Google Scholar

Snyder, Sharon L., and David T. Mitchell. Cultural locations of disability. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2010. Print. Cultural locations of disability Google Scholar

Taussig, Karen-Sue, Rayna Rapp and Deborah Heath. “Flexible Eugenics: Technologies of the Self in the Age of Genetics.” Genetic Nature/Culture: Anthropology and Culture Beyond the Two-Culture Divide. Ed. Alan Good-man, Deborah Heath, and M. Susan Lindee. U of California P: 2003. 58–76. Print. Flexible Eugenics: Technologies of the Self in the Age of Genetics Genetic Nature/Culture: Anthropology and Culture Beyond the Two-Culture Divide 58 76 Google Scholar

Tremain, Shelley. “On the Government of Disability.” Social Theory and Practice 27.4 (2001): 617–36. Print. On the Government of Disability Social Theory and Practice 27.4 617 36 Google Scholar

Waldby, Catherine, and Robert Mitchell. Tissue Economies: Blood, Organs, and Cell Lines in Late Capitalism. Duke UP, 2006. Print. Tissue Economies: Blood, Organs, and Cell Lines in Late Capitalism Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Fritsch, Kelly