Town Planning Review

Policy & Practice: Challenges ahead for US regional planning governance

Town Planning Review (2010), 81, (5), 485–503.

Abstract

Challenges of governance complicate regional planning in the United States. With a backdrop of the emergence of new regional planning realms of climate change, homeland security, and shrinking regions, this paper outlines the nature of US regional planning governance challenges and its potential governance solutions. Numerous general and specific institutions shape US regional planning practice and set it apart from regional planning elsewhere. Regardless of the organisational structure and rules of regional planning, regional planners must address three governance questions for each planning situation: by what authority, exercised by whom, and in what territory? In the end, the quality of regional planning rests in the quality of regional planning governance.

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DHS (DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY). (2009), National Infrastructure Protection Plan: Partnering to Enhance Protection and Resiliency, Washington, DC, DHS. Google Scholar

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FREYFOGLE, E. (1998), 'Bounded people, boundless land', in R Knight and P. Landres (eds), Stewardship Across Boundaries, Washington, DC, Island Press. Bounded people, boundless land Stewardship Across Boundaries Google Scholar

FRUG, G. (2010), 'Empowering the city: London/New York', Urban Omnibus, http://urbanomnibus.net/empowering-the-city-london-new-york/print/ Google Scholar

GARREAU, J. (1981), The Nine Nations of North America, Boston, Houghton Mifflin. The Nine Nations of North America Google Scholar

GOLDBERG, M. and MERCER, J. (1986), The Myth of the North American City: Continentalism challenged, Vancouver, University of British Columbia Press. The Myth of the North American City: Continentalism challenged Google Scholar

GREENBLATT, A. (31 October 2008), 'The Stuttgart solution', Governing, http://www.governing.com/print/article/stuttgart-solution Google Scholar

HODGE, G. and ROBINSON, I. (2001), Planning Canadian Regions, Vancouver, UBC Press. Planning Canadian Regions Google Scholar

KEOHANE, R. and VICTOR, D. (2010), 'The regime complex for climate change' (Discussion Paper 10-33, Harvard Project on International Climate Change Agreements), http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/19880/regime_complex_for_climate_change.html?breadcrumb=%2Fproject%2F56%2Fharvard_project_on_international_climate_agreements Google Scholar

KROMER, J. (2009), Fixing Broken Cities: The Implementation of Urban Development Strategies, London, Routledge. Fixing Broken Cities: The Implementation of Urban Development Strategies Google Scholar

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ROTHBLATT, D. and SANCTON, A. (1998), Metropolitan Governance Revisited: American/Canadian Intergovernmental Perspectives, Berkeley, CA: Institute of Governmental Studies. Metropolitan Governance Revisited: American/Canadian Intergovernmental Perspectives Google Scholar

RUSK, D. (1999), Inside Game/Outside Game: Winning Strategies for Saving Urban America, Washington, DC, Brookings Institution Press. Inside Game/Outside Game: Winning Strategies for Saving Urban America Google Scholar

SHRINKING CITIES INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH NETWORK. (2010), 'About us', http://www.shrinkingcities.org/Home Google Scholar

SOUTH FLORIDA REGIONAL PLANNING COUNCIL. (2007), Miami-Dade County and Climate Change: What Every South Floridian Needs to Know! (Public fact sheet.) Miami, FL, South Florida Regional Planning Council. Google Scholar

STRASSEL, K. (26 June 2009), 'The climate change climate change', Wall Street Journal, A13. Google Scholar

US CENSUS BUREAU. (2007), Census of Governments 2007, Vol. 1, Organization of Government, Washington, DC. Google Scholar

US CENSUS BUREAU. (2010), 'Cumulative Estimates of Population Change for Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Rankings: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 (CBSA-EST2009-07)', http://www.census.gov/popest/metro/CBSA-est2009-pop-chg.html Google Scholar

WHEELER, S. (2008), 'State and municipal climate change plans: the first generation', Journal of the American Planning Association, 74, 481–96. State and municipal climate change plans: the first generation Journal of the American Planning Association 74 481 96 Google Scholar

WHITFIELD, M. and HART, D. (2000), 'American perspectives on economic development and environmental management: changing the federal-local balance', in A. Gouldson and P. Roberts (eds), Integrating Environment and Economy: Strategies for Local and Regional Government, London, Routledge. American perspectives on economic development and environmental management: changing the federal-local balance Integrating Environment and Economy: Strategies for Local and Regional Government Google Scholar

WOLMAN, H., SWANSTROM, T. and WEIR, M., WITH LYON, N. (2003), 'Cities and state legislatures: changing coalitions and metropolitan agendas' (Working Paper Number 3, George Washington Institute for Public Policy), http://www.gwu.edu/∼gwipp/papers/wp003.pdf Google Scholar

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Author details

Foster, Kathryn