Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies

Indigenous Perspectives on Difference

A Case for Inclusion

Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies (2017), 11, (3), 303–320.

Abstract

The article argues for the inclusion of Indigenous voices in disability dialogues. The application of UN documents and actions in Indigenous communities justifies Indigenous perspectives as informing partners in disability dialogues. The article establishes a foundation for inclusion followed by a brief discussion of some global Indigenous concepts involving body and mind differences that are in direct opposition to Western concepts of disability. The use of Indigenous paradigms highlights the role of colonization and post-colonization assimilation practices in establishing discrimination dynamics involving disability within Indigenous communities. The argument is that the inclusion of Indigenous voices will not only assist Indigenous communities, but could also advance disability discussions in Western cultures.

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Cajete, Gregory. Native American Science: Natural Laws of Interdependence. Santa Fe: Clear Light Publishers, 2000. Print. Native American Science: Natural Laws of Interdependence Google Scholar

Cajete, Gregory. “Seven Orientations for the Development of Indigenous Science Education.” Handbook of Critical and Indigenous Methodologies. Ed. Norman K. Denzin, Yvonna S. Lincoln, and Linda Tuhiwai Smith. Los Angeles: Sage, 2008. 487–96. Print. Seven Orientations for the Development of Indigenous Science Education Handbook of Critical and Indigenous Methodologies 487 96 Google Scholar

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Davis, Lennard J. “Constructing Normalcy.” The Disability Studies Reader. Third Edition. Ed. Lennard J. Davis. New York: Routledge, 1997. 3–19. Print Constructing Normalcy The Disability Studies Reader 3 19 Google Scholar

Davis, Lennard J. Enforcing Normalcy: Disability, Deafness, and the Body. London: Verso. 1995. Print. Enforcing Normalcy: Disability, Deafness, and the Body Google Scholar

Deloria, Vine Jr. The World We Used to Live In: Remembering the Powers of the Medicine Men. Golden: Fulcrum Publishing, 2006. Print. The World We Used to Live In: Remembering the Powers of the Medicine Men Google Scholar

Dillard, Cynthia B. “When the Ground is Black, the Ground is Fertile: Exploring Endarkened Feminist Epistemology and Healing Methodologies in the Spirit.” Handbook of Critical and Indigenous Methodologies. Ed. Norman K. Denzin, Yvonna S. Lincoln, and Linda Tuhiwai Smith. Los Angeles: Sage, 2008. 277–92. Print. When the Ground is Black, the Ground is Fertile: Exploring Endarkened Feminist Epistemology and Healing Methodologies in the Spirit Handbook of Critical and Indigenous Methodologies 277 92 Google Scholar

Echo-Hawk, Walter R. In the Light of Justice: The Rise of Human Rights in Native America and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Golden: Fulcrum, 2013. Print. In the Light of Justice: The Rise of Human Rights in Native America and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Google Scholar

Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Trans. Myra Bergman Ramos. New York: Continuum, 1993. Print. Pedagogy of the Oppressed Google Scholar

Gilley, Brian Joseph. “Two-Spirit Men’s Sexual Survivance against the Inequality of Desire.” Queer Indigenous Studies: Critical Interventions in Theory, Politics, and Literature. Ed. Qwo-Li Driskill, Chris Finley, Brian Joseph Gilley, and Scott Lauria Morgensen. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, 2011. 123–31. Print. Two-Spirit Men’s Sexual Survivance against the Inequality of Desire Queer Indigenous Studies: Critical Interventions in Theory, Politics, and Literature 123 31 Google Scholar

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Lovern, Lavonna, and Carol Locust. Native American Communities on Health and Disability: A Borderland Dialogue. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. Print. Native American Communities on Health and Disability: A Borderland Dialogue Google Scholar

Markus, Hazel Rose, and Shinobu Kitayama. “Culture and the Self: Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation.” Psychological Review. 98.2. (1991): 224–53. Print. Culture and the Self: Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation Psychological Review 98.2 224 53 Google Scholar

Meyer, Manulani Aluli. “Indigenous and Authentic: Hawaiian Epistemology and the Triangulation of Meaning.” Handbook of Critical and Indigenous Methodologies. Ed. Norman K. Denzin, Yvonna S. Lincoln, and Linda Tuhiwai Smith. Los Angeles: Sage, 2008. 217–32. Print. Indigenous and Authentic: Hawaiian Epistemology and the Triangulation of Meaning Handbook of Critical and Indigenous Methodologies 217 32 Google Scholar

Montejo, Victor D. “The Road to Heaven: Jakaltek Maya Beliefs, Religion, and the Ecology.” Indigenous Traditions and Ecology: The Interbeing of Cosmology and Community. Ed. John A. Grim. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001. 175–95. Print. The Road to Heaven: Jakaltek Maya Beliefs, Religion, and the Ecology Indigenous Traditions and Ecology: The Interbeing of Cosmology and Community 175 95 Google Scholar

Morgensen, Scott Lauria. “Unsettling Queer Politics: What Can Non-Natives Learn from Two-spirit Organizing?” Queer Indigenous Studies: Critical Interventions in Theory, Politics, and Literature. Ed. Qwo-Li Driskill, Chris Finley, Brian Joseph Gilley, and Scott Lauria Morgensen. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, 2011. 132–52. Print. Unsettling Queer Politics: What Can Non-Natives Learn from Two-spirit Organizing? Queer Indigenous Studies: Critical Interventions in Theory, Politics, and Literature 132 52 Google Scholar

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Spector, Rachel E. Cultural Diversity in Health and Illness. New York: Appleton-Centrury-Crofts, 1979. Print. Cultural Diversity in Health and Illness Google Scholar

Sponsel, Leslie E. “Is Indigenous Spiritual Ecology Just a Ne Fad? Reflections from the Historical and Spiritual Ecology of Hawai’i.” Indigenous Traditions and Ecology: The Interbeing of Cosmology and Community. Ed. John A. Grim. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001. 159–74 Print. Is Indigenous Spiritual Ecology Just a Ne Fad? Reflections from the Historical and Spiritual Ecology of Hawai’i Indigenous Traditions and Ecology: The Interbeing of Cosmology and Community 159 74 Google Scholar

Thompson, Virginia C. “Independent and Interdependent Views of Self: Implications for Culturally Sensitive Vocational Rehabilitation Services.” Journal of Rehabilitation 63.4 (1997): 16–20. Print. Independent and Interdependent Views of Self: Implications for Culturally Sensitive Vocational Rehabilitation Services Journal of Rehabilitation 63.4 16 20 Google Scholar

United Nations. A/RES 13/217a. Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Web. 21 July 2015. Google Scholar

United Nations. A/RES 61/106. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Optional Protocol. Web. 21 July 2015. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

United Nations. A/RES 61/L.67. United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Web. 21 July 2015. Google Scholar

United Nations. The Charter of the United Nations. 26 June 1945. Web. 21 July 2015. Google Scholar

United Nations. CRPD/CSP/2015/5 Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: Conference of States Parties to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. 13–15 June 2015. Web. 21 July 2015. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Verney, Marilyn Notah. “On Authenticity.” American Indian Thought: Philosophical Essays. Ed. Anne Waters. Malden: Blackwell, 2004. 133–39. Print. On Authenticity American Indian Thought: Philosophical Essays 133 39 Google Scholar

Waters, Anne. “Language Matters: Nondiscrete Nonbinary Dualism.” American Indian Thought: Philosophical Essays. Ed. Anne Waters. Malden: Blackwell, 2004. 97–115. Print. Language Matters: Nondiscrete Nonbinary Dualism American Indian Thought: Philosophical Essays 97 115 Google Scholar

Wendell, Susan. “Toward a Feminist Theory of Disability.” The Feminist Philosophy Reader. Ed. A. Bailey and C. Cuomo. Boston: McGrawHill, 2008. 826–41. Print. Toward a Feminist Theory of Disability The Feminist Philosophy Reader 826 41 Google Scholar

White Face, Charmaine, and Zumila Wobaga. Indigenous Nations’ Rights in the Balance: An Analysis of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. St. Paul: Living Justice Press, 2013. Print. Indigenous Nations’ Rights in the Balance: An Analysis of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Google Scholar

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Lovern, Lavonna L.