Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies

Postcolonial Disaster, Pacific Nuclearization, and Disabling Environments

Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies (2010), 4, (3), 255–272.

Abstract

The article examines the intersections between Postcolonial Studies and Disability Studies in relation to the disastrous effects of Pacific nuclearization. It explores how two fictional texts, Robert Barclay’s Meļaļ (2002) and James George’s Ocean Roads (2006), portray the nuclear Pacific as a disabling environment conditioned by imperialist military interventions. The article situates its comparative analyses in relation to Mark Priestley and Laura Hemingway’s sociological research on disaster and disability and Achille Mbembe’s postcolonial theory of necropolitics, showing how both novels foreground deep entanglements between the presence of nuclearism and disability in the region. Resisting the erasure of disabled subject positions in conjunction with this violent history, the texts politicize notions of post-disaster recovery in ways that anticipate more inclusive and anticolonial futures.

Access Token
£25.00
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Adorno, Theodor W. and Max Horkheimer. The Dialectic of Enlightenment. London and New York: Verso, 1997. The Dialectic of Enlightenment. Google Scholar

Ashcroft, Bill. Post-colonial Transformation. London and New York: Routledge, 2001. Post-colonial Transformation. Google Scholar

Barclay, Robert. Meļaļ: A Novel of the Pacific. Honolulu: U of Hawai'i P, 2002. Meļaļ: A Novel of the Pacific. Google Scholar

De Brum, Tony. "BRAVO and Today: US Nuclear Tests in the Marshall Islands." Greenpeace International. 2005. 1 June 2010 > http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/international/press/reports/marshall-islands.pdf Google Scholar

Dé Ishtar, Zohl. Daughters of the Pacific. Melbourne: Spinifex Press, 1994. Daughters of the Pacific. Google Scholar

DeLoughrey, Elizabeth. "Heliotropes: Solar Ecologies and Pacific Radiations." Postcolonial Ecologies: Literatures of the Environment. Ed. Elizabeth DeLoughrey and George Handley. Oxford and New York: Oxford UP, forthcoming 2010. Google Scholar

DeLoughrey, Elizabeth. "Radiation Ecologies and the Wars of Light." Modern Fiction Studies 55.3 (2009): 468–95. Radiation Ecologies and the Wars of Light Modern Fiction Studies 55 468 95 Google Scholar

Derrida, Jacques. "No Apocalypse, Not Now (Full Speed Ahead, Seven Missiles, Seven Missives)." diacritics 14.2 (1984): 20–31. No Apocalypse, Not Now (Full Speed Ahead, Seven Missiles, Seven Missives) diacritics 14 20 31 Google Scholar

"DISTAD Palau to SECSTATE Wash. DC." 27 January 1972. 1 June 2010 > http://worf.eh.doe.gov/ihp/chron/G15.PDF Google Scholar

Edmond, Rod. Representing the South Pacific: Colonial Discourse from Cook to Gauguin. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997. Representing the South Pacific: Colonial Discourse from Cook to Gauguin. Google Scholar

Fjord, Lakshmi and Lenore Manderson. "Anthropological Perspectives on Disasters and Disability." Human Organization 68.1 (2009): 64–72. Anthropological Perspectives on Disasters and Disability Human Organization 68 64 72 Google Scholar

Garland-Thomson, Rosemary. Extraordinary Bodies: Figuring Physical Disability in American Culture and Literature. New York: Columbia UP, 1997. Extraordinary Bodies: Figuring Physical Disability in American Culture and Literature. Google Scholar

George, James. Ocean Roads. Wellington: Huia, 2006. Ocean Roads. Google Scholar

Gilbert, Claude. "Studying Disaster: Changes in the Main Conceptual Tools." What Is a Disaster? Perspectives on the Question. Ed. Enrico L. Quarantelli. London and New York: Routledge, 1998. 11–18. Studying Disaster: Changes in the Main Conceptual Tools What Is a Disaster? Perspectives on the Question 11 18 Google Scholar

Harvey, Siobhan. "The Ghosts of My Life." New Zealand Listener. 2006. 1 June 2010 > http://www.listener.co.nz/issue/3466/artsbooks/7235/the_ghosts_of_my_life.html Google Scholar

Lifton, Robert J. Death in Life: Survivors of Hiroshima. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1991. Death in Life: Survivors of Hiroshima. Google Scholar

Mbembe, Achille. "Necropolitics." Trans. Libby Meintjes. Public Culture 15.1 (2003): 11–40. Necropolitics Public Culture 15 11 40 Google Scholar

Mitchell, David T. and Sharon L. Snyder. Narrative Prosthesis: Disability and the Dependencies of Discourse. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 2000. Narrative Prosthesis: Disability and the Dependencies of Discourse. Google Scholar

Murray, Stuart. Representing Autism: Culture, Narrative, Fascination. Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 2008. Representing Autism: Culture, Narrative, Fascination. Google Scholar

Mutter, John C. "Preconditions of Disaster: Premonitions of Tragedy." Social Research 75.3 (2008): 691–724. Preconditions of Disaster: Premonitions of Tragedy Social Research 75 691 724 Google Scholar

Nixon, Rob. "Neoliberalism, Slow Violence, and the Environmental Picaresque." Modern Fiction Studies 55.3 (2009): 443–67. Neoliberalism, Slow Violence, and the Environmental Picaresque Modern Fiction Studies 55 443 67 Google Scholar

Nixon, Rob. "Slow Violence, Gender, and the Environmentalism of the Poor." Journal of Commonwealth and Postcolonial Studies 13:2–14:1 (2006–2007): 14–37. Google Scholar

Parekh, Pushpa. "Editorial." Wagadu 4 (2007): 1–9. Editorial Wagadu 4 1 9 Google Scholar

Priestley, Mark and Laura Hemingway. "Disability and Disaster Recovery." Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation 5:3 (2007): 23–42. Disability and Disaster Recovery Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation 5 23 42 Google Scholar

Quarantelli, Enrico L. "Epilogue: Where We Have Been and Where We Might Go: Putting the Elephant Together, Blowing Soap Bubbles, and Having Singular Insights." What Is a Disaster? Perspectives on the Question. Ed. Enrico L. Quarantelli. London and New York: Routledge, 1998. 234–73. Epilogue: Where We Have Been and Where We Might Go: Putting the Elephant Together, Blowing Soap Bubbles, and Having Singular Insights What Is a Disaster? Perspectives on the Question 234 73 Google Scholar

Rodríguez, Havidán, Enrico L. Quarantelli, and Russell R. Dynes. Handbook of Disaster Research. New York: Springer, 2007. Handbook of Disaster Research. Google Scholar

Sontag, Susan. Illness as Metaphor and Aids and Its Metaphors. London: Penguin, 2002. Illness as Metaphor and Aids and Its Metaphors Google Scholar

"The Peoples' Charter for a Nuclear Free and Independent Pacific." Peace Movement Aotearoa. 1983. 1 June 2010 > http://www.apc.org.nz/pma/pacchar.htm Google Scholar

Veitch, Jonathan. "Introduction: What We Talk about When We Talk about Disasters." Social Research 75.3 (2008): 655–58. Introduction: What We Talk about When We Talk about Disasters Social Research 75 655 58 Google Scholar

Yamada, Seiji and Wesley Palmer. "An Ecosocial Approach to the Epidemic of Cholera in the Marshall Islands." Social Medicine 2.2 (2007): 79–86. An Ecosocial Approach to the Epidemic of Cholera in the Marshall Islands Social Medicine 2 79 86 Google Scholar

Adorno, Theodor W. and Max Horkheimer. The Dialectic of Enlightenment. London and New York: Verso, 1997. The Dialectic of Enlightenment. Google Scholar

Ashcroft, Bill. Post-colonial Transformation. London and New York: Routledge, 2001. Post-colonial Transformation. Google Scholar

Barclay, Robert. Meļaļ: A Novel of the Pacific. Honolulu: U of Hawai'i P, 2002. Meļaļ: A Novel of the Pacific. Google Scholar

De Brum, Tony. "BRAVO and Today: US Nuclear Tests in the Marshall Islands." Greenpeace International. 2005. 1 June 2010 > http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/international/press/reports/marshall-islands.pdf Google Scholar

Dé Ishtar, Zohl. Daughters of the Pacific. Melbourne: Spinifex Press, 1994. Daughters of the Pacific. Google Scholar

DeLoughrey, Elizabeth. "Heliotropes: Solar Ecologies and Pacific Radiations." Postcolonial Ecologies: Literatures of the Environment. Ed. Elizabeth DeLoughrey and George Handley. Oxford and New York: Oxford UP, forthcoming 2010. Google Scholar

DeLoughrey, Elizabeth. "Radiation Ecologies and the Wars of Light." Modern Fiction Studies 55.3 (2009): 468–95. Radiation Ecologies and the Wars of Light Modern Fiction Studies 55 468 95 Google Scholar

Derrida, Jacques. "No Apocalypse, Not Now (Full Speed Ahead, Seven Missiles, Seven Missives)." diacritics 14.2 (1984): 20–31. No Apocalypse, Not Now (Full Speed Ahead, Seven Missiles, Seven Missives) diacritics 14 20 31 Google Scholar

"DISTAD Palau to SECSTATE Wash. DC." 27 January 1972. 1 June 2010 > http://worf.eh.doe.gov/ihp/chron/G15.PDF Google Scholar

Edmond, Rod. Representing the South Pacific: Colonial Discourse from Cook to Gauguin. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997. Representing the South Pacific: Colonial Discourse from Cook to Gauguin. Google Scholar

Fjord, Lakshmi and Lenore Manderson. "Anthropological Perspectives on Disasters and Disability." Human Organization 68.1 (2009): 64–72. Anthropological Perspectives on Disasters and Disability Human Organization 68 64 72 Google Scholar

Garland-Thomson, Rosemary. Extraordinary Bodies: Figuring Physical Disability in American Culture and Literature. New York: Columbia UP, 1997. Extraordinary Bodies: Figuring Physical Disability in American Culture and Literature. Google Scholar

George, James. Ocean Roads. Wellington: Huia, 2006. Ocean Roads. Google Scholar

Gilbert, Claude. "Studying Disaster: Changes in the Main Conceptual Tools." What Is a Disaster? Perspectives on the Question. Ed. Enrico L. Quarantelli. London and New York: Routledge, 1998. 11–18. Studying Disaster: Changes in the Main Conceptual Tools What Is a Disaster? Perspectives on the Question 11 18 Google Scholar

Harvey, Siobhan. "The Ghosts of My Life." New Zealand Listener. 2006. 1 June 2010 > http://www.listener.co.nz/issue/3466/artsbooks/7235/the_ghosts_of_my_life.html Google Scholar

Lifton, Robert J. Death in Life: Survivors of Hiroshima. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1991. Death in Life: Survivors of Hiroshima. Google Scholar

Mbembe, Achille. "Necropolitics." Trans. Libby Meintjes. Public Culture 15.1 (2003): 11–40. Necropolitics Public Culture 15 11 40 Google Scholar

Mitchell, David T. and Sharon L. Snyder. Narrative Prosthesis: Disability and the Dependencies of Discourse. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 2000. Narrative Prosthesis: Disability and the Dependencies of Discourse. Google Scholar

Murray, Stuart. Representing Autism: Culture, Narrative, Fascination. Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 2008. Representing Autism: Culture, Narrative, Fascination. Google Scholar

Mutter, John C. "Preconditions of Disaster: Premonitions of Tragedy." Social Research 75.3 (2008): 691–724. Preconditions of Disaster: Premonitions of Tragedy Social Research 75 691 724 Google Scholar

Nixon, Rob. "Neoliberalism, Slow Violence, and the Environmental Picaresque." Modern Fiction Studies 55.3 (2009): 443–67. Neoliberalism, Slow Violence, and the Environmental Picaresque Modern Fiction Studies 55 443 67 Google Scholar

Nixon, Rob. "Slow Violence, Gender, and the Environmentalism of the Poor." Journal of Commonwealth and Postcolonial Studies 13:2–14:1 (2006–2007): 14–37. Google Scholar

Parekh, Pushpa. "Editorial." Wagadu 4 (2007): 1–9. Editorial Wagadu 4 1 9 Google Scholar

Priestley, Mark and Laura Hemingway. "Disability and Disaster Recovery." Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation 5:3 (2007): 23–42. Disability and Disaster Recovery Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation 5 23 42 Google Scholar

Quarantelli, Enrico L. "Epilogue: Where We Have Been and Where We Might Go: Putting the Elephant Together, Blowing Soap Bubbles, and Having Singular Insights." What Is a Disaster? Perspectives on the Question. Ed. Enrico L. Quarantelli. London and New York: Routledge, 1998. 234–73. Epilogue: Where We Have Been and Where We Might Go: Putting the Elephant Together, Blowing Soap Bubbles, and Having Singular Insights What Is a Disaster? Perspectives on the Question 234 73 Google Scholar

Rodríguez, Havidán, Enrico L. Quarantelli, and Russell R. Dynes. Handbook of Disaster Research. New York: Springer, 2007. Handbook of Disaster Research. Google Scholar

Sontag, Susan. Illness as Metaphor and Aids and Its Metaphors. London: Penguin, 2002. Illness as Metaphor and Aids and Its Metaphors Google Scholar

"The Peoples' Charter for a Nuclear Free and Independent Pacific." Peace Movement Aotearoa. 1983. 1 June 2010 > http://www.apc.org.nz/pma/pacchar.htm Google Scholar

Veitch, Jonathan. "Introduction: What We Talk about When We Talk about Disasters." Social Research 75.3 (2008): 655–58. Introduction: What We Talk about When We Talk about Disasters Social Research 75 655 58 Google Scholar

Yamada, Seiji and Wesley Palmer. "An Ecosocial Approach to the Epidemic of Cholera in the Marshall Islands." Social Medicine 2.2 (2007): 79–86. An Ecosocial Approach to the Epidemic of Cholera in the Marshall Islands Social Medicine 2 79 86 Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Carrigan, Anthony