Journal of Romance Studies

Is this desire?

Power, politics and sexuality in Paula Rego’s extreme bodies

Journal of Romance Studies (2015), 15, (2), 22–39.

Abstract

With this article I am proposing to reflect on the production of feminist effects and affects (Pollock 2008) through the feminine and feminist bodies that are central in the painting of Paula Rego (b. Portugal, 1935). For this purpose I will be using the lens of Gilles Deleuze’s ‘micropolitics’ to explore these bodies and how they work as space/surface in which a system of desire is enacted. We can identify the characteristics of such a system by looking at the evolution of bodies in her work, from the overtly political collages of the 1960s to her latest, all-encompassing canvases that gather several distinct formal characteristics of the painter’s oeuvre. From the evolution of Paula Rego’s figures, of these extreme bodies, one can discern the possibility of tracing a pathway that reveals how the differences enacted in these bodies actually produce political, feminist effects.

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Baker, Steve (2000) The Postmodern Animal (London: Reaktion Books). The Postmodern Animal Google Scholar

Bianchi, Matteo (2010) Collage: una poetica dell frammento’ (Bellinzola: Museo Villa dei Cadri). Collage: una poetica dell frammento’ Google Scholar

Braidotti, Rosi (1994) Nomadic Subjects Embodiment and Sexual Difference in Contemporary Feminist Theory (New York: Columbia University Press). Nomadic Subjects Embodiment and Sexual Difference in Contemporary Feminist Theory Google Scholar

Deleuze, Gilles (1980) Mille Plateaux – Capitalisme et schizophrénie (Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit). Mille Plateaux – Capitalisme et schizophrénie Google Scholar

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Livingstone, Marco (2009) ‘Uma filosofia de vida: temas da obra de Paula Rego’, in Casa das Histórias Paula Rego: Colecção, ed. Dalila Rodrigues (Cascais: Casa das Histórias/CMC), 11–27. Uma filosofia de vida: temas da obra de Paula Rego Casa das Histórias Paula Rego: Colecção 11 27 Google Scholar

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Nochlin, Linda (1994) The Body in Pieces. The Fragment as a Metaphor of Modernity (London: Thames & Hudson). The Body in Pieces. The Fragment as a Metaphor of Modernity Google Scholar

Oliveira, Márcia (2005) Paula Rego em Serralves: trabalhos recentes (Porto: RTP 2). Paula Rego em Serralves: trabalhos recentes Google Scholar

Pernes, Fernando (1966) ‘A minha pintura não é neo-dadá’, Jornal de Letras e Artes, 5 January. A minha pintura não é neo-dadá Jornal de Letras e Artes Google Scholar

Pollock, Griselda (2008) ‘From feminist interventions to feminist effects in art’s histories: a case study of feminist virtuality and aesthetic transformations of trauma’, in Artistic Production and Feminist Theory of Art: New Debates I, ed. Xabier Arakistain and Lourdes Méndez (Victoria-Gasteiz: Centro Cultural Montehermoso Kulturunea), 275–93. From feminist interventions to feminist effects in art’s histories: a case study of feminist virtuality and aesthetic transformations of trauma Artistic Production and Feminist Theory of Art: New Debates I 275 93 Google Scholar

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Rosas, Fernando (1994) História de Portugal. O Estado Novo, ed. José Mattoso. Vol. 7, História de Portugal (Lisbon: Estampa). História de Portugal. O Estado Novo Google Scholar

Rosengarten, Ruth (ed.) (2009) Compreender Paula Rego. 25 Perspectivas. Porto: Público/Serralves. Compreender Paula Rego. 25 Perspectivas Google Scholar

Tavares, Salette (1974) ‘Dados para um leitura de Paula Rego’, Expresso, 2 July. Dados para um leitura de Paula Rego Expresso Google Scholar

Willing, Victor (1971) ‘The Imagiconography of Paula Rego, Colóquio Artes 43–49. Colóquio Artes 43 49 Google Scholar

Baker, Steve (2000) The Postmodern Animal (London: Reaktion Books). The Postmodern Animal Google Scholar

Baker, Steve (2000) The Postmodern Animal (London: Reaktion Books). The Postmodern Animal Google Scholar

Bianchi, Matteo (2010) Collage: una poetica dell frammento’ (Bellinzola: Museo Villa dei Cadri). Collage: una poetica dell frammento’ Google Scholar

Bianchi, Matteo (2010) Collage: una poetica dell frammento’ (Bellinzola: Museo Villa dei Cadri). Collage: una poetica dell frammento’ Google Scholar

Braidotti, Rosi (1994) Nomadic Subjects Embodiment and Sexual Difference in Contemporary Feminist Theory (New York: Columbia University Press). Nomadic Subjects Embodiment and Sexual Difference in Contemporary Feminist Theory Google Scholar

Braidotti, Rosi (1994) Nomadic Subjects Embodiment and Sexual Difference in Contemporary Feminist Theory (New York: Columbia University Press). Nomadic Subjects Embodiment and Sexual Difference in Contemporary Feminist Theory Google Scholar

Deleuze, Gilles (1980) Mille Plateaux – Capitalisme et schizophrénie (Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit). Mille Plateaux – Capitalisme et schizophrénie Google Scholar

Deleuze, Gilles (1980) Mille Plateaux – Capitalisme et schizophrénie (Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit). Mille Plateaux – Capitalisme et schizophrénie Google Scholar

Deleuze, Gilles (2000) Diferença e repetição, trans. Luiz Orlandi Roberto Machado (Lisbon: Relógio D’Água Editores). Diferença e repetição Google Scholar

Deleuze, Gilles (2000) Diferença e repetição, trans. Luiz Orlandi Roberto Machado (Lisbon: Relógio D’Água Editores). Diferença e repetição Google Scholar

Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari (1986) Kafka, Toward a Minor Literature, trans. Dana Polan (Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press). Kafka, Toward a Minor Literature Google Scholar

Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari (1986) Kafka, Toward a Minor Literature, trans. Dana Polan (Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press). Kafka, Toward a Minor Literature Google Scholar

Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari (1987) A Thousand Plateaus. Capitalism and Schizophrenia, trans. Brian Massumi (Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press). A Thousand Plateaus. Capitalism and Schizophrenia Google Scholar

Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari (1987) A Thousand Plateaus. Capitalism and Schizophrenia, trans. Brian Massumi (Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press). A Thousand Plateaus. Capitalism and Schizophrenia Google Scholar

Douglas, Mary (2002) Purity and Danger: An Analysis of the Concept of Pollution and Taboo (London: Routledge). Purity and Danger: An Analysis of the Concept of Pollution and Taboo Google Scholar

Douglas, Mary (2002) Purity and Danger: An Analysis of the Concept of Pollution and Taboo (London: Routledge). Purity and Danger: An Analysis of the Concept of Pollution and Taboo Google Scholar

Duncan, Carol (1973) ‘Virility and domination in early 20th century vanguard painting’, Artforum, 30–39. Virility and domination in early 20th century vanguard painting Artforum 30 39 Google Scholar

Duncan, Carol (1973) ‘Virility and domination in early 20th century vanguard painting’, Artforum, 30–39. Virility and domination in early 20th century vanguard painting Artforum 30 39 Google Scholar

Figanière, Viscount (1978) Elva: A Story of the Dark Ages (London: Trübner). Elva: A Story of the Dark Ages Google Scholar

Figanière, Viscount (1978) Elva: A Story of the Dark Ages (London: Trübner). Elva: A Story of the Dark Ages Google Scholar

Foucault, Michel (1994) A história da sexualidade I. A vontade de saber (Lisbon: Relógio D’Água). A história da sexualidade I. A vontade de saber Google Scholar

Greenberg, Clement (1958) ‘The Pasted-Paper revolution’, in The Collected Essays and Criticism, Volume 4: Modernism with a Vengeance, 1957–1969, ed. John O’Brian (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press), 61–66. The Pasted-Paper revolution The Collected Essays and Criticism, Volume 4: Modernism with a Vengeance, 1957–1969 61 66 Google Scholar

Foucault, Michel (1994) A história da sexualidade I. A vontade de saber (Lisbon: Relógio D’Água). A história da sexualidade I. A vontade de saber Google Scholar

Herculano, Alexandre (1992) Lendas e Narrativas (Lisbon: Bertrand. Original edition, 1865). Lendas e Narrativas Google Scholar

Greenberg, Clement (1958) ‘The Pasted-Paper revolution’, in The Collected Essays and Criticism, Volume 4: Modernism with a Vengeance, 1957–1969, ed. John O’Brian (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press), 61–66. The Pasted-Paper revolution The Collected Essays and Criticism, Volume 4: Modernism with a Vengeance, 1957–1969 61 66 Google Scholar

Herculano, Alexandre (1992) Lendas e Narrativas (Lisbon: Bertrand. Original edition, 1865). Lendas e Narrativas Google Scholar

Houle, Karen (2005) ‘Micropolitics’, in Gilles Deleuze: Key Concepts, ed. Charles J. Stivale (McGill-Queen’s University Press), 88–97. Micropolitics Gilles Deleuze: Key Concepts 88 97 Google Scholar

Irigaray, Luce (1984) Éthique de la difference sexuelle (Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit). Éthique de la difference sexuelle Google Scholar

Houle, Karen (2005) ‘Micropolitics’, in Gilles Deleuze: Key Concepts, ed. Charles J. Stivale (McGill-Queen’s University Press), 88–97. Micropolitics Gilles Deleuze: Key Concepts 88 97 Google Scholar

Irigaray, Luce (1984) Éthique de la difference sexuelle (Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit). Éthique de la difference sexuelle Google Scholar

Kristeva, Julia (1980) Pouvoirs de l’horreur. Essai sur l’abjection (Paris: Éditions du Seuil). Pouvoirs de l’horreur. Essai sur l’abjection Google Scholar

Kristeva, Julia (1980) Pouvoirs de l’horreur. Essai sur l’abjection (Paris: Éditions du Seuil). Pouvoirs de l’horreur. Essai sur l’abjection Google Scholar

Lapa, Pedro (2004) ‘Fabulações das muitas figuras na pintura de Paula Rego’, in Compreender Paula Rego. 25 Perspectivas, ed. Ruth Rosengarten (Porto: Público/Serralves), 14–17. Fabulações das muitas figuras na pintura de Paula Rego Compreender Paula Rego. 25 Perspectivas 14 17 Google Scholar

Lisboa, Maria Manuel (2003) Paula Rego’s Map of Memory. National and Sexual Politics (Burlington: Ashgate). Paula Rego’s Map of Memory. National and Sexual Politics Google Scholar

Lapa, Pedro (2004) ‘Fabulações das muitas figuras na pintura de Paula Rego’, in Compreender Paula Rego. 25 Perspectivas, ed. Ruth Rosengarten (Porto: Público/Serralves), 14–17. Fabulações das muitas figuras na pintura de Paula Rego Compreender Paula Rego. 25 Perspectivas 14 17 Google Scholar

Livingstone, Marco (2009) ‘Uma filosofia de vida: temas da obra de Paula Rego’, in Casa das Histórias Paula Rego: Colecção, ed. Dalila Rodrigues (Cascais: Casa das Histórias/CMC), 11–27. Uma filosofia de vida: temas da obra de Paula Rego Casa das Histórias Paula Rego: Colecção 11 27 Google Scholar

Lisboa, Maria Manuel (2003) Paula Rego’s Map of Memory. National and Sexual Politics (Burlington: Ashgate). Paula Rego’s Map of Memory. National and Sexual Politics Google Scholar

Lorraine, Tamsin (1999) Irigaray and Deleuze. Experiments in Visceral Philosophy (Ithaca London: Cornell University Press). Irigaray and Deleuze. Experiments in Visceral Philosophy Google Scholar

Livingstone, Marco (2009) ‘Uma filosofia de vida: temas da obra de Paula Rego’, in Casa das Histórias Paula Rego: Colecção, ed. Dalila Rodrigues (Cascais: Casa das Histórias/CMC), 11–27. Uma filosofia de vida: temas da obra de Paula Rego Casa das Histórias Paula Rego: Colecção 11 27 Google Scholar

Macedo, Ana Gabriela (2001) ‘Da “Mulher-Cão” à “Mulher Anjo”: Paula Rego, identidade, desejo e mito’, Cadernos de Literatura Comparada 2 (June), 63–84. Da “Mulher-Cão” à “Mulher Anjo”: Paula Rego, identidade, desejo e mito Cadernos de Literatura Comparada 2 63 84 Google Scholar

Lorraine, Tamsin (1999) Irigaray and Deleuze. Experiments in Visceral Philosophy (Ithaca London: Cornell University Press). Irigaray and Deleuze. Experiments in Visceral Philosophy Google Scholar

Macedo, Ana Gabriela (2010) Paula Rego e o poder da visão (Lisbon: Cotovia). Paula Rego e o poder da visão Google Scholar

Macedo, Ana Gabriela (2001) ‘Da “Mulher-Cão” à “Mulher Anjo”: Paula Rego, identidade, desejo e mito’, Cadernos de Literatura Comparada 2 (June), 63–84. Da “Mulher-Cão” à “Mulher Anjo”: Paula Rego, identidade, desejo e mito Cadernos de Literatura Comparada 2 63 84 Google Scholar

McEwen, John (1997) Paula Rego (London: Phaidon). Paula Rego Google Scholar

Macedo, Ana Gabriela (2010) Paula Rego e o poder da visão (Lisbon: Cotovia). Paula Rego e o poder da visão Google Scholar

Millet, Kate (1969) Política sexual, trans. Gisela da Conceição Manuela Torres Alice Sampaio (Lisbon: Publicações Dom Quixote). Política sexual Google Scholar

McEwen, John (1997) Paula Rego (London: Phaidon). Paula Rego Google Scholar

Millet, Kate (1969) Política sexual, trans. Gisela da Conceição Manuela Torres Alice Sampaio (Lisbon: Publicações Dom Quixote). Política sexual Google Scholar

Nochlin, Linda (1994) The Body in Pieces. The Fragment as a Metaphor of Modernity (London: Thames & Hudson). The Body in Pieces. The Fragment as a Metaphor of Modernity Google Scholar

Nochlin, Linda (1994) The Body in Pieces. The Fragment as a Metaphor of Modernity (London: Thames & Hudson). The Body in Pieces. The Fragment as a Metaphor of Modernity Google Scholar

Oliveira, Márcia (2005) Paula Rego em Serralves: trabalhos recentes (Porto: RTP 2). Paula Rego em Serralves: trabalhos recentes Google Scholar

Pernes, Fernando (1966) ‘A minha pintura não é neo-dadá’, Jornal de Letras e Artes, 5 January. A minha pintura não é neo-dadá Jornal de Letras e Artes Google Scholar

Oliveira, Márcia (2005) Paula Rego em Serralves: trabalhos recentes (Porto: RTP 2). Paula Rego em Serralves: trabalhos recentes Google Scholar

Pernes, Fernando (1966) ‘A minha pintura não é neo-dadá’, Jornal de Letras e Artes, 5 January. A minha pintura não é neo-dadá Jornal de Letras e Artes Google Scholar

Pollock, Griselda (2008) ‘From feminist interventions to feminist effects in art’s histories: a case study of feminist virtuality and aesthetic transformations of trauma’, in Artistic Production and Feminist Theory of Art: New Debates I, ed. Xabier Arakistain and Lourdes Méndez (Victoria-Gasteiz: Centro Cultural Montehermoso Kulturunea), 275–93. From feminist interventions to feminist effects in art’s histories: a case study of feminist virtuality and aesthetic transformations of trauma Artistic Production and Feminist Theory of Art: New Debates I 275 93 Google Scholar

Rego, Paula (2008) Paula Rego (Madrid: Museu Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía). Paula Rego Google Scholar

Pollock, Griselda (2008) ‘From feminist interventions to feminist effects in art’s histories: a case study of feminist virtuality and aesthetic transformations of trauma’, in Artistic Production and Feminist Theory of Art: New Debates I, ed. Xabier Arakistain and Lourdes Méndez (Victoria-Gasteiz: Centro Cultural Montehermoso Kulturunea), 275–93. From feminist interventions to feminist effects in art’s histories: a case study of feminist virtuality and aesthetic transformations of trauma Artistic Production and Feminist Theory of Art: New Debates I 275 93 Google Scholar

Rego, Paula (2008) Paula Rego (Madrid: Museu Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía). Paula Rego Google Scholar

Rosas, Fernando (1994) História de Portugal. O Estado Novo, ed. José Mattoso. Vol. 7, História de Portugal (Lisbon: Estampa). História de Portugal. O Estado Novo Google Scholar

Rosas, Fernando (1994) História de Portugal. O Estado Novo, ed. José Mattoso. Vol. 7, História de Portugal (Lisbon: Estampa). História de Portugal. O Estado Novo Google Scholar

Rosengarten, Ruth (ed.) (2009) Compreender Paula Rego. 25 Perspectivas. Porto: Público/Serralves. Compreender Paula Rego. 25 Perspectivas Google Scholar

Rosengarten, Ruth (ed.) (2009) Compreender Paula Rego. 25 Perspectivas. Porto: Público/Serralves. Compreender Paula Rego. 25 Perspectivas Google Scholar

Tavares, Salette (1974) ‘Dados para um leitura de Paula Rego’, Expresso, 2 July. Dados para um leitura de Paula Rego Expresso Google Scholar

Tavares, Salette (1974) ‘Dados para um leitura de Paula Rego’, Expresso, 2 July. Dados para um leitura de Paula Rego Expresso Google Scholar

Willing, Victor (1971) ‘The Imagiconography of Paula Rego, Colóquio Artes 43–49. Colóquio Artes 43 49 Google Scholar

Willing, Victor (1971) ‘The Imagiconography of Paula Rego, Colóquio Artes 43–49. Colóquio Artes 43 49 Google Scholar

Baker, Steve (2000) The Postmodern Animal (London: Reaktion Books). The Postmodern Animal Google Scholar

Bianchi, Matteo (2010) Collage: una poetica dell frammento’ (Bellinzola: Museo Villa dei Cadri). Collage: una poetica dell frammento’ Google Scholar

Braidotti, Rosi (1994) Nomadic Subjects Embodiment and Sexual Difference in Contemporary Feminist Theory (New York: Columbia University Press). Nomadic Subjects Embodiment and Sexual Difference in Contemporary Feminist Theory Google Scholar

Deleuze, Gilles (1980) Mille Plateaux – Capitalisme et schizophrénie (Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit). Mille Plateaux – Capitalisme et schizophrénie Google Scholar

Deleuze, Gilles (2000) Diferença e repetição, trans. Luiz Orlandi Roberto Machado (Lisbon: Relógio D’Água Editores). Diferença e repetição Google Scholar

Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari (1986) Kafka, Toward a Minor Literature, trans. Dana Polan (Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press). Kafka, Toward a Minor Literature Google Scholar

Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari (1987) A Thousand Plateaus. Capitalism and Schizophrenia, trans. Brian Massumi (Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press). A Thousand Plateaus. Capitalism and Schizophrenia Google Scholar

Douglas, Mary (2002) Purity and Danger: An Analysis of the Concept of Pollution and Taboo (London: Routledge). Purity and Danger: An Analysis of the Concept of Pollution and Taboo Google Scholar

Duncan, Carol (1973) ‘Virility and domination in early 20th century vanguard painting’, Artforum, 30–39. Virility and domination in early 20th century vanguard painting Artforum 30 39 Google Scholar

Figanière, Viscount (1978) Elva: A Story of the Dark Ages (London: Trübner). Elva: A Story of the Dark Ages Google Scholar

Foucault, Michel (1994) A história da sexualidade I. A vontade de saber (Lisbon: Relógio D’Água). A história da sexualidade I. A vontade de saber Google Scholar

Greenberg, Clement (1958) ‘The Pasted-Paper revolution’, in The Collected Essays and Criticism, Volume 4: Modernism with a Vengeance, 1957–1969, ed. John O’Brian (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press), 61–66. The Pasted-Paper revolution The Collected Essays and Criticism, Volume 4: Modernism with a Vengeance, 1957–1969 61 66 Google Scholar

Herculano, Alexandre (1992) Lendas e Narrativas (Lisbon: Bertrand. Original edition, 1865). Lendas e Narrativas Google Scholar

Houle, Karen (2005) ‘Micropolitics’, in Gilles Deleuze: Key Concepts, ed. Charles J. Stivale (McGill-Queen’s University Press), 88–97. Micropolitics Gilles Deleuze: Key Concepts 88 97 Google Scholar

Irigaray, Luce (1984) Éthique de la difference sexuelle (Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit). Éthique de la difference sexuelle Google Scholar

Kristeva, Julia (1980) Pouvoirs de l’horreur. Essai sur l’abjection (Paris: Éditions du Seuil). Pouvoirs de l’horreur. Essai sur l’abjection Google Scholar

Lapa, Pedro (2004) ‘Fabulações das muitas figuras na pintura de Paula Rego’, in Compreender Paula Rego. 25 Perspectivas, ed. Ruth Rosengarten (Porto: Público/Serralves), 14–17. Fabulações das muitas figuras na pintura de Paula Rego Compreender Paula Rego. 25 Perspectivas 14 17 Google Scholar

Lisboa, Maria Manuel (2003) Paula Rego’s Map of Memory. National and Sexual Politics (Burlington: Ashgate). Paula Rego’s Map of Memory. National and Sexual Politics Google Scholar

Livingstone, Marco (2009) ‘Uma filosofia de vida: temas da obra de Paula Rego’, in Casa das Histórias Paula Rego: Colecção, ed. Dalila Rodrigues (Cascais: Casa das Histórias/CMC), 11–27. Uma filosofia de vida: temas da obra de Paula Rego Casa das Histórias Paula Rego: Colecção 11 27 Google Scholar

Lorraine, Tamsin (1999) Irigaray and Deleuze. Experiments in Visceral Philosophy (Ithaca London: Cornell University Press). Irigaray and Deleuze. Experiments in Visceral Philosophy Google Scholar

Macedo, Ana Gabriela (2001) ‘Da “Mulher-Cão” à “Mulher Anjo”: Paula Rego, identidade, desejo e mito’, Cadernos de Literatura Comparada 2 (June), 63–84. Da “Mulher-Cão” à “Mulher Anjo”: Paula Rego, identidade, desejo e mito Cadernos de Literatura Comparada 2 63 84 Google Scholar

Macedo, Ana Gabriela (2010) Paula Rego e o poder da visão (Lisbon: Cotovia). Paula Rego e o poder da visão Google Scholar

McEwen, John (1997) Paula Rego (London: Phaidon). Paula Rego Google Scholar

Millet, Kate (1969) Política sexual, trans. Gisela da Conceição Manuela Torres Alice Sampaio (Lisbon: Publicações Dom Quixote). Política sexual Google Scholar

Nochlin, Linda (1994) The Body in Pieces. The Fragment as a Metaphor of Modernity (London: Thames & Hudson). The Body in Pieces. The Fragment as a Metaphor of Modernity Google Scholar

Oliveira, Márcia (2005) Paula Rego em Serralves: trabalhos recentes (Porto: RTP 2). Paula Rego em Serralves: trabalhos recentes Google Scholar

Pernes, Fernando (1966) ‘A minha pintura não é neo-dadá’, Jornal de Letras e Artes, 5 January. A minha pintura não é neo-dadá Jornal de Letras e Artes Google Scholar

Pollock, Griselda (2008) ‘From feminist interventions to feminist effects in art’s histories: a case study of feminist virtuality and aesthetic transformations of trauma’, in Artistic Production and Feminist Theory of Art: New Debates I, ed. Xabier Arakistain and Lourdes Méndez (Victoria-Gasteiz: Centro Cultural Montehermoso Kulturunea), 275–93. From feminist interventions to feminist effects in art’s histories: a case study of feminist virtuality and aesthetic transformations of trauma Artistic Production and Feminist Theory of Art: New Debates I 275 93 Google Scholar

Rego, Paula (2008) Paula Rego (Madrid: Museu Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía). Paula Rego Google Scholar

Rosas, Fernando (1994) História de Portugal. O Estado Novo, ed. José Mattoso. Vol. 7, História de Portugal (Lisbon: Estampa). História de Portugal. O Estado Novo Google Scholar

Rosengarten, Ruth (ed.) (2009) Compreender Paula Rego. 25 Perspectivas. Porto: Público/Serralves. Compreender Paula Rego. 25 Perspectivas Google Scholar

Tavares, Salette (1974) ‘Dados para um leitura de Paula Rego’, Expresso, 2 July. Dados para um leitura de Paula Rego Expresso Google Scholar

Willing, Victor (1971) ‘The Imagiconography of Paula Rego, Colóquio Artes 43–49. Colóquio Artes 43 49 Google Scholar

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Oliveira, Márcia

Oliveira, Márcia

Oliveira, Márcia