The Memory of the World programme has a special significance for many European nations as the date of its establishment, 1992, coincided with the period when many of them were freeing themselves from Communist rule. The overall objectives of the MOW programme, preservation of the cultural heritage, and, more specifically, access to that heritage, were of course of great interest to archivists. This was particularly the case in Poland where it was archivists, rather than librarians, as elsewhere, who headed up the work of the National Committee. Although the ICA was heavily involved in the formation of the MoW, it had some reservations because the criteria for inclusion of documents were incompatible with the rules of archival science. Although there are problems with including entire fonds, overall notions of incompatibility are exaggerated. It would be a great pity if such concerns inhibited other national committees from selecting documentary material for inclusion, especially countries outside Europe, which, as a region, alone accounts for 50% of entries on the register.