Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies

Deforming and Transforming

Towards a Theory of “Viral Mestizaje” in Chicano Literature

Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies (2016), 10, (3), 323–340.

Abstract

The article asks what is created when blood-mixing oscillates between a marker of Chicano/a racial and cultural identity and a facilitator of HIV transmission. Reading across Chicano/a discourse, disability studies, and HIV/AIDS scholarship, the article evaluates the shaping influence of blood-mixing for narratives of Chicano/a hybridity, relatedness, and reimagined kinship. This synthesis, which is termed “viral mestizaje,” proves a unique critical optic through which to revaluate blood-mixing in Chicano literature responding to HIV/AIDS.

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Pratt, Mary Louise. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation. London: Routledge, 1992. Print. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation Google Scholar

Rodriguez, Richard. Brown: The Last Discovery of America. New York: Penguin, 2002. Print. Brown: The Last Discovery of America Google Scholar

Sommer, Doris. Foundational Fictions: The National Romances of Latin America. Berkeley: U of California P, 1991. Print. Foundational Fictions: The National Romances of Latin America Google Scholar

Soto, Sandra K. Reading Chican@ Like a Queer: The De-Mastery of Desire. Austin: U of Texas P, 2010. Print. Reading Chican@ Like a Queer: The De-Mastery of Desire Google Scholar

Treichler, Paula. How to Have Theory in an Epidemic: Cultural Chronicles of AIDS. Durham: Duke UP, 1999. Print. How to Have Theory in an Epidemic: Cultural Chronicles of AIDS Google Scholar

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Anon. “The Racist Crime of the Forcing Hispanic and Latino Labels on the Nican Tlaca Population of Cemanahuac (“The Americas”).” mexica-movement.org. 12 Oct. 2003. Web. 5 Mar. 2015. The Racist Crime of the Forcing Hispanic and Latino Labels on the Nican Tlaca Population of Cemanahuac (“The Americas mexica-movement.org Google Scholar

Anzaldúa, Gloria. “La Prieta.” This Bridge Called My Back: Writings By Radical Women of Color. New York: Kitchen Table, 1983. 198–209. Print. La Prieta This Bridge Called My Back: Writings By Radical Women of Color 198 209 Google Scholar

Anzaldúa, Gloria. Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza. San Francisco: Aunt Lunt, 2007 [1987]. Print. Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza Google Scholar

Anzaldúa, Gloria. “Haciendo caras, un entrada.” Making Face, Making Soul: Haciendo Caras: Creative and Critical Perspectives by Feminists of Color. Ed. Gloria Anzaldúa. San Francisco: Aunt Lute, 1990. xv–xxviii. Print. Haciendo caras, un entrada Making Face, Making Soul: Haciendo Caras: Creative and Critical Perspectives by Feminists of Color xv xxviii Google Scholar

Anzaldúa, Gloria. “Lesbian Wit: Conversation with Jeffner Allen (late 1980s).” Gloria E. Anzaldúa: Interviews/Entrevistas. Ed. AnaLouise Keating. New York: Routledge, 2000. 129–50. Print. Lesbian Wit: Conversation with Jeffner Allen (late 1980s) Gloria E. Anzaldúa: Interviews/Entrevistas 129 50 Google Scholar

Anzaldúa, Gloria. “(Un)natural bridges, (Un)safe spaces.” This Bridge We Call Home: Radical Visions of Transformation. Ed. Gloria Anzaldúa and AnaLouise Keating. New York: Routledge, 2002. 1–5. Print. (Un)natural bridges, (Un)safe spaces This Bridge We Call Home: Radical Visions of Transformation 1 5 Google Scholar

Anzaldúa, Gloria. “now let us shift…the path of conocimiento…inner work, public acts.” This Bridge We Call Home: Radical Visions of Transformation. Ed. Gloria Anzaldúa and AnaLouise Keating. New York: Routledge, 2002. 540–78. Print. now let us shift…the path of conocimiento…inner work, public acts This Bridge We Call Home: Radical Visions of Transformation 540 78 Google Scholar

Araiza, Alberto Antonio, Paul Bonin-Rodriguez, Michael Martinez, and Danny Bolero Zaldivar. “Quinceañera.” The Color of Theater: Race, Culture and Contemporary Performance. Ed. Roberta Uno and Lucy Mae San Pablo Burns. London: Continuum, 2002. 261–302. Print. Quinceañera The Color of Theater: Race, Culture and Contemporary Performance 261 302 Google Scholar

Arrizón, Alicia. Queering Mestizaje: Transculturation and Performance. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 2006. Print. Queering Mestizaje: Transculturation and Performance Google Scholar

Arteaga, Alfred. Chicano Poetics: Heterotexts and Hybridities. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997. Print. Chicano Poetics: Heterotexts and Hybridities Google Scholar

Audient, Jacques. The Human Face of Globalization: From Multicultural to Mestizaje. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2004. Print. The Human Face of Globalization: From Multicultural to Mestizaje Google Scholar

Bennett, Jeffrey. Banning Queer Blood: Rhetorics of Citizenship, Contagion, and Resistance. Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P, 2009. Print. Banning Queer Blood: Rhetorics of Citizenship, Contagion, and Resistance Google Scholar

Bordowitz, Gregg. The AIDS Crisis is Ridiculous and Other Writings. Cambridge, MA: MIT P, 2004. Print. The AIDS Crisis is Ridiculous and Other Writings Google Scholar

Bost, Suzanne. Encarnación: Illness and Body Politics in Chicana Feminist Literature. New York: Fordham UP, 2010. Print. Encarnación: Illness and Body Politics in Chicana Feminist Literature Google Scholar

Bustos Aguilar, Pedro. “Nueva Flor de Canela.” Virgins, Guerrillas and Locas: Gay Latinos Writing about Love. Ed. Jaime Cortez. San Francisco: Cleis, 1999. 183–93. Print. Nueva Flor de Canela Virgins, Guerrillas and Locas: Gay Latinos Writing about Love 183 93 Google Scholar

Cuadros, Gil. “My Aztlan: White Place.” City of God. San Francisco: City Lights Books, 1994. 53–58. Print. My Aztlan: White Place City of God 53 58 Google Scholar

Cuadros, Gil. “Heroes.” His: Brilliant New Fiction by Gay Writers. Ed. Robert Drake and Terry Wolverton. Boston: Faber & Faber, 1995. 45–51. Print. Heroes His: Brilliant New Fiction by Gay Writers 45 51 Google Scholar

Dean, Tim. Unlimited Intimacy: Reflections of the Subculture of Barebacking. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2009. Print. Unlimited Intimacy: Reflections of the Subculture of Barebacking Google Scholar

Delgadillo, Theresa. Spiritual Mestizaje: Religion, Gender, Race, and Nation in Contemporary Chicana Narrative. Durham: Duke UP, 2011. Print. Spiritual Mestizaje: Religion, Gender, Race, and Nation in Contemporary Chicana Narrative Google Scholar

García, Ignacio M. Chicanismo: The Forging of a Militant Ethos Among Mexican Americans. Tucson: U of Arizona P, 1997. Print. Chicanismo: The Forging of a Militant Ethos Among Mexican Americans Google Scholar

Glissant, Édouard. Poetics of Relation. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 1997. Print. Poetics of Relation Google Scholar

Gonzales, Rodolfo. “I Am Joaquín.” Latino/a Thought: Culture, Politics, and Society. Ed. Francisco H. Vázquez. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2009. 15–30. Print. I Am Joaquín Latino/a Thought: Culture, Politics, and Society 15 30 Google Scholar

Keating, AnaLouise. “Charting Pathways, Making Thresholds…A Warning, An Introduction.” This Bridge We Call Home: Radical Visions of Transformation. Ed. Gloria Anzaldúa and AnaLouise Keating. New York: Routledge, 2002. 6–20. Print. Charting Pathways, Making Thresholds…A Warning, An Introduction This Bridge We Call Home: Radical Visions of Transformation 6 20 Google Scholar

Medina, Néstor. Mestizaje: (Re)Mapping Race, Culture, and Faith in Latina/o Catholicism. New York: Orbis, 2009. Print. Mestizaje: (Re)Mapping Race, Culture, and Faith in Latina/o Catholicism Google Scholar

Minich, Julie Avril. “Mestizaje as National Prosthesis: Corporeal Metaphors in Héctor Tobar’s The Tattooed Soldier.” Arizona Journal of Hispanic Cultural Studies. Volume 17 (2013): 221–26. Print. Mestizaje as National Prosthesis: Corporeal Metaphors in Héctor Tobar’s The Tattooed Soldier The Tattooed Soldier 17 221 26 Google Scholar

Mitchell, David T. and Sharon L. Snyder, eds. “Introduction: Disability Studies and the Double Bind of Representation.” The Body and Physical Difference: Discourses of Disability. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 1997. 1–31. Print. Introduction: Disability Studies and the Double Bind of Representation The Body and Physical Difference: Discourses of Disability 1 31 Google Scholar

Mitchell, David T. and Sharon L. Snyder. Narrative Prosthesis: Disability and the Dependencies of Discourse. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 2000. Print. Narrative Prosthesis: Disability and the Dependencies of Discourse Google Scholar

Morales, Alejandro. The Rag Doll Plagues. Houston: Arte Público, 1992. Print. The Rag Doll Plagues Google Scholar

Muñoz, José Esteban. “‘Chico, what does it feel like to be a problem?’ The Transmission of Brownness.” The Companion to Latina/o Studies. Ed. Juan Flores and Renato Rosoldo. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2007. 441–51. Print. ‘Chico, what does it feel like to be a problem?’ The Transmission of Brownness The Companion to Latina/o Studies 441 51 Google Scholar

Nancy, Jean-Luc. “Cut Throat Sun.” An Other Tongue: Nation and Ethnicity in the Linguistic Borderlands. Ed. Alfred Arteaga. Durham: Duke UP, 1994. 113–24. Print. Cut Throat Sun An Other Tongue: Nation and Ethnicity in the Linguistic Borderlands 113 24 Google Scholar

Pérez-Torres, Rafael. Mestizaje: Critical Uses of Race in Chicano Culture. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 2006. Print. Mestizaje: Critical Uses of Race in Chicano Culture Google Scholar

Pratt, Mary Louise. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation. London: Routledge, 1992. Print. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation Google Scholar

Rodriguez, Richard. Brown: The Last Discovery of America. New York: Penguin, 2002. Print. Brown: The Last Discovery of America Google Scholar

Sommer, Doris. Foundational Fictions: The National Romances of Latin America. Berkeley: U of California P, 1991. Print. Foundational Fictions: The National Romances of Latin America Google Scholar

Soto, Sandra K. Reading Chican@ Like a Queer: The De-Mastery of Desire. Austin: U of Texas P, 2010. Print. Reading Chican@ Like a Queer: The De-Mastery of Desire Google Scholar

Treichler, Paula. How to Have Theory in an Epidemic: Cultural Chronicles of AIDS. Durham: Duke UP, 1999. Print. How to Have Theory in an Epidemic: Cultural Chronicles of AIDS Google Scholar

Tuhkanen, Mikko. “Mestiza Metaphysics.” Queer Times, Queer Becomings. Eds. E. L. McCallum and Mikko Tuhkanen. Albany: SUNY P, 2011. 259–94. Print. Mestiza Metaphysics Queer Times, Queer Becomings 259 94 Google Scholar

Vasconcelos, José. “Mestizaje.” José Vasconcelos: The Prophet of Race. Ed. Ilan Stavans. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP, 2011. 45–90. Print. Mestizaje José Vasconcelos: The Prophet of Race 45 90 Google Scholar

Wald, Priscilla. Contagious: Cultures, Carriers, and the Outbreak Narrative. Durham: Duke UP, 2008. Print. Contagious: Cultures, Carriers, and the Outbreak Narrative Google Scholar

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Carroll, Victoria