International Development Planning Review

A transnational networked space: tracing residential tourism and its multi-local implications in Costa Rica

International Development Planning Review (2011), 33, (4), 429–444.

Abstract

The complexity of recent residential tourism growth on Costa Rica's coasts calls for new approaches that address this phenomenon and its implications in a more mobile and translocal way. In this paper one growing residential tourism destination is analysed as a transnational networked space. The focus is on three flows or corridors that have enabled the growth of residential tourism and through which its implications spread in space. These flows of people and investment from North America, Nicaragua and central Costa Rica have not been established automatically: they build on a history and have been reinforced. This does not mean that local groups are left without opportunities; however, some of them increasingly experience a disconnection from mainstream national development.

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ALEDO, A. (2008), 'De la tierra al suelo: la transformación del paisaje y el Nuevo Turismo Residencial', ARBOR Ciencia, Pensamiento y Cultura, 729, 99–113. De la tierra al suelo: la transformación del paisaje y el Nuevo Turismo Residencial ARBOR Ciencia, Pensamiento y Cultura 729 99 113 Google Scholar

BAUMEISTER, E., FERNÁNDEZ, E. and ACUÑA, G. (2008), Estudios sobre las migraciones regionales de los Nicaragüenses, Guatemala, Editorial de Ciencias Sociales. Estudios sobre las migraciones regionales de los Nicaragüenses Google Scholar

BCCR (BANCO CENTRAL DE COSTA RICA, GRUPO INTERINSTITUCIONAL DE INVERSIÓN EXTRANJERA DIRECTA) (2008), Inversión extranjera directa en Costa Rica 2007–2008 – preliminar (report), San José (Costa Rica), Banco Central de Costa Rica, http://www.bccr.fi.cr/documentos/publicaciones/archivos/Informe%20Sobre%20Flujos%20de%20Inversi%C3%B3n%20Extranjera%20Directa%20en%20Costa%20Rica%202007-%202008%20%20N%2019.doc Google Scholar

BENSON, M. and O'REILLY, K. (2009), 'Migration and the search for a better way of life: a critical exploration of lifestyle migration', The Sociological Review, 57, 608–25. Migration and the search for a better way of life: a critical exploration of lifestyle migration The Sociological Review 57 608 25 Google Scholar

BOLAÑOS CÉSPEDES, F. (2009), Dictamen Jurídico y socio laboral convenio binacional Costa Rica – Nicaragua (report), San José (Costa Rica), Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/costarica/07016.pdf Google Scholar

CAÑADA, E. (2010), 'Turismo en Centroamérica: nuevo escenario de conflicto social', Madrid, Alba Sud, www.albasud.org/publ/docs/32.low.pdf Google Scholar

EDELMAN, M. (1992), The Logic of the Latifundio: The Large Estates of Northwestern Costa Rica since the Late Nineteenth Century, Stanford, Stanford University Press. The Logic of the Latifundio: The Large Estates of Northwestern Costa Rica since the Late Nineteenth Century Google Scholar

EIRENE-CENDEROS (2009), Migración de retorno: Nicaragua-Costa Rica–Nicaragua (report), San José, Costa Rica, Eirene-Cenderos, www.cenidh.org/files/Estudio_%20migracion.pdf.pdf Google Scholar

HALL, C. M. and WILLIAMS, A. M. (eds) (2002), Tourism and Migration. New Relationships between Production and Consumption, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Kluwer Academic Publishers. Google Scholar

HEIN, W. (2002), 'Posfordismo y desarrollo regional sostenible con base en el turismo: visión de conjunto de los resultados', in E. Fürst and W. Hein (eds), Turismo de larga distancia y desarrollo regional en Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica, DEI (Asociación Departamento Ecumenico de Investigaciones), 25–82. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

INEC (INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE ESTADÍSTICAS Y CENSOS, COSTA RICA) (n.d.), 'Encuestas de Hogares de Propósitos Múltiples 2004–2009' (household survey data), http://www.inec.go.cr/Web/Home/GeneradorPagina.aspx Google Scholar

JANOSCHKA, M. (2009), 'The contested spaces of lifestyle mobilities: regime analysis as a tool to study political claims in Latin American retirement destinations', Die Erde, 140, 251–74. The contested spaces of lifestyle mobilities: regime analysis as a tool to study political claims in Latin American retirement destinations Die Erde 140 251 74 Google Scholar

MCELROY, J. L. and DE ALBUQUERQUE, K. (1992), 'The economic impact of retirement tourism in Montserrat: some provisional evidence', Social and Economic Studies, 41, 127–52. The economic impact of retirement tourism in Montserrat: some provisional evidence Social and Economic Studies 41 127 52 Google Scholar

MCINTYRE, N. (2009), 'Rethinking amenity migration: integrating mobility, lifestyle and socialecological systems', Die Erde, 140, 229–50. Rethinking amenity migration: integrating mobility, lifestyle and socialecological systems Die Erde 140 229 50 Google Scholar

MCWATTERS, M. R. (2009), Residential Tourism. (De)constructing Paradise, Bristol, Channel View. Residential Tourism. (De)constructing Paradise Google Scholar

MONGE, R., CÉSPEDES, O. and VARGAS, J. C. (2009), South-south Remittances. The Importance of the Costa Rica–Nicaragua Corridor, San José (Costa Rica), Academia de Centroamérica, http://idbdocs.iadb.org/wsdocs/getdocument.aspx?docnum=35006305 Google Scholar

MORALES, A. and CASTRO, C. (2002), Redes Transfronterizas. Sociedad, Empleo y Migración entre Nicaragua y Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica, Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (flasco). Google Scholar

MORALES, L. and PRATT, L. (2010), Analysis of the Daniel Oduber Quirós International Airport, Liberia, Guanacaste (report for Center for Responsible Travel, 'The impact of development associated to tourism along the Pacific coast of Costa Rica'), Washington, DC/Stanford, CA, Center for Responsible Travel, http://www.responsibletravel.org/resources/Coastal-Tourism.html Google Scholar

MORALES CHAVARRÍA, S. (2005), 'Pinilla y Four Seasons: baratos para extranjeros adinerados' (news article), El Financiero, 24 July. Google Scholar

MPI (MIGRATION POLICY INSTITUTE) (2006), America's Emigrants. US Retirement Migration to Mexico and Panama (report), Washington, MPI, http://www.migrationinformation.org/Feature/display.cfm?id=416 Google Scholar

PROGRAMA ESTADO DE LA NACIÓN (2007), 'Aporte especial: Diversidad de destinos y desafíos del turismo en Costa Rica: los casos de Tamarindo y La Fortuna', in Programa Estado de la Nación, Décimotercer informe Estado de la Nación en desarrollo humano sostenible, San José, Costa Rica, Programa Estado de la Nación, 193–224. Google Scholar

RAGHURAM, P. (2009), 'Which migration, what development? Unsettling the edifice of migration and development', Population, Space and Place, 15, 103–17. Which migration, what development? Unsettling the edifice of migration and development Population, Space and Place 15 103 17 Google Scholar

ROMÁN, M. (2008), Turismo y desarrollo inmobiliario en la región Centroamericana: elementos conceptuales y metodológicos para abordar su investigación (report), San Salvador, El Salvador, PRISMA, http://prisma2.org.sv/web/publicacion_detalle.php?id=331 Google Scholar

SALAS ROIZ, A. (2010), Polo Turístico Golfo de Papagayo, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. Análisis del Polo Turístico Golfo de Papagayo como un modelo único gubernamental de concesión turistica (report for Center for Responsible Travel, 'The impact of development associated to tourism along the Pacific coast of Costa Rica'), Washington, DC/Stanford, CA, Center for Responsible Travel, http://www.responsibletravel.org/resources/Coastal-Tourism.html Google Scholar

STEEL, G., WINTERS, N. and SOSA, C. (2011), 'Mobility, translocal development and the shaping of development corridors in (semi-)rural Nicaragua', International Development Planning Review, 33, 409–28. Mobility, translocal development and the shaping of development corridors in (semi-)rural Nicaragua International Development Planning Review 33 409 28 Google Scholar

TORRES, R. M. and MOMSEN, J. D. (2005), 'Gringolandia: the construction of a new tourist space in Mexico', Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 95, 314–335. Gringolandia: the construction of a new tourist space in Mexico Annals of the Association of American Geographers 95 314 335 Google Scholar

TSING, A. L. (2005), Friction. An Ethnography of Global Connection, Princeton and Oxford, Princeton University Press. Friction. An Ethnography of Global Connection Google Scholar

URRY, J. (1990), The Tourist Gaze. Leisure and Travel in Contemporary Societies, London, Sage. The Tourist Gaze. Leisure and Travel in Contemporary Societies Google Scholar

URRY, J. (2007), Mobilities, Cambridge, Polity Press. Mobilities Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

VAN DER DUIM, V. R. (2007), 'Tourismscapes: an actor-network perspective', Annals of Tourism Research, 34, 961–76. Tourismscapes: an actor-network perspective Annals of Tourism Research 34 961 76 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

ZOOMERS, A. (2010), 'Globalisation and the foreignisation of space: seven processes driving the current global land grab', Journal of Peasant Studies, 37, 429–47. Globalisation and the foreignisation of space: seven processes driving the current global land grab Journal of Peasant Studies 37 429 47 Google Scholar

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Noorloos, Femke van