International Development Planning Review

A new pattern of extended metropolitan regions in China: case study of the Changzhutan region

International Development Planning Review (2015), 37, (4), 399–422.

Abstract

As a response to the global economic crisis of 2008, the Chinese government has started to focus on domestic demand as one of the key national development strategies. New extended metropolitan regions (EMRs) in inland China are being designated as major platforms to promote domestic demand. Within the context of this new global economic environment and Chinese national policy, these EMRs might not share the same spatial characteristics and processes in the course of their growth and development as those in coastal areas. Using the Changzhutan (CZT) region as an example and comparing it to EMRs in coastal China, the article argues that a new type of urbanisation has been developing in China since 2000, a new region-based urbanisation driven by the combined forces of domestic demand and globalisation. Classified as a new category of EMR, (EMR II), these newly emerging EMRs in inland China are characterised as having domestic investment and demand as key drivers. Other characteristics are the ‘backflow’ of local people (those returning to Hunan) and ‘low carbon’ trends of its manufacturing sectors.

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China Town and Village Enterprises and Farming Industry Council (2010) China town and village enterprises and farming industry yearbook, 2010, Beijing, China Agriculture Press. Google Scholar

China Town and Village Enterprises Council (1991, 2001) China town and village enterprises yearbook 1991, 2001, Beijing, China Agriculture Press. Google Scholar

CSSB (China State Statistical Bureau) (2001, 2010) China city statistical yearbook 2001, 2010, Beijing, China Statistics Press. Google Scholar

CSSB (China State Statistical Bureau) (2001–2011) China county (city) social-economic statistical yearbook (2001–2011), Beijing, China Statistics Press. Google Scholar

Firman, T and Dharmapatni, I. (1995) ‘The emergence of extended metropolitan region in Indonesia:Jabotabek and Bandung metropolitan area’, Review of Urban and Regional Studies, 7, 167–88. The emergence of extended metropolitan region in Indonesia:Jabotabek and Bandung metropolitan area Review of Urban and Regional Studies 7 167 88 Google Scholar

Gottmann, J. (ed.) (1961) ‘Megalopolis: the urbanized northeastern seaboard of the United States’, New York, K.I.P. Megalopolis: the urbanized northeastern seaboard of the United States Google Scholar

HPSB (Hunan Province Statistical Bureau) (2001, 2011) Hunan statistical yearbook (2001, 2011), Beijing, China Statistics Press. Google Scholar

Hu, X. W., Zhou, Y. X. and Gu, C. L. (2000) Studies on the spatial agglomeration and desperation in China’s coastal city-and-town concentrated area, Beijing, Science Press. Studies on the spatial agglomeration and desperation in China’s coastal city-and-town concentrated area Google Scholar

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Lin, G. C. S. (1994) ‘Changing theoretical perspectives on urbanization in Asian developing countries’, Third World Planning Review, 16, 1–23. Changing theoretical perspectives on urbanization in Asian developing countries Third World Planning Review 16 1 23 Google Scholar

Lin, G. C. S. (2001) ‘Metropolitan development in a transitional socialist economy: spatial restructuring in the Pearl River Delta, China’, Urban Studies, 38, 383–406. Metropolitan development in a transitional socialist economy: spatial restructuring in the Pearl River Delta, China Urban Studies 38 383 406 Google Scholar

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McGee, T. G. and Greenberg, C. (1992) ‘The emergence of extended metropolitan regions in ASEAN – towards the year 2000’, ASEAN Economic Bulletin, 9, 22–44. The emergence of extended metropolitan regions in ASEAN – towards the year 2000 ASEAN Economic Bulletin 9 22 44 Google Scholar

McGee, T. G., Lin, G. C. S., Marton, A. M., Wang, M. Y. L. and Wu, J. (eds) (2007) China’s urban space: development under market socialism, London, Routledge. China’s urban space: development under market socialism Google Scholar

McGee, T. G. (1989) ‘Urbanisasi or kotadesasi? Evolving patterns of urbanization in Asia’, in F.J. Costa, A. K. Dutt, L.J. C. Ma, & A. O. Noble (eds), Urbanization in Asia: spatial dimensions and policy issues, Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press, 93–108. Urbanisasi or kotadesasi? Evolving patterns of urbanization in Asia Urbanization in Asia: spatial dimensions and policy issues 93 108 Google Scholar

McGee, T. G. (1991) ‘The emergence of desakota regions in Asia: expanding a hypothesis’, in N. Ginsberg, B. Koppel & T.G. McGee (eds), The extended metropolis: settlement transition in Asia, Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press, 3–25. The emergence of desakota regions in Asia: expanding a hypothesis The extended metropolis: settlement transition in Asia 3 25 Google Scholar

Nee V. and Swedberg R. (eds) (2007) On capitalism, Stanford, Stanford University Press. On capitalism Google Scholar

Ning, Y. M. (1998) ‘New process of urbanization: dynamics and features of urbanization in China since 1990’, Acta Geographica Sinica, 470–77. New process of urbanization: dynamics and features of urbanization in China since 1990 Acta Geographica Sinica 470 77 Google Scholar

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Sina News (2010) ‘China Development Bank with Hunan government put 20b yuan to establish ‘two-oriented’ fund’, 7 September 2010, http://news.sina.com.cn/o/2010–09–07/001118074524s.shtml (accessed 15 January 2013). Google Scholar

Sit, V. F. S. and Cai, J. M. (2003) ‘Formation and development of China’s extended metropolitan regions’, Geographical Research, 22, 531–40. Formation and development of China’s extended metropolitan regions Geographical Research 22 531 40 Google Scholar

Sit, V. F. S. and Yang, C. (1997) ‘Foreign-investment-induced exo-urbanization in the Pearl River Delta’, Urban Studies, 34, 647–78. Foreign-investment-induced exo-urbanization in the Pearl River Delta Urban Studies 34 647 78 Google Scholar

Sit, V.F.S. (2005) ‘China’s extended metropolitan regions: formation and delimitation’, International Development Planning Review, 27, 297–32. China’s extended metropolitan regions: formation and delimitation International Development Planning Review 27 297 32 Google Scholar

Webster, D. R., Cai, J. M., Muller, L. and Luo, B. (2003) ‘Emerging third stage peri-urbanization: functional specialization in the Hangzhou peri-urban region’, Discussion paper of Asia Pacific Research Centre, Stanford University, 2003. Emerging third stage peri-urbanization: functional specialization in the Hangzhou peri-urban region Google Scholar

Zhang, L. (ed.) (2003) China’s limited urbanization under socialism and beyond, New York, Nova Science Publishers. China’s limited urbanization under socialism and beyond Google Scholar

Zheng, Y. T. (2009) China’s mega-urban regions: spatial restructuring as global manufacturing platforms, Saarbrucken, VDM Verlag. China’s mega-urban regions: spatial restructuring as global manufacturing platforms Google Scholar

Zheng, Y. T., Chen, T. and Liu, S. H. (2009) ‘Regional concentration and region-based urban transition: China’s mega-urban region formation in the 1990s’, Urban Geography, 30, 312–33. Regional concentration and region-based urban transition: China’s mega-urban region formation in the 1990s Urban Geography 30 312 33 Google Scholar

Zhou, X. D. (2006) ‘Develop TVEs to improve village’s economy: an attempt to village development in Hunan’, Journal of Hunan Administration Institute, 2006, 5, 37–38. Develop TVEs to improve village’s economy: an attempt to village development in Hunan Journal of Hunan Administration Institute 5 37 38 Google Scholar

Zhou, Y. X. (1991) ‘The metropolitan interlocking regions in China: a preliminary hypothesis’, in N. Ginsberg, B. Koppel & T.G. McGee (eds), The extended metropolis: settlement transition in Asia, Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press, 89–111. The metropolitan interlocking regions in China: a preliminary hypothesis The extended metropolis: settlement transition in Asia 89 111 Google Scholar

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