Journal of Romance Studies

Teresa Berganza’s re-appropriation of Carmen

Journal of Romance Studies (2014), 14, (1), 19–39.

Abstract

This article analyses the approach of the distinguished Spanish mezzo-soprano, Teresa Berganza, to the role of Carmen since her debut in the role at the Edinburgh Festival in August 1977. Over the past thirty years Berganza, as a singer and a teacher, has developed an interpretation of the role, both in terms of vocal technique and interpretation, which has brought Carmen back to a much more identifiably Spanish cultural context. Berganza’s assumption of the role coincided with the introduction of the original opéra comique version of Carmen to the mainstream. This article looks at the genesis and impact of Berganza’s contribution and the way in which the present generation is dealing with the, now mainstream, opéra comique text.

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Andrews, Jean (1995) ‘Carmen or the undoing of women’, in Feminist Strategies: Text and Image, eds Dee Reynolds and Penny Florence (Manchester: Manchester University Press), 106–126. Carmen or the undoing of women Feminist Strategies: Text and Image 106 126 Google Scholar

Baker, David J. (2010) ‘The raw and the refined’, Opera News (January), 74.7, http://www.operanews.com/operanews/templates/content.aspx?id=15373 (accessed 14 May 2012). Google Scholar

Berganza, Teresa (1984) ‘In conversation with Bruce Duffie’ (7 February 1984), http://www.bruceduffie.com/Berganza.html (accessed 14 May 2012). Google Scholar

Berganza, Teresa (1998) ‘Ma Carmen’, Carmen  :L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26, 101–102. (Reprint of 1980 written interview conducted by Alain Duault, Berganza’s text translated by Pierre Latigue.) Ma Carmen’, Carmen  :L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26, 101–102. (Reprint of 1980 written interview conducted by Alain Duault, Berganza Carmen Google Scholar

Blasco Ibáñez, Vicente ([1908] 1998) Sangre y arena (Madrid: Alianza). Sangre y arena Google Scholar

Brèque, Jean-Michel (1998) ‘Carmen: opera-comique mais aussi tragédie’, Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26, 94–96. Carmen: opera-comique mais aussi tragédie Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26 94 96 Google Scholar

Canning, Hugh (2006) ‘Garden of earthy delights: Antonacci’s Royal Opera Carmen promises great things. Hugh Canning meets one feisty diva’, The Times (3 December). Garden of earthy delights: Antonacci’s Royal Opera Carmen promises great things. Hugh Canning meets one feisty diva Carmen Google Scholar

Company-Ramón, Juan-Miguel (1998) ‘The Brigadier’s crusade: Florián Rey’s Carmen, la de Triana’, in Modes of Representation in Spanish Cinema, eds Jenaro Talens and Santos Zunzunegui (London and Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press), 73–80. The Brigadier’s crusade: Florián Rey’s Carmen, la de Triana Carmen, la de Triana 73 80 Google Scholar

Davies, Ann and Phil Powrie (2006) Carmen on Screen (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer). Carmen on Screen Google Scholar

D’Lugo, Marvin (1991) The Films of Carlos Saura: The Practice of Seeing (Princeton: Princeton University Press). The Films of Carlos Saura: The Practice of Seeing Google Scholar

Doré, Gustave (2004) Doré’s Spain: All 236 Illustrations from Spain (New York: Dover). Doré’s Spain: All 236 Illustrations from Spain Google Scholar

Falla, Manuel de (1988) ‘El cante jondo’, in Escritos sobre música y músicos (Madrid: Espasa Calpe), 165–179. El cante jondo Escritos sobre música y músicos 165 179 Google Scholar

González Egido, Luciano (1991) ‘Introducción’, in En torno al casticismo, ed. Miguel de Unamuno (Madrid: Austral), 9–27. Introducción En torno al casticismo 9 27 Google Scholar

Langham Smith, Richard, ed. (forthcoming 2014) Carmen, Urtext vocal score (London: Edition Peters). Carmen Google Scholar

Leblon, Bernard (1995) Flamenco (Paris: Cité de la Musique). Flamenco Google Scholar

McClary, Susan (1992) Georges Bizet: Carmen (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). Georges Bizet: Carmen Google Scholar

Martín Salazar, Jorge (1991) Los cantes flamencos (Granada: Diputación Provincial de Granada). Los cantes flamencos Google Scholar

Mérimée, Prosper (1927) Prosper Mérimée, Œuvres: Carmen, Arsène Guillot, L’Abbé Aubain, ed. Auguste Dupouy (Paris: Librairie Gründ). Prosper Mérimée, Œuvres: Carmen, Arsène Guillot, L’Abbé Aubain Google Scholar

Mérimée, Prosper (2003) Carmen et autres nouvelles (Paris: Livres de Poche). Carmen et autres nouvelles Google Scholar

Merlin, Christian (1998a) ‘Les variantes dans les éditions de Carmen’, Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26, 124–125. Les variantes dans les éditions de Carmen Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26 124 125 Google Scholar

Merlin, Christian (1998b) ‘Discographie’, Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26, 104–125. Discographie Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26 104 125 Google Scholar

Nockin, Maria (2006) ‘Somewhat controversial’, Ensemble, August, http://www.mvdaily.com/articles/2006/08/carmen1.htm (accessed 15 May 2012). Google Scholar

Picard, Anna (2002) ‘How do you revamp a vamp?’, Independent on Sunday (4 August). How do you revamp a vamp? Independent on Sunday Google Scholar

Shaw, Donald (1975) The Generation of 1898 in Spain (London: E. Benn). The Generation of 1898 in Spain Google Scholar

Solliers, Jean de (1998) ‘Commentaire musical’, Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26, 12–79. Commentaire musical Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26 12 79 Google Scholar

The Times Obituaries (2005) ‘Victoria de los Angeles: enchanting Spanish soprano who must be counted among the finest singers of the past 50 years’, The Times (17 January). Google Scholar

Tinterow, Gary (2003) ‘The triumph of Spanish painting in France’, in Manet/Velázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting (New Haven and London: Yale University Press), 3–66. The triumph of Spanish painting in France Manet/Velázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting 3 66 Google Scholar

Tommasini, Antony (2005) ‘Obituary of Victoria de los Ángeles’, New York Times (18 January). Obituary of Victoria de los Ángeles New York Times Google Scholar

Unamuno, Miguel de (1991) En torno al casticismo (Madrid: Austral). En torno al casticismo Google Scholar

Wilson Bareau, Juliet (2003) ‘Manet and Spain’, in Manet/Velázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting, ed. Gary Tinterow (New Haven and London: Yale University Press), 203–257. Manet and Spain Manet/Velázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting 203 257 Google Scholar

Andrews, Jean (1995) ‘Carmen or the undoing of women’, in Feminist Strategies: Text and Image, eds Dee Reynolds and Penny Florence (Manchester: Manchester University Press), 106–126. Carmen or the undoing of women Feminist Strategies: Text and Image 106 126 Google Scholar

Baker, David J. (2010) ‘The raw and the refined’, Opera News (January), 74.7, http://www.operanews.com/operanews/templates/content.aspx?id=15373 (accessed 14 May 2012). Google Scholar

Berganza, Teresa (1984) ‘In conversation with Bruce Duffie’ (7 February 1984), http://www.bruceduffie.com/Berganza.html (accessed 14 May 2012). Google Scholar

Berganza, Teresa (1998) ‘Ma Carmen’, Carmen  :L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26, 101–102. (Reprint of 1980 written interview conducted by Alain Duault, Berganza’s text translated by Pierre Latigue.) Ma Carmen’, Carmen  :L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26, 101–102. (Reprint of 1980 written interview conducted by Alain Duault, Berganza Carmen Google Scholar

Blasco Ibáñez, Vicente ([1908] 1998) Sangre y arena (Madrid: Alianza). Sangre y arena Google Scholar

Brèque, Jean-Michel (1998) ‘Carmen: opera-comique mais aussi tragédie’, Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26, 94–96. Carmen: opera-comique mais aussi tragédie Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26 94 96 Google Scholar

Canning, Hugh (2006) ‘Garden of earthy delights: Antonacci’s Royal Opera Carmen promises great things. Hugh Canning meets one feisty diva’, The Times (3 December). Garden of earthy delights: Antonacci’s Royal Opera Carmen promises great things. Hugh Canning meets one feisty diva Carmen Google Scholar

Company-Ramón, Juan-Miguel (1998) ‘The Brigadier’s crusade: Florián Rey’s Carmen, la de Triana’, in Modes of Representation in Spanish Cinema, eds Jenaro Talens and Santos Zunzunegui (London and Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press), 73–80. The Brigadier’s crusade: Florián Rey’s Carmen, la de Triana Carmen, la de Triana 73 80 Google Scholar

Davies, Ann and Phil Powrie (2006) Carmen on Screen (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer). Carmen on Screen Google Scholar

D’Lugo, Marvin (1991) The Films of Carlos Saura: The Practice of Seeing (Princeton: Princeton University Press). The Films of Carlos Saura: The Practice of Seeing Google Scholar

Doré, Gustave (2004) Doré’s Spain: All 236 Illustrations from Spain (New York: Dover). Doré’s Spain: All 236 Illustrations from Spain Google Scholar

Falla, Manuel de (1988) ‘El cante jondo’, in Escritos sobre música y músicos (Madrid: Espasa Calpe), 165–179. El cante jondo Escritos sobre música y músicos 165 179 Google Scholar

González Egido, Luciano (1991) ‘Introducción’, in En torno al casticismo, ed. Miguel de Unamuno (Madrid: Austral), 9–27. Introducción En torno al casticismo 9 27 Google Scholar

Langham Smith, Richard, ed. (forthcoming 2014) Carmen, Urtext vocal score (London: Edition Peters). Carmen Google Scholar

Leblon, Bernard (1995) Flamenco (Paris: Cité de la Musique). Flamenco Google Scholar

McClary, Susan (1992) Georges Bizet: Carmen (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). Georges Bizet: Carmen Google Scholar

Martín Salazar, Jorge (1991) Los cantes flamencos (Granada: Diputación Provincial de Granada). Los cantes flamencos Google Scholar

Mérimée, Prosper (1927) Prosper Mérimée, Œuvres: Carmen, Arsène Guillot, L’Abbé Aubain, ed. Auguste Dupouy (Paris: Librairie Gründ). Prosper Mérimée, Œuvres: Carmen, Arsène Guillot, L’Abbé Aubain Google Scholar

Mérimée, Prosper (2003) Carmen et autres nouvelles (Paris: Livres de Poche). Carmen et autres nouvelles Google Scholar

Merlin, Christian (1998a) ‘Les variantes dans les éditions de Carmen’, Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26, 124–125. Les variantes dans les éditions de Carmen Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26 124 125 Google Scholar

Merlin, Christian (1998b) ‘Discographie’, Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26, 104–125. Discographie Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26 104 125 Google Scholar

Nockin, Maria (2006) ‘Somewhat controversial’, Ensemble, August, http://www.mvdaily.com/articles/2006/08/carmen1.htm (accessed 15 May 2012). Google Scholar

Picard, Anna (2002) ‘How do you revamp a vamp?’, Independent on Sunday (4 August). How do you revamp a vamp? Independent on Sunday Google Scholar

Shaw, Donald (1975) The Generation of 1898 in Spain (London: E. Benn). The Generation of 1898 in Spain Google Scholar

Solliers, Jean de (1998) ‘Commentaire musical’, Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26, 12–79. Commentaire musical Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26 12 79 Google Scholar

The Times Obituaries (2005) ‘Victoria de los Angeles: enchanting Spanish soprano who must be counted among the finest singers of the past 50 years’, The Times (17 January). Google Scholar

Tinterow, Gary (2003) ‘The triumph of Spanish painting in France’, in Manet/Velázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting (New Haven and London: Yale University Press), 3–66. The triumph of Spanish painting in France Manet/Velázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting 3 66 Google Scholar

Tommasini, Antony (2005) ‘Obituary of Victoria de los Ángeles’, New York Times (18 January). Obituary of Victoria de los Ángeles New York Times Google Scholar

Unamuno, Miguel de (1991) En torno al casticismo (Madrid: Austral). En torno al casticismo Google Scholar

Wilson Bareau, Juliet (2003) ‘Manet and Spain’, in Manet/Velázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting, ed. Gary Tinterow (New Haven and London: Yale University Press), 203–257. Manet and Spain Manet/Velázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting 203 257 Google Scholar

Andrews, Jean (1995) ‘Carmen or the undoing of women’, in Feminist Strategies: Text and Image, eds Dee Reynolds and Penny Florence (Manchester: Manchester University Press), 106–126. Carmen or the undoing of women Feminist Strategies: Text and Image 106 126 Google Scholar

Baker, David J. (2010) ‘The raw and the refined’, Opera News (January), 74.7, http://www.operanews.com/operanews/templates/content.aspx?id=15373 (accessed 14 May 2012). Google Scholar

Berganza, Teresa (1984) ‘In conversation with Bruce Duffie’ (7 February 1984), http://www.bruceduffie.com/Berganza.html (accessed 14 May 2012). Google Scholar

Berganza, Teresa (1998) ‘Ma Carmen’, Carmen  :L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26, 101–102. (Reprint of 1980 written interview conducted by Alain Duault, Berganza’s text translated by Pierre Latigue.) Ma Carmen’, Carmen  :L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26, 101–102. (Reprint of 1980 written interview conducted by Alain Duault, Berganza Carmen Google Scholar

Blasco Ibáñez, Vicente ([1908] 1998) Sangre y arena (Madrid: Alianza). Sangre y arena Google Scholar

Brèque, Jean-Michel (1998) ‘Carmen: opera-comique mais aussi tragédie’, Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26, 94–96. Carmen: opera-comique mais aussi tragédie Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26 94 96 Google Scholar

Canning, Hugh (2006) ‘Garden of earthy delights: Antonacci’s Royal Opera Carmen promises great things. Hugh Canning meets one feisty diva’, The Times (3 December). Garden of earthy delights: Antonacci’s Royal Opera Carmen promises great things. Hugh Canning meets one feisty diva Carmen Google Scholar

Company-Ramón, Juan-Miguel (1998) ‘The Brigadier’s crusade: Florián Rey’s Carmen, la de Triana’, in Modes of Representation in Spanish Cinema, eds Jenaro Talens and Santos Zunzunegui (London and Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press), 73–80. The Brigadier’s crusade: Florián Rey’s Carmen, la de Triana Carmen, la de Triana 73 80 Google Scholar

Davies, Ann and Phil Powrie (2006) Carmen on Screen (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer). Carmen on Screen Google Scholar

D’Lugo, Marvin (1991) The Films of Carlos Saura: The Practice of Seeing (Princeton: Princeton University Press). The Films of Carlos Saura: The Practice of Seeing Google Scholar

Doré, Gustave (2004) Doré’s Spain: All 236 Illustrations from Spain (New York: Dover). Doré’s Spain: All 236 Illustrations from Spain Google Scholar

Falla, Manuel de (1988) ‘El cante jondo’, in Escritos sobre música y músicos (Madrid: Espasa Calpe), 165–179. El cante jondo Escritos sobre música y músicos 165 179 Google Scholar

González Egido, Luciano (1991) ‘Introducción’, in En torno al casticismo, ed. Miguel de Unamuno (Madrid: Austral), 9–27. Introducción En torno al casticismo 9 27 Google Scholar

Langham Smith, Richard, ed. (forthcoming 2014) Carmen, Urtext vocal score (London: Edition Peters). Carmen Google Scholar

Leblon, Bernard (1995) Flamenco (Paris: Cité de la Musique). Flamenco Google Scholar

McClary, Susan (1992) Georges Bizet: Carmen (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). Georges Bizet: Carmen Google Scholar

Martín Salazar, Jorge (1991) Los cantes flamencos (Granada: Diputación Provincial de Granada). Los cantes flamencos Google Scholar

Mérimée, Prosper (1927) Prosper Mérimée, Œuvres: Carmen, Arsène Guillot, L’Abbé Aubain, ed. Auguste Dupouy (Paris: Librairie Gründ). Prosper Mérimée, Œuvres: Carmen, Arsène Guillot, L’Abbé Aubain Google Scholar

Mérimée, Prosper (2003) Carmen et autres nouvelles (Paris: Livres de Poche). Carmen et autres nouvelles Google Scholar

Merlin, Christian (1998a) ‘Les variantes dans les éditions de Carmen’, Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26, 124–125. Les variantes dans les éditions de Carmen Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26 124 125 Google Scholar

Merlin, Christian (1998b) ‘Discographie’, Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26, 104–125. Discographie Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26 104 125 Google Scholar

Nockin, Maria (2006) ‘Somewhat controversial’, Ensemble, August, http://www.mvdaily.com/articles/2006/08/carmen1.htm (accessed 15 May 2012). Google Scholar

Picard, Anna (2002) ‘How do you revamp a vamp?’, Independent on Sunday (4 August). How do you revamp a vamp? Independent on Sunday Google Scholar

Shaw, Donald (1975) The Generation of 1898 in Spain (London: E. Benn). The Generation of 1898 in Spain Google Scholar

Solliers, Jean de (1998) ‘Commentaire musical’, Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26, 12–79. Commentaire musical Carmen: L’Avant-Scène Opéra 26 12 79 Google Scholar

The Times Obituaries (2005) ‘Victoria de los Angeles: enchanting Spanish soprano who must be counted among the finest singers of the past 50 years’, The Times (17 January). Google Scholar

Tinterow, Gary (2003) ‘The triumph of Spanish painting in France’, in Manet/Velázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting (New Haven and London: Yale University Press), 3–66. The triumph of Spanish painting in France Manet/Velázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting 3 66 Google Scholar

Tommasini, Antony (2005) ‘Obituary of Victoria de los Ángeles’, New York Times (18 January). Obituary of Victoria de los Ángeles New York Times Google Scholar

Unamuno, Miguel de (1991) En torno al casticismo (Madrid: Austral). En torno al casticismo Google Scholar

Wilson Bareau, Juliet (2003) ‘Manet and Spain’, in Manet/Velázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting, ed. Gary Tinterow (New Haven and London: Yale University Press), 203–257. Manet and Spain Manet/Velázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting 203 257 Google Scholar

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Andrews, Jean